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GENARO N. DE MESA, JR.
Student, MAEd - Mathematics
DEDUCTIVE METHOD
Deduction – is the process of
solving a problem by applying
to the problem or difficulty a
generalizatio...
When To Use The Deductive Method
To teach students to delay judgment
until truth is proven and not to judge
even in the f...
Steps Of The Deductive Method
1. Statement of the Problem
2. Generalization
3. Inference
4. Verification
Strengths Of The Deductive Method
1. It is much simpler than the inductive method
and takes less time.
2. It can be used f...
Weaknesses Of The Deductive Method
1. Some students cannot profit from
deductive thinking.
2. It encourages guessing which...
INDUCTIVE METHOD
Method of solving a problem from the
particular to the general.
Through the inductive procedure, one ma...
Steps Of The Inductive Method
1. Preparation
a) apperception
b) motivation
c) statement of the aim
2. Presentation
3. Comp...
Strengths Of The Inductive Method
1. It makes the students think logically and
scientifically.
2. What is learned is retai...
Weaknesses Of The Inductive Method
1. It does not fit all subject matter
areas.
2. It requires more time and is mentally
t...
RECITATION METHOD –
ITS MODERN INNOVATION
The importance of the recitation in
learning is its efficacy as a means of
deve...
RECITATION METHOD –
ITS MODERN INNOVATION
The recitation in the modern classroom
serves many purposes:
Democratic ideals ...
Method of Conducting the Recitation
Conversations
Dramatization
Creative Dramatics
Debates
Bull Sessions
Class Meeti...
RECITATION METHOD –
ITS MODERN INNOVATION
The recitation should utilize
life situations.
The recitation should provide
f...
Things to Remember
in Conducting Recitations
Students should recite for the
class, not for the teacher alone.
The teache...
Strengths Of The Recitation Method
1. Recitation is a place for developing
reflective thinking and creative expression,
fa...
Weaknesses Of The Recitation Method
1. There is emphasis on the ability to memorize, and the
student who memorizes best is...
Reference:
Tips on How To Teach Effectively (A Description of 60
Teaching Methods) by: Fe S. J. Hidalgo, pages 23 – 30.
The deductive,  inductive and recitation method of teaching
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The deductive, inductive and recitation method of teaching

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Descriptions, Uses, Steps, Strengths, and Weaknesses

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The deductive, inductive and recitation method of teaching

  1. 1. GENARO N. DE MESA, JR. Student, MAEd - Mathematics
  2. 2. DEDUCTIVE METHOD Deduction – is the process of solving a problem by applying to the problem or difficulty a generalization already formed. It is the process of thought starting from general going to particular.
  3. 3. When To Use The Deductive Method To teach students to delay judgment until truth is proven and not to judge even in the face of seeming certainty. To master difficulties by utilizing truth established by others. To remedy or overcome the tendency to jump to conclusions at once.
  4. 4. Steps Of The Deductive Method 1. Statement of the Problem 2. Generalization 3. Inference 4. Verification
  5. 5. Strengths Of The Deductive Method 1. It is much simpler than the inductive method and takes less time. 2. It can be used for ordinary subject matters and principles in textbooks. 3. Already established principles are made more meaningful. 4. In the anticipatory form, a very good motive is furnished for seeking evidences that will support the influences made therein, thus arousing the puzzle instinct which is a valuable aid.
  6. 6. Weaknesses Of The Deductive Method 1. Some students cannot profit from deductive thinking. 2. It encourages guessing which however may be allowed within certain limits. 3. It is restricted to certain topics and is of no value in securing drill or emotional outcomes. 4. It is not intellectually challenging.
  7. 7. INDUCTIVE METHOD Method of solving a problem from the particular to the general. Through the inductive procedure, one may arrive at a fact, a principle, truth, or generalization. It helps students discover important rules or truths for themselves trough careful observation of enough specific examples that will support the generalization.
  8. 8. Steps Of The Inductive Method 1. Preparation a) apperception b) motivation c) statement of the aim 2. Presentation 3. Comparison and Abstraction 4. Generalization 5. Application
  9. 9. Strengths Of The Inductive Method 1. It makes the students think logically and scientifically. 2. What is learned is retained longer and is better understood. 3. The students are trained in problem solving and are able to solve similar problems later. 4. Students go through a method of work both intellectually challenging and psychologically right.
  10. 10. Weaknesses Of The Inductive Method 1. It does not fit all subject matter areas. 2. It requires more time and is mentally taxing for slow learners. 3. Lack of available resources for the proper performance of activities.
  11. 11. RECITATION METHOD – ITS MODERN INNOVATION The importance of the recitation in learning is its efficacy as a means of developing many skills, attitudes, abilities, and ideals. The modern concept of the recitations mentions its place for developing reflective thinking, creative expression, favorable attitudes, and ideals of social living.
  12. 12. RECITATION METHOD – ITS MODERN INNOVATION The recitation in the modern classroom serves many purposes: Democratic ideals and process are taught and practised in modern classroom. Problem-solving provides training in reflective thinking as well as in critical evaluation. Freedom of expression and respect for the opinions of others are encouraged.
  13. 13. Method of Conducting the Recitation Conversations Dramatization Creative Dramatics Debates Bull Sessions Class Meetings Supervised Study
  14. 14. RECITATION METHOD – ITS MODERN INNOVATION The recitation should utilize life situations. The recitation should provide for individual differences. The good recitation should provide for evaluation.
  15. 15. Things to Remember in Conducting Recitations Students should recite for the class, not for the teacher alone. The teacher should have a high standard of performance for all activities.
  16. 16. Strengths Of The Recitation Method 1. Recitation is a place for developing reflective thinking and creative expression, favorable attitudes and ideals of social living. 2. Recitation is a student- centered. 3. Wholesome attitudes essential to effective social living can very well be developed. 4. There is freedom of expression, and training of good speech.
  17. 17. Weaknesses Of The Recitation Method 1. There is emphasis on the ability to memorize, and the student who memorizes best is the best. 2. The favorite lesson procedure is the lecture method. 3. Students are not motivated to ask questions. 4. There will be poor result when it comes to group discussions. 5. Teacher-centered if he is autocratic and considers himself the chief factor in the process. 6. Students assume little responsibilities and his only responsibility is to memorize. 7. Feeling of aloofness has to exist.
  18. 18. Reference: Tips on How To Teach Effectively (A Description of 60 Teaching Methods) by: Fe S. J. Hidalgo, pages 23 – 30.

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