Learn Korean - FSI Basic Course (Part 2)

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Learn Korean with this course from the Foreign Services Institute. Download the full course (with audio) at http://www.101languages.net/korean/free-korean-course

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Learn Korean - FSI Basic Course (Part 2)

  1. 1. KOREAN BASICCOURSE TABLE OF CO}ilTENTS UNIT 19. At Seoul Station Information" " BASIC DIALOGUE. Notes on the Basj-c Dialogue Grammar Notes. 1. Particle Il+ . 2. Post-Noun Il+ 3. Further Note on -"1 * *l=l 4. -(oh, oi)a;ll=l and -(o|, "1)** ilol=l DRILIS. Supplementary Dialogues for Comprehension' Narratives for Comprehension and Reading' E)GRCISES UNIT 20. At Seoul Station Informatlon (Continued) ' BASIC DIALOGUE. Additionaf VocabuIarY. . Notes on the Basic Dialogue G r a n m a r N o t e s . . . . . I. -t1 cr1p.9l rbecause Iit] islaoes something' . 2. Denominals and Denominal Verbs' 3 . u f i - t e v e r y t , t e a c h t DRILLS. Supplementary Dialogues for Comprehension' Narrative for Comprehension and Reading" ' EXERCISES UNIT 21. At the Ticket Window. BASIC DIALOGUE. Notes on the Basic Dialogue Grammar Notes. I . - ( g ) t - l t s i n c e . . . t , t a s . . . r , r b e c a u s e " " " i n v i e w o f t h b f a c t t h a t . . . ' . . Z. -(g )ts'l-l-, - -(g ;u ul7'f?. DRILLS. Supplementary Dialogues for Comprehension' EXERCISES 22. On the Train- -. BASIC DIALOGUE. Additional Vocabul-ary and Phrases. . Notes on the Basic Dialogue t L ( rB L9 1 1 4 + 4 20 20 22 24 n i r Z A 25 n Q a a 34 35 ? R 40 4o 40 41 46 ) t . 7 T l 4B 4B RN 6-l UNIT rl- l-
  2. 2. KOREAN BASICCOURSE Grammar Notes 1. An Organizat ion ql^1 . . . * l= t 'th e Org a n j-za tio n d o e s..'... 2. N oll ccle[(r*l ) ' j-n accordance with Nr , i depending upon N' ...- r l I l I ' 3. -?+ qlal"l=l r is expected to', 'is planning tor, I is sctreduled tot DRIILS. Supplementary Dialogue for comprehension. Narratives for Comprehension and Reading. EXERCISES UNIT 23. At Taejon Inn. 6L BASIC DIALOGUE. 6I Notes on the Basic Dialogue 64 cranmar N-otes .. r.. 64 r. -:J + N. 65 z. rnf inftive + of .El=t 67 DRILIS. Supplementary Dialogue for Comprehension. T9 Narratives for Comprehension and Reading. 79 EXERCISES BO U NIT 24. At Taejon Inn ( cont inued) . . . . 8 2 BASIC DIALOGUE. 82 Notes on the Basic Dialogue. 85 Grammar Notes.. 85 1. *lL+ 86 2. -"1-e stEl r decides to do somettring' ..,. BB 3 . - ( 3 - ) g J E I= l ' [ y o u ] m a y - . - ' , ' [ i t ] w i f l d o . . . ' , ' y o u c a n . . ' B B DRILLS. 89 Supplementary Dialogues for comprehension. . 98 Narratives for Comprehension and Reading. 99 EXERCISES 99 tr'l 6'l 5+ 5 g 59 OU UNIT 25. Room Service.. BASIC DIALOGUE. Additional Vocabulary and Phrases. Notes on the Basic Dialogue Granmar Notes 1. Further Note on Particle ql . -. 2. Infinitive + another inffected expression- 3. -EL( -71) 4 . | . . . n o t . . . b u t r , ' d o . . . w i t h o u t d o i n g - - - ' - . 5. + EJ=l DRILLS. 101 101 i ^ l l l u a l_u + 105 105 r o 6 'I O4 IOT 108 109 r-v
  3. 3. KOREAN BASIC COURSE Supplementary Dialogues for Narratives for ComPrehensj-on EXERCISES UNIT 26. Giving Errands to the Inn Maid. BASIC DIALOGUE. Additional Vocabulary and Phrases. Notes on the Basic Dialogue. Grarrunar Notes. 1' -:l and -^lnl'E! g l e l l t 2 . - e / f e 1o 1 r 1 | i n t e n d s t o . . . r , ' w i l 1 d o . . . ' . . . . z t DRILLS. Comprehens j-on. and Readin g ... 2. -"15-.ElEr 3. 9l*1|(r.l) DRILLS.. Supplementary Dialogue for Comprehension. Narrative for Compretrension and Reading... E)(ERCISES I I d 1 1 0 r.20 L2I 'I 2'l L a + 1 ? 2 1 ? 2 1 ? 4 Supplementary Dialogue for Comprehension. ' 140 Narratives for Comprehension and Reading. 140 EXERCISES 141 UNIT 27. Reading Signs L42 BASIC DIALOGUE. ""' I)z Granmar Notes. 145 1. _=l'l L+) r+) 146 i ) t a f r l 154 ' l q t f or r , t f or t he sa ke o fl zB. Reading signs (continued)... - 15b BASIC DIAI,OGUE. L56 Additional VocabularY Grarnmar Notes. and Phrases... r59 161 1. --41.El=l 161 o r a h a , r l A n n # | r - , . a # n n # | . 1 6 2 l . S I I U U I U I t U L . . . , . l l l u ! ' L I I U L " ' 3. (!I,.t"l'$, ). r. ;]l ==lEol=t ' (ttre reason) is, because Iit] aob?'7is' ('if ydu ask why.- - because...' ) . l-62 I O J LT3 i a ) l r l r i ry jl r l r DR]LLS. SupplementarY Narrative for Dialogue for ComPretrension. Comprehension and Reading. EXERCISES. INIT 29. Going Out for a Drive lT5 BASrC DTALoGUE. ' L75 Additional Vocabulary and Phrases- L79 Notes on the Basic Dialogue. 182
  4. 4. KOREAN BASIC COURSE Grammar Notes. " - / _ g - + o l = l r k n o w s h o w t o . . . r , ' c a n d o . . . r . .r e " l = e a , 2. -;i- E}J- A- t ' cer t ainly isTdoe s', 'is/d o e s, in d e e d ' ar 3. _(_c)q DRILLS. Supplementary Dialogue and Narrative for Comprehension. EXERCISES UNIT 30. At the Service Station. BASIC DTALOGUE. Notes on the Basic Dialoque. Grammar Notes. _ I. Infinitive + t*ltl =t DRILLS Supplementary Dialogue for Comprehension. Narrative for Comprehension and Readj-n9... EXERCISES UNIT 31. Haircut' BASIC DIALOGUE. Additional Vocabulary and Ptrrases. Notes on the Basj-c Dialogue. Grarnmar Notes. l. -(.9 )E clr|. and -(g )" =l"-71?. 2' Nt (el/$) Jl* nt 'N2 like Nr', ' (t'tl the same as N") " 3. -jL:l DRILIJS. Supplementary Dialogues for Comprehension. Narrative for Comprehension and Readin9... EXERCISES UNIT 32. Visiting th e Pat j- ent at t he Hospita l" ---... BASIC DIALOGIJE. Notes on the Basic Di-alogue Gramnar Notes. 1. Derivational Causative and Intransitive Verbs. 2. -Vg/* sstol=f 'seems that something is does' 3' -f and -f ol=l " " ' D R I L L S . . . . ; . . Supplementary Dialogue and Narrative for Comprehension. E){ERCISES tl|fT 33. Visiting the Patlent at the Hospital (Continued) BASIC DIALOGUE. 184 rB4 184 ro) 1 9 7 z w a 203 20+ 204 208 208 208 210 222 22? n n l r a z + 225 228 23r 2 ? 2 2 ? 2 2++ 245 246 246 248 268 268 r,l-ro 244 zoo vl_
  5. 5. KOREAN BASICCOURSD Additional Vocabulary and Ptrrases' Notes on the Basic Dialogue Grammar Notes. EXERCISES uNrT 34. Iniitation BASIC DIAI,OGUE. Notes on the Basic Dj-alogue' Graflunar Notes. 1. Particle elr/ olels- 2. Interrogative NominalExpresslon + E + Negation ris/does r o ]El rlulcl- - / L l H l | | Particies and Particle ot/olol The Korean equivalents of twithout a Nominal' and rwj-thout (or insteid of) doing something'" " 2TO 275 276 ,76 276 r -zl o- Hu-l *1]EI t almost did. . . ' . . . ! ' ' I E L l , r a ' l I 2 . - " l i f g ; i + ' o n l y i s l d o e s . . . ' , r o n l y t h i n g f o n e d o e s ] *i= -suctr-and-suctrl 3. ,=/g. :lgol=l t is as- as' , 'to the extent of doing =(soohetiting)' . - DRTLLS. : " " Supplementary Dialogue and Narrative for Comprehension' C I I 279 286 2BT 2BB 2BB ro'l 29r 2 Q 1 29L 29L 292 3. 4. E DRILLS. Supplementary Dialogue and Narrative for Comprehension' I'NIT 35. Invitation (Continued) " " BASIC DIALOGUE. 304 ^ ^ l . JU+ 307 292 2q1+ 303 308 308 308 309 Notes on the Basic Dialogue Grammar Notes-clI. I9 Le > r r. N + ql=t('tf) 2. Further Note on -'/g/b =il " " "' 3. -=/+ :l tr.lt $=t ('there's no need of doing" .' ) ''does),L jtl g-.'] H=] ('there's no neect c = n o € n e b # ' t b . . . ' . . . . 4. -q+ lE.ll "t'l {a 1 'not onlv... but also" " " 310 _ r el-l 5. -J-F tl=t 'often (g sometimes) does' and -lt+ ^ll]=l 5 "r'"i t" a"..1, , -sometimes did.... t .. .-..';. DRILLS. 3l-2 Supplementary Dlalogue and Narratj-ve for Comprehension' 322 EXERCISES 323 UNIT 36. Invitatj-on (Continued)' 324 BASIC DIALOGUE. 324 Notes on the Basic Dialogue' DRILIS. 32B v L l -
  6. 6. KOREAN BASIC COURSE Supplementary Dialogues for Comprehension. . 333 Narratives for Comprehension and Reading. EXERCISES 335 UNIT 37. Educational System 336 BASIC DIALOGUE. . T6 Notes on the Basic Dj-alogue 339 crarrunar Notes. 340 l-. ltre -(*9-)u form. . 340 Z. --e/o u=[ u]-r[ 'every time [one] does (something)' ... 341 Z l l l 3. Particle e=l/ ol+,.1 341 4. *:-"[- -Frl . tw]rether (does/is) or (doesTi-s)', teither - ( a o e 5 7 i ' s ) o r ( d o e s T i s ) ' . . . . 5. -"e + 5l"lls'l 6. -.lgly -qol=I L , L L r | | 7 . N oll "l( J- )*}|^1 rI compared with N' B. Basic Ar it hem at ics. . DR]LLS. Supplementary Dialogue and Narrative for Comprehension. EXERCISES UNIT 38. Educational Syst em ( Cont inued) . . . . BASIC DIALOGUE. Additional Vocabulary and Ptrrases. Notes on the Basic Dialogue Grammar Notes. . - ' . . . 1. _ii and -{lol=} 2. --:r Lf,.] | after having done... | , I after doing. .. t ...' t l 3. -+ and -Ellri+ ' o- r 4. Infinitive + rl-ul-t l DRILLS. Supplementary Dialogue and Narrative foi Comprehension. EXERCISES 3+1 < + 2 "42 7 + 5 < + < ? 6 6 " 6 6 357 357 360 30) Jo o Joo 367 367 367 369 378 378 UNIT 39. Discussingi onet s occupation.. 380 BASIC DIALOGUE. 3BO Notes on the Basic Dialogue. 385 . Grammar Notes ..t.. 3 8 6 1 . - e / S - - u 1 * p = 1 r i s - a b l - e ! . ' i s w o r t h . . . i n g ' , ' d e s e r v e s t o . ' 3 8 6 z L l r l 2 . z { q + N e g a t i o n t n e v e r . . . t , I n o t . . . a t a l f r . 3 8 6L L I 3. otl and qlcl(:L) ... - , r , r r r / 3 B B DRILLS. 389 Supplementary Dialogue and Narrative for Comprehension- 396 E ) G R C I S E S . . .i . . . . . . . ' . . 3 9 6 v l_.1_l_
  7. 7. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 40. Discussing onet s occupation (continued) BASIC DIALOGUE. Additional Vocabulary and Phrases. Notes on the Basic Dialogue Granrnar Notes. 2 . -"/+rl - -"14^l (s )5^j ' e ?. - -71oll Hl-Bu-El-J - - ' l ' l | _ - | DRILLS. SupplementarY Dialogue EXERCISES and Narrative for ComPrehension. 1. The more p the more. 2. -tll -trolElvs. --41 E=l=l. 3. -^l"lEl 4 . - u | e c | t s e e m s t o b e . . . i n g ' q - - ( o - ) H u l c f u l | . . . b u t l- - / | l u l DRILLS. Supplementary Dialogue and Narrative for Comprehension' EXERCISES UNIT 42. Going out to the Countryside (Continued) " " UNIT 41. Goj-ng Out to the Countryside 414 BASIC DIALOGUE. 414 Additionaf Vocabulary and Phrases 419 Notes on the Basic Dialogue )23 Grammar Notes +2+ BASIC DIAI,OGUE. Additional VocabularY Additional VocabularY and Phrase Granmar Notes ? 9 7 397 400 403 'fvJ +u5 404 +v) 405 l|l ? l|l ? )z. .24 +25 )26 4s6 426 ' )zz and phras€s... 440 s.... 458 ' 4sg Gramrnar Notes. 4+3 r. N+ =l/ol=l-("J)... 443 2 . - ? E L ! + 4 3 tE_ _ DRrLLs. ' ++5 Supplementary Dialogue for Comprehension' 451 Narratives for Comprehension and Reading' 451 EXERCISES 451 UNIT 43. Society and Social Life" " ' +)5 BASIC DTALOGUE. 1. _:f u|(e):| )rtra + ) y 460 2 - -r}tlc| O l l l 3. Infinitive + -t:ln vl-l-l-J-
  8. 8. KOREAN BASIC COURSE Supplenrentary Dialogrres for Comprehension. ' 46f ftflT 44. society and Social Li-fe (Continued) " " NARRATIVE Additionaf Vocabulary and Phrases. Grammar Notes. :'l(e) T'NIT T'NIT Korean-English GlossarY. Index to the Grarunar Notes. 1 . - u / o / u,rr€ 2' =hl l , a ^ )L6,a 467 469 469 469 Supplementary Narratives for Reading and ComPrehension. +Tl 45. Military service. . +72 BAsrc DrALocuE. 4Tz Additional Vocabulary and Phrases. +72 Grarunar Notes. 1. Authoritative Speech and Familiar Speech. +TT Supplementary Dialogues for Comprehension. ' 4fg Narrative for Reading and Compretrension. 4BO 46. Military service (continued).. - - ' 4Br BASIC DrALOGI,E...... ... - - 481 Additional Vocabulary and Ptrrases- 485 Narratives for Reading and Comprehension. 486 I,NIT 47. Government and Politics. NARRATIVE supplementary Narratives for Reading and comprehensj-on. +87 487 ]Io" 494 )>o
  9. 9. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 19 UNIT 19. At Seoul Station Information BASIC DIALOGUE 9:tl^l =Ial =l|al(otl)lH -71'L 1. Sqlil.l=1. =it1(ql)-te =i+ rJ*|:l. ".:::i".3";""slf time is the next s^11,i1+,.l''t? 3|qiei ei:i(nf) loca1 (train) 2. ol-F^l itil+ ql ==ll.t+ €l:il"l "[l.t There is a local train leavins at 9:30' o l o L I E L ,rr.r-E-r r. g:i^t +:l(:t) ==jhl,IEL I + ,ilgs rrBl+ q*o S- € 3l5l-..l=t j. :-g, otil+:Its31*1==lht*11+L? [:*:'rltt,*:;!i?n ;Tnu'i?i"*t3tn3t5"?3 5 + ,lt.S, '"1* Sgs rpa |l.gel :XI'"':"ni::i:1"' whendoesttre next =l++3lp. :]'Jl€ 3t.t'fo-r :l'}lei :t'l el'll''tl "le$ :l.-Il ql,,'l € t -t tt a: irll U B 6 t of ,,.L.rls -E-9la l I H I U guidance information booth at the Seoul Station Information Booth Taej on Taejon bound train express (train) [it] must have left if p o ssib le ('if it ca n b e co me ') by a fast waY Iitj departs Special ExPress Semi-ExPress in about 40 minutes
  10. 10. UNIT 19 KOREAN BASIC COURSD 4. "lil q$^l++.* :1/*1==lhln$ f;:: 3r:.:i;"T"?::TH:fl=:"1""jn5:;:- ^ttl+ + q + s:li"l *l't ;.1+.1.r. ExPressleavins in about 40 minutes' 4 tl]:L l O ' l I 5. ++:l}s* cliJ'?fxl5"1.tll=l'tr-r il::j::"fl""ffi: 3:_:i5:n::,3;. ." olLrl o.l ul rfiEl 6. +^lJl "lil#4+ J"l"le. It takes about 2 hours and 20 minutes. te of course ++:l+ as (much) as Speciat Express +trl.* uuls:l* El'l=l t"Jn::r:it"ii.533t "" $^l "t":Lr*it"t; afrer all; :z!r $^l it is also; it is as well EElel JlLlEl [itJ goes fast ?. €€., ++34$ ++:i* uu|=.:l * *f'l:.} of course the semi-Express is not as fast as the Speci-al Express, but itrs f.lllL $^l qi otl"l Jl.l=t. still very fast-
  11. 11. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 19 NOTES ON THE BASIC DIALOGUE (numbers correspond to the sentence numbers' ) 1. -nl 'section, is the part of a noun which designates the lowest adminj-strative unit within an organizational hierarchy. Examples: :lrilXl , information (section)', :l^i'li 'personnel sectionr, ++ tll t qeneral af faj-r s sect i6nt , et c' €l + $gS {,it it can become') and its substitutel}+ 31-e-31(or riis}$) ,lf it, s possi.blet whictr is anottrer synonymous adverbial clause, occur as ttre Korean equivalents of I if Possible. +:ll 'expressl is used as a cover term for three kinds of express trains: q-3. 'special Expressr, +:il '(negular) Expressr or ++:i rsemi-Express" ++ stops only at ttre most important stations suctr as provincial lJpitafs, *3il makes additional stops at major cities, whj-fe ++:l| stops at all major stations. ff3l stops at every 1oca1 station' (.-E)S i., f*:l|sg is the contraction of (..e)gg ' contraction is co* oit in a raPid sPeech. Il€. I as ast occurs either as a particle or a dependant noun (See crarnmar Notes 7 e 2i. A description verb ending in -"1 + **l=l means simply ! is not... ! rather than I cannot... | (See Crammar Note J) . $^l t alsot , t stillt , 'after allr , t certainlyt is an adverb whose meaning varies depending on environment. $^l i= normally preceded j-mmediately by or frequently used redundantly wj-th a nominal * E to mean 'also' . J.3s $^l ":l-"13i'l=i. t It a lso g o e s fa st.' LtE g^l jzsl-41al|liEi'l=|. 'r tlti-nk so, too.' 3. 4. tr T. :lE :ls $^l ts+4. ia q^lE ,l+rl e^l qlHHe-. 'l+. $^l ;i+ ^l€lolqa. 'Ko re a n is a lso d ifficu ltr isn 't it? ' 'She j-s sti1l PrettY. l t I ' m a K o r e a n , a f t e r a l l . '
  12. 12. IINTT 'I q KOREAN BASICCOURSE 'l+s $^l f."J"il alll;lAlls? 'Do you still think so?r "l+ ^l+'l't $^l *+*l-a ++..l=I. 'T;:::":rili" are sturdyandnice, :l+ +dlol$^l g4+'-l=|.. t Korean food sure is hot. t 3RAMMAR NOTES t. Particle l|$ ' as dSr , ' t o t t re e xte n t o fl The particfe l|$ preceded by a nominal occurs before an inflected expression to denote a resemblance of the action or description in the deqree of or extent to the fbffowinq inffected expression for the subject or topic the same or as much as the nomj-nal to which lf!. is added. Compare up- with particle tl''ti 'like' (Unit 18) which denotes a resemblance of the action or description in ttre manner of the followinq inflected expressj-on. Compare the following pairs: uta-tl ?l"t$+ tl=l Jl'l=t' rrhe bus runs as fasr as a rrai-n.l uulz:r| tltlolEl cu1=l lt'l=t' rrhe bus runs fasr, just rike a trai.n.r 3E :i'l :l+ :t:l'+ "l$+'-l=1. 'Japanese is as difficult as Korean.' 3* :r.l :t+ :1"1:1"l$+'l=1. 'Japanese, tike Korean, is difricuft.' 'il3l+Al"i.il flal$+ +31 :hg 'Mr. Jamesspeakscermanas well as 1l "tlg. Mr. Park does.' 4l$la"r't1r}gt tlaltJ:1 +:l :hi 'Mr. Jamesspeakssood Germanjust Xi tllc. like Mr. Park.' 2. Post-Noun [f.$ Wiren gl-.$ occurs after inflected forms such as prospective or present noun modifier words, lt is a post-noun. The post-noun [[.$ forms a phrase with the preceding modifj-er word in the followi-ng meanings: a. The present noun modifier word of an actj-on or description verb -Vg/+ form + Et3 'since (or because) one does (or is)' , 'as much as one doesl
  13. 13. KOREAN BASIC COURSE qlIr r9 '["] otgrt+ r-',1qlb Il+ I t s i n c e I r m a w a r e o f i t - - - r I l t A s m u c h a s I k n o w . . - ' , l, In so fa r 4 s 1 kn o w... ! 1 ' S i n c e h e e a t s . . . I t t A s m u c h a s h e e a t s . . . l ia qtt*. g.g.:L It+ 'since she is brisht" .' b. An action verb in ttre prospectj-ve noun modifier .9/3 form + ll-$ means t as muctt as one cant . *+l* qe:t$ ^lil^lg' 'Buv food as much as vou can eat'' a al+3 3l* :t+ glr$ti0.. 'r read the book as much as r could" +tl-tlEl :l+ (€+) 3rl 'I trave not earned enoush monev to become rich-' s,il"1s' Note that "l ll+'this much',jai It+ 'that muchr,f, eL+ 'that much' are idj-omatic nominal or adverbial phrases' 3- Further note on -:l *rtEl' The -rl form of a description verb + *"1=toccurs j-nterctrangeably with _"1 $=t to mean just ' is not... I instead of ! cannot... t . TtIe same construction is also used to mean rcannot...t wtrenever it makes sense. ' !A. :l+ ll"l +lfis? l"' rrs Koreaneasv?' lB. otLln-,:1.+ :l"l tl'l **I9.. le. !No, Koreanis not easv" {A. -2- q:}1 a1z}E z}9-? ! A. ' rs she tarl?' 1". ol.rlo-,J'l -a:l *31'l=1. lB. 'No, [she is] not very tall.' .tb f,.I Eg.st^l *.t{o-. :.:lol 'rrm not so brisht' fhat's the t- j"rlol:lg-. ' A '' Ar Probfem' I
  14. 14. KOREAN COURSE 4. -(ot, "1;,v-;!lc|and -(ol, ol)*g .11ol=t Any verbal which includes a past tense suffix * future tense suffix (i.e. -(ol, "1 )AA,*1- ) implies the speaker or addressee's presumption for the finished action or descripti-on of the verb, and is transl-ated as 'must have been/done such-and-sucht,'wouId/should trave been/done such-and-suctr' . -(ot, "1)srll- and -(ol, o1)*g -3ol-r" mutually interctrangeable- study the following examPles: t :l*i "lrl-"1 ==lhlJls.l=1. l l:l*1 rl:|rl. -fil$ ilSl.-l=}. ['t+ ^+ t'l+ o+ | - "l'l ^l+* I ,. "l''t ^l+g + $ ol ^l4}ilil$'l=t. +$ol ^latiliSigl'l=l- 'Ihe train must have left already (r ttrint<) .' 'By now cfass must trave started.' tDo you suppose that he tras become an Ambassador by now?' Ei^l-71Jel*lil*. Ll "-'F EI^l-'lrEl,tlgli gl.l-r'i? 'l"l *jl^l*ql Jlal..ttl ,*SlgS 'rf r had not arrived on time, would ;r5- ,rp-'l ilil=lnlal.li,illJls'1r-rl-? ISlr:Slirthoueht that r had a traffic ttUtntBllgl'l-',i? "-l++ *1a ^lil* :l-"ilgs, -a3 il++ :ll iflill"le.. tilB nolollL. t If I had known that fact from the beginning I woufd not have made suctr a mistake. I Remeniber that we noticed -.3i- itt Unit l, Grammar Note 2, and -*/$;i ol-l.t Uttit 11, Grammar Note !, were often used to denote the presumption of the speaker or addressee for the future or present action or description of the verb.
  15. 15. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 19 t. Substitution Drill 1. =fla1(q) "l-i =l* "l.rl-'rt g^I.il il+'1""1'/ *::^:r'*" is the next train (which ' goes) to Taejon? z. +ai(oli) 'lg- =l-* ll|"}'t S^lql ;.1+'l-'-'}? *i: ;"T:,ri" tn" next passensertrain 3. z{+(oll) t},b ++ ol:ltlr};lrl9l what time i-s the next airplane to Cheju? ,9.1+'1"-tl'? 4. lF*(ql) 't+ ulg-uuP-r|g^l'll *?:n;;ffiniirtn' nextbusto ,'1+t.lttl-? 5. =lli(ql) "l.b =f+ ill'l g^I"il *?: ;j:l;oii .n" next express ,3.1+'l''t? 6. :t+(ql)'l+ =l-++3"1 S^l"tl ;.I+'l-np *i: l*5njt:rtn" next special Express ?. }5(oil) 'tg. =|-q ++:H.l $^|ql What time is the next Semi-Express to Kangnung? ,3.1-$'l-h? 8. ,E+(qr)'H =r.sef:i"r s^rqrjls'rrrh? *?: :i::.;;,;n" next 10ca1(train) e. :lai("tl)'].*-=l-oq:l+.1H^l"rlo1oulrr|'i *?lr::T:riil.ll ffi:;"ii.*" 10. q+(otl)'i* 'i* ll15"l s^lql ,3.1*.1-'lr *t:;:::?is the next passensership 11. +i-'13(91) -r1"u=l-Seigl uulArf s^l"ll ** ;:Ti"i"*llir"ext sishtseeinebus ,9.1*'lttt: 12. gr(q)'f-b =h.qs=t5"1 s^l'll *i::#:,,i= tn" next packetboat ;.lS'l-'l'i
  16. 16. KOREAN COURSE 2. Response Drill tjat,,3$qs EEiLI^lJldle-? Itil|, qi, I + ,ils$ *3[eg =='l']la rlul rL B l I l ' g+: +:Lql -el 6lotis^lilols? ql, €l + ;.lgg 'ti-". Ehl.l=}. :l-+ql^t:l-+ :l -s++ -4i+sl^l;ilole? qi,El+ ,3.lg$ -'t+*l'Eo 3l'l=1. ^tl^l$"tllla-e-€ !i*t^lil"lo-t ql, I + ;.lgs 4l^lJt"I€3t'ti.z tlul rL s l I l ' :t't}3'l+:l g-e-^lflqe-? q, g + ,il-q$ ol+'l ,*q-14 3f'l=l'. El;1|-'l_e_1^lf;l ol$-'? qt, I + ;.lsg ol:l-'ls 'l1a rlul uL t j l I l ' "l:l ajil.g rlzl -o-,rl;!lle-'i qi, 5 + ,il-q$ "!3 't'1 glr- rlul sL r J l I l ' 3l:- Er-?l^1,31'le: qi, I + ,3.lgg:l'lq.t- Et'l=}. a]aql/"|3l.l-^l]l"le.'i qi, I +- ;.lgg aJ+qi^] 31"t1.:r- El-Ll EI- H l I l ' WilI you leave Ye s, Irm g o in g if possible. express? (leave by express) Will you come to my house this weekend? Yes, I!11 try to come if possible. Will you continue to study Korean in Korea? Yes, Itm goi-ng to (continue) if possible. Will you leave for sctrool on time? Yes, Ir 11 try to leave on time if possible. wont t you smoke? No, I! m trying not to smoke j-f possible. will you go by plane? Yes, I'm going to (fly) if possible. Will you bring Ye s, Irm g o in g if possible. your lunch every day? to (uring it) every day Will you ctreck your baggage? Yes, I'm going to check [it] it possible. Will you work for the government? Yes, I'm going to work for the government if possible. by to t z. 4. 5. 6. 8 .
  17. 17. KOREAN BASIC COURSE uNrr 19 I 2 . ). substitution Drill ++ :ll-q-S=lal "-'l''l :1"l'l 3"l'lsr gtSttqe+-*--rtFl:1"1'f3elula'i ). ++gg g1+r:Fl :1"1.fj=l'htt :1"t't3'l'tsr :1"t.t3'l'-tsr 4. +sl}qe :l$"-'i'l 5. llial-qe +al"-'l-"I b . ,11&^il+'r'rl:l:lrrlLl 31"1'1r-r z. .ol3tl-rl€.**.-'l^l :1"1't3=ll.Lo-r 8. .l*olg Slslg'nl.alSElLt31=l.1er 9. a1"igs:g-,f^l 3"1'l ll=l.lsr 3"t.t J=l'te-r10. 'Lll$ $ai1.'l-,I 4. Response Drill (based on Granmar Note il3l, :1"+:l"l 3g :l:'i+ ols+'l-lr itil, q, :l+ :l"l 3+ 3l$* "11+ls' 1. el:Fl'l.+ SlEi+:l+ i1'l 'r'1t? oii,€+:11"l"l+jt|It* :|.a r.le-. z. ,i€e.li-+ol +-+It* :lilEl..l-,F ql,ol€e.laFol +-+Il+ $it.|ls. How long does it take [to go] to Taejon by Semi-ExPress? IIow long does it take [to go] to Mokpo by local? How long does it take Kwangju by SPecial lto go] to Express? How long does it tat<e [to go] Inctron by exPress? How long does it take [to go] Pusan by Passenger shiP? How long does it take [to go] to Cheju by shiP? How lonq does it t4ke lto go] to Kangnung by ai-rprane? How long does it tatce [to. go] xanghwado by ferry{boat)? How long does j-t tatce [to go] YongdungPo bY streetcar? How long does it take [to go] Yongsan by bicYcle? L ) Is Korean as difficult as ,Japanese? Yes, Korean is as difficult as JaPanese' Does a local train stoP as frequently as a Regular ExPress? Yes, a local train stops as frequently as a Regular ExPress. Is the traffic in Seoul as crowded as that of New York? Yes, the traffic in Seoul is as crowded as it is in New York.
  18. 18. WI! T9 KOREAN BASICCOURSE 3. ^I3la*11.e3,^lli,+ :l+ :l+ :t rlul rr|? q, }ll:la*|1A3^ l:i.-a:i+ :tg x| *lA. z' 4. "ll ol nr'L=flh+H{,'l:-t1: ql,"l+ol 't'i+:lt blls. 5. cart+:l'l tjall:i+,l't +u1r:|'? qi,;l ^lEl"l'r:l+ :,1"1+1e-. 6. ^.ig"l s-"El+ s=llEls^l8lLl"''l? qi, ^l€-ol.L-"1:f-3 3-.l|El selol9la. 7. -L-=L:l,+lrl "l4l:l-=as =l-a "i:iol t '11? oii,gi 5l-Blrl .lClll+ s=13 olEl'l € "le. 8.' 3l"i'l'l 3l-oi{'ll}+ .tolr} g}f,Llr:}? ql, :]."1'l'l:l"t''l'lrl.3 '-lol't uldl O 4ll l- ' e. alallg:ial* Sialrl+*-'lEl'l-'H ql,(^'1i):tal3 3t+lri*+ol'lL. 5. Response Transformation Dril1 (based a1all,:}+ 3}"1:frl Nlole-?/3+ :}/ gralt, qi, :l+ :t-E3l+ :r:l+ 'I"l il+.1=l-. 1. :t+ "l hl.1a?l=ltlv qi,:1"+s=ll$$+ hl+'l=}. Does Mr. Janes speak Korean as well as ifones? Yes, Mr. ;tames speaks Korean as well as Jones. Is the United States as large as Canada? Yes, the United States is as large as Canada. Is your wife as tall as you? Yes, my wife is as tall- as I am. fs Seoul- as old a city as Rome? Yes, Seoul is as old a city as Rome. Is the weather today as cloudy and wi-ndy as it was yesterday? Yes, the weather today is as cloudy and windy as it was yesterday. Is grandmother as o1d as grandfather? Yes, grandmother is as old as grandfather. Do you like Korean food as much as Western food? Yes, I like Korean food as much as Western food. on crammar Note 1) Is Korean interestj-ng? f;apanese] Yes, Korean is as interesting as Japanese. rs Korea large (or wide) ? [TaiwanJ Yes, Korea is as large as Taiwan. 10
  19. 19. KOREAN BASIC COURSE rJNrr 19 2 . 4 . 7. 8 . o 5. ++:lt"l rrEl-ele_?l++l 1 0 . ^E ql ^l:lol *ole-? i+iale^l/ qi, ,l"l€qlE +ial.a^l:i+ ^l-:t'l *+ -l=t. Jlaial]"l3"i3 xi.le-r /"1+^h:t/ qi,Jl 5al|E"l+ ^|:l:f+ 5"f= 1l ii'l=t. :1 3all"l 4rxfoiie-?iol ^lall qi, aJjtiiE "l ^l:f:i* 4:|$l'l=1. Are there a 1ot of PeoPIe in Seoul? [ (ttre city of) washingtonJ Yes, there are as many people in Seoul as in Washington. Dogs Mr. Kim speaks English well? IAmer ican ] Yes, Mr. Kj-m sPeaks Englj-sh as well as an American. Is Mr. Chung rich? [ (comPanY) president Icel Yes, Mr. Chung j-s as rich as (corirpany) president Lee. Is the Semi-ExPress fast? [sPecial Express ] Yes, the Semi-Express is as fast as the Special ExPress. Is the traffic in Seoul crowded? [new vork] Yes, the traffic in Seoul is as crowded as it is in New York. Are things in Pusan expensive? [seoul] Yes, things in Pusan are as expensive as they are in Seou1. Is a Pullman comfortabte? [lst class] Yes, a sleepj-ng car is as comfortable a s lst cla ss. Is Australia nice to live in? famerica] Yes, Australia is as nice to live in as America. Are Chinese ctraracters easy to learn? IrianxrtJ Yes, Chinese characters are as easy to learn as Hankrl [i"J. Is !tr. Kimrs son bright? [Mr. Lee's sonJ Yes, Mr. Kimrs son is as bright as Mr' L e e r s so n . qi, f -+:]jrL++:h-,'2 uu|-3'l=t. ,j€gl ;1.+ol:16t"le-? l+--41 "ii, ^j€9.1i.Fs +-+:t+ :1ilBt'l=f. +alel€Ji ;i"l Hl^^|e-?l4tl q, +ai-g€3 ;I"l ^1€:f+ ol'tl.-l=l' ;l=rl't't q*li_.? l2l*l qi, al=ll"ls3*:t* 53|'l=t. g+ -rf,rlrl 4-o|e-?l"l4 I oil,-L4-s-"l{ Il-+ .'-1-r13f 'l=}. :1,.1-?tol}+'l+l+ln.? l:l+l el, Ii'lg :l3ll+ o}|P'ltl#'l=}. ;l alal.elol:ol Eq'lltr /"1Cal3.l ole/ qi, Jl tla}]-e.lot:= "l alatel'f€':i* q q+:f'l=1. 1 1 . 1 1
  20. 20. rExllg KOREAN BASIC COURSE 6. Response Drill tljl, f +3il"1rt€- +:lPl+ EEFILl'r'P gl.ll, ot'ls, ++:llg s+ +:lttl+ Euls:l $lolA. as the as fast 1 . z. 4. 5. 6. + atal"lalt1ail$+S"|31lgt..l-'tr opuln-,+ flatp :t tl3ll$+ S"j: :l "t"l sols. :l'+ "l'i + 3l"l$re d+'l -'F olule-,Il+ "jg.+3"iribz+l'l Slots. ). Jl dalelilg =l'l + =:trl=+ qlH.Ll"-,F oluli-, ;l tla}ls.liI+ =:lg + -l:lt 4luu-11$ols. ^lsl Elilalt "lotll+ tsHl+Ll11F olLls-, ^lsl ,rJ^.+ rl'ili* uulg :f ,*otg. +3["] €]:lE]+ :[+ c[;lul-np ollla,+:}l3 €l3tt$+^F+ rlul.z,l*ots. + alol"|g$+ -* 5l'l-''F olulf,-.+aig ^i€:t* -''flq."l,l ilols. +s .it+a1'l*:l q}}rial$+t3"l $f4-ul-n|'? ol.'ls, +s :l}+fl+ t jl- $lstilll+ tJ"l *'l ,*ol'9. Is the Semi-Express as fast Regular Express? No, the Semi-Express is not as the Regular Express. Does Mr. Song speak English as well as Mr. Chang? No, l4r. Song does not speak English as well as Mr. Chang. Is Korean as easy as German? No, Korean is not as easy as German. Is Mr. Kimrs younger daughter as pretty as tris eldest dauqhter? No, Mr. Kimr s younger daughter is not as pretty as tris eldest daughter. Are ttre suburban busses as rapid as tra ins ? No, the suburban busses are not as rapid as trains. Do express [trains] run as often as locals? No, express [trains] ao not run as often as 1oca1 [trains] Is Pusan as clean as Seoul? No, Fusan is not as clean as Seoul. Are there as many things at Chongno Department Store as there are at Central (oepartment store) ? No, theret re not as many things at Chongno Department Store as there are at Central. 7. L 2
  21. 21. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 19 8. at:}lil algt"t=lt^t5ltatg:tt hi+'|"-ri? -".il3"i#3:::e"?:=tll3?u3i"5iatof olLlr-,claldge qi^i5ll:ielrl+ *";r*L:"i,ffi:"1:u::1"":"1il3;"::tn"' hi^l ,*ole - 9. g^t olol:ol :l^l- olol €.:,t+ tl-tt Are sirls as tall as bovs? a.l_rzl.?F l ol.lL, qtl otol €-g :l"l tlol No, girls are not as taIl as bovs' E:t+ 4l?t-t':l $ol9-' 10. ++3l|"1 €t:l[f* -uglulr-{? Is the semi-Express as slow as the 1oca1? olule-, f+:[g €t3l|It+r==l'l so}9.. *"h5ni"::T]-""nress is not as slow as 7. ResPonse Drill c3l, ++g E:l-.I Jt'l-t-tF Does a Special ExPress so fast? giall, tg, ++g EslelStLlE|. ""i;"3tr3:t:"" the special Express 1. :t+ :t"l =il+ "=tJL+ ='l "iS+'12|? rs Korean more d'irficult than rhai? tc' :i'+:lol=ll+:Fd-'l=i t"3ir?l"i?t'ffi"I"ffi31.t"*"'" ojH+.1=t. z. sli-Jiol qri q"l 'l't+ +ll:t+ tt*::; ::;:T:r3"diplomat can vou see ,3.1*'l-'tr te, gla$olrElsq*l 'i=t-= ""3;,if,?::'= ill ;::"i:'.*3?Iro*... +3:l + il+'l=l- ). +-+ot^1€g=la+olStahEt'l-'t? t""::;u:'u"if* i: :::,1;'n *"'" 'EF'+-+ol l"1€-H-=1zSol '"?: ii'!":::;"::"J:i'ii'r::'l:' ""'n Jlif3t'l=1. 4. Hl6l1-rl-s-?l+ .tlol -'l:t-ts-ElHtsL€-u1n|? t"oit.lli:;' t" eo bv airplane than g-a, 'r:,l'ls-'hb -nol "l:Fts-El ""ilr3,l"i"Hfi;;'H-?I.aj-rplane is o't'3'l=t. 13
  22. 22. uNrr 19 KOREAN BASICCOURSE S. :lS ^tf.lol Je g|.l7?1t Do you need a Korean-Ens]ish dicti-onary? tc, :i3 ^ti-lol:te-3t'-l=t. ""i;"ii"f;"Eliirj"3:;: " Korean- o. ^iF't-3 ^lls Fol *"1 ,:,l"l"tEt'l-',}'/ -o"ron3"E"l?n-'" a lor or monevro €s, 'lF'E ^l1s +ol *"1 ""3i i5"!;T:""il""n:l:.to havea 1ot ^:.1'l "t El'l=h. ?. gl:li"l +:4s-.t =l ^il.l"1? Is the loca1 cheaper than the express? te' gl:l|ol3:l|L=l-=l tl.-l=l- ""ii,"it.i:":$,:::.}ocal is cheaper 8. gl'i'l ElEg +++ g-ol*llot3l-'.l-''t? o".5"1"n3"3"i3r.31lea rot of education te, gt^l.'irElts ++*- *"1 ""i; i5"ffi:':""I;:rlll" to studva lot 'llot ih'l=t. s. slaelol qqg ^l:+3 qoh El-.I-'l.i o"ulii"l3l; ." rakean examto be a €€:, Cla$ol .EllS ^l:1+ Yes, of course you have to take an exam to become a diPlomat. slot 3l-'l=1. 10. 3'l+ +'ll$ +L:- ,rfo|3|ul't:p o"rlil"lSve to buv stampsto mail €F, s^l€- +tl t$ +L+ Yes, of course you have to buy stamps to maiL l,etters. ^l-oFEl-'l=1. 8. Response Drill tlai' ;l alal"l 5"1: :l gl,-l=1. Mr. Kim speaksEnslish verv well' ibH' ql, j7-:l+.1=1. (Jl atali"l) $^l t"i:"ir:in*5ir.t" certainlv speaks g +? :l 'lls. 1. :l'+ :t"l lle l1 Jl+l-l=t' Korean seems to be difficult' q, ::l+'l=l'. (Ih+ :l"l) $^l *31;?r:i?i:' rt certainlv seemsto be "1r€ ii lt'lL 2. "H qr^r:lEs :|5:|r|,irt"t Er-'r=l.. ""T"nt;:ilrt3;"ri3.3ll"*"oi1e ro live ql, iar*l+.I=}. "l+.ll^l :l1S Ttrat's right. You certal-nlv have to have a car to live in Ameri-ca. $^l ^FF"l'ti.llot rllt-. 14
  23. 23. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT T9 4. A o "lttld. =l rl:llrl rf lrul€-Ll=1. ql, a9+.1=l.. "lil-3-=l$^l "13il'l'i,:l=iL. :r+ "l1'gEElLu ^L'lol 39.3l'l=t. qi,-a3+.1=l.. :l* 'lig==l]b s^l ^liio1rle-rfle. "l+ ^l':laol + *lol-^l:i;-u+ :l il..l=l- ql,ja:l+.1=1. "l+ ^l5l€ol$^l +=lol_^t:I..3-r'.=l_:h :hte-. :tql 9:l3l==lFal=li"t'ts=lgl-,-l=1. e},:-;f5.1=t. :lql 93lt:l*|lb $^l :lEll'f1g.l*lls. +"1 il-a aia}l:.1:l- ?i-sal'l=l-. q, .a:i+ .l=1. + =l ita tlalp "l $^l A| rls-{r. u1,,.,,.|;ls:lrt +g ;| Jl+'l=}" e1,:-;]6:'l=h. "lLl =lF"l'l $^l +g .tl :t"lc. "l+ "ll^iE..sl^lelS-t.^l'l-F+ al Bl'l=1. qi,r-3+'l=1. "l+ "il^'li 3l^let $s-r1r1$^l eg it 5te.. 3 E^lg €Jl ;f"l ul,"rlelaallllEt'-l+. qi,f::1+.1=t.t s^19tJ1 ;l'l q^l Bl^ l-Ell. aiilt.lis. An airplane is faster than a train. Thatr s right. An airplane is indeed faster than a train. You need a dj-ctionary when you study a language. Thatr s right. You certainlY need a dictionary when you study a language. Americans live better than EuroPeans. Ttrat's right. Americans certainly l-ive better than EuroPeans. A Sleeping car is convenient when you travel at night. Thatr s right. A SleePing car i-s certainly convenient when you travel at night. Ihe teachers in our school teachers. T'tratr s right. Our teachers well i-ndeed. are good teactr Expensive autos seem to be good. Thatr s right. ExPensive autos certainly seem to be good. In the United States doctors and lawyers make good moneY. That's right. In America, doctors and lawyers certainly earn a 1ot. I thinl< things are expensive in big citie s. That's right. I think things are certainly expensive in big cities. ' l q
  24. 24. uNrr ro KOREAN BASIC COURSE 9. Response Dril1 aia}l, el3q"luufs-rfa? ilali' olLle-,el:[g ie1 uul'::-:l * il-.-l=t' Is the local train fast (I wonder) ? No, the local is not verY fast' 1. J ol-ol-rt=+=+:t"le-? Is that child brisht? oluln-, -a olol+:'l '+E t,i^l No' that child is not so bright' * El'l=t' z. :l+ :l "i|+ tlr| flf' rll-? rs rearnins Korean easv? olulg-,:l+ :i'liPtlb r"l +l"l No' learnins Korean is not so easv' * Ef'l=l' ). a]it"t sel:l"if-? Is the streetcar convenj-ent? otLln-, alt}.iL:=l Seltlzl * El4=1. No' the streetcar is not so convenient' 4. 3al il ++ol ;-E-:i'?ts? rs vour neishborhood quiet? otLln-, tlgl il ++* ja=l aS*ltl No' mv neighborhood is not so quiet' * El..l=l' 5. ++el ++tl 6+:i"t9-? Is a civil servant's pav sufficient? olule-,++€1 ++g r-"1€;€ *l.,.1 "":.l"Ef;lernment emprovee'sPav is not * 3}'l=l' 6. caq-g;:|g*l.r}.+-grlo-? o",,Il;ritke vour car? (or rs vour car olLls-, ^tl ^l€."l.t-:=l +tl * 3|'l=t. No, mv car ls not verv good' ? E^tlol 6lLl.e}3 qic:-'rln-'i t""l::.":13?3ir"t=ter as prettv as trer l . i i o ' l I L l l L r E l olulg-, {-:[3- Tt.lll-+ {iel:1 No' the vounser sister is not as Pretty as her older sister' * it'l=l' B. "l a:lol s adnig glgrlr-: t=:llt"ri*:"il:"l"1inl:"ll"tr illuminated) oj-Lli-,ol aCg .q o.:l*l3 *"hlnil*it:i:::::;: ""t lisht like gi^l* Et'l't. IO
  25. 25. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 19 Supplementary Dialogues for Comprehension: ( 1 ) 93ll't, qs{r-. itJl' l}n+ + t "i +^l=i. I'lr} l}ul{xle-? It'li*l, ql':*'l+'-l=1. ++ :l"l ,3.I-$ulrrp 33ll=t, :la,t"il -7t*.'l'l ^lJl* + glJ-il+.1=t. clg 'rl:|r| 9^lql ;,lt-rl o1'tle-? :l.tpi' =h* "lb gl:Hl=ll of+^l "ltls "il ==1bl'l=1. q:ll'l' +:l}gg '|n il+'l=}. +3[g sltet jl.l$, :lf1g rlz|.9'l'?-'lel:lol'-l*:}|ol'-t^lJt"l '191 Jl"lJEI'l=f. {3ll'l-, ot,r-:i+Ll-nF :E1 -+3}|o}g,iller ll'liti, -3:li"l-b"hal"il:l-:1,^l$"i :hgitl,3.1^l:l-3"lb ^lJLqu14fh.l=t. (z) q:p|: ++ss u15r:rlrl5'l'-l 3El'-l]-tF 3l''li$' e*g +-*"1 ql ti"f ;1"1s-' :"1^l oi+^lql4gg ==J.hg,il^lJl+ ql .=l_+'-1.1. gSti'}, olol+.,-;j il- HEIeJe-. :El sF +:lig **Il'-a uul"exl * *|r|0-? 3l..$91,e.a *:[,9 .+,s-F-=lq]^]il+ =1J"l^le-. L (
  26. 26. KOREAN..SASICCOURSX Narratives for Comprehension and Reading ( 1 ) :l "R q:Fl'l l'1t99l*S-'l=h. '7'r="l:fs- q:+3 :l -ilElgl.l=1.-2"il^1:t.11-il"tl^lrl.*}.rlr}s-3}"i.n-1-:LB}.1=}. /^ .) =lliJ"tl "lb +g rl:|r| ot+^ltl gt oii*l'-l.,i.l*.1=1. ol -?l:l+. €l:tfl.il J-€ 3t"1fl"1c. $^l aiil+ -,1'l .+:lB sf$'l=t. :l^lJl a'l"ll"l:l +** lt-t 9*a gh:l^lJi altl+ + 'tl++:Iol "l'l ,i,l'lll ++ :lP + I El'-l=}. (3) +-3:lP gt:4E=l=101t"1'l^l:l++$* uule:l* 3l'l=1. rl.l+:|ts $^l ":l"l gt'l=}. 'trb I + ,:.|g$ "gr"l 't-ail+..l=}. l_o
  27. 27. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 19 FIXERCIgES A. Assuming that you are at Seoul Rai]road Station, find out at the information booth: 1-. what time is the next train to Pusan. 2. if it. is an exPress. 3. if the B a.m. express has already left. 4. how many times ttrere are express trains to Pusan per day. 5. how long j-t takes to go to Pusan by a Regular Express' 6. if a Regular ExPress is as fast as a Special Express' T. how often local trains run between Seoul and Suwon' B. if the 7 p.m. Special ExPress has sleeping cars' B. Tell vour classmates that: 1. the traffic in Seoul is as crowded as in New York' 2. your wife is as tall- as You are. 3. your11 try to bring lunch if possible. 4. ttre next sightseeing bus to Walker Hill leaves at 2 p'm' 5. local trains stop as freguently as Semi-Expresses' 6. ,you think that things in big cities are certainl-y (or indeed) more expensive than in small citles. 7. your neighborhood is not so quiet. B. your friend's younger sister is not as pretty as tris older sister. g. you,r house is almost as large as that of Mr' Kim's' C. your instructor will read the Supplementary Dialogues (f) ana (e) twice each in his monologue. Close your book and listen to him carefully and after'each d,ialogue has been read, tefl the gist of each dialogue in your owp words in Korean. D. your instructor will read the Narratives for Comprehension (1), (2) ana (3) one at a time. Listen carefully and retell as much as you remember of each stoty in Korean. (f.t subsquent units, the Supplementary Dialogues and Narratives for Comprehension should be used for exercises similar to the Exercises C and D above. ) r9
  28. 28. KOREAN B SIC COURSE I,NIT 20. At seoul gtation Information (continued) BASIC DIALOGUE q:n"t I 3stt-l :l+ !|g qlri "ial-'l"l q+'l'i +:ltg S"t.t ,.1+,il+.I-'F ^l$L ,ttl l'l rlo qg Ll El rtLr -f, a !,(r t, I I z. q.'l ^l1rL"f q-e-Ll -u-^l:lf-. ++g .laFql,4l:i q.ilffl+.I+. .]-o l- ELo l ol l AllH. l- rJl I r 9rr:. .sa1lEl^13+..lg il ol^ltl$ . : "lr al :l^l :ltl+ "tlil+"1=1. 1"q1+rl;l"t.l ESig t"l)+^lJi"i.i "i"1a13l'lr-. 5. f 3 €l:[g ++:liE+ q''fLfs:l]|s? ^l1l =.ll+.ll ! 1 1 :l^lJi :t : -'tl.nil:["]'i how often? How often do the express trains ('either special Traln or Regular ?rain') run betr^,een seoul and Taejon? ol-Lllgl Here is at it. Express schedul-ei tlme there're only a schedule; You Ttrere are only tralns a day. table three tlmes can have a look three SPecial P. I|r. 12r 10 P.tn. one at B a.m.; one at 12:10 P.m. and another at 5t 30 P.m. l! every Regular ExPress q:Ft two hours runs every two hours. well. ltow slov,ter is ttte the Seni-ExPless, then? :h"tEl because litl late Iit] arrives later local than stops N an hour and half
  29. 29. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 20 .:l ELO LI EL ili- I I el-rl Ll El a r H r | | allt'u q E . l ^ l ?. q'l"il :1:t1E qtrt .tistil* olEll ol-9- Ll-rtl? 6.€|:t't'}3t"i:t"l-l^1'l*Eqt' *"rl"li1rll3'"^o3lini""i"iJ'Ilu"i3ti ++:lte- +rL gt :t^lJl :i * ttl .rtalEl"l+. later than the semi-Express' 1:ll"f baggage; luggage; load [he] takes care of; [hel's in charge of [he] entrusts [it] to someone (the place where You check, your baggage for a while) l.raltl-ng room Wtrere are the itaitlng room and (check j"ng counter) ? :l'lH +tl:i'l Pusan bound traln (Platform entrance where tickets are punched) The waitinq room is to the right of Pusan bound (platforn entrance) and the check-room ts right next to the vJalting room. q tll:L "ll:h+ 3++ :i*t ElfilLtt-? el"El exlc Passengers delay Iit]r s delayed 8. "tt:ltlg +at:l'lEl'+ Elrc-3ql iln' il :,i'F *e =l:l:l ulr $el,il+'l+' ' ct} tra 1ns has Iit] arrived?sal,ll'|e ,. oy,:.sl.rt.+alfl^tr-.:-oiilo|+^l ?llri"rlii H;i5,,,'3i,ll3ue"i.:1il| ++ q -rU qrL .9alsl,it+"1=i 2r
  30. 30. KOREAN BASIC 10. :l7l t+.L .lg+- ^lels ol olS^l +* "lqi/-l 'll:l q]l}:'31i-l'}. 9t15+safsl,ii+'1"1. Additional vocaburary: The Names of Province s ]I SEA OF JAPAN , /oeua-ncat r ow ltrln /suD - 4;"i "tj/ .:' 1. 'it +5^l 2 . l] 7. R q 10. !2. t 1 14. X-rllLr +el ll€lg, +al 5. il gr-: ila €iJ l}:a' 'lil 33t*s,.t+ 3tl -'l:e-,+lf 3=1q-:e.:;l+ :l el Llr-: .tl+ Cl+r, 4l+ !1"[s' Efl4 4 ol L}r-: q oL 31lf+:'-,al9+ iLt LLr-: t}j :l-3+s' 3.1 CHINA ;- -i- o--- The people coming out of the exit are ttre passengers who just got off the ! o'c]ock train from Pusan. It vras about 15 mj.nutes late. and The ir Capitals *1. <Jg.J
  31. 31. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 20 NOTES ON THE BASIC DIALOGUE (rtunbers correspond to the sentence numbers' ) 3. !ti- 'p.m.r plus an orclock time expression is used in a paralLel' way for official dislgnation of tirne as i|3- or 9-al + an o'clock time 'an o r c l o c k t l m e + a . m . r . rlo l- ^Lo 4l^l ^l^l '3 p.n. ' Note ttlat orclock tlme expresslons in official situations suctr as in transportation schedufes or in military are in chinese numeral- system with the ttme counter Al . il il^l '13 hrs' (1 p.n.), o] i]^l 'zo hrs'(8 p.m.). 6. ,!l'rl '*lE ofl'because [it] stops' is the substitute of lLlTtt(see Granrnar Note t. ). lL EFa ' (rather) trranr :-nf,$ jI g"tgi" a multtple partlcle' a cohbination og ge! + g . JIE| and J- EFa can be used .interchangeably, except that the latter is often used emphatically. ? uLEL ,i. r-akp.,ere ofr anall:l.l rto entrust (something) (under someone'sr ' * l I care)' are both transltive verbs. il :ltl+. 9l is trre Pface htrere you ctreck baggage for a while often attended by someone. However. the place where bags are checked through to a desttnatiott t" .u11.6 .$1 -tll. 8. A pLace name + !I followed by a mode of transportation means 'ttre mode of transportation bound for the place nane' . -lfl , tftett, is part of a word rneanlng I going' . Ithe train bound for Pusan' l5^l- ltt^r +al:{-'l*} 2?
  32. 32. UNIT 20 KOREAN BASICCOURSE it:l+:t EIl:] HL Cq.'l|'L r i a I S5sil++ 9. qrl (rstring of carsr) refers schedufe, whlte -tlillis a cover It fl "le Srtrf .'l+otl+31 o l o L l E L l ^ l E I l ' -'l.lol, 7l'lg l+e|! Al u'l-gEl. e'-|Eql l"l *E ql +il EqF ql I . -r1 ==tS.el GRAMMAR NO4ES 'because Iit] ls/does somethingl *[S- ('reason, cause') is a noun to which particle ql is added and occurs either after a nominal or the -1] forrn. a. A nominal + *Eql means 'because of the nominalt :ltl:l '*la :l+:i'l:l"l Note that a place name (or a Point transportation neans 'the mode of name (or at the poLnt of tine). -il 'arrivlng' is the opPosite of 'the bus bound for Inchonl 'the airplane which goes to Kwangju! of time) in -ts} folfowed by a mode of transportation whlch leaves the pl-ace -+ is part of a word meanlng I leavlngr . -:h 'express (train) which leaves (9g left) Seoul' 'passenger train which leaves Taegu' ' Special Express arrLvLng Yongdongpo' to a train run between t^ro stations term for any railroad train. Thene are two trains to Seouf dai-fy. Look at ttre train. Kj-han. Itrs really rbecause of money' t because of a woman' ! for what reason' 2+
  33. 33. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 20 olzlel EEIE ql 1$ '=E ql (") ++ (".r.) *+ Sl"l"f (u.e.) .+++:l"l"t (b) c:lt (u.r.) C:lif"l+ ( b . 2 . ) q . [ q 6 ] L l E l r h a - : r , e a ^ f i ^ l r l 'because of 'the contract' l. -"1 +olp9l means rbecause litl is/does somethlng' In this construction' the -'tl form may have suffixes (i.e. honorifics and or tense suffixes). compare -?i '"=lF ql with -Ll7tlin GralrErar Note 1' Unit 12. alal+ SJill EclE-ql Hlll 'r'm not hunsrv becauser had 1unch" narl ,*olt-. :h+ :l+ ulYL:1.'t[- e] 'I have no time because I'm studylng Korean. I ^lJlol,il$'l=1. +3lls 5*l €:iin'l ==iE{ 'Becausethe exPress has al'neadv e|:tqE- -ttot 'li-. left' r have to 9o bv 1oca1" 2. Denominals and Denominal Verbs we trave seen so far that a nunber of nouns make verbs simply by adding .f.1. we wil"l calL any such verb (luilt on a noun by addlng tlE| ) a Denominative or a !g49!q!!gf-JgIb, and any noun which can be nade lnto a verb a Denominal. Very often, some denorninal verbs are separated, making the denominal the object of th't without changing the meaning' observe the following exanples: 'studying' ' [He]'s studying. ' ' I r i e ] ' s s t u d y i n g . r ( ' I I r e ] a o e s s t u d y i n g . ' ) 'travelling', 'trip' ' l H e l ' s t r a v e f J r r s . ' , ( ' I H e ] d o e s travelling. ' )
  34. 34. UNIT 20 KOREAN BASICCOURSE ( c / (".r- ) ("-2-) (d) 0{rL (d.1.) SaFslil+.1+. (d.2.) g;1"1:e1;1$"1=1. (.) +41 (..r.) +"ltEli1+'l*. (..2.) +,ll-'frEljfS"l=1. ( f ) "l:l / + r " l : l J E l L l E ! ! . r . , / (f.2.) ll:1ol€l.l=f. 'work' ' I r ] ' m w o r k i n g . ' , ( ' I r ] d o w o r k i n g . r ) ' delay (from schedule)' ' IIt] was delayed.' , ' lrt] was late.' , ' I r t ] h a s b e e n d e l a y e d . ' 'problem' | |T+ l l-,-^--- > problem. ' 'worry' ' f r t i ' s w o r r i s o m e . ' , I l t l b e c o m e- w o i r i e d . ' ' ' I r ] ' m w o r r i e d . l ol ol rlLlE! OI O ILLIEL arA Hl I l. gince many denominal verbs can be seParated so that the nominaf becomes the object "f *l=l , we call such a verb a Denomlnal Transltive Verb. Note that there are a number of nouns which are made lnto verbs by sinply adding ElEl just like the above case following the exactly same manner as a Denomj-nal Transitive Verb, except that for some such verbs :elE| rnay be separated from the preceeding noun, making the noun tbe subject oe gl-1. That is, j-n such instances. the noun is in N ol/z| form. Therefore, a denominal verb in N +Sl'l ts cafled a Denominal Intransitive verb. Exampl-es. Many nouns which rnay be made into denominal transitive verbs may also be made into denominaf intransitive verbs. However, some nouns may be made lnto denominal transitive verbs but not into denominal intransltive verbsi other nouns nay become denominal intransitive verbs but not dehominal transitive verbs. Therefore. the best way is to Learn each denomlnaf verb. transltive or intransltl"vg, ds d separate entity' Denominal transitive verbs are often ln active meaning jin English. while denoml,naf intransitive verbs are frequently passive. 'eo
  35. 35. KOREAN BASIC COURSI UNIT 20 3. "i- 'every' , 'each' Some Korean nouns are built by addtng Derivational Affixes on other stems' words or parts of words. An affix ls a cover term for a preftx' (inftx) o r s u f f i x . B y d e r i v a t i o n i s m e a n t w o r d f o r n a t i o n b y w a y o f b u l l d l n g o n sterns (bases). Dertvational affixes in Korean are different in ctraracter fron infl-ecltonal affixes (which include endl-ngs ) in that when all ttre lnflectional afflxes are stripPed off from a word. what is left is a stem' w h l l e a d e r j . v a t i o n a l a f f i x i s P a r t o f a S t e m i t s e l f i n b u l t d i n g a w o r d . oli- is a derlvational prefix wtrich means 'every'. 'eactrr' rhe followLng words are some of the cornnon time expressions with El-as prefix: ",l",ll "ls, 'every year' 'every month I 'every hour' I every week' | 6 r ' o r i ' h i h r ! { - a I | ^"a,r, <amocl-ar I I every (school) grade' "ElI "BsI Ell^l'tL Ella ol -ftr ullr!"1 u lLrl Remenlcer that the prefex El- has the same neaning as the particle ElEl' whlch nay or may not occur after 3 r:fl- word dithout changing the meaning' 27
  36. 36. urilrT 20 KOREAN BASIC COURSE DRII,IS 1. Response-Transformation Dri.l1 (based on Grammar Note 1) tl:i, glal *l'l7ti "t-F'l: el3 StLl'?-+? o'r3"I"7"-*Iu?ar becausethe school Itil, qi, :ln-'?l Et?l tE|lt ql ^hF-}+ t"i! i"3".lloiar becausethe schoor etn 1e_. r. ilq llol "11+'-l-r'h^lJl"l *'l o"i3,l5".il"u?ri?l"ifrtt'" because ? elL! -r+? ql, :i+ :lol l3'l '*if-ql ^lJi"l ""il..'j"'i:'ir?rl::r?: timebecause il'l 31e' 2. :l alaug4:|(6l)"1?f +* "t5-"i:- ""l"Y:'.T"'ilro"v a nice car because :f+ i.l+..I"-'i? ql, :l alali€.+:h(ol)"] "rE ql #3 t'i:,y;r5il can buv a nj-cecar because :LE rli- ^l + 9l qf.. r. dirl$ ef+ql .,f.t"-,}:l+ "_l.l_llisLl"T? ".?"Iiit"!XuIj"i":::;"" becausevou ql,'te:|+q'l'i *rieql:F4 ".1+ '";ir1'1""t:ufi:3.1"'"'" becauser El+9la. 4. "l alarg "l+ol g-r-Ll'.?f+ il6l o"ii H;:"i"[:"r3*i??house because rl o tLLi _rrl? r l - l j l I ql."trlars'tqolg-"1.EEqr '"i:"5;""i3 liiul ir].I3irlif"' _a al ol 'li 6llg . 5. i,'ol EtsfgLtT'l "lol EltlLl-nF '"o:::"::"?iil ?::;;"' expensive ql, ++"1 Etsfs-71EEIEql ;I"l ,l^^ts-. ".i:"513""!iil"l"lf.""" is expensive 6. "E qlil"f :Jj.Ll"-'fi.:- ^l."'+ *fu:l::: il:::"::.?il:::1:"":"i3;":; ::.", *+'-l--'F qi,"Bqt:h1El-?lEl&ql;-i ^inlf ""il *3l?.5'o$:I":"ti:::il: :'i:i":;" :J.l A . cars. 2B
  37. 37. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 20 " zl 6l "L"-7Lg Ll -?-7fol ?.1^ll-o-1q4 ol t}'i Does Mlr. Lee wdlk to work because his house near? ElLI LI -?-7L',) I rrt i ql, 6ldl 1"Jl-11="Hql "l Jare ".ii.*n;"l3"rx"l::,:o .".n because "]ol.^l 616lq Elq 0-. 8. eli-ef al|r.l"l"l"lj.l" "l-t"l ^|:i5 ol -slaglolsl.n.tl "l Ei'l"l'/ j. .fb "l* S+"13e-il'1.1. Lt: g^l ^l+ 5+.1 "Jo.tlo. Do people want to join the foreign service because fife in the foreign service is interesting? ql,etadt:$gf"t:t"lit-?t='i&sl "i!"5i3!tirl3"l"'ln!"?3T3r#:::li::. ^l-elE ol 9l zJ'l"ol .El,a jl q 8fls. . is interesting. e. ElslrlrlEEI-c-nqelifLlr-?fi:li,ls ""rl?i il3l"l,3o":i;:i?:i.?*""'" 616tl€[Ll -r7l.? qi. 'tBll'l't r'l-e--?.'urelsf-'lEE]Eqt ""ri,l llSl'j":o":il:li::.:"'.""' Elsl.]l-Lq ii'is. ro. ;l tli4S "isol+d Llr-'lq'i ^l:l:-"1 '"h:?:vr::"il:*1ii3.He fiIJ;""""' ." oI.ILl -t7L? E - l t j l I qi, :t tiarig"1--14,rt -"rigel r"i!,T"*I.RliEl:.*:'Mr' Krnbecause q"l ^l:1.5ol+ot"ls-. 2. Transformation Drifl (the use of $^l ) l1il, "i-F :t+ *413 + "l:l"l'1. r like Koreanrood' iftl, "lg $^l :t+ -q.l* +ol'le' r too like Koreanrood' 1- -?lal ali,q 9019 at :fJl.l. M.r. Kim sPeaks sood English' ;l al:l|=- tC^l q+q :l 6In. Mr' Kim also speaks English te11' 2. + "1 "1"1.1:- .13trl $llEt.l.I. Mv morher thinl<s so' + el olElLlJL $^l f 9-4] allf"lg. Mv mother also thinl<s so' I need castr now. I need castr now, too.
  38. 38. UNIT 20 KOREAN BASICCOURSE 4. "l ttalp.il* :itjL 3l'l'1. "l alal|E$^l al3-:lEn "la. 5. +l:lEe qneql+El+'-l=t. qaE_s$^l q+dll+=l+le-. 6. ^ll3l! alalC :l+ :t"l l3+.z El"l+' Mr' ramessavsKoreanis dlrricult' ^ilglaiia11s$^l :1.+Et"l"lS.F *;r??Tlirt]". savsKoreanis a u o 7. ll Clall€-,1t1z1s-+ "|"1! q:l'tq-". *;""3i5"1i soins to travel to Europe TLLlEL EL ^t [E- q^l el rl]"]i. + e]!l:e- . l r t - | o r ' . t q3i"tln fls. 8. ;t aiatet.:tg "l+ 'l^ieloili-a+3lLl'|. *;5:T":""iH:::;.'orks at the :1tlaie.lal.:e$^l "l+ 'll^te}qi Mr. KiJn's daughter also works at the Anerican Ernlcassy. ++ "if- . e. "l+ I i_€-^F.1 Hl+l+. 'n:."..i:"uH::u.Ei3T!ilt. accidenrs "E qls$^l a€-^F."IEidti-. *:::rH:.:ri: ti:"rit*y:il:"". 3. Response -Trans formation Drill dtl, .?li!'t '!+ oil^tHj:l il diE? Mr. Lee wil"l sell tris house. Mr. Lee will sell his house. too. washj-ngton is humid in the summer. washington is al-so humid in the Sl]nunef. l'!r. Park j.s also going to travel to Europe by Plane. Are there only three trains a day? litl, ql, "lil'}6|+ql4lg*1fig"l+. t'ir".'l'i'inif":Lt"".tT,Tr,l5"i,?;;.TJ three times a daY.' ) 1. + d:'e .:}"1t:l;l"ir-, Does !1r. son have only two daughters? ql, + Saltg -l'l i *ql $+'1"1. Yes, Mr' son has onlv two daushters' 2. q"lql,-lEli1"-'l:l+.++3El3.1.lr? o'?.:*"i:,:"i: ;:li;:in""" """" {, q'1"rl^].l|l-'}"lt e+:l *"rl t"?;"1nil?".?".11:,::l'.-u"n'essrrains O] O Ll EL u f E f t t . 3O
  39. 39. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 20 4. alarlg:f+ :f:i (:l):l+ ,:l"ir-? r. 1=l 't"] al]+"i1-'l aEfi}"le? qi, qq +l ii6.il^t "l tI *ql ^i"l ,*"il+'l=1. Did you buy onfy this book from anong many books? Yes, I bought only this book from among many books. You can sPeak only Korean? Yes, I can speak only Korean. Is Mr. Kimrs wife the only Korean woman you know? Yes. l4r. Kim's wife is the onfy Korean woman I know. Did you study only English in high sctrool? Yes, I studied only English in high school. Have you lived only in the East(ern part of the United states)? Yes, I've lived only in the East(ern part of the united States) . Do vou know onlv t'L. Kimrs home / i - r - ^ x ^ - - ^ ; - h a r t Yes, I know only l4r. Klm's home nudber. Do you like only Pulkoki among the Korean food? Yes, Pulkoki is the only Korean food I fike. Did you travel only in you were in EuroPe? Yes, I travelled only f was in EuroPe. {, "l: :}+ :l i}"ll (:}):f + !al'6 | l' 3:lc :l+ q^Itstl aiari+:l:|Shti-'i ql,^1+:t+ q^}} Jlalall+31*ql .re-i-LlEh. -?-€-ilr- oil^l3 "1ll "[e1"]e'l ql,n€. gl4ql^l 5"1 :ql ,]}+^l ,*,i+'l+. ?. alaflg"l-+++oli^l:l:t$d]f? 1 0 . R 4. Response Dr iff C:li, +alqi^l gt- of*.^I E:iiftls? iltti, ofLlf-, of:l 'L 'f6l:l ql, zl* "l+ B+ "ll^i :}'.ll :l-^l !d r*l'Ei | |' Jl ilart il iltl :l-L:t 6loln.? ql, Jl 3al il al+ Jls :L"lls+..l'f. :l+ gilf- €z'l:.| + olsl/'lli-? ql, :|+ SalLqg:-rl 5l9i+ol"l'l d - f t t ' + +"lql ,fl+*ri €:l''l:i 9:]j;.Il"le-'i qt,+ +"1{ ,:.13"!€if^l *ql q:!'i^1$f,l$'l=t. France when in France when q:l'?l l,l ^/-l oL dl dl a Ilas the 9 o'cl-ock train from aLready arrived? No, it hasn't arrived Yet. ? l
  40. 40. UNIT 20 K,OREAN BASIC COURSE I oliloJl 7LL- olil jr.rl{ol t+l^4 + Elrl{.fL? Has the morning exPress to Inchon r . L t L t r t Ir _ - t e r E o | | s , ' & e r r ^ , ' a l r e a d v l e f t ? ollle-, of4l € :l+"1 *,t1"ls . No, it hasn't left Yet. z, illiS "l 5*l s+'il^l Ll,^qLIL? "";;" tl:.:3;""nsers arreadveotten off olLlg, ol:l qle]:l g-iloli.. No, thev haven't sotten off vet' 3. J- ;l* 31p] :}fi "trt Have vou arreadv checked the baggase? "1.1c-, "l4l l,l"l'il g-iloli-. No' r haven't checked it vet' 4. li+:rl l!+'t :l^t ="1;I'lL? *:r:::""""i::lser train to Kansnuns ofLln-,ol:l ..1+'l ,*ji"le. No' it hasn't left vet' 5. .tr- +^l "t+:l-a+'l 5t ="-"t#*0-'i *;.:!: lr!;5"t!3fi.."1nExPress from o1u1e-,ofil 3 "] g"l ,*3il9-. No, it hasn't comein vet' 6. :F+ettl+!115r =lsr+s: *?,y:"":*:;:In5ilt.l".3"nj".5"i3l3 ofLlr-,oHl(+El-t)Et.rel^l*,tl"ie. ""lti:iulot"::3ui "... Supplementary Dislogues for comPrehension: (r) g3l'1, 4g otl'l+ 3|rrpl 'l'F.ii+ :i"l :lElLl:l+ ,3,1+.1-'F 31"[€i' q !iixll 3l.l€1, s* 3:l:|gl"l?-'p++ glgl.l-r'p +!r.ial.!-€.,;.:l f "ln 6 3-:ll+ :l3l.l+. ^.1"l El.l-^l ql "lq ^l?l.*-"L ol-o Ll P ,rdlo | | r l s l - r ' l r L l g:ii"l' ^lJl*-3 *"1:t, + i-it'ri*1 3l"l* 'lJl"1t-. ii.tl€i, + 3:ig ^E elr.l=i61:r1:1";:l^lJi :l.il :l$^11i.l+"|+. ja"l'}, =klql"1+af ,foloil:.+ F:}je. ElLl:l g-ALlEl. 2,2
  41. 41. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 20 =lEl"tl}l+3ll"1'l-s+gg 3hol .I"t gl.l.l. ++g .eql tlJj ilql$";-3rlg +^lJl"l=l .l+^il ,il+.l+. 931"1 :l :}fl+t+. :ilEl.+"1.1. (2) g:l,.l "lil q$^l 3l5qFl r-.r-+-'t :i^"t sililiLli? tl.l*i' "hl "=h'l g.;I+.ils. 3h"lil$ giF€l,il+"I+. l3l"h' :$, jl3 'lql,'l "lEl 9llE"l +'t+g '!+'l-'F ll"!Pl' +al:!t 'lEl+ 'feg il-li €+31'l=1. Narrative for comPrehension and Reading. n.+.g'?l'l s"l q1s"l:f"l=f. ^+.e{^1+af-+"]++g-L ?|.td +i^lJi ll.il 3"1"1iloli.. a"j.f ++g :l.ir ElLl.l$rl ==l+oil *€- ^l:l:"1+:rB El..l+.+:ie "t+^lJl"l"fillitl ito ++:[E "l+ ,i.l-s'l=]."lE -?li]'tsaFslb3l'l j]"l:]' f;tg El-'I€l:|lr}8lLlE}.€i31t"}Eal'la}'f=f }1?lEqEoilof+ !:l'l=i. :"Ir"i, :1*.il q:l"ft +:te +:|l3 "}+ ilol 4l:l++r art+Bt'l=f. 33
  42. 42. KOREAN SIC COURSE A . EXERCISES Find out at the Informatlon Desk: l. how often special Express trains run between Seoul and Taegu. 2. vrtry the local tralns are slower than the semi-Express tralns. 3. where the waitlng room and checkroom are. 4. tf the 9 orclock train from Pusan has arrived. 5. where the entrance to the traLn for Pusan is. 6. what time the locat Passenger train which leaves seoul at 8 a.m. arrives at K!,Jangju. 7. if the local trains frequently behind schedufe. Pregare a map of Korea and ask and anster questions about the focatlons of provinces, provinciaL capj-tals and other irPortant cities. Practlse askLng and answerj.ng questions about the kinds of transportation available bet$'een any tvto geographical points. Assuming that you are at the statlon to make a sightseeiog trip, flnd out about the tratn schedule and other travel infornation. l,lake a short sentence to lncfude each of the fot.towinq expresslons. D . 1 . 2. "ls 4l^ltl+ E rlq ELEI L t l f ' r l ti+l=t s ^L.ll il ?. salsl,itst=l 8. :l+:i !l:l-?l e. 35gal+:i 10. 6l zlel EEIF ql 11.t 'll(1)sl,s+"1.i 3 +
  43. 43. 9IJ- ( rl) L Elil-nl'l * 3! €l+t"lls :!:l + tl^lo. KOREAN B SIC COURSE IrNIT 21. At the Ticket window BASIC DIALOGUE q .il:I r,l5o€loln ol5 ol 430e1 ticket round-trlP ticket Ird I jfte- a round-trlP express to Taejon, Please. "lg ^isl UNIT 21 ticket 6 l E ^ba z. "l€.gl.lr-'t,al53l.l"-'t? + "lol 'l'l"i i.lg"l=I q eiLl*fol"l ,il+"1"i ol=i-41=l+.11-'l 1. "l+jl:l5g +'l SlelLl 'lol?t ,il+"1"F 2nd class 3rd cl.ass 2nd class or 3rd class? q:Ft fare difference there' s dlfference (how much difference ls there?) (how dtfferent are I theY] ?) Whatr s the dLfference in Price between 2nd and. 3rd class? L'l+ ^l:l A round-triP ticket for Taejon is wL?6O for the 2nd class and w93O for tfri-3ra, so lhe 2nd class costs w43O more. designated seat dining cart diner 4, fl.:€ =ial-Flei+"l at5g 930*iol'l( "-'l)' g "ltl'l=}. :l:l,r.l ^l El.il 35
  44. 44. BASIC COURSE 5. a"l"l, 'l+q|ts'l:l#+ alSl'l'},:,1n, aiSqlgr:i I1"l$+"1=1. 5. =:1, olEos lilg'l+. "15*€ +il^lf . ?. 1,160€13lLlEl. ils 3€1-t"l :l€--e-s-Elq + il^lt- 8. atE"lfle"l' t1*l-f"l :Elg ,l1+]t + ;]+"I'nl? "1a+ (€") ++"1+. :el:li-. qrl s3+.-'14+F 6r,0*lil+"l+. 3"1ett ro. nEt+LlEl.++ +3Bel5'l Ji-Le dq dl:lc-? y,rr5SBt*iI 11. ot+^l ^lil g+:l+:llg 32:j .a *,L ol LlEl r l l H l I l ' Hourever, there are reserved seats and a dlning car on the 2nd class traj.n. and the 3rd class doesn't have such conveniences. q G : l welf, rr 11 take the ci-ve me a 2nd class 2nd class. then. ticket. please. E rLL ^LEL* l E - l d l Here you are. fhat'll be w1,36O- q:Fl I have w1,00o sma.Il change wl,000 bill break it down in no ctlange; can you bill for me? small change change a L !E ^lEl ctrange certainly, sir. and your ctlange ('remaining money' ) Herer s the ticket h'640. q +l:L n rLL ^LeL* tl:: tsl train nuhber Thadr you. What's the train nu ber of the next express? P:4! express ('express leavlng at 9:45' ) The 9:45 express is No. 32. 36
  45. 45. tll ,l.L +i|l+ u. 4lalt:I+"il^l "ltl^la. 13.'lEtrl-r.El+."1=1. No. 3 PIatform Board ttre. traln at No: 3 Platform.. Thank you very muctt. d t , a l 37
  46. 46. l'NIT 2 1 KOREAN B SIC COURSE NC,jTES ON THE BASIC DIALOGI'E (Nurnbers colrespond to the sentence nunbers. ) t. L 'ticketr occurs in the folLovring kinds of noun phrases. "l"f *- EBIA L tsl.I.rl *_ ::I g *l+t'l) g g9 'one way (trtp)' 'round-trlp' . I train tlcket' rbus ticketl | > l - h l r ^ a + i ^ l z 6 + | 'admission tlcket to the theatrel 'round-trlp (tratn) trcket' ls used but rarely in contrast wftn j|$ 2. 31€. as a free noun is used to mean 'the lstr. rtop (tn comPetttion vt'Lth others in raci.ng, examLnationor class, etc.)'. !15 'f"t class', ol! '2nd c.Lass', tl5 ":.u ctass', {$ '4th class' rnakeup noun phrases cornnonLy with the folLowing kinds of nouns3 olE- *- ' lst class -ttcket' ' (ena ctass) tnn ' (3ra ctass) secretary (trtre)' (ol5)let (al5)^l''lel Note that *F j-s a derivational noun suffl"x which is added to the Chinese nunerals to denote 'classr, 'grader. other such slmtlarly used derivatlonal noun suffLxes are -if and j+. observe the foflowing noun plrrases: (a) q- 'crass' :f+ +l:t I lst class restaurant' (ol.;1);:eg (il{. ) r-^} (2nd class) civil servant (officially designated)' 38 ' (3ra crass) teacher (offj-clall-y certified)'
  47. 47. KOREAN BASIC COURSD UNIT 21 (^l+) E[9 J+ :t' 1o1+) =lilt (al-+)+:i (^l+) il:l zl.xl _g6ll .1!.xl ALtl tlzl n !},r.1 ' (4ttr ctass) treatmentl (l) -.p 'class' , 'rate' ' lst rate schooll ' (2na rate) coltege I ' (3ra class) theatre I ' (4ttr ctass) restaurantr 5. :l:ll.t is a 'numbered seat l.rittr exclusive right for soneone" ^l!1 o""urs elther as a noun derlvational preflx or as a denominal' :l:l occurs before a small class of nouns to make noun phrases. I offtciaLly aPProved hotelr t officially approved storer t official-ly approved textbook' 8.9. itF 1s small change (usually in colns); 4!+ F is the money returned to one after having paid for sbmething with a Paper bil"L' 11. -Il I number, occurs as a derivatlonal noun suffix added to chj-nese nurnerals t o d e s t g n a t e t h e n u m ] c e r o r d e r i n q f o r c e r t a i n n o m i n a l s s u c h a s n u n i b e r e d t r a i n s airllnes, busses or sometlmes waitresses in big restaurants or bars' -.'- ls used similarly for numbered rooms 1n hotefs, hospitafs or for auto- mobiles in offlciat use. -nl.l is used Ln addless nud)ering. re. 413 ,No. l', ,rst,, 4lol ,wo.2', 'ena',:ili| 'No. 3', '3rd'.... are chinese ordlnal numerals h*rich occur before certain nominals and these seri-es of ordj-nal nuneraLs often substitute for Korean ordinal nuneral phrases llal , Jeaall. cl'.r|i....t , ^ r 39
  48. 48. IJNIT 2I KOREAN BASIC COURSE l . GRAMMAR NOTES - ( g ) " 1 r s l n c e . . . , a s . . . , b e c a u s e . . . . i n v i e w o f t h e f a c t t h a t . . . , e t c . l In Unit f2. crarunar Note 1, we were introduced to the construction -(9 )Ll4 rbecause...', which occurs before a flnal clause. we noticed that the -(-9-)Ll"'tl ls sinply the extended construction of the -(9)Ll form which denotes the 9ggE9_99__bg€.iE_of action or descriptlon of the verb in the -(-e-)Ll form for ttre sueceeding inflected expresslon. In Unit 20, we substituted the construction -"1 *lE ql for -(-q )Ll'rtl when -(-q-)Ll-nf denotes only ggg.g9--9!-I9g€9g. t}re -(9 )"1 ro.. may occur freely wtthout 71 ln les. restricted neanings before another inflected expreEsion in sequence, and is called the Sequential Form. q1 ^l$ *-1il-q-Ll, g^l:l0. . ilFol flg"l, 1,ooqgl,3lel :l:l+rrlt+3l+Li'"'I? "l.1lol*+.1-l., 'lllol ++'-l-nF s* ;t qt,ilJi$.|-h :l-a.il "lJlg.Ll'nF ol€'3l.l'r'1,al+gl"1.?-,1? j-t :lgl!1"-,1,"i:l :t3l,.l"-,t? JE :lg'F'lJl"lr' 3"1+ Et+Jlolr-? 'I{ere's a schedulei you can have a look a t i t . l ('[I] don't have small changer can you I break a wf,OOO bllL for me?l t'si.r.. r don't have smafl change, can you break a WI,OOO bllL for me?' 2. -(-e-)s Ll-r'l, - -(o )r Ll'r7F whdln you make alternate questions in Korean. you have to nake t^'o questions ln sequence wlthin a sentence with the first questlon in raised suspended intonation and the second lD fallinq intonation. 'which ls good, thi-s or that?' rwil1 you stay trome, or go to sctrooL today?' r2nd class or 3rd class?l 'lwhen do] you mean, today or tomorrow? | ' lwfrictr] will you do, teac]ring Korean or studying EngLish?l 40
  49. 49. KOREAN BASICCOURSE UNIT 2I DRII,LS 1. Sut,stitution Dr ill 1. Ert:j-nFt* ji €l+('lls :t:l +il^lL. tt:i:;.?'I: il:"1"::""u-"tp express z. EIalr'4:t+:t31;.*l+(s) +al+ tlAle-. "t:X;:.:1":rffi.:rt:: ;::;:":ound-ulp i. Er1,.1'.,}:le}:t t}-F*}+(L) riBf+il^ls. "'i3l3rnillnli"t.3'$":}:i: round-trip 4. Ei.ir-,f.*l€+:l:tt I1JL(L)'lat+il^lr. *:i:'*:i":rH.l"'i: ;13;:"]"""t 5. .lal"?-ri"l++:lt .l+(L) :t:|:l 2. ,84 q+g :t*l'I :i'lLl 'folrl + tl^le-. 5. EtEi?4:t+a:l :15sra(L)+:ill "t::;"r_;i;;"H 3;:..:"t;:.;:t:" +il^le. to TaeJon' ?. Eialr.'t:l++at5(L) ^tl:l+il^ls. "t;#:.::":r$"?"t'.: ;::;:":n""t"t s. Eriil-',Flq+ €l+(L) +i:f +it^li-. "T$:.9:"ir:i"?,'::"*;jjli.special 2- substitution Dr ifl Whatr s the difference in Price between 1.ol+tlaltgill"lslllLlifol'tl;.1*-'-l-nt'/2nd-and3rdcrass?('How.nuch dlfference ls there in Prlce for 2nd and 3rd class?' ) What's the difference between sprrng and sunrner weattter ? il+.1-r,lr i" "tg"l+aie- aLJ't'l 6lElLlrlol-'I Please give me just 12nd class Semi-ExPress ticket to TaeJon ' !.0hat's the difference is there in housing in seoul and in Pusan? il+"1-'F 4r
  50. 50. KOREAN B SIC COURSE 4. ol"*i^^lr|oF+"1'-l}Llol"l:lEtt.l .lol"t il+.1 ?"t? 5. +al++s: "fg"t]^l '1"1'l :l"i..f 'lol-'l 3l+Ll-r'l.? 6. tsllaq ,rjil*. i-:: ol qElLf :lol-rl g+.1.,-,F 7. *-+ol llls:f^lanLL AlJl"l 5"1l.l ifol"l ol+ Ll7-tF B. "lt =tEi++al.Iil3*$a:1 'lol-rl il€.Ll-r-'F il1"l gle : 7l-'lqElLt:f6l1f ,il+"1--F 10. ++ol ef:lg ;|"1 :lElLl'loll ol o L! rrl]/ 11.+-*q€l:ltg Jt.l olE:i-,tl=i+.1"-'i? substitution Dri1l 3e1*l"l :t:i atFgs ;l+'1"''h? qEl ,"1"1:Ei ilFg.F- 'i.l+l € + 'lr+l 3 + ;.1+"1-''F r. tlgl *l"l :Bf :fsss 'i17lt + Ilow many yeals there between aun!? difference in age i.s your uncle and your Whatrs the difference in distance between Seoul and Pusan and Seou.l and Mokpo? whatr s the difference in fare bet^,een bus and streetcar? Whatrs the time dlfference between New York and san Francisco? ot "!"1 v,lhat's the difference in tuition between Seoul University and Pusan University? fihatrs the difference in size between Korea and ,taPan? whatr s the difference in prlce betrreen a specia.t Express tj.cket and a local train ticket? How different is the cost between a special Express ticket and a local train ticket? can you change a wl-,000 bill for ne? can you change a w1O0 bill for me? 2 . ,il+'l-P 42 can you ctrange a w10 bill for me?
  51. 51. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 21 4. ilt *t"l :lal afEgs ,l.t71 3 + can vou cttanse a $1o bilr for me? ,il+'l-,F 5. "ltlt *l"l rl:l:|€-e--e- "lel 3 + can you chansea $2o bill for me? 6l o Ll -irl? ,^FE_ | l' O. ;ttg *l"l :lal atess "f+1 g + can vou chansea floo bilr ror me? ,il+'l-'F 4. substitutlon Drill 1. "l:lpl -.1"1 :laf :lE3-E rl.l*l + ^l:l r'd appreclate it verv much if vou could change a wzOObitl for me. ngl,xl+'l=t. z. :l-g*|fl :Ef5.lgg'l1+l+^13'':"ii:':;iil: l'rl"iYrT"il"'i"Iixl u E|3P"1+. r. "l +*€ s;,o--eulel +^15 frd appreciate it if you coufd cash this check for me. nSIJ}S"l'1. 4. "tF.l:* c F'- olq+^15 ''Sri!!'?!i"ii,:."ii"#"<::"13r::y:-" nE|31*'l=1. Ird appreclate it if you could change 50 Us Doll-ars lnto won.5. "l "lt 5o=l"l+ grls- ufr*l+^lI1 -zgffilg"l=i. 6. ol "l}Ag q+_e-s-rf-zpl+.^l:i I'd appreciate it if you could cash this bond. -agl,IP'l'i. +J
  52. 52. BASIC 2 . 5. cotnbination Drill (based on Granunar alal' ale"lS+'l+. 3el*l"l :taf ct]+l+ il^ls. :lai, alg'l SP'-ldg1*l"l :lal tsl1+l+ tl^ls. I g:g "B3t"l.l. ildllr'ltl^l=i. gsg !le!|Ll ilql^j +l^l.i. :tq :l"l 'l$+"i+. de ".1*Bl3^lEl' :1.+:i"l "19+"1+le:l+ 'ig^l'}. ;l ca}}-qilol 'l1l+'l=1. 3"f i :l.l.i g + il,g-Ll=t. :l ciallgzlol "l-nlgLl3.1^i:1.1"1 g + il+'l=l' El+:l5:I1 "lti.l=}. el+ "tF'i: ^lil$"1'l' El+ 'lE'l]l Hl^lLl -q+ :I+ 'l€ /,lills"l+. Elql"l"l tsEl-e--z'S 3|"1"t. 'l3l'l* €!^l El El.li'tl"l !el.s.-?-S'll.l 'l:lt1: El-^l+. 6. +ol "lEl.l "l+"1=1. 1r1e "fll^1.1. +.1 =Hl,l EFr_Ll1,1_:_r,ltl^l=}. Note 1) I don't have snalf ctlange. Please break this wl,OOO bill for me. Because I donrt have snall change. pfease break this W1,OOO biLl for me. I'rn tired S i n c e l r m home . today. Let' tired today, s relax at hone. fet' s relax at an learn wal.k Korean is difficult. Let's learn easy .language. Since Korean is difficuLt' let's an easy J-anguage. Mr. Kirn's house 1s near. He can to work. Because his house is near, I'1r. Kim can walk to work. lrnerlcan cars are expenslve. I'11 buy a foreign car. Since Anerlcan cars are expenslve. Irll- buy a foreign car. The airplane is fast and convenient' Le!' s take the PLane. Since ttre a-irpfane j-s fast and convenient, 1et's take the airplane. f'm very thirsty. Ietr s d! ink coffee. I'm very thirstyt letrs have coffee. It's cold today. Put on your overcoat. Itts cold today; You'd better Put on a coat. ?. g:g :l'Bl''|.6+'l'1. e|+€ Slgil^lL. o L o L L , r . A l+ : - g L l 3 l - 9 a o l o I I I- ! - : - + ; f ' l ' I ' . T | + r - r t u r - E r r - ' ++
  53. 53. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 2I B. otrtatols"r: :l:l"r=1. 'l J$ql-41 *;l"LEn?iii.";3::il"ffii]' Ask :l€ 'lil^lr-. ot A.t^lto! Col-c. :! rfLl ol ,rt^llql.7ll since Mr- Lee speaks good Engfish, I Lro'i I o|c d vourd better ask him. al+'ltl^ls-' 6. Response-Transformation Dril1 Clal: +$qli e^lql 9'l+ ?lrl"l -Eilildle-t t":,:l;.3 ;.;i""* train from Pusan gLli' q, +al e^l:trl:l"l Eililoie-. ".?,.:::"edr:i"i:r:'*:":':t ;Yi"" has arrived' r. ?^l lo+ "il 9++. EelA1 5t Has the 7:30 bus alreadv 1eft? t Slitl"ir-t ql, ?^l lqB:t '*l}-tl 5^'t t 3lilt"ls. Yes' the 7:3o bus alreadv left' e. 6^lelEl+: .=i.l+ ?l:11 gii6l qlft '"u.1:.:.?l!"*i:l,ieaves Kwansjuat ql, 6^l €t+:t "l'ltt Sii"lqls. t"i: ili"9 o'crock train rron Kwansju 3. rrrlgl 9.1+ ++.1 al ^l*ql ildls? t""lniri:i"t"t Expressreavins at rr 91,rr..1u1.++ol "il ^l$oll ilole-. ""i: 31..1*"?'clock special'Express r+."lfiol-e-+5^lqlEElLlEBlti"lqltr?rtthatthePlanewhi'chleavesat5p'm'? ql, 'lilol -e+ flit tsl'll"lqle-. Yes' that's the 5 p'm' plane' +)
  54. 54. UNIT 21 KOREAN BASICCOURSE suPplementary Dialogues for comprehension ( 1 ) l:i"t, E11+-'1:l+:l "lL :l:l-1 :1+31"1-?"F *- "hi ^lEl, srls .l+f- ^l$i^lilg"la af+c tlql:ltEl"lqlr-. g:i^|, oi.F+,olSg:l rl^ l+r-r :3 if+ :l:I+tl^ls. *-'t+,rl:l: rl-+r-.e-:3lr-,te-r g|g"lS+ilt +tlel3l'l+. 9:]l"1, :3 S-Ee+$"tl tt'l iiol-'lild]9.? *- 't$ ^Lst: *l+LtL ^fE gtl€l "l *l"lr-. 13t1"1,,1* 'lsql +7 ql -'i:1 :itll :"]. +'l s eLl-r?fS-E-r- ^lill+.t+. L 'rlg ^te|. rl'.1 algl :lil*l +^ltr-. ( 2 ) L nF-^let: :i, g"l €l+s-+af il+"]=t: r-+ ;.1Jil ^ltl8l3l.l=1. 33ll^1, ^il-'11tlg"l sl+.91,91 3el *l"l +al ,il+..I=t. :lalg + tst17l+il^lt. *- +E ^f:h3 _r.1:lr-. 1, q?l 1^+E .l:lt+ilel ,il+"I=f. 93|l"f' e1p1t1-a.gl4.Ll=t.r3cl, ++ + 5'l:l-r-+ $Il6l'li? L "tts ^131, afre-silg"l=}. "f'.l-iiql -'i^J^lJl* = rt/ile-. 46
  55. 55. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 21 E)(ERCISES A. Mr. Kin asks you the following questions; reply with an apPropriate answer', 1. ol+ Le+.:t5 + 9! .tloltl EltlLl'r,P 2. ol*+ ai* "19fl'l+"11',F 3. r+"ll r}ol"} H-+Li-nF 4. al€-"l oBLl'nF 5. ilel *l"i :lat "i?l t + ilg"l?-'F 5. "at+^]"lel.''+'at+,i?lePg"F :I"l *+..17'F ?. ':l+ =lil"ri'31+ =lHl"g'1r- :lol :.:l'l-r'P 8. tJe ileql *"1 6?q8l3l'-l=t-;i8l"l 3€l ^rlcleoil,'llrcelg +,Sl+"1'1.: €+ +llollln ++Ll''-'t? 9. +-+q ^.l|s:l ^lan+" ^l$ol 3l"l'-ltlol'+ ol€-Ll-nP ro. ol*.rl"tgt+ qlql+.l+ .iglg +Sll,l 3'f"t.l+"I'nt? B. You are at the ticket window at Seoul Railroad Station; buy the followlng: 1. one round-triP ticket to Taejon 2. one 2nd class round-triP ti.ckets to MokPo 3. two 1st class exPress train tickets to Kltungju 4. three (Regular) Express one-way tickets to Taegu 5. four 3rd ctass Semi-Express round-trlP tickets to Pusan 6. five lst class one-way alrplane tickets to Tokyo 7. two lst class sleeping-car tickets to Ulsan 47
  56. 56. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 22. On ttre Train BASIC DIALOGUE il:L 33i t ELo_o- rl oI. - - tl.o[ q oILIE]. IEE -lr-l "' e3t =lttl -,Lo! elLlEl ! r 1 } , | r l z. +'l g3}"l"i Eltalorl "t+.e"'B ++ $'ll^t 3l'l :l + ols 'lq +il^lr. I C r L E- !l I 3. rll g t tlLl El g r slLl El 'lEj ql:l olLlEI { o r g ! | | sifS qialSt"t.l t. g"l, €-3'ie "l ^lJIl e-:||Elnil-a-q' 11^llo$q alSi$ql safg ql:lgl"l=}. (ag: + ql) ("!:i"l al]{b 't-'-'lol'lLl Jl-=}.) :l -tl tl-t-l EL 4- qilElEl :.t.o[ g qlr.l :i 16]L]t-? chonan Next stop, Chonan' Chonan Station. Onyang Taechon [you] transfer I tne train] h r a h r r r l - i ^ h Passangers going to please get ready to next stat ion. Onyang and Taechon, transfer at ttte 4lb this train oPeration (airPlane. train' shiPlined, etc. ) [tney] run (a mode oi- transPortation) [it] ls run (previous arrangement; schedule ) I it]' s schealuledt Iit]'s the PIan Iit]'s scheduled to arrive we are on time and expect to arrlve at chonan station at 11:10. ('at present this train is being oPerated on tine' and is expected to-ariive at t1:10.') (A litt1e later ) (The conductor passes by Jackson.) Iit] stops afl trains stoP at Cbonan Station? 4B
  57. 57. KOREAN BASIC COURSE I,NIT 22 *Irrf q:lql Elel(}l) Srlql'==l+('a'l) "t+'l=l 5. "l:l"l.l, qrll '-lef(/-l) Et+LlEf. i€-+ 5tl 131+(g) 6. ,l:I ;lr-'El g*"1* nol $ql^l al'Hl^ilg*, 5tl 13+3- '-++ql^l ^lJf*€ ,lTl+.1=t. ,|.|LIE} il'l eL*! ?. "l+g €+:trl €i:Ei3:t $ql 'in' .#g "lal*l't"t al1:l"l'1. depending on the trains I it]r s different dePending the trains No, sir. It depends on the trains. Ministry of TransPortation as of !'laY lst Until last month, all the tralns used to stop at Chonan Station. but the Minlstry of TransPortatlon changed the schedule ef fect j.ve as of l,lay I. Iit] stoPs the first traln (of the daY) the last train (of the day) only Serni-Express and locals stop at Ctronan now, and no SPeicaI ExPress trains stop there excePt the earl-y morning (tirst) train. +9
  58. 58. KOREAN DASTCCOURSE Additlonal Vocabulary and Ph]'ases f Tlri *_ e*la *- El:l1l *_ +:l L + E$P! r+ sl.l ?l r€: +al4 fl^l q Formalitles: qa ,lrl lSf+"11^t I I ol3 ^la It+'t''lt It+ ^t+ ls$3++ lr!.{ "l^}z- ticket train ticket bus ticket airplane tlcket ticket (for adnlttj-ng to the theatre) z. fare; fee bus fare airplane fare (ttreatre) admisslon taxi fare Pa9SpOrE visa (entrance) visa (exit) vlsa inmunization certif lcate I. D. cardtiE+ ^lJ. .E-q Al {er N custom houge
  59. 59. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 22 NOTES ON THE BASIC DIALOGUE (wumbers correspond to the sentence nunrJcers.) 3. SxI 'the present ttme', 'at present!, occurs either as a noun or as an adverb. Related expressions to $:li are ltl 'trr" past', :afrl9l rin the pastr, andE|EI tthe duture', u1"l9l '1n the future'. lfel 'trre future' and :|1ql 'in the futurer are synont'mous witr, "l"li and "l'lgl respectively. g- in'g- 3tl is a derl-vational noun preflx meaning 'main'. rthis'. roriginal', etc. Learn ttre following words: u o l EI-I B oaiLrtr- !t I 9 : { 9 A L,g' I .c.- E-$ E - i l 'I (in public speech)' I this train' rmain offlce (bant<, store)' Inain offi-ce (company, buslness flrm) ' rmainfandl t home country' 'the place of famj"ly origj-n where the family is registered in the permanent record' 6. A date + *9 neans 'as of the dater. +S- does not occur after other than a date or month name. GRAMMAR NOTES 1. An organizatio" + ql/'l .., "l"t rthe organization does...' In Korean if the topic or subject of an action verb in a sentence is an organizatlon the actor is considered to be some unmentioned people and the organizatlon itself does not occur as the subject or topic, while in English an organization itself can be viewed as the actor and made the subject in the sentence. Compare the fotlowlng Korean and Enqfish equivalents:
  60. 60. UNIT 22 KOREAN BASICCOURSE z:-+ oil^i(e)^l* x+ ol?l+'l'1. qa g+el1^l(}):l+ :l* "ls--4. +"1 q^l.il"ib ag :13 +l+31"1'1. ^t loil==l.Xi). +916l El+LlEl. 3+oil'-l.x^t)a:l :l"l ilg + il'lr. +il 1 *l"i(^l ), 391il .Iiloir-. g{'-t"}(i ) "ljitl8-.t=t., qlatl:g:tat"tl==t"t(^t)' Jl+'lt'l'1. Note that as an lndePendent verb, Elg- ,to rouow (vt)' . I Ttte Ministrv of Transportation changed the schedule.' ('[Th"y] changed the schedule at the lilinistry of TransPor- tation. ' ) 'Ttre Foreign servlce Institute teaches Korean.' ('[rft"v] teach Korean at the Foreign Servlce Institute. | ) lour companv deals witl. such kind of lrusineis.i ('[we] deal r{,ith such klnd of business in our comPany.') 2. w + ql *ltl(^l) 'ln accordance with + Nt, 'depending upon + Nr A nomlnal + o{ fotlowed Uy *}"1*l before another inflected expressior occurs to signlfy that the follov,ing inflected expresslon takes place based on the nominal to vthich ql '-l"Pl ls added' 'Income depends on the indivj-dua1.' (' Dependtng on. the Person, lncome is different. | ) 'That can haPPen, dePending on the case. I rI'11 d.o so, in accordance wltb the regulatlon. r '[we] punished [him] accortltng to the law.' '[we] dlvlde the class based on the-peiformance record of the students. I t-lel is the lnfinitlve of the verb stem 3. -99 qlalol'l 'to be expected to.-.r, 'to be Planning to.'", Ito be scheduled to...l q:l rplanr, I previous arrangement', is a noun' Ttre construction' an action verb l-n prospectlve rorrn -Vf + 9lll rruneaiately fotlowed by the copula r.rhlch 1j-terally means somethlng lif(e (r[lt]rs the Plan to"")' is used to mean rto be exPected to."r, 'to be scheduled to.''r or rto be q2
  61. 61. plannl-ng to...'. Ihis pattern i3 a substitute of the pattern -9$ 'ttg11=1 'to be plannlng to...r, wtrlch vJe learned ln Unit 18, erqnunar Note 5. E5'lb 4l^lJt'il^is $ql reatgqldgl'l=1. 3This train ls expected. to arrlve at seoul statlon on tllne.l .||J f$ 3+^l-r'l-lF ol*"il !'l$'[t311u rAre you plannLng to conE back here by 7 or clock tomorrow night?' (rIE it your plan to conE back here by / o'clock tomorrow nlght?r ) E ?
  62. 62. ].l^ll: rLr.B: KOREAN BASICCOURSE DRlLLS 1. Transformation Drill -E lt+ etil^lr-. *l+ ll'| :l+ "l? tl +^l^le-. {$f qirNl^lr. "JH+S+g+ oE *l+tl^li-. s ,.l"Itl^lo. + 9:ltup rq4{'lL. Clalol:a aHB e 5.lil^lt. tlal"lr- alae e5:l+Ele .l+tl^le-. =1€.;1r1$"il^1al"1"ltl^ls. ++ al'talql,ial1:t e "le "l +il^le-. I z. 5. *+ aj+:i"il^l *1A: "lol =ltl^ls. ++ :i+:t.rl^t"ia: ll.l =.1+'l+ .I + ^l^lf-. 6. .l,l 91"i+=lql €"1 altl^la. "l'l Sl + =llql € "1lt + "l? ri + il^ls. ?. +:lql 3:l'ltl^le-. + :!qlq3t:l+'1,3'l+tl^lr-. B. ^l+:lg *?ltl^lr. Please ctrange tra l-ns. Please be read.y to transfer (or change trains. ) . Please have [your] suPPer. P1ease be ready to have [your] supper. Please l-eave right away' Please be prepared to leave rlght ah'ay. (You) run the store. Please be prepared (or ready) to run the store. Please stoP at the next station. Pfease be PrePared to stop at the next station. Please transfer to another bus at the next stop. Please be prePared to transfer to another bus at the next stoP. Join the military service soon ('before too long' ) . Be prepared to joj-n the mi.Litary service soon. Take a triP on the weekend. Please be PrePared for a triP on the weekend- Please rnove the office. Please be ready to move tl.e office'^l+!+ &ll +'l+ 'l +tl^li-. 5+
  63. 63. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 22 2. Response-Transformation Drill illl' "l€ Sfol"f'i 31..17'F ilti' qi' 3l+ :l+"f3 'll"t €l"l=}. Do I have to change traLns? Yes, you have to be prepared to transfer. oo [we] have to stay at Taejon overnight? Oo lwel have to leave Seouf on the 15th? yes, [v.'e] trave to be prepared to leave Seoul on the 15th. oo [ue] have to arrive ltherel on time? oo [we] have to stoP at the next stat ion? ves, [we] have to be Prepared to stoP at the next station. Do you have to get married soon? ql,3l ^l*"tlEil:t + El: .lot $LlEt. '":l.lY:lrti::"i"#.:;:pared to 5. tlatP "l"l €lol3g'loi 3f'l-'-'i? qi, ("1E "l"l $"1) 3g:tt"l€ ".i:,lr!i"i"ll)be readv (to set .lot $LlEl. 6. ataltg :1"1+.tl +-rlql :"1 "lo|:lLl-rlt? o".#:.li:'"::njoin the militarv qi,(zl+.):1"i+ql*=torl:1 z1 "";iri.l?l""li"H*:':::.":u to join the +"1:'I'ttl'l=}. z. ofolfl+ glqlqt+ 3f-l-nt? o"::":1" chird have to enter school ql, (ofol.t)+ $ii:l +'l: rl"t g"l=1. ""3;i3r"ll"l? be preparedto enter s. + €$ ^lqq 4-oFrlLlr-t? o".fHrl3l;":"":::; 'n" eraduation ql.+ +$ ^l:13+ +'E "rt"t+l'l=1. "'i;"5"1t13"'!*;ti:i!:i":":;."*" 'n' r. .kiql"l "l+ :l "lt"t* iFl-,i? ql,(Ekl.il/-i.l+ :l) '1+++"1+ *?i"1":1"8;: :: ?:"3::f1.." to stav "l"t El.l=1. z. 15lloil "E+ t:f.lt* 3l'l-'F ql, 15:tqJ(}-lt+) t :l:l t "l: 'l ol ElLlEl. r. 4l ^lJf"ilsilllot :lll"-tF 4. +* :]1:lql^t:t'f i+ si'l-nP "',1,+3 :11:lqli 3'i:i+'l€ *ll*El"l=1.
  64. 64. UNIT 22 KOREAN BASIC COURSE ). Transformatlon Dri-ll (based on Grantrnar Note 3) alalr 1l^lql "l:11 lial€l .1191'l+. rhe train will arrlve at 11. *l^|l, 11^lg ?lil"llE-ilg ql:131"1=t. tn3.lii.'""i'.iupposed (eg aue) to 1. +5"1+ al:l $ "{"1:11:} Ilgl"l+. rhis traln will stop at chonanstation. g3'l+ 331f 'il^l:l''l3l ql:i3l'l+' *:i"::itS.iirlil'u"ted to stopat z. +"lg ^lJis€ ,lE igl.l=i. we will change the schedufe. +"lE ^lJl*€ tlE qld3l"l=}. we are plannins to chanse the schedule. 3. "l+ "lg s31 "i+: :tgl.l=i. I'11 be staylng at Seouf Hotel. "]ts ^lg gqql "++i ql33lt+. I'm plannins to stav at seoul Eotel' 4. "t #+:!g .t+ $qlt :E n:l't+. *i:_:.:i;1fi:ess wilr.sropat the "l++:[c++$'il,.l5t qi3sl"l+' 'n::":'li-tf;:'i3i.'3.lil33f"u'" 5. +Siqqli r l'14 -"{3 +: tl3l'l=i. +:lqql^l j?-9^l"ls.'tg +: "tl33l..l-t. 6. "l tlalg "1+r- ;14 qtg:f ll3l"l+. Mr. r-€ewill be ensaqiedto Miss Klm' "l atalg "l& Jlr+3h*3tql:t3t't-}. *;"Ti.l"*li:""t"r to becomeensased z. :#* 25 F:f :h+ ql 9+ 331'l=t. He will be in Korea ror two vears. "+e 2s+ef:l+ ql,fl+ xa13lt =1. '"*1i"3'?:l'H"(#.::pposed)to bein s. "l$ :l$ql:l+gg 9:l llSl']"i. .{9 :Etql3+gg ="1:iqi33l"l.f. 4. Response Dri.l-1 ilti, ll Jal|"l ++aiql ++:i'lr-'}? oT:"H' Kimworkat the state Depart- jltil, ql.s:t++jql*+"i-r- it+"t+. ""iln:1;":T"::";:"::"t:. .."." she will sing at ttle concert. she is scheduled to sing at the concert. [I] will leave for Korea in August of next year. It's my plan that I will leave for Korea in August of next year. )o
  65. 65. KOREAN BASIC COURSE I'NIT 22 1. 3all'9qalgql"l af"l-'F {. s"i+ialcql"l:}iLi.l+'l+. 2. 4l:la C:ltE :E :l* ++ :l'1 7tl? rs r'tr' 'ranes studvins Korean? ql, g;"l :h+ :l* ++ ry- il$"I=l' Yes' he's studvins Koreanat present' Do you live in washi.ngton? Yes' Irm living in washinqton at present. r. :faql^i :Ff€ rl}t'l'rlt" ql, :i"I:f"t+ u[gn ol+LlE]. 4. 3"t+ 3l"fEFI-'}? qj, g"ll :t'l "ln ;]g'l=1. 5. ^Felol ^l$*+ rlELlr'rF ql, g"i ^l$*€ ulaa ,il8'l=1. Yes, he's chansins the schedule ri'sht 6. ;l ^lalol:- rl^E +531'l-r'F Is President Kim running the comPany? .rl rt.z! -tt ^Lrlol l- -nl^HC g qlLn Yes, President Kim is running the rrr LI rr Er ' tompany at Present' ,11+'l=i. ?. €:l+:tql"t t:l^l srl+ alss|'l-,F "'3"llilr"lixjt3"l'"""n moviesat the ql, s"tt til*l s$: ais+'a 3l+"1+. t li illg.iii strorn'inqFrenchmovies 5. Substitution Drill - al cd.rloll EELeL EL-gLIEL r . r j l - - r - t r t | | r = i I r . 2. :13 :l'-ql EEf+ Ef+LlEl. t. -Jl 3j..l =.y"1=fE'1.1. 4. r.3 ^lJiql.++ ++'-l'f. 5. fJl ='lql Eiel El+LlEi. 6. fJ *ql EEIGIEl+LlEl. Do you learn Ctrinese cttaracters at school? Yes, Irm studying ctrinese characters at Present. Are you clEnging trains? Yes, I'm transfering now- Is the clerk changing the schedule? That depends ('it's different dePending') on tlre train. That depends on the school. That d.epends on tlte case. Ttrat dePends on the hour. That depends on the time- That dePends on the Place. 57
  66. 66. KOREAN 1 0 . SIC COURSE That depends on the lndividual.' -' -,1 ^Leloll EELgL cLlLlEL . . + r j l - l E I r t | | t E I r ' 8. -?J1 5ql Eslet Ei€LlEf. 9. ir.Jl 'l5rtq EEletEf+LlEi. fJ dql EElef El*-LlEt. :r.Jl i'lql ==f"l.l+'1+. 6. Response Drifl- (based on Granunar ilti, 3+"Fl al:i $ 1"1:l1Ef'l'-'t? :l:i, :-'r 5"lql =.f"f Ei+LlEl. That depends on the That depends on the That depends on the T'hat depends on the s ickne ss. automobile. season. s i z e . Note 2) 3 1. ^|E|"1.1ol+.13 ":l"l sl}8-Ll-r't? z, lL 5, :3 ^l:lql"++ ++'.l+. :fa"l=l +g ja|]; "l El+"l -r'F :3 ili-"il E+e!Et+LlEl. +at"Ft qlg}GlolSlLl -r,h? :Jl+:fql "=i"t++l'i. q:lElEt :l:Jal 6l ;.lg "l -nF :Ji 3"f"tl EEletEi+LlEl. ^t El-!l-EL rl^lj- :f ElLl 7?l? :J al:l"tl'++ ++.1+. s,l€l"f=l al"l *+"l7rF _aJ-E^leloil.++ ++"1=1. 'lnl ?tElEl+ :f3lLl -r'l? :3 :1,11',}oil EEh+El+'-lEl. Does every train stop at Cl.onan Station? It depends on the train. Does everyone learn foreign fanguages fast? It depends on the individual. Does every school have nany good teactrers? It depends on the school. Do you have to make a reservation at every theatre? It depends on the theatre. Does every train have nurnlcered seats? tt depends on the train. Does every restaurant serve good Korean food? It depends on the restaurant. Does every library have many books? It depends on the library. Is every politician a rich man? It depends on the Pol.itlcian. '1
  67. 67. KOREAN BASIC COURSE UNIT 22 Supplementary Dialogue for ComPrehension 'fil' q'lE =lElsl"l'}.+s 'l:loil 1}^}EglB q1lql"l :l"l'l+il^le-. q$, .ld $ ql"i 3"1F:l al-rl"l.la? "lil, 9t^lil g+ F:l E+*q=}. 9ll, f .,lg 9il^l"tl€ :l:i ql:l:l"l11F 'ltl' ql,r""l+'-1.1. {;ll, =ltal+*qlg ol'16ll'2'lal"l!i'la1i? "til, =++$t-tl"l+:l:ls :l'l"l,l $+"1't. Narratives for comprehenslon and Reading (1) al1:tqlraal.l'l$.tl,iat.l 3'1:l "l++ :f$l"l+. :"lS 'lt:lCle '-l|:l+'E 'Ioi3t..l=1.'l+ 3l'i'"i€:B ll't:l+'l: 3l"l'l' 3'iql =.}"t^l "l+.at'l:t"l Els:l$e afiallb 3.1++ =lt'ttglnr+. ( 2 ) "lrFe.ol EI7ll "ll ^l$ql e:tEl"ll} rfqp ol"l"}':rE '}e 'rp. *lg9l +.1 il.l.i. -'l"l^l*LE !-*+qir]3teEcl,]"il =.t"1^11lE r1-'1*-=.c|'2fi"1.t.
  68. 68. I'NIT 22 KORDAN B IC COURSE A. E)GRCISES Ask your Lnstructor3 f. if all the trains stoP at Chonan Station. 2. if you have to change traLns at Taejon to 90 to Yosu' 3. i.f the Korean trains run on scttedule. 4. if he ts ready (or prepared) to leave Amerlca soon' 5. if he ts scheduled (gg plannlng) to visit Pusan before too long' 6. i-f he has arranged. for such things as an r'D' card, immunization certificate, passport, vj-sa, and airplane fare, etc' if the lilinistry of TransportatLon has changed the schedule' lf the new schedule is in effect (or starts) as of June 15th. if FSI teaches Korean. if they dlvide classes based on ttte performance (records) of ttre students- if the criminars /:i:l:l/ are punished according to ttte law. from here to the Korean ErnbassY-how much is the taxi fare B . TeIt your friends: a 9. 10. I 2 . 3. that you are ready to chalge buses at the next stop' that the next stop j-s Su^'on. that iou are running the l.ome office of the bank and the branch offlces are run very weI.L. 4. that your company handles such business' 5. that you'Il do so, in accorilance with the rule' 6. that you are ready to leave the Washington area soon' 7. to be ready to change trains. 8. to take the final graduatlon exans. 9. to change thelr shirts tomorrow. 6o
  69. 69. KOREAN BASIC COURSE 1. ol^]sil^l0-. z. 1'l .*!"1?l .{ ot otEt:l.l=l :l qlgt 7l ol -'l ol 'lFLl EI 4l "l+g ilbSl"l=l' "l al:l :1ql ^|gq,i :l'tfl alsls :l+ ql$,ill(il)g ^l:l3l'il, ''lol'l^l+-:le-? UNIT 23. At Taejon Inn BASIC DIAI,OGUE .tel ^l'l qei^1'l welconel distance long dLstance reservation; prevl.ous appolntment Ir] reserve room reservation memorization; remelibrance Ir] rernenicer My name is ilackson. Irm the one who asked for a room reservatloo by long distance call from seoul a couPle of days ago. I wonder if you remeniber it. allF ,lrlPj q. qi, rl!rclql.'l^l ol.hrl E,ilg"l=i. ,l.lt "R Efl^l.gorl-'rl^l+ al+ ClalEl"l^la? alLl EI el rL 4. ql,f""l+'ltl. Jl 3l"l ,:,]*'l-''P manager Yes, I do. Ttre nanager told me about it. You are Mr. Jackson of the U.S. E bassy in seoul, aren't you? tlt+ t L ^ I . , = ^ . + a - - Yes, I am. Do you ttave [he] enpties an empty room a room? o-t
  70. 70. rrNflt'2.. KOREAN BASIC COURSE - " ^ . t - J qel "t'l Korean style western style ondol (Korean style room) quiet Ondol roorn As vou asked for a Korean styLe room' vr" i-.re reserved a big and quiet Ondol roon. ('As rne heard that you wanted a Korean style room, vJe have vacated a big and quiet ondol room.') [:.t] is endowed vrith; I j-t] has [it] is furnished with Our inn has both Korean and V,lestern style rooms. :K+)al (^i):t+l o E c L e ? 6 1 as$e*31 5. ttal:l'l :Hl 3lgel'tal=|n'l^1' 3n a&Jlg5:B +*'1"1+,il+'l=l' -rLa ul El , r t a , I fl+n ll€".1"1 5. +"1 qele:El :l'l3tal :l* =f]l+s ,ilg'l+. rlEtl ?. elatol€]"kl.ls. il.I'l,il+ :i4l 3l+ -e3+ il+"1"1. :Jt tl-LlEl 6 r . t j r | | :iis"l't 8. 'le:l4l :ieg+t3l'l+. e:3lql :fl+'r+. western style room v,re can give You one. we can glve You _a . ., room whlch has a beq'', bed If vou like a (with a bed) , (' If you want, Western stY-Le alb [it] is enough I r ] w i l l t a k e ( r e n t e r ' ) A Korean styl-e room is fine with me' I'11 take the Ondol room. tei ^i1 A ILE ,r-l.I +L t E r l :{a *i"l( ^l ) ol-E. (hotel) registration book [your] name (honored) address [he] follows following after ne 2nd floor 62
  71. 71. e. ::1, el,l "l+il+"il :l:t++ri ^^i+^ln, "l€ *l"l(^'1).l+gs + el i- ^lil f- . 10. ol+rt+is Jl;-e ^nn sJLl'r,F ^ L l - !g'El "l"lo-, calle-.eRg:loltlr-'}, 5ols. arle gilflf .l=1. "L!Ll o l -q:P alg 4l'I "}:ljl *"1 r|;!|g"l.l. -1 -s:+r.e+'t}:lg {1 +^l:ln. + 'l3i ,l$+.1+ 13.e 'l:lg 7tl+''1, l.l'l:n 'l,Ilg'l+. ol_E-:+r.:l+ + *f:i"l.l. KORf,AN B SIC COURSE well, then. Please trite Your name and address in this regj-ster fj-rEt' and follow me to the 2nd floor. would you llke me to wrlte mY name and address in Korean? q€l ^1'l fle ' t t LZ. guest; visitori customer No, it's al1 right to write then in English because You are a forelgn guest. briefcaset suitcase suitcase I wLll carry Your baggages. l,et me take your suitcase and briefcase. alF briefcase I it]' s l ight Ttte briefcase is light, so it myself. Wou1d You just sultcase? I' ]1 carry bring tbls O J
  72. 72. KOREAN B IC COURSE 2- NOIIES ON TIIE BASIC DIALOGI'E {Nunicers correspond to ttre serttence numbers- ) T. :l1el 'fong dj-stancer ls a noun. iF i" " derlvatj-onal noun prefix whlch rneans 'tengthy-r. other conunon words which begin in il - "t" :1"$ 'boots', aial rmerlt', il^lil 'r""9 perlod of tirer, etc. oPposite to l| - is i| - 'short-', :lal.l I strort dlstanc"', :l+ '(snort) shoesr, :l;l rshortcorningr, :l^^13 | short period of tijner, etc. ror j|9 ql|liq,fl:l ^t:t ('person who made a room resetvation'), see cranmar Note 1. ql:t'tEt rto rnke a reselvatlonr occurs as a transitive verb for rooms or seats at hotels, restaurants and/or trnrbllc transportatlon. DlEl is an intransltive verb rto be emptyr; !l+El is a transi-tive verb 'to empty (sonethiug)', 'to vacater. The verb phrase 8l+l +ilEf is used only as a transitive expression which means 'to have vacated'. "19=l {Vt) is often contractea to "1.1. -41 i" il*l r Korean styler and jt{l 'w".tertt stylet is a derlvatlonal noun suffix vrhlch rpans t - styte'. :l+ =l tto be endovJed.vrith I is a transitive verb whictr norna.]-]-y occurs ln a verb phrase g+ja il=l 'to be furnished !.titht to irnply the state of be i.ng. C|:l"l Sl'ltl=lg is tr'e contraction or C:I'l el'ltl=tn "iS ('ir vou sav you want'), which is a substltute "f a]:liol g"i^lg ' if you vrant' - Note that -( Vg )Et:l often occurs ln prace or -(g )S 'if...r. rhe verb !'l preceaea by a hotel or lnn + 9l *"..t" tl.e same "" "}t'l 'to stay (in a trotel or inn)'. i=lit more collaquial than E]! E|. *1|!|(li ) is often fo]-]-ovied by another lnflected expresslon to nake up a verb phrase. The fo}lowlng expressions occur comnon]-y. 4. 5. A q 9. (LE) *l.i(^l) +.1 gtl^lr-. 64 t Please follow r€ upstatrs. ('tlease come up foltowing after ne.r)
  73. 73. KOREAN BASIC COURSD nNrT 23 (*€) *t"l .e-tl^lo. (.1:) ,-Ft "ltl^ln. (.i:) ,-l"f 'ltl^ls. ("1:) -"1"t:lgil^ls. Elel -elil^ln. 'Please colrE after me-' 1r Please follow hjJn. ' t'P1"."" go after him.' 'Please do as r do.l 'Please repeat after tr€ (rRead after n r e . r ) . ' It Please tearn litl by heart.l ('Memorize it.' '2 z-ka Sirumrnno chongno-Ku' Seoul (special clty), Repubtic of Korear | 370-2 Tapsip-1i Sulton -Myon, Hwasung- Kun, KlQnggi-Do' +& 'address' is oners residence- Ttle Korean way of gj.vlng one's address is ln the order of the large geographlc unit down to the smatiest' i'e' country, Province, city, dlstrict, townshi-P, street and nulrber, which is the other way around in English. Examples: =Ei:R "|9+5^l+-+ al+-r-2'tlzJl'l i?lE qtH. +€ils Eftl"l 3?og 2:lral 13. ::a ,l+ ('to trotd and go') occurs as a transitive verb ptrrase t"hich is ulsed to nean 'to take (or carry) {sonethi.ng in tte hands)" tn gtl ('to rrota and corEr) is used in a Pararlel way to mean 'to bring (sornethtng in the hand) ' . GRAMIIAR NCITES r. -:l +N -fl is an ending which is added to a verb stem or stem + honoriflcs and/or past tense suffixes. antl the -9 form modifies the following nominal' Since the -!l for^ al-v.rays denotes past action or description for ihe nominal it modifies from the speaker's retrosPective Point of view, it is called the Retrospectlve Form. I'he ending -3 is used in the following meanings: 1. (") An action verb stem + -9 Tttis form denotes such-and-such an action of the verb in -ll was tn o)
  74. 74. I I N T ' f r2 ? K O R E A N B A S I C C O U R S E-! progress in the past from the speakerr s retrospective polnt of vielt for the followlng nomlnal being nodified' Exanples: Ltil ^l:ttt3 l:l 'the girl wtrom I lovedl l.oltt e+.}:l ilal 'the Place (of ernplovment) wtrere tre was working! : :la6l =l.l:l :hi '.ii"i.:f::ryno wasattendine f. (u) A description verb stem + -5 Itlis form denotes somettring r^tas j-n such-and-such a state ln the past from the sPeakert s retrosPectlve view point for the following nominal being modlfied. Examples' :1"=i"l*19 3l 'the house which was exPenslve at one timel f "iol-'l913iI Llrl -c-g:l At:l 'l'l:$g qel €l"l atl:l r-"t El.r.^l-El :l 'the book which the child was readlng' Ithe fact of which I was not aware Ithe Inn where I staYedl I the hat whicl. the King worer Ithe house whicl. was (once) expensive' dol"l "l+ EIS q"i rthe womanwho was beautlful 1n trer Young days I :ta *l"il EE++g :ltlt '.linl5iu::;"fno wasbrr-shtin h15 :==li7rl:l+3"tS altl"l '.H.:it*l:'tn whowasramous 1. (.) -("1' oi),,*I The -3 forn of an action or description verb in past tense denotes a flnlshed action or description of the verb fn -$ in the past for the following nominal from the speakerts retrospectlve point of v ie^ "ltl ilg ai.il Slilg iit 'the book which r read l"o vears aso' 66
  75. 75. KOREAN BASIC COURSE uNrT 23 2. +3irEl+:t ,l:l. E.| :Jq o l'l rrairLr o rL' rnftnitive + 6t El=l 'the man who was (once) famous' Ithe youth that used to be tronestr is used to mean in wl'ich except that it following we learned that the construction ?! 4f41!1I11 t!-:l=l 'must...r, 'have to...r (unit .lEt is replaced ly glEf also tnay ltave a milder connotation examPles: .l+* il+g ,u1't3lt-l-nt? "1++Jl+.e-,vlotEJLI't-IF :lFrl"l gl'l"t gt"l=1. :lF:l-+;]'l* El.-1"1. Jlr.^lE :l+ :l+ :l"i"F :l"l=t. qaefg :l+ :l+ :Ir.i El"l=i. !f). The same construction occurs in a similar meaning of obligatlon. observe the |Do I have Hankal? | to write mY name rn 'Should my name be written in Eankal?' '[vou] trave to ]rave a car'r '[You] shoutd have a car.' rMissionarles have to speak Korean.' t Dj-pLomats should know Korean.' 67

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