(A) Food and diet All living things need food to live. The foods we eat every day make up our diet. There are different kinds of diet.
Lobster roll Knowing our food Here are some of them: Pizza Rojak Nasi Lemak Sushi
Grow Repair damage to our bodies, Give us energy so that we can move and think, Keep our bodies warm and Keep our bodies healthy. Knowing our food We need food to:
There are different ways to classify food. We can classify food into: Carbohydrates Although water and roughage are not classified here, they are also important in our diet. Proteins Fats Vitamins Minerals Knowing our food <ul><li>How can we classify food? </li></ul>
Foods with a lot of carbohydrates give us energy. Rice Cereal Bread Tapioca Biscuits Noodles Potatoes Macaroni Knowing our food CARBOHYDRATES
chocolate sweets Soft drinks candies Knowing our food CARBOHYDRATES biscuits Foods such as sweets, chocolates and soft drinks contain a lot of sugar. Sugar is carbohydrates.
People who do not eat enough proteins do not grow well. Proteins are used for growth and to repair damage to the body. Animal proteins Plant proteins Knowing our food PROTEINS
Fats also give us energy. Fats give us energy more than carbohydrates. Fats usually solids. Some fats are liquids. We call these oils . Knowing our food FATS
<ul><li>Vitamins can be found in most foods. They protect us from illness. </li></ul><ul><li>To stay healthy, only small amounts of vitamins are needed. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many kinds of vitamins. </li></ul>Knowing our food VITAMINS
<ul><li>Vitamins C protects us from colds and ‘flu’. </li></ul><ul><li>It keeps our teeth and gums healthy. </li></ul>Knowing our food VITAMIN C Tomatoes lemons oranges cherry Papayas
<ul><li>Vitamin A keeps our skin and eyes healthy. </li></ul>Knowing our food VITAMIN A Fish liver oil Carrots Milk Butter Green vegetables
Minerals can also be found in most food. Iron and Calcium are minerals.
Roughage comes from plants . It helps food move through our body easily . We need at least eight glasses of water a day. Water helps us to get rid of wastes form the body .
For our body to be healthy, we need a balanced diet . A balanced diet must contain the right types of foods . We must eat fewer foods from the top of the pyramid We must eat more foods from the bottom of the pyramid
A diet with too little or too much of one kind of food is unbalanced. <ul><li>Fast food often has :- </li></ul><ul><li>too much fat and carbohydrate and </li></ul><ul><li>b) not enough vitamins, minerals and roughage </li></ul>