-always adored animals\n-SPCAS\n- problem people don&#x2019;t realize\n-my cats\n
-1866-first SPCA Henry Bergh NYC\n-SPCA = Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals\n-NYC had more animal residence than people\n-wild hogs, sheep, cows and horse\n-1879-first National Companion Animal Organization founded (The American Humane Association)\n-1910 - almost every major city in the U.S. had a SPCA or Humane Society\n-each SPCA had separate funding, staff, rules and policies\n- all focused on ending animal cruelty\n-promoted lifetime commitments and importance of keeping animals indoors\n-began to offer homeless animals for adoption\n-replaced old slow, painful killing of strays with gas chambers\n-After Bergh died, shelters changed primary purpose to killing animals rather than finding them homes\n
-After WWII series of changes took place\n-People's attitudes towards cats and dogs changed and they began to think of them as companions rather than servants. \n-Veterinarians gained the ability to perform sterilization of animals easily, safely and at lower costs\n-Sterilization - operation performed which renders the animal unable to reproduce. \n-spaying in females, neutering in males \n-Growth of the middle class led to spread of wealth and increase in donations to animal welfare organizations\n- Suburbanization- people moved from farms into cities and then into suburbs which had yards and parks\n-suburban houses became perfect homes for pets\n\n
-1971 - the first funded spay/neuter clinic in the U.S. for companion animals in low income households was created\n- huge success\n-1979 - 3 more clinics opened\n- budget cuts eventually closed these clinics\n- 1974 - series of laws were passed \n-confined cats and dogs to their homes\n-required dogs and cats to be licensed\n-limited the number of animals a family could have\n- prohibited feeding stray animals\n-These laws however only increased the number of killings in shelters\n-1994 - in San Francisco the idea of No-Kill shelter was raised and tried\n-2001 - Nathan J. Winowad became the executive director of the Tompkins County SPCA in New York \n-Tompkins County the first complete No-Kill Community in the nation\n
Today: around 5 min?\nEach year 8 million strays and unwanted pets are taken in by shelters throughout the U.S.\nApproximately 4 million animals are euthanized (uthenized) (killed) because homes cannot be found each year (half)\nShelter euthanasia (uthenasia) is the leading cause of death for cats and dogs in the U.S.\n-shelters become overcrowded > kill animals who they do not think will be adopted to make room for other animals\n
-Financially - animal shelters spend an estimated one billion dollars annually in order to deal with unwanted companion animals\n- Another 500 million spend on animal control each year to deal with feral (wild) cats and dogs\n-Danger to humans \n-Each year around 20-30 deaths caused by dog bites \n-Recent studies found an estimated 4.5 million dogs bites treated each year\n-feral dogs can carry rabies or other infections and diseases\n-Stray cats and dogs are most likely not spayed/neutered, making them more aggressive, more likely to attack people and more likely to have poor health\n-Cause of many automobile accidents each year \n-Millions of companion animals are killed each year because the shelters do not have enough room\n-Half of the innocent and healthy animals turned into shelters are not adopted and put to sleep\n
-Biology\n-humans domesticated cats and dogs they took them out of their natural habitat and changed the course of their evolution; wild dogs and cats are not native to most of the places that they occupy > they tend to remain untouched by their natural predators\n-Single female cat -3 litters of about 5 cats per year\n-in 7 years her and her offspring could produce 420,000 cats\n-Each breed of dog is different; average dogs have 2 litters a year around 6 pups, \n-one female dog and her offspring producing 67,000 puppies in six years\n-Commercial Breeding and Pet Stores \n-breeders bring millions of dogs and cats into the already overpopulated world\n -Each pet purchased from pet stores and commercial breeders is one less pet that is being adopted from a shelter \n-purebred animals that are purchased often end up in the shelters\n-One-quarter of the dogs in shelters were originally bought from pet stores and breeders only to be abandoned\n
-1 in every 5 companion animals become lost during their life\n -16% dogs and 2% cats are reclaimed by owners\n-unclaimed end up in shelters \n-Social attitude of many Americans\n-Over 30% at shelters are surrendered by owners\n-Too many people adopt animals without thinking over responsibilities\n- think of animals as disposable\n-Failure to spay/neuter\n- cats and dogs can reproduce exponentially\n-People do not spay/neuter then the cat or dog gets out and becomes pregnant from a stray or feral\n-have the babies in nature or return home and owner will end up relinquishing all the puppies or kittens to shelter \n
-Contribute to the pet overpopulation\n-Cause suffering to dogs \n-Mass breed dogs\n-house them in overcrowded, poor conditions\n- Never taken out of cages\n-Female breeding dogs forced to produce liter after liter until they can&#x2019;t\n-Result is dogs with behavior and health problems from neglect, improper care, poor conditions \n-Put profit before animal welfare. \n
-Buying pet from pet store = unknowingly supporting Puppy Mills\n-Pet stores get animals from puppy mills and mass breeders\n- keep them in business (increase their demand and they breed more)\n-Breeders continue to breed cats and dogs; treat them poorly and in turn make profit\n-people get their pets from shelters 20% of the time\n
around 11 min?\n-Feral cat is descendant of a domesticated cat that returned to the wild. \n-barn cats, alley cats, wild cats\n-Some born in parks, alleyways and never accustomed to people and\n- others &#x2018;marginally&#x2019; cared for\n-live in backyards, garages, barns, travel from doorstep to doorstep, fed occasional food\n- feral cats come about when household cats become strays and reproduce; offspring will grow up without human contact and be feral\n-feral cats typically live in colonies of other feral cats\n- TNR: trap, neuter, return; this is a program where feral cats are captured and spay/neutered and given vaccinations against rabies and then released back into their environment. When this occurs they also surgically ear-tip on of the ears which is a universal recognized sign of a cat who has been TNRed. after being TNRed a dedicated caretakers will feed the cats, provide shelter, and monitor them against danger and disease\n- since there will always be feral cats, TNR is the only effective way to control the problem\n- if a cat appears to be tame when captured, it is mostly like a stray rather than a feral and will usually be put of for adoption; stray cats have been lost or abandoned from their homes but are accustomed to and dependent on people \n\n
-Companion animals feelings closely related to humans\n-helpful\n-extremely therapeutic and healing to humans\n-known to help people overcome trauma and abuse\n-Pets have emotions\n- 100 percent capable of loving >draws humans to them\n-proven to decrease high blood pressure, reduce chances of loneliness and depression and increase survival rate of heart attack victims\n-study of U.S. university students \n-those who had grown up with dogs or cats were more self-confident than those who did not\n- Another study \n-children who had lived with dogs were more empathic and pro-socially oriented than children without pets\n\n
-ultimate goal = No-Kill Nation \n-shelters no longer euthanize animals, homes are found for all\n-vision is possible; proven first by Tompkins County and then by many other counties\n-every animal shelter in the U.S. needs to embrace the No-Kill policy, programs and services\n-The No Kill Advocacy Center- nation&#x2019;s first organization dedicated solely to the promotion of a No Kill Nation\n- plan \n-feral cat TNR Program\n-low-cost spay/neuter system\n-rescue groups aid\n-foster care programs\n-comprehensive adoption programs\n- pet retention services\n- medical and behavior programs\n-public relations/community involvement\n-volunteers\n-proactive redemptions for lost pets\n-compassionate shelter directors\n
-education\n-educated about problem and causes of it\n-low cost spay/neuter programs\n-only way to stop the overpopulation\n-programs often cut because they are not given enough time to show the actual longterm effects\n-TNR programs\n-Help from rescue groups and foster care volunteer\n- Foster care will be talked about in later slide\n
-Volunteers at shelters\n-care for the animals\n- socialize to make desirable for adoption\n -Adoption programs and promotion\n-make adoption easier and well-known so that they do not adopt from breeders or pet stores\n-Pet retention program\n- help pets with behavioral problems\n-work with families who need help with their pets> they don&#x2019;t relinquish it\n-passionate people \n-give programs time to show positive affects and care about the animals enough to want to fix this problem\n
puppies and kittens put into temporary foster care with volunteer families\n-until 6 to 8 weeks old >therefore able to be sterilized and put up for adoption\n-sick or injured pets into foster homes \n-allows time to heal in calm, home environment\n-foster family is given compensation for medicine and medical bills\n-if families are available\n-abandoned pets will be given >helps to make them more adjusted and sociable\n-at foster homes\n-animals with behavioral problem are given proper time and care to become trained\n-beneficial for animals\n-when left in cage at a shelter they become depressed\n-gives shelters more holding capacity\n-Programs run by most shelters\n-fill out application and get approved\n
The controversy behind the laws\nOppose\n-laws cause more problems than solutions \n-companion pets are considered personal property> not the governments place to become involved\n-breeders would no longer be able to compete in competitions\n- those who are unwilling or unable to comply with laws would relinquish their pets to shelters\nSupport \n-statistical evidence makes it clear that there is a need for spay/neuter enforcement\n-long term benefits of regulated sterilization >outweigh the costs and decrease the burden on shelters, animal control officers and taxpayers by significant amount \n-statewide solution is the only effective way to solve the problem\n-necessary in order to protect public health and safety\n-needs time to show effect\n
-important for people to know all that it will entail before adopting a pet\n-crucial to make a commitment\n-unfair for the animal to be adopted only to return to a shelter\n-dogs lifespan is 10-15 years\n-cat&#x2019;s is 15-20 years\n-Adopters make sure they have the finances to care for a pet\n-Companion animals need to be spay/neutered, kept up to date on their shots\n-lifestyle is fit for owning a pet\n-make sure that you figure out which type of pet is right for you\n
-tons of nonprofit organizations throughout U.S. working to help animals and fix this problem\n-The Humane society of the U.S. \n-largest and wealthiest humane agency in the world\n-Best Friends Animal Society \n-found in early 1980s \n-devoted their mission to &#x201C;bring about a time when there are no more homeless pets.&#x201D; \n-Maddie&#x2019;s Fund\n- family organization founded in 1999\n-help fund the creation of a no-kill nation\n- continues to grow and make a difference\n-The Animal Rescue Site\n- unique site -donates money for food and care to rescued animals through clicks on their website\n- funding is paid by the site sponsors\n-100% of sponsor advertising fees goes to shelters and rescues\n- store which gives the profits to animals as well\n- Other organizations; Spay and Save work to issue discount spay and neutering services by participating veterinarians\n- Spay and Save is a smaller and local organization\n
-make a lifelong commitment to your pet\n-be a responsible owner and give your pet a lifelong home\n-get new pets from a shelter or a nonprofit animal rescue organization rather than from pet stores and breeders\n-always spay or neuter\n-Volunteer at a local animal shelter\n-fostering an animal\n-donate to shelters and other nonprofit organizations\n-educate others\n
-Chester Springs, PA\n-No-kill animal shelter; bunnies, dogs and cats\n- been around for 14 years\n- recently, within last 5 or 6 years renovated to their current location\n- large farm- huge fields for the dogs to run in, on sight veterinary clinic, indoor training area\n- many staff members and tons of volunteers to work with animals and socialize and care for them everyday\nusually not the case in SPCAs\n- dogs are able to be walked and taken outside to play a couple times a day\n- before being adopted each animal is examined, vaccinated, spayed/neutered, receive any medical treatment needed\n- animals are happy\n- people really care about the animals\n
-step one - orientation/meet and greet\n- step two- one-on-one training with an experienced volunteer in dogs and cat room; lady named Lori\n-Dogs\n- walk them- trails\n-teach them to learn how to walk on leash\n-play with them - fenced in pens to run around\n- clean cage; give treats, socialize\n-dogs have been there for five years\n-difference in personalities; shy, energetic puppies\nmain line takes in a lot of dogs from puppy mills; need extra work\nCats\n-socialize them, pet them, play with them, hold them; get them used to people contact\n- three cat rooms; kitten room, two adult cat rooms\n- each cat room is connected to an enclosed porch so the cats can go outside and watch the birds\n- decided I felt more comfortable with the cats and mostly worked with them\n- got to know different personalities\n- some take a little while to &#x2018;warm&#x2019; up to you\n- sad that there were so many cats\n- kitten room had 17 kittens at once last spring (kitten season)\n- clean litter boxes and cages\n- when you enter room multiple cats come running towards you and want attention\n- there when two kittens got adopted; good feeling\n\n\n
-always filled to full capacity\n- new perspective on how many homeless animals there are\n-learned a lot about how shelters are run and the time and effort that goes into one; volunteers and staff members\n-didn&#x2019;t work long with dogs\n-got to know and really like two dogs in particular who shared a kennel\nolder and had been at the shelter for five years\ngentle and loving\n-working with newer dogs gives me an opportunity to see them develop and change\nsome dogs aren&#x2019;t good at walking on leashes at first\n-a lot of volunteers end up adopting animals\n-pictures\n\n\n
cats get to roam around\nsurprised that all the cats lived together and didn&#x2019;t fight\nfights occur occasionally\nvery anxious for people attention\nkitties love to play; toys and treats to give them\nfavorites is Oslo - white fluffy\nsit on my lap and I&#x2019;d pet him\nshy at first but I could tell he wanted to be around people\nMax - big grey fluffy\nreally calm, older, nice\nPictured is Keller - partially blind\nMandy - kitten, friendly\nMorgan - nice, doesn&#x2019;t like to be held\n\n\n\n
Slideshow of pictures from Main Line Animal Rescue; mostly of the cats, some of the farm and buildings\nindividual cats that I enjoyed working with and their names\n\n
I will have the class decorate a fleece blanket. I will then donate the blanket to Main Line Animal Rescue. The shelter is always looking for donations.\n
-proper steps are taken > no-kill nation is attainable\n-possible to have all no-kill shelters\n-Animal overpopulation must be controlled in order to attain this\n-SGP taught me a lot and made me realize there is no reason for shelters to be killing companion animals\n-thanks to main line for giving me the opportunity to work directly with the animals\n\n
The Humane Society of the United States\n- a lot of information on issues such as feral cats and puppy mills\n- talks about the overpopulation\nRedemption by Nathan Winograd\n- very useful for history\n- solutions for the problem\n
Pet overpopulation in the U.S. leaves millions of animals homeless and has become a major problem that was manmade and must be solved by man in a humane manner. The U.S. needs totake the necessary steps towards a No- Kill nation in which homes are found for all companion animals. http:// 2.bp.blogspot.com/_j
The perfectcompanion never hasFewer than four feet.... Save a life,http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GreatPyrenees-970.jpg adopt a pet.
History 1866- First SPCA was founded by Henry Bergh 1879 - The ﬁrst National Companion Animal Organization was founded 1888- Bergh died and shelters changed their focus towards killing animals 1910- Almost every major city in the U.S. had a SPCA Winograd, Nathan J. Redemption. N.p.: Almaden Books, 2007. Print.http://www.examiner.com/animal-shelters-in-san-francisco/henry- bergh-leadership-award-picture Winograd, Nathan J. Irreconcilable Differences: The Battle for the Heart and http://maples-center.ufl.edu/organizations/aspca/ Soul of Americas Animal Shelters. N.p.: CreateSpace, 2009. Print.
A series changes ....Winograd, Nathan J. Irreconcilable Differences: The Battle for the Heart and Soul of Americas Animal Shelters. N.p.: CreateSpace, 2009. Print.http://media.photobucket.com/image/animals/dmarie203/pets/P5040176.jpg?o=44
1971-Spay/neuter clinics were started 1994 - No-Kill was attempted 2001- Tompkins County became the ﬁrst No-Kill CommunityWinograd, Nathan J. Irreconcilable Differences: The Battle for the Heart and HTTP://WWW.DAILYPUPPY.COM/PUPPIES/RYDER-THE-BERNESE-MOUNTAIN-DOG_2009-06-21 Soul of Americas Animal Shelters. N.p.: CreateSpace, 2009. Print. HTTP://WARRIORCATSMAKEYOUROWNCLAN.WORDPRESS.COM/FALL-CLAN/Winograd, Nathan J. Redemption. N.p.: Almaden Books, 2007. Print. HTTP://WWW.HAPPYPAWSPETEXPO.COM/SPONSOR_LIST.HTML
http://www.spcawake.org/site/PageServer?pagename=CincoMEOW • 8 million animals are taken in by shelters each year • 4 million animals are euthanized because homes are not found • Shelter euthanasia is the leading cause of death for cats and dogs"Protecting Animals." American Humane Association. Ed. Maddies Fund and National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy. Convio, 2010. Web. 15 Dec. 2010. <http://www.americanhumane.org>. http://www.life-with-confidence.com/dealing-with-disappointment.html
A PROBLEM... Financially Dog bites Car accidents involving dogs and cats HTTP://WWW.GOOGLE.COM/IMGRES?IMGURL=HTTP://FARM1.STATIC.FLICKR.COM/112/265254657_9A4EAD4497.JPG1 Rabid dogs, infections Innocent animals are being killed HTTP://WWW.CASTLEPOINT.GOV.UK/MAIN.CFM?MENUID=11416 Frank, Joshua. "An Interactive Model of Human and Companion Animal Dynamics: The Ecology and Economics of Dog Overpopulation and the Human Costs of Addressing the Problem." Human Ecology 32.1 (2004): 107-130. JSTOR. Web. 26 Oct. 2010. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/4603504>.
a us es C Biology Commercial Breeding and Pet Stores"Companion Animal Overpopulation Crisis." Companion Animal Overpopulation. idausa, 2006. Web. Mar. 2011. <http://www.idausa.org/facts/ overpopulation.html> http://dogdays.grouchypuppy.com/
us es • Lost and Abandoned AnimalsCa edco nt inu • Social attitudes • Failure to spay/neuter pets http://www.flickr.com/photos/28902261@N00/1285777504 http://ventenzinchogkyi.com/animal-rescue/dharamsala-animal-rescue/ "Companion Animal Overpopulation Crisis." Companion Animal Overpopulation. idausa, 2006. Web. Mar. 2011. <http://www.idausa.org/facts/ overpopulation.html>
PUPPY MILLS STOP THE CRUELTY HTTP://ANDYFRONCIONI.COM/IRONJENNY/ABOUT-PUPPY-MILLS/ Pet Overpopulation. The Humane Society of the United States, 2011. Web. Feb. 2011. <http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/pet_overpopulation/>.
Adopting vs. Pet Store"Why Adopt? Adoption vs. Pet Store." NorthShore Animal League America. Convio, 2010.Web. Mar. 2011. <http://www.animalleague.org>.
FERAL CATS Clipped Ear HTTP://JUDY.KINNEYS.NET/ HTTP://ROCKEWARREN.COM/RICKY%20BIRTHDAY%20-%202006/ MARCH%2010%20-%20FERALCATS.HTM Winograd, Nathan J. Redemption. N.p.: Almaden Books, 2007. Print.HTTP://LATIMESBLOGS.LATIMES.COM/UNLEASHED/2010/12/UNIVERSITY-OF-NEBRASKA-STUDY-ON- FERAL-CATS-STIRS-CONTROVERSY.HTML Pet Overpopulation. The Humane Society of the United States, 2011. Web. Feb. HTTP://WWW.HELLOLOUISVILLE.COM/ARTICLES/BUSINESS/7087/ 2011. <http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/pet_overpopulation/>. ALLEY_CAT_ADVOCATES_OFFERS_SOLUTION_TO_FERAL_CAT_CRISIS.CFM
ER HTTP://JOSEPHLCOOKE.BLOGSPOT.COM/2010/11/BOY-AND-HIS-DOG.HTML SM AT T NI M ALABekoff, Marc. The Emotional Lives of Animals. Comp. Jane Goodall. Novato: New World Library, 2007. Print.HTTP://WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/DALAIWMN/5411147419/
THE GOAL: A NO-KILL NATION"No Kill Equation." No Kill Advocacy Center. N.p., 2011.Web. Mar. 2011. <http://www.nokilladvocacycenter.org>.
SOLUTIONS SPAY/NEUTER PROGRAMS TNR PROGRAMS RESCUE GROUPS AND FOSTER CARE Winograd, Nathan J. Redemption. N.p.: Almaden Books, 2007. Print. HTTP://FUNDRAISING4PETS.COM/CATEGORIES/CAR-MAGNETS/CIRCLES/HTTP://WWW.STICKERSHOPPE.COM/MM5/MERCHANT.MVC?SCREEN=PROD&STORE_CODE=SS&PRODUCT_CODE=SPAY-NEUTER-BLUE&CATEGORY_CODE=ANIMAL-SPAY-NEUTER
FOSTER HTTP://WWW.DREAMDOGS.CO.UK/DO-YOU-HAVE-INSURANCE-FOR-YOUR-DOG-2821.HTML/DOG-WITH-BROKEN-LEG HTTP://WWW.SSPCA.ORG/PAGE.PHP?SID=46HTTP://WWW.STEVEVOGHT.COM/MT/MT-SEARCH.CGI?BLOG_ID=3&TAG=FOSTERS&LIMIT=20Kendall, Marisa. "Fewer open doors for homeless animals." USA Today 11 Oct. 2010: 08a. Ehost. Web. Mar. 2011. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/ detail?hid=105&sid>.
R SY OV E R D R O V E S PAY A NC O N T T O RY DA WSM AN E U TE R LA N T T "Protecting Animals." American Humane Association. Ed. Maddies Fund and National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy. Convio, 2010. Web. 15 HTTP://FASTPUPDOGTRAINING.BLOGSPOT.COM/2010/09/ Dec. 2010. <http://www.americanhumane.org>. SAVE-MONEY-AND-EXTEND-LIFE-OF-YOUR-DOG.HTML
PRECAUTIONS FOR ADOPTING A PET Make a commitment Make sure you are financially able Have the right time and lifestyleProtecting Animals." American Humane Association. Ed. Maddies Fund and National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy. Convio, 2010. Web. 15 Dec. 2010. <http://www.americanhumane.org>. HTTP://ADOPTPET.INFO/ADOPT-PET-MONTREAL-2
ORGANIZATIONS The Humane Society of the United States Best Friends Animal Society Maddy’s Fund The Animal Rescue Site Spay and SaveHTTP://WWW.SPAYANDSAVE.ORG/HTTP://WWW.THEANIMALRESCUESITE.COM/HTTP://WWW.MADDIESFUND.ORGHTTP://WWW.BESTFRIENDS.ORG/HTTP://WWW.HUMANESOCIETY.ORG/
Ways make a lifetime commitment to your pet to Volunteerhelp adopt your pet from shelters or nonproﬁt rescue groups Education others! Always spay/neuter your pet! Foster an animal Donate "Protecting Animals." American Humane Association. Ed. Maddies Fund and National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy. Convio, 2010. Web. 15 Dec. 2010. <http://www.americanhumane.org>. http://www.stevevoght.com/mt/mt-search.cgi?blog_id=3&tag=Fosters&limit=20
“Sometimes it falls upon a generation to begreat. You can be that great generation” -- Nelson Mandela (2005)
Application Volunteered at Main Line Animal Rescue in Chester Springs, PA NO KILL SHELTERWWW.MLAR.ORG
1. Orientation/Meet and Greet2. One-on-one training with the dogs and cats3. Began Volunteering Volunteering
My Experience continued (Cats)HTTP://WWW.DOG-PAW-PRINT.COM/PAW-PRINT-BACKGROUNDS.HTML
Class Activity HTTP://HTTP://WWW.PROMOTIONALPROMO.COM/CUSTOM-MADE/THE-IGLOO- FLEECE-BLANKET-BAG/FST135276.HTM HTTP://WWW.CLKER.COM/CLIPART-SIMPLE-FLOWER.HTML HTTP://WEEPINGCHERRIES.WORDPRESS.COM/2008/11/23/SALE-SATURDAY-ON-SUNDAY/
C O N C L U S I O N HTTP://KITTENS-PICTURES.CO.CC/PAGE/3 HTTP://CUTE-N-TINY.COM/CUTE-ANIMALS/TOP-10-CUTEST-PUPPY-AND-KITTEN-PALS/HTTP://WWW.MYBADPAD.COM/FUN-STUFF/WARNING-25-OUTRAGEOUS-LAME-GIFTS-YOU-SHOULD-NEVER-GET-YOUR-GIRLFRIEND
WORKS CITEDBekoff, Marc. The Emotional Lives of Animals. Comp. Jane Goodall. Novato: New World Library, 2007. Print."Companion Animal Overpopulation Crisis." Companion Animal Overpopulation. idausa, 2006. Web. Mar. 2011.<http://www.idausa.org/facts/ overpopulation.html>.Frank, Joshua. “An Interactive Model of Human and Companion Animal Dynamics: The Ecology and Economics of Dog Overpopulation and the Human Costs of Addressing the Problem.” Human Ecology 32.1 (2004): 107-130. JSTOR. Web. 26 Oct. 2010. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/4603504>.Geller, Scott E, and Angela K Fournier. “BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS OF COMPANION-ANIMAL OVERPOPULATION: A CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE PROBLEM AND SUGGESTIONS FOR INTERVENTION.” Behavior and Social Issues (2004): 51-68. PDF file.Kendall, Marisa. "Fewer open doors for homeless animals." USA Today 11 Oct. 2010: 08a. Ehost. Web. Mar. 2011.<http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/ detail?hid=105&sid>.
WORKS CITED CONTINUED..."No Kill Equation." No Kill Advocacy Center. N.p., 2011. Web. Mar. 2011. <http://www.nokilladvocacycenter.org>.Pet Overpopulation. The Humane Society of the United States, 2011. Web. Feb. 2011. <http:// www.humanesociety.org/issues/pet_overpopulation/>.“Protecting Animals.” American Humane Association. Ed. Maddie’s Fund and National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy. Convio, 2010. Web. 15 Dec. 2010. <http://www.americanhumane.org>."Why Adopt? Adoption vs. Pet Store." North Shore Animal League America. Convio, 2010. Web. Mar. 2011. <http://www.animalleague.org>.Winograd, Nathan J. Irreconcilable Differences: The Battle for the Heart and Soul of America’s Animal Shelters. N.p.: CreateSpace, 2009. Print.Winograd, Nathan J. Redemption. N.p.: Almaden Books, 2007. Print.