Medicine in ancient china


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Medicine in ancient china

  1. 1. CHINAChinese village doctor treating a man by burning herbs on his back(Sung Dynasty, ca. 950 AD., now in National Palace Museum, Taiwan)
  2. 2. At the heart of traditional Chinese medicine is the belief that two opposingprinciples, yin and yang, must remain in balance within a persons body, andthat an imbalance promotes disease. The concept of "qi" is also central toChinese medical philosophy. Practitioners believe the body has 12 qi, orenergy channels, each connected with a part of the anatomy. When a personsqi flow becomes unbalanced, he may become physically or emotionally ill.PRINCIPLES
  3. 3. Diagnosis of illness in traditional Chinese medicine involves a patientinterview and an examination of the patients pulse and tongue. Inquestioning the patient, the practitioner seeks to learn not only about hismedical symptoms, but also about such details as his sleep patterns, dreamsand preferred foods. Pulse taking is the most important diagnostic tool ofancient Chinese medicine, according to the Alternative Medicine Foundationwebsite, and involves feeling for six pulses in each wrist. Practitioners alsocarefully examine a patients tongue, believing that each part of the tonguecorresponds to a part of the human body.DIAGNOSIS
  4. 4. In traditional Chinesemedicine, five elements--wood, fire, earth, metal andwater--relate to the organsand tissues of the humanbody. Each element carries aparticular energy anddistinctive characteristics,and is interconnected withthe other elements. Anyimbalance among themcauses illnessFIVE ELEMENTS
  5. 5. Acupuncture is the stimulation ofcertain parts of the exterior body,called acupoints. A persons qi, orvital energy, circulates through hisbody in a series of channels andcan be redirected by stimulatingthe exterior body with very finestainless steel needles. Each of theover 300 identified acupointscorresponds to a particular healthproblem, according to theTraditional Chinese MedicineInformation Page.ACUPUNCTURE
  6. 6. A traditional Chinese medical practitioner makes use of more than 600 typesof herbs in creating medicine to treat energy imbalance and illness. Plantssuch as ginseng and ginger are the basis of most herbal treatments, but someremedies depend on minerals and animal parts, such as oyster shells or deerantlers.HERBS
  7. 7. Qigong is an ancient series of movement postures practiced to create the flowof good qi, or vital energy. Medical qigong may be internal or external.Internal qigong relies on movement, breathing and visualization, and ispracticed by the patient himself. In external qigong, similar to therapeutictouch, a qigong master heals an ill person through qi transfer.QIGONG
  8. 8. The name of this great physician proverbial. When in Chinahave to say about the amazing craftsmanship of a doctor say,"It is a true Bian Qiao." He regarded the disease as a resultof violations of the relation of the body with theenvironment and believed that the appointment of treatmentshould take into account the climate and the nature of man,the mode of his power.Most of his life Bian Qiao spent traveling around thecountry, helping patients get rid of their ailments. Herecommended using four methods of disease diagnosis:inspection, questioning, listening, and study of the pulse.Bian Qiao is sometimes called the "Chinese Hippocrates"BIAN QIAO
  9. 9. Hua Tuo was a great diagnostician, and for thetreatment used as traditional Chinese medicinetechniques - acupuncture and moxibustion, andnew - bloodletting, pouring water and its ownsystem of gymnastics, which today is called theclassical Chinese gymnastics. He offered to sickanimals to imitate their poses - crane, raise yourhands, bend, bend legs.In the historical records preserved record ofunusual talent Hua Tuo operate under generalanesthesia, as well as handle the seams balm,accelerating recovery.HUA TUO
  10. 10. Wonderful Chinese alchemist and physician Sun Simiao (VI-VII centuries. BC), known as the "king of medicines", liveda thousand years later, Bian Qiao and five hundred - laterHua Tuo. He was the author of the 30-volume medicalwork, which for centuries served as a kind of encyclopediaof medical doctors in China, Korea and Japan. One of thevolumes is completely dedicated to the teachings of thepulse.In the writings and medical practice Sung Simiao reflected aclose relationship with the Chinese medicine the alchemicalart, through which doctors trained numerous medicationsof minerals and metals. One of the greatest alchemists ofhis time, Sun Simiao famous for the invention ofgunpowder, for which he earned the nickname "Prince ofgunpowder."SUN SIMIAO