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Intro to tourims 2

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Intro to tourims 2

  1. 1. At the outbreak of World War I in the summer of 1914 is consideredthat there were about 150,000 American tourists in Europe.After the war began mass production of buses and cars. At this timethe beaches and rivers become the center of tourism in Europe beganto assume great importance of coastal tourism.The aircraft, used by minorities over long distances, shyly unfolds toend imposed on shipping companies.
  2. 2. Dissolved in the territory of the Russian Empire, between the new Bolshevik government and itsRed Army, in power since the Revolution of October 1917, and across the military of formerTsarist army and opposition to Bolshevism, grouped in the so-called White Movement of tsaristand orthodox ideology.Both sides were temporary allies, as many foreign armies (U.S., Japan, France, British Empire).
  3. 3. World War II completely paralyzed tourism inthe world and its effects extend until 1949.
  4. 4. Between 1937 and 1945, as part of the Second World War. It began when theJapanese army, which already controlled Manchuria, began the invasion of northernand eastern China. The invasion ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945.
  5. 5. Between 1950 and 1973 are beginning tospeak of tourist boom. International tourismis growing at a higher rate than they had donein history. This development isconsequence of the new international ordersocial stability and development of leisure culture in the Western world.At this time we start to legislate on the sector. The economic recovery,especially from Germany and Japan, was amazing raising income levels inthese countries and giving rise to a middle class that is beginning to beinterested in travel.
  6. 6. But the recovery by raising the standard of livingmost important sectors of the population Western countries. Comes the callwelfare state that once thethe basic needs appearsdevelopment level of training andinterest in travel and see cultures.Moreover, the new labor law by taking paid leave, the week English 5 businessdays, the reduction of 40 hours per week, the extension of social coverage(pensions, unemployment, ...), greatly enhance the development leisure andtourism.
  7. 7. In these years the development of production ofcar chain that becomes increasinglyaffordable and buildingroads and highways, allowing a greater flowof travelers. In fact, the new road crosses the Swiss Alps from north to southresulted in the loss of hegemony in this country as the core receiver, and nowthe tourists across Switzerland to go to other countries with better weather.
  8. 8. The propeller plane is replaced by the reaction, which is a fatal blowto the shipping companies who are forced to use their boats tocruise ships or scrapping.
  9. 9. All these factors lead us to the era ofstandardization of the tourism product. Thebig tour operators launch market millionpackages identical. In most cases using thecharter flight, which cheapens the productand popular. At the beginning of this period(1950) had 25 million tourists, and at the end(1973) there were 190 million.
  10. 10. However, this stage alsocharacterized by lack ofexperience, which involves thefollowing consequences as lack of planning(constructed without anydemand forecasting and environmental impacts and social and can sufferwith the influx of tourists) and colonialism tourist (there is a heavyreliance on U.S. foreign tour operators, mainly British and German).
  11. 11. En los 80 el nivel de vida se vuelve a elevar y elturismo se convierte en el motor económico demuchos países. Esto es facilitado por la mejora delos transportes (nuevos y mejores aviones como elConcorde y el Túpolev trenes de alta velocidad y laconsolidación de los vuelos charter, hasta suponerun duro competidor para las compañías regularesque se ven obligadas a crear sus propiasfiliales charter.
  12. 12. The decade of the 90 includes major events like the fall of communistregimes in Europe, the Gulf War, German reunification, the Yugoslavwars, etc.., Impacting directly on the history of tourism.
  13. 13. This is a stage of maturity of the sector that continues to grow, albeit ina more moderate and controlled. Limited carrying capacity (matchingsupply to demand, begins to control the seating capacity ofmonuments, etc..), Diversifying the offer (new products anddestinations), is diversified demand (new types different from tourists)and improving the quality (the tourists do not mind spending more ifthe quality is better).
  14. 14. A honeymoon is the traditional holiday taken by newlyweds (or between two people inan early harmonious period in a relationship) to celebrate their marriage in intimacyand seclusion. Today, honeymoons by Westerners are sometimes celebratedsomewhere exotic or otherwise considered special and romantic.HistoryOne early reference to a honeymoon is in Deuteronomy 24:5 “When a man is newly wed, he need not go out on a military expedition, nor shall any public duty be imposed on him. He shall be exempt for one year for the sake of his family, to bring joy to the wife he has married.”In Western culture, the custom of a newlywed couple going on a holiday togetheroriginated in early 19th century Great Britain, a concept borrowed from the Indianelite, in the Indian Subcontinent. Upper-class couples would take a "bridal tour",sometimes accompanied by friends or family, to visit relatives that had not been ableto attend the wedding.
  15. 15. The practice soon spread to the European continent and was known as voyage à la façonanglaise (English-style voyage) in France from the 1820s on.Honeymoons in the modern sense (i.e. a pure holiday voyage undertaken by the marriedcouple) became widespread during the Belle Époque,a s one of the first instances ofmodern mass tourism
  16. 16. Every year in the United States, there are approximately2.5 million weddings, and the wedding industry has grown to an empire of 40 billion dollars per year*
  17. 17. 1º. 3º. 2º.5º. 4º.

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