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WHAT MARKETERS MISUNDERSTAND
ABOUT ONLINE REVIEWS
- Arushi Agrawal
IIT Kanpur
With the growing availability of opinions
from experts and users, the importance of a
brand name had diminished.
Companies need to dramatically shift their marketing
strategies to account for the rising power exerted on
future customer...
Two tools to help managers do that:
• The influence mix
• The O continuum
Customers’ purchase decisions
are typically affected by a
combination of three things;
The “P,M,O”.
KNOW YOUR INFLUENCE MIX
PRIOR EXPERIENCE, BELEIFS, AND EXPERIENCES
P
INFORMATION FROM MARKETERS
• Packaging
• Pricing
• Advertising M
INPUT FROM OTHER PEOPLE AND INFORMATION SERVICES
• Consumer groups
• Review websites
• Social media
O
A purchase one might make regularly, such as bread, may
fall under the ‘P’ category
A purchase that one may make less ofte...
The INFLUENCE MIX is a zero-sum game
The greater the reliance on one source,
the lower the need for the others.
The power of other people’s views
varies from one product category to
another.
O CONTINUUM
• Competitive position
• Communication
• Market Research
• Product Segmentation
STRATEGIC IMPLICATIONS IN FOUR REALMS:
COMPETATIVE POSITION
In domains where customers depend mainly on O, branding
takes on less importance, and newcomers find ...
In cities where large numbers of diners rely on Yelp reviews, independent
restaurants tend to benefit, while chains and fr...
Companies in O-dependent markets can also diversify more easily
than others, because new peer-to-peer information can over...
Brand equity and loyalty can protect established players in O-
independent domains; brands such as Clorox and Bud Light, i...
O is also not of great concern to
the likes of Grey Goose vodka
and Hermès—brands for which
prestige and emotional ties pl...
COMMUNICATION
In recent years many camera buyers have turned to ratings and user
reviews as their main source of informati...
Companies such as Nikon
and Canon should focus on
generating user interest in
particular products and
promoting an ongoing...
MARKET RESEARCH
Market research usually aims to measure P—it tries to
predict the kinds of products consumers will like by...
U.S. consumers would not be
interested in a “convergent” device
that combined the functionality of a
cell phone, an MP3 pl...
The study had measured P, but as soon
as the iPhone hit the market and early
adopters began gushing over it, people
became...
Instead of measuring individual
consumers’ preferences, satisfaction,
and loyalty, marketers should
redirect resources to ...
A product’s location on the O continuum often varies
across customer segments and from country to country.
One group of co...
Shoppers in brick-and-mortar stores
are often more susceptible to M
than online shoppers are.
Some of the people who take full
advantage of O while shopping for
electronics online may come under M’s
influence on Blac...
When we talk with companies about shifting
their marketing mix in recognition of the rising
power of O, we hear one consis...
Yelp, TripAdvisor, and others are becoming increasingly
sophisticated at weeding out fake reviews, and consumers
are devel...
• 30% of U.S. consumers say they begin their online purchase
research by going to Amazon for product information and revie...
Consumers who use
smartphone apps
such as Shopsavvy
to compare prices
can minimize the
weight of M on
their decisions
even...
Success will come to companies that can closely track the sources of
information their customers turn to and find the comb...
Created by Arushi Agrawal, IIT Kanpur, during an
internship with Prof. Sameer Mathur, IIM Lucknow.
www.IIMInternship.com"
What marketers misunderstand about online reviews
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What marketers misunderstand about online reviews

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What marketers misunderstand about online reviews

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What marketers misunderstand about online reviews

  1. 1. WHAT MARKETERS MISUNDERSTAND ABOUT ONLINE REVIEWS - Arushi Agrawal IIT Kanpur
  2. 2. With the growing availability of opinions from experts and users, the importance of a brand name had diminished.
  3. 3. Companies need to dramatically shift their marketing strategies to account for the rising power exerted on future customers by the opinions of existing customers.
  4. 4. Two tools to help managers do that: • The influence mix • The O continuum
  5. 5. Customers’ purchase decisions are typically affected by a combination of three things; The “P,M,O”. KNOW YOUR INFLUENCE MIX
  6. 6. PRIOR EXPERIENCE, BELEIFS, AND EXPERIENCES P
  7. 7. INFORMATION FROM MARKETERS • Packaging • Pricing • Advertising M
  8. 8. INPUT FROM OTHER PEOPLE AND INFORMATION SERVICES • Consumer groups • Review websites • Social media O
  9. 9. A purchase one might make regularly, such as bread, may fall under the ‘P’ category A purchase that one may make less often, such as a car, may fall under the ‘M’ category, since they are “most likely to be swayed by packaging, brand, pricing, and point-of-purchase messages A purchase that cost a lot, but there is also a level of uncertainty over quality, usability, functionality, and reliability, and hence people strongly value the reassurance that comes from hearing about other people's experience with the product.
  10. 10. The INFLUENCE MIX is a zero-sum game The greater the reliance on one source, the lower the need for the others.
  11. 11. The power of other people’s views varies from one product category to another. O CONTINUUM
  12. 12. • Competitive position • Communication • Market Research • Product Segmentation STRATEGIC IMPLICATIONS IN FOUR REALMS:
  13. 13. COMPETATIVE POSITION In domains where customers depend mainly on O, branding takes on less importance, and newcomers find relatively low barriers to entry as a result
  14. 14. In cities where large numbers of diners rely on Yelp reviews, independent restaurants tend to benefit, while chains and franchises often see their revenues decline. - Research by Michael Luca, of Harvard Business School
  15. 15. Companies in O-dependent markets can also diversify more easily than others, because new peer-to-peer information can overcome long-held conceptions about what a company is (and isn’t) good at. LG and Samsung have taken full advantage of this capacity, moving beyond their original core products (electronics) into a broad array of tech goods and home appliances.
  16. 16. Brand equity and loyalty can protect established players in O- independent domains; brands such as Clorox and Bud Light, influenced primarily by P and M, enjoy relative stability.
  17. 17. O is also not of great concern to the likes of Grey Goose vodka and Hermès—brands for which prestige and emotional ties play an important role and quality is a given.
  18. 18. COMMUNICATION In recent years many camera buyers have turned to ratings and user reviews as their main source of information. This means that celebrity endorsements are less effective than they once were. Banner ads intended to create or reinforce brand awareness are not very successful either, because when it comes time to buy, the weight of trusted reviews usually overrides any residual effect of fleeting exposure to an ad.
  19. 19. Companies such as Nikon and Canon should focus on generating user interest in particular products and promoting an ongoing flow of authentic (and positive) content from O on internet retail sites.
  20. 20. MARKET RESEARCH Market research usually aims to measure P—it tries to predict the kinds of products consumers will like by assessing their preferences in the past. But as purchase decisions become more reliant on O, rooting around in consumers’ psyches to understand P yields lower returns.
  21. 21. U.S. consumers would not be interested in a “convergent” device that combined the functionality of a cell phone, an MP3 player, and a camera. - A market research study conducted in early 2007, before the release of the first iPhone
  22. 22. The study had measured P, but as soon as the iPhone hit the market and early adopters began gushing over it, people became influenced by O. WHAT WENT WRONG?
  23. 23. Instead of measuring individual consumers’ preferences, satisfaction, and loyalty, marketers should redirect resources to the systematic tracking, coding, and quantifying of information from review sites, user forums, and other social media. WHAT SHOULD BE DONE?
  24. 24. A product’s location on the O continuum often varies across customer segments and from country to country. One group of consumers might rely primarily on O, while another might be more attuned to M. And some distribution channels are less conducive than others to O. PRODUCT SEGMENTATION
  25. 25. Shoppers in brick-and-mortar stores are often more susceptible to M than online shoppers are.
  26. 26. Some of the people who take full advantage of O while shopping for electronics online may come under M’s influence on Black Friday, when ads touting deep one-day-only discounts abound. With not much time to decide or to consult reviews, they may pick up products impulsively, in the belief that “if it’s on sale on Black Friday, it must be a good deal”. SITUATIONAL FACTORS
  27. 27. When we talk with companies about shifting their marketing mix in recognition of the rising power of O, we hear one consistent objection: Growing suspicion (and in some cases, proof) that online reviews are subject to manipulation and fraud. GROWING SUSPICION
  28. 28. Yelp, TripAdvisor, and others are becoming increasingly sophisticated at weeding out fake reviews, and consumers are developing a better sense of which sites (and which individual reviewers) they can trust
  29. 29. • 30% of U.S. consumers say they begin their online purchase research by going to Amazon for product information and reviews • Studies commissioned by Google have found that shoppers consult 10.4 sources of information, on average, before making a purchase. We don’t believe, that consumers used to the richness of online reviews will ever return to relying on traditional M
  30. 30. Consumers who use smartphone apps such as Shopsavvy to compare prices can minimize the weight of M on their decisions even on Black Friday.
  31. 31. Success will come to companies that can closely track the sources of information their customers turn to and find the combination of marketing channels and tools best suited to the ways those consumers decide.
  32. 32. Created by Arushi Agrawal, IIT Kanpur, during an internship with Prof. Sameer Mathur, IIM Lucknow. www.IIMInternship.com"

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