THE TOURISM SECTOR tourism productsThe tourism industry provides products (services + user rights) through various companies and various public and private organizations whose main characteristics are: * Typology of products * The branch of anthropology that studies and classifies human types
Mass tourismIt is that which is done massivelyfor all sorts of people, regardless oftheir economic status so it is not aexclusive type of tourism.It is the most conventional, passive and seasonal.It is usually less demanding and specialized. Here we find thesun and beach tourism.individual tourismIs one where the program of activities and itinerary aredecided by passengers withoutTour operator intervention.
Recent developmentsThere has been an up-trend in tourism over the last fewdecades, especially in Europe, where international travelfor short breaks is common. Tourists have a wide range ofbudgets and tastes, and a wide variety of resorts andhotels have developed to cater for them. For example,some people prefer simple beach vacations, while otherswant more specialized holidays, quieter resorts, family-oriented holidays or niche market-targeted destinationhotels.
CulturalAccurate historical and artistic resources for development. Ismore demanding and less seasonal.Urban: Developed mainly in those cities that are World HeritageSite. Customers cultural and high purchasing power.Monumental linked exclusively to historical and artisticmonuments that can be removed from major population centers.Archaeological: linked to deposits and archaeological sites thatmay be remote from major population centers.Funeral: linked cemeteries where there are graves or made byfamous architects or famous people buried there.Shopping: linked to purchases or exclusive discounts. Includesarticles of luxury, art, crafts and commonly used items such asfootwear, electronics, etc..Ethnography: linked to the customs and traditions of the peoples.In some cases close to ecotourism.
•Literary motivated by places or events of abiographical nature.Training: linked to the studies, especially thelanguage.Science: its a tourist to do research in specialplaces such as biological or archaeological stations.Gourmet: Traditional food linked to a site.Wine: Wine linked to a zone.Industrial: motivated by the visit to factories orlarge civil constructions.Traveling: takes place at several locations alongestablished routes.Mystic: Relates to tourism-oriented energy placesto visit
Natural Theme parks, tourist attractions based on specific topics. It ischaracterized by active participation of the visitorEcotourism: based on contact with nature. Its resources arecomposed of national parks, that is, interesting flora and faunain the receptive area.Rural: the one developed in rural areas, whose mainmotivation is to understand the customs and traditions of menin rural areas. He is interested in gastronomy, popular culture,crafts.Agritourism: its purpose is to show and explain the process ofproduction of agricultural farms and agribusiness.Agro ecotourism is one where visitors are staying in a roomwith tourist standards, but part of the agricultural work, livesand consume foods with the family. Ornithology: tourism is centered on the whale and birdwatching.Mycological Tourism: Tourism is focused on the study ofmushrooms
ActiveIt takes place in natural areas, active tourism is closely linked torural tourism and usually these activities are performed in anatural park ecological interest because they present.The most popular activities of active tourism are:Fishing: tourism activity is centered in the practice of sportfishing.Sports: The main motivation is a sport. It can be divided into twogroups: outdoor sports and indoor. You could also make a furthersubdivision based on practicing the sport, or who sees it.Adventure: here only practice sports. The user of this type oftourism usually purchasing power and high cultural and very fit(rafting, abseiling, ...).Alternative tourism: anyone who differs from the sun and beachtourism or mass tourism. It is a small-scale tourism friendlyenvironment that includes cultural tourism, nature tourism, thegastronomy and adventure.Space: space travel. Are only for millionaires.
Religious: an offer or events linked to places of religiousrelevance. The four major centers are Jerusalem, Mecca, Romeand Santiago de Compostela (in the latter the Camino deSantiago is twofold sports and religious).Spiritual motivation is the recollection and meditation(monasteries, oriental philosophy courses, etc.)..Thermal or health: it is linked to spas that offer treatments forvarious ailments (rheumatology, stress, skin, beauty treatments,...). The infrastructure generally has a main center or spa systemindependent of the main resort.Medical: is aimed at linking travel with the performance ofsurgical, dental or medical treatment in countries where they arecheaper attentions.Sexual The World Tourism Organization, a specialized agency ofthe United Nations, defines sex tourism as "trips organized fromwithin the tourism sector, or from outside this sector but using itsstructures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting acommercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at thedestination.
Business tourism One that develops object and purpose of conducting a business or a trade agreement is developed between companies usually.Business: used by entrepreneurs, executives, business and otherprofessionals to close deals, attract customers or provide services.Seasonality is inverted to the holiday, so it is a very important productfor the sector. The client is usually high purchasing power. This is afundamentally urban and tourism infrastructure needs a very specificincluding high speed internet ...Meetings and Conferences: very important and often confused withthe convention. The conference brings together a group or associationand is usually in the sciences. Professionals attending the sameindustry but are not necessarily of the same company.Conventions: usually bring different professionals of the samecompany in order to inform its employees a new product, treatstrategic planning for the new campaign, etc..
Incentive: linked to business. While the latter is working, theincentive is for pleasure. Used by leading large companies toimprove employee performance. Are encouraged with a tripthat can be individual or group.Fam Tours: The Travels of familiarization (Fam Tours) aretrips in which journalists, tour operators or travel agents theyexperience the destination firsthand. The benefits of thispractice include generating interest in the destination, that itappears in the media, building relationships and contacts andthe possibility of creating an interest in another angle of thestory or the destination.
SpaceBegan in the early twenty-first century by the very rich andbold, the risks of loss of life in space travel are high.The first trips were to stay for 3 or more days on theInternational Space Station performed in which photographsof Earth and Space, videos, conversations with people on theplanet, enjoy weightlessness, together with the crew of thestation and also conducting little experiments.Several companies are working in the construction of shipscapable of suborbital and orbital flights and a hotel for longerstays modular and affordable than at present, worth about $21 million.
ScientificScientific tourism is a form of tourism whosemotivation is the interest in science or the need forstudies and scientific research.Sometimes there is a need to travel to see somereality site that is under study. Scientific tourism isdone individually or in small groups to avoid alteringthe object of study in a natural environment.Scientific tourism to the general public in developedcountries appeared to involve a more direct andparticipative individuals in the knowledge of thenatural world. It seeks to provide holiday orientedto a better understanding of nature from a scientificpoint of view.