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Cologne cathedral pdf

Cologne Cathedrla Presentation

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Cologne cathedral pdf

  1. 1. Cologne Cathedral SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN Foundation in Natural and Built Environment (FNBE) Effective Public Communication [COM 30103] Oral Presentation (Part I) Topic 2(a): Religious buildings around the world Name : Yong Ai Yi 0321977 Session : Tuesday 4pm Intake: March 2015 Lecturer: Persis Rodrigues
  2. 2. Cologne Cathedral Roman Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Germany
  3. 3. Historical Background
  4. 4. Historical Background  Construction of the present Gothic church began in the 13th century. It takes more than 600 years to complete. The new structure was built to house the relics of the Three Magi.  The foundation stone of Cologne Cathedral was laid on August 15, 1248, by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden. After this initial rapid progress, construction work gradually came to a standstill.  Cologne Cathedral stands on the site of a 4th century Roman temple, followed by a square church known as the "oldest cathedral”. A second church built on the site, the "Old Cathedral," was completed in 818. This burned down on April 30, 1248.
  5. 5.  Construction resumed in 1824 and there was addition of the towers and other substantial parts of the cathedral, Cologne Cathedral, 1853c  The completion of Germany's largest cathedral was celebrated as a national event in 1880, 632 years after construction had began. The celebration was attended by Emperor Wilhelm I. Emperor Wilhelm I.
  6. 6.  The cathedral was hit by 14 aerial bombs in World War II aerial bombs but did not collapse. Reconstruction was completed in 1956. In the northwest tower's base, it was repaired by bad-quality brickstones taken from a nearby war ruin remained visible until the late 1990s as a reminder of the War, but the cathedral was reconstruct the section according to the original appearance.  In 1996, the cathedral was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List of culturally important sites and in 2004, it was placed on the "World Heritage in Danger" list. An American soldier and a destroyed Panther tank in front of the cathedral on 4 April 1945.
  7. 7. Architects
  8. 8. Architects Barbara Schock- Werner Master Gerhard Ernst Friedrich Zwirner Richard Voigtel Arnold Wolff Willy Weyres Nikolaus van Bueren Friedrich Adolf Ahlert master builder at Cologne Cathedral with overall responsibility for conservation and restoration work.
  9. 9. Structure
  10. 10. A "Bird's eye view" shows the cruciform plan E X T E R I O R
  11. 11. I N T E R I O R
  12. 12. Ornamentation Used
  13. 13. Layout
  14. 14. Layout
  15. 15. Type of Materials Used
  16. 16. Type of materials used  Trachyte  Basalt Sandstone  shell-limestone
  17. 17. Other Relevant Information
  18. 18. Other Relevant Information  The cathedral still holds the honor of being the tallest building of Gothic architecture found anywhere in the entire world.  It is said that the cathedral contains the bones and clothes of the Three Wise Man (the three kings from the East, who visited Jesus Christ following his birth).  During the World War II the cathedral was hit by fourteen bombs, but the cathedral was not destroyed, every one believed that it was a miracle from God.
  19. 19. Reference : 1. 2. floor-plan-and-520155b02de3dd19ec55e8e678c059d9 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
  20. 20. The End Thank You