1438 was 800,000 km21527 was 2,000,000km2Covered Peru, Equador, Bolivia, Argentina, Chile, and Columbia
Spread North to South along Andean Mountain rangeSpread West to East from the Atacama Desert to the Amazonian rain forestHas coastal border with South American Pacific
Lake Titicaca important lakeUrubamba valley also called sacred valleyDaily life spent on altitude of 15,000 ft
Rose out of Lake Titicaca carry staff. Where sunk in ground there capital city of great empire should be build. Capac considered to be sent down to earth with Mama Ocllo by the sun god. Showed men how to fight. Ocllo showed women how to weave and do house hold jobs.
Atahualpa's brother. Had civil war with brother as father died before naming heir. Got killed by Atahualpa.
Last Inca. Fought with brother Huascar over throne. Spanish captured him. Said would release him would release for 5 rooms of silver and 3 of gold. Atahualpa tricked them. Gave key to bare rooms. They murdered him before realized was trick.
Many legends how Inca started. 1 Manco Capac rose out of Lake with staff. Where staff sank there he must build capital.
Pachacutec expanded empire. Pachacutec collect info from spies on strength of region. Then send messanger with valuable gifts to region asking to join empire. Everyone had home, food, and job. Empire spread from Colombia to Argentina
Pizzaro invaded Inca empire with troop. Spaniards brought diseases with them for what Inca not have cure. Pizzaro +troop conquistadors adventurous greedy plunderers.
Manco Capac founded Cuzco Incas settle in Cuzco.
Pachacutec starts conquering.
Reign of Topa Inca. 1476 conquer Chimu Kingdom.
Huayna Capac reign. Found 2nd capital at Quito.
Pizzaro+ troop conquer Inca Empire
Gods and goddesses resembled something from nature. Important Inti sun god, Viracocha creator, Illapa weather/thunder god, Pacha mama earth goddess, Mama cocha sea goddess, Mama quilla moon goddess. Inti considered most important god. Inca considered direct relative of Inti.
Had ceremony for Inti. Sacrificed white llamas or guinea pigs. When natural disaster occur sacrifice child or women to please god
Empire divided in4 states. One state 1 governor. Governor report to Inca every month.
Inca was top and supreme ruler. Nobility 2nd . Didn’t have to pay tax. Farmers + craftsmen last. Get land + workshop from Inca in exchange for pay tax, work in temples+construction site.
Used mainly hard rocks. Large. Weigh several tons. Didn’t use anything to stick stones together. Cut stones so fit perfectly together.
Aqueducts used to bring wtaer to terraces and towns. Terraces built on side of mountain. Stopped erosion and used for farming.
Learned how to freeze store food. No famine because always had stored food.
Crossed rivers + streams. Made of reeds. Connect roads together.
Chasqui is a messenger. Needs to be young and athletic. Run top speed 2.4 mi to next chasqui with message. Relay communication system.