Comparatives vs superlatives

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A presentation to know more about comparatives and superlatives

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Comparatives vs superlatives

  1. 1. COMPARATIVES and SUPERLATIVES
  2. 2. COMPARATIVES <ul><li>Comparatives are very commonly followed by than </li></ul><ul><li>We use them to compare </li></ul><ul><li>They end with ER </li></ul><ul><li>John is tall er than me . </li></ul>
  3. 3. COMPARATIVES <ul><li>They end with ER </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: fast er light er near er cute r small er tall er </li></ul><ul><li>When it has one vowel and one consonant at the end </li></ul><ul><li>Hot ho tter big bi gger fat fa tter </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -y, -ier : dry -> dr ier </li></ul>Tid ier Tidy Prett ier Pretty luck ier Lucky Comparative Adjective
  5. 5. <ul><li>MORE </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective ENDS… </li></ul><ul><li>Ful useful </li></ul><ul><li>Ed relaxed </li></ul><ul><li>Ing interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>More modern more beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>More interesting more expensive </li></ul><ul><li>More important more popular </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>When it ends in Y drop the Y and add ier </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Happy happ ier lonely lonel ier </li></ul><ul><li>We use MORE before the adjective </li></ul><ul><li>More modern more beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>More interesting more expensive </li></ul><ul><li>More important more useful </li></ul>
  7. 7. SUPERLATIVES <ul><li>They are often used on their own if it is clear what or who is being compared. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: the most delicious chocolate cake I’ve ever eaten </li></ul>
  8. 8. SUPERLATIVES <ul><li>They end with EST </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: fast est light est near est cut est small est tall est </li></ul><ul><li>When it has one vowel and one consonant at the end </li></ul><ul><li>Hot ho ttest big bi ggest fat fa ttest </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>When it ends in Y drop the Y and add iest </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Happy happ iest lonely lonel iest </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>When it ends in Y drop the Y and add iest </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Happy happ iest lonely lonel iest </li></ul><ul><li>We use MOST before the adjective </li></ul><ul><li>Most modern most beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>Most interesting most expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Most important most useful </li></ul>
  11. 11. MORE/MOST <ul><li>Important Popular </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous Intelligent </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive Polluted </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasure Relaxed </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult Famous </li></ul><ul><li>Comfortable Fascinating </li></ul>
  12. 12. IRREGULARS <ul><li>ADJ COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>Good/well Better the best </li></ul><ul><li>Bad worse the worst </li></ul><ul><li>Little less least </li></ul><ul><li>Far further/farther furthest farthest </li></ul>
  13. 13. EXAMPLES <ul><li>Britney Spears is younger than Cameron Diaz, but Avril L. is the youngest </li></ul><ul><li>Asthon K. is taller than Leonardo D. </li></ul><ul><li>Salma H. is the most beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>Oralndo B. is the most handsome </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Choose the correct form of the adjective (comparative or superlative): </li></ul><ul><li>1) My English teacher is .......... (friendly) my history teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>2) This medicine works .......... (good) the one I took last week. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Who is .......... (good) soccer player in the world? </li></ul><ul><li>4) She always gets good grades; she must be .......... (intelligent) girl in the class. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>6) Which country is .......... (big): Mexico or Costa Rica? </li></ul><ul><li>7) Aconcagua is .......... (high) mountain in South America. </li></ul><ul><li>8) A Ferrari is .......... (fast) a Jetta. </li></ul><ul><li>9) Michael Jackson is .......... (famous) Luis Miguel. </li></ul><ul><li>10)This exercise was .......... (easy) the previous one </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>http :// www.english4all . pro.br / L4ComparativeSuperlative . htm </li></ul>

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