10 Lifesaving Tips From Er Doctors


Published on

Executive Summary:

Welcome to the ‘Quick tips and tricks’ on ‘knowledge sharing’. This presentation was sourced through research available online and through several consultations with Emergency personnel. Providing the ‘quick tips and tricks’ to assist parents and caregivers, the objective is provide an outline of the possible scenarios that can occur during any regular day and provide both ‘proactive’ and ‘reactive’ practical responses for discussion.

Rating: Non-Technical, wide audience

1 Comment
  • gfsdfgsuf
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

10 Lifesaving Tips From Er Doctors

  1. 1. 10 Lifesaving Tips from ER Doctors A presentation of ‘quick tips & tricks’ “ Creative Sales and Marketing, IT strategies” ACE Management Group Designed by Stacey L. Vernooy Phone: 905-333-5698 [email_address] ** Please book in advance to confirm seating **
  2. 2. 10 Lifesaving Tips from ER Doctors <ul><li>Take ‘fall-proofing’ precautions </li></ul><ul><li>Get your kids in the helmet habit </li></ul><ul><li>Keep hot liquids out of kids' reach </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t overlook hidden poison hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Check each room for choking dangers </li></ul><ul><li>Beware of even small quantities of water </li></ul><ul><li>Teach your kids to be respectful of animals </li></ul><ul><li>Lock up weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Protect feet from harm </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t drive your car until everyone is buckled up </li></ul><ul><li>BE AN ACTIVE PARENT or CAREGIVER !! </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Take ‘fall-proofing’ precautions <ul><li>&quot;Falls are the number-one reason </li></ul><ul><li>kids end up in the ER,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Glaeser </li></ul><ul><li>M.D., Director of Pediatric Emergency Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Children's Hospital Birmingham, Alabama. </li></ul><ul><li>A wriggly baby can roll off a changing table. A curious toddler can crawl out a window. And daredevil kids can jump off play equipment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What you can do… <ul><li>0 to 6 months… </li></ul><ul><li>Never leave a baby unattended on a sofa, bed, or changing table. </li></ul><ul><li>Place carpeting beneath the crib and check that the rails are locked securely into place. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What you can do… <ul><li>6 to 12 months… </li></ul><ul><li>Move furniture away from windows </li></ul><ul><li>Put window guards on all second-story and higher windows </li></ul><ul><li>Install safety gates at the top and bottom of every staircase </li></ul>
  6. 6. What you can do… <ul><li>12 months to 2 years… </li></ul><ul><li>Keep stairways clear and place rubber pads beneath all loose rugs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What you can do… <ul><li>“ A child is injured at the playground </li></ul><ul><li>every 2 ½ minutes” </li></ul><ul><li>American College of Emergency Physicians </li></ul><ul><li>Dallas, USA </li></ul><ul><li>5 to 8 years old... </li></ul><ul><li>Supervise all indoor activity and be vigilant at the playground. </li></ul><ul><li>Most accidents occur when kids fall off swings, monkey bars, climbers, or slides. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What you can do… <ul><li>Warn your child about the dangers of doing daredevil stunts, like jumping off rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider trampolines to be risky business, advise against using them in the home or playground. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Get your kids in the helmet habit … </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The most frequent type of serious trauma to children is head injury,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Baker. </li></ul><ul><li>75 percent of bicycle-related fatalities in children could be prevented by using helmets. </li></ul><ul><li>Whether your child is atop a bike or skateboard, wearing a helmet could prevent a concussion or even save her life. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What you can do… <ul><li>Family Rule: &quot;No helmet, no biking&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Set a good example </li></ul><ul><li>If you establish the helmet habit early, putting one on will become second nature. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What you can do … <ul><li>“ A properly fitting helmet should also be standard gear for roller-skating, in-line skating, skiing, skateboarding, street hockey, and horseback riding” </li></ul><ul><li>Leslie Zun, M.D., </li></ul><ul><li>Chair of the Emergency Medicine Department </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Sinai Hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago </li></ul>
  12. 12. What you can do… <ul><li>It is essential that the strap under the chin be securely buckled. The helmet shouldn't move around on your child's head or slip over his eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>When buying a helmet, look for a label indicating that it meets the safety standards of the Canadian Standards Association or the Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 3. Keep hot liquids out of kids' reach. <ul><li>“ Hot liquids are the most common cause of burns in young children” </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Glaeser </li></ul><ul><li>A baby sitting in your lap may reach for your cup and spill hot coffee over her hands, or a curious toddler may overturn a pot of boiling water on himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Children aged 4 and under are at greatest risk of scald burns (caused by hot liquids or steam) because they have thinner skin than older kids and adults. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What you can do … <ul><li>To reduce the risk of scald burns, never drink hot beverages while holding a child; </li></ul><ul><li>Keep containers of hot liquids away from table and counter edges so curious hands can't grab them; </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid using tablecloths that little fingers can tug on, overturning hot foods; and make the stove a no-kids zone. </li></ul><ul><li>Block access to the stove, cook on back burners and turn pot handles to the rear. </li></ul>
  15. 15. What you can do … <ul><li>When it comes to burns, the second most common danger zone is in your faucet. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;At 120 degrees it takes about ten minutes for a child to get a third-degree burn; at 160 degrees it takes just one second,“ </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Glaeser </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure your water heater is set no higher than 120ºF. </li></ul><ul><li>If you can't control the heater, install an antiscald device on the faucet. This gadget reduces water flow to a trickle when the temperature reaches 120ºF. </li></ul>
  16. 16. What you can do … <ul><li>&quot;Parents commonly fill the tub and don't check to see how hot the water is, which leads to scalding,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Glaeser. </li></ul><ul><li>At bath time, always test the water before children step in. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Don’t overlook hidden poison hazards … </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Parents forget that kids spend a lot of time in the kitchen, where cleaning fluids are often stored under the sink,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Giora Winnik, M.D., </li></ul><ul><li>Director of Pediatric Emergency Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Maimonides Medical Center </li></ul><ul><li>Brooklyn </li></ul><ul><li>More than one million children under age 6 are accidentally poisoned each year. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no federal mandate to sell chemicals in bottles with childproof caps </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Don’t overlook hidden poison hazards … </li></ul><ul><li>Even parents who lock up caustic cleansers often overlook hazards such as vitamins (those containing iron can be toxic to kids) and mouthwash (which can be poisonous due to their alcohol content). </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Some mouthwashes contain 25 percent alcohol—the equivalent of 50-proof liquor,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Bird, M.D., </li></ul><ul><li>Pediatric Emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Children's Hospital Medical Center </li></ul><ul><li>Akron, OHIO </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;It doesn't take much for kids to become intoxicated.&quot; </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Don’t overlook hidden poison hazards … </li></ul><ul><li>Too many parents store chemicals in familiar food containers. </li></ul><ul><li>By putting paint thinner in a juice jar or antifreeze in a soda bottle, for example, you're placing your kids in jeopardy. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I once treated a 4-year-old girl who had severe mouth and stomach burns, her parents heard her gagging when they were cleaning up the basement. They found her holding a soda bottle that contained oven cleaner.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Baker. </li></ul>
  20. 20. What you can do… <ul><li>Store vitamins, medicines, liquor, cleaning products, pesticides, and fertilizers in original packaging and in locked cabinets. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep toiletries out of children's reach and flush expired medications down the toilet (instead of tossing them in the wastebasket). </li></ul><ul><li>In case of an emergency, post the number of your local poison-control center on every phone and keep activated charcoal or ipecac syrup handy. </li></ul>
  21. 21. What you can do … <ul><li>Don't administer the ipecac syrup until you speak to your child's doctor or a poison-control expert. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Many toxic substances do more harm when children eject them, also, we usually give a child activated charcoal to absorb chemicals, and we can't do that if he is vomiting.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Bird </li></ul>
  22. 22. 5. Check each room for choking dangers <ul><li>Children, particularly toddlers, are at risk of choking because of their natural tendency to put just about anything in their mouths. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I've seen everything from bolts and button batteries to balloons, pennies, and pieces of toys. Most of the time an object will pass right through a child's system. But coins and batteries can get stuck in the esophagus and erode its walls.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Baker & Dr Bird </li></ul>
  23. 23. What you can do … <ul><li>Buy only age-appropriate toys and inspect them regularly for damage. &quot;If you can pull apart a toy, chances are, your preschooler can, too, so he shouldn't be playing with it,&quot; says Dr. Baker. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase a small parts tester (available at toy stores for about $2), which is designed for testing objects small enough to pose a choking hazard to kids aged 3 and under. </li></ul>
  24. 24. What you can do … <ul><li>&quot;The penny that fell out of your pocket may wind up in your child's mouth,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Bird. </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever you enter a room, check the floor for tiny objects. Coins are one of the most common nonfood items likely to be swallowed by a child. </li></ul><ul><li>If an object blocks the flow of air to a child's lungs and she is unable to talk or make other sounds, immediate action is called for. </li></ul><ul><li>Every parent & caregiver should know CPR </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Beware of even small quantities of water </li></ul><ul><li>A child can drown within seconds, whether in a pool, while you make a phone call or in the bathtub while you dash down the hall to get a towel. </li></ul><ul><li>A baby or toddler can drown in just 2 inches of water, by falling headfirst into a cleaning bucket when your back is turned </li></ul><ul><li>Stewart Brash, M.D., </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Medical Director of the Emergency Department </li></ul><ul><li>Western Medical Center </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Ana, California. </li></ul>
  26. 26. What you can do … <ul><li>Install a four-sided 5-foot fence with an automatic childproof gate around the pool. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure your child wears a flotation device when he's in the water and keep rescue equipment and a telephone poolside. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't count on this to keep kids safe. </li></ul><ul><li>Always supervise! </li></ul>
  27. 27. What you can do … <ul><li>&quot;Keep an eye on any child under 5 who is in the pool or around water,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Brash. </li></ul><ul><li>Anything containing water can be a drowning hazard—even a pool cover after a rainfall. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Teach your kids to be respectful of animals </li></ul><ul><li>Children and pets seem like a natural combination. But nearly 3 million kids are bitten by dogs annually and 58 percent of those incidents happen in the home. </li></ul><ul><li>Even the gentlest dog may nip if a youngster teases or startles him, and other people's pets may not be as kid friendly as your own. </li></ul>
  29. 29. What you can do … <ul><li>Never leave children under 5 alone with an animal, even your own. Many bites occur when kids are playfully roughhousing with the family dog and don't realize Fido has become overexcited. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching your kids the right way to behave with pets will make them less vulnerable to injuries. For instance, they should never disturb an animal when it is sleeping or eating, try to remove a toy from a dog's mouth, or approach a strange animal unless the owner is there. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach them to recognize signs that a dog may be dangerous, such as when it holds its tail stiffly up in the air, growls, bares its teeth and/or barks. </li></ul>
  30. 30. What you can do … <ul><li>In the event that your child is bitten by a friend's pet, ask the owner for documentation that it has had all its shots so your child doesn't have to get rabies injections. </li></ul><ul><li>If she is bitten by a stray dog or cat, consult your local animal control center </li></ul>
  31. 31. 8. Lock up weapons … <ul><li>&quot;Young kids often can't distinguish between real and toy guns.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>While knives are known to be a kitchen hazard, guns are more of a household threat than you might think </li></ul><ul><li>An estimated 40 percent of American homes have some type of firearm. And according to Safe Kids, almost all childhood shooting accidents occur in or around the home. </li></ul>
  32. 32. What you can do … <ul><li>Be aware of the situation at friends' houses. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 40 percent of unintentional children's shooting deaths occur in the home of a friend or relative. </li></ul><ul><li>In a firm but nonjudgmental way, ask the parents of your child's playmates to make sure that any guns are locked up before your child comes over. </li></ul>
  33. 33. What you can do … <ul><li>&quot;If you have a gun that you can reach quickly in case of a burglar, then your child will also be able to get to it easily,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Bird </li></ul><ul><li>Store sharp kitchen tools in a drawer with a safety latch. </li></ul><ul><li>For guns, always use trigger locks and store them unloaded in securely locked cases. </li></ul>
  34. 34. 9. Protect feet from harm <ul><li>“ As much fun as it is to walk barefoot in the summer, that simple pleasure prompts plenty of trips to the ER, parents are often surprised by the sharp objects found lurking in their yards” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Your kids may need stitches for feet that have been cut by glass, metal, or a jagged rock.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Lichenstein, M.D., </li></ul><ul><li>Director of the Pediatric Emergency Department University of Maryland Hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Baltimore. </li></ul>
  35. 35. What you can do … <ul><li>Make sure your children wear shoes whenever they are outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a first-aid kit handy for minor cuts and scrapes </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your kids' tetanus shots up-to-date. </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Don’t drive your car until everyone is buckled up </li></ul><ul><li>Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of unintentional injury-related deaths for kids aged 14 and under. </li></ul><ul><li>Most occur close to home. So there should be no excuses: No matter how short the trip or how much your child complains, don't start the engine until everyone is strapped in a seat belt or car seat. A properly secured safety seat can reduce young kids' risk of injury or death by up to 70 percent. Yet a recent Safe Kids study found that 85 percent of seats were used incorrectly. </li></ul>
  37. 37. What you can do <ul><li>“ Fast-deploying air bags can cause facial, neck, and chest injuries or even snap a child's neck” </li></ul><ul><li>Meridith Sonnett, M.D., </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Director of the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Babies and Children's Hospital </li></ul><ul><li>New York-Presbyterian Hospital </li></ul><ul><li>New York City. </li></ul><ul><li>Kids aged 12 and under should ride in the back, particularly if your car has a passenger-side air bag. </li></ul>
  38. 38. What you can do <ul><li>Equally important, always use restraints appropriate for your child's age and size. </li></ul><ul><li>A baby under age 1 who weighs less than 20 pounds should be in a rear-facing safety seat; an older child who weighs between 20 pounds and 40 pounds, in a forward-facing one. </li></ul><ul><li>Children who weigh 40 pounds to 80 pounds (usually 4 to 8 years old) should ride in booster seats. </li></ul><ul><li>Other signs that an older child isn't ready for a seat belt: The shoulder belt cuts across her neck, or the lap belt, across her abdomen. </li></ul>
  39. 39. What to Watch at Grandma’s <ul><li>“ Nine out of ten grandparents help care for their grandchildren at some point during the year” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy-to-open medications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stairs without safety gates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dangling blind cords that pose a strangulation risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any furniture with sharp edges or any table with a glass top </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy objects on tablecloths that a child can pull on </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Thank You Stacey L. Vernooy
  41. 41. 10 Lifesaving Tips from ER Doctors <ul><li>Take ‘fall-proofing’ precautions </li></ul><ul><li>Get your kids in the helmet habit </li></ul><ul><li>Keep hot liquids out of kids' reach </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t overlook hidden poison hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Check each room for choking dangers </li></ul><ul><li>Beware of even small quantities of water </li></ul><ul><li>Teach your kids to be respectful of animals </li></ul><ul><li>Lock up weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Protect feet from harm </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t drive your car until everyone is buckled up </li></ul><ul><li>BE AN ACTIVE PARENT or CAREGIVER !! </li></ul>