Earthquake Case Studies: Haiti (2010) and New Zealand (2010)


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Just some info on earthquake case studies (12th January 2010 Haiti earthquake and the 4th September 2010 New Zealand earthquake)

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Earthquake Case Studies: Haiti (2010) and New Zealand (2010)

  2. 2. HAITI’S EARTHQUAKE The earthquake was in a developing country  12th January 2010  7.0 magnitude with the epic centre 25km west from Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince 
  3. 3. IMPACTS       3 million people were affected 280,000 buildings including the presidential place were damaged/ destroyed 100,000-159,000 people died 4,000 schools were damaged or destroyed 25% of civil servants in Port au Prince died 1 in 5 people lost their jobs because so many buildings were destroyed. Haiti’s largest industry, clothing was one of the worst affected
  4. 4. RESPONSES  Dominican republic was the first country to give aid: sent out water, food and shelter  Dominican republic made their hospitals available to Haiti’s needs. Formed the DominicanHaitian aerial support bridge ( the main airports in Dominican available). Plus sent 8 mobile medical units with 36 doctors.    39 trucks carried canned food were given out Israel defence force’s front command was sent out which are specialised in treating children, elderly and women in labour. The American red cross set a mobile donation system, which raised $7milllion in 24 hours  Several orphanages were destroyed, 400 children were adopted by Americans and Dutch people  The Canadian government said they would cover the fees of the adopted children and issue a temporary permits  The Korean international disaster relief team was deployed to the epicentres to assist mitigation efforts of Haitian government
  5. 5. THE RECOVERY After 6 months 98% of the rubble remained un-cleared, with bodies still remaining the rubble 1.4 million people still living within the tents with no actual housing provided. Plus, most camps have no electricity, running water or sewage disposal. September 2010, over 1 million refugees still living in the tents and still in the emergency state Rape cases around camps had increased since January due to UN not doing enough to protect them  2011 Recovery were at standstill due to the government inaction and indecision on the part of donor countries 5% rubble was cleared and 15% basic and temporary houses were built Slow rate of aid delivery due to international community for abandoning its commitments  2012 $4.5 billion was pledged for reconstruction projects in 2010 and 2011but only, 43% was delivered 
  6. 6.  afe=active
  7. 7. NEW ZEALAND, CANTERBURY EARTHQUAKE  7.1 magnitude  4:35am on 4th September 2010  epicentre was 40km west of Christchurch near Darfield  lasted for 40 seconds  Many buildings were damaged, but only one person died and few people were injured. (the one person had a heart attack possibly from shock of the earthquake)  It was based on the Greendale fault, which is a newly discovered fault.
  8. 8. IMPACTS   In Christchurch, sewers were damaged and water lines were broken The water supply at Rolleston was contaminated  Christchurch Hospital was forced to use emergency generators  Outside Christchurch, electrical grid was disrupted and it took 2 days to restore  Lots of brick chimneys fell off houses and many others needed to be removed as the earthquake had made them unstable.  Railway lines buckled and had to be repaired before trains could use them.  Schools were closed for about two weeks after the earthquake. They were closed for a variety of reasons, such as damage to school land and buildings, lack of power or water, transport difficulties and frequent aftershocks.
  9. 9.  Soil liquefaction caused a lot of problems with flooding, damaging buried pipes and building foundations. It was worst in Kaiapoi, Bexley and other eastern suburbs. Liquefaction happens when shaking pushes underground water upwards, making solid ground behave like quicksand.  About 200 people spent the night in shelters.  100,000 homes were damaged  The cost of repairs has been estimated at NZ$2bn ($1.44bn; £930m). Most households and businesses were expected to claim from their insurers and the Earthquake Commission (EQC), officials said.
  10. 10.  From 4 September 2010 until 4 September 2011, there were around 9,000 aftershocks and earthquakes. Some of these were very strong and caused more damage to buildings and land.  On Boxing Day (26 December 2010) there was a large aftershock of the September earthquake. It was magnitude 4.9 and 12 kms deep. It caused more buildings to fall and cut power and water to many people.
  11. 11. RESPONSES St John Ambulance service had sixteen ambulances operational within half an hour of the earthquake  The central government planned to provide at least 90% of the funds needed to rebuild the area's water, sewerage and road networks, the overall damage to which had yet to be fully assessed.  The repair for electricity was restored but in rural areas, it was difficult 
  12. 12.  The Canterbury Earthquake website was set up as the Canterbury Civil Defence response. It was set up to provide information and help about future earthquake events, the site reactivates during Earthquake events  Rapid and effective response by the media helped mobilise public sympathy and the huge efforts by the rest of the country to help in the search and rescue effort and support for survivors.  Australian search and rescue teams began operating in Christchurch the day after the earthquake. More specialist teams began arriving from around the world. Singapore, Taiwan, Japan, USA, UK and probably other countries. Medical and police teams also joined.
  13. 13.  In the seconds, hours and days after the earthquake rescue and response was offered by ordinary people as well as the emergency services on duty  An emergency meeting Government Cabinet Meeting was held at 3pm.  The Canterbury Art Gallery which had been designed to be earthquake proof survived and was turned into a Emergency Response centre.  Satellite Imagery was provided for emergency teams to help with allocation of aid and rescue from the US and France.  300 Australian police were flown in brining the number of the police to 1200  The police provided security cordons, organised evacuations, supported search and rescue teams, missing persons and family liaison, and organised media briefings and tours of the affected areas.  The Red Cross provided grants to families with children under 5 years of age who were living in significantly damaged homes caused by the September or February earthquakes, with their electricity bills.
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