Crossroads of Freedom</li></li></ul><li>The Americas in the 19th Century<br /><ul><li>When FattHing Chin (19) decided to purchase a passage on a Spanish ship to sail to California to join the gold rush
To his surprise there were many more young men like him in the ship
They remained confined for weeks to the vomit-laden cargo areas of the shipafter 95 days they arrived to San Francisco
Once the new migrants arrived they gather with Chinese veterans who helped to adapt to their new home
Chin was hired as a gold miner and after a couple years he had save money
Chin wanted his brother and cousin to join because of the demand in overseas migration works, although he instead returned to China
In the ship he engaged in gambling and lost quite some money
Working in the gold rush provided means to takes his wife, build a house and buy land
After 1 year he returned to S.F. leaving his wife pregnant
Gold finding was now harder so he decided to open a restaurant to make money
Some migrants did mining, railroad construction, and or agricultural labor, but all contributed to the transformation of the Americas.
Millions of Europe, Asia and Chinese migrants increased the ethnic diversity of American populations and stimulated political, social, and economic development in the western hemisphere</li></li></ul><li>The Americas in the 19th Century<br /><ul><li>Late 18th and 19th centuries most land of the western hemisphere won their independence from European colonial powers.
United States built the most powerful state in the western hemisphere and embarked westward push North America under U.S. control.
Canada built a federal state under British Canadian leadership.
Latin America built smaller states that controlled by local military leaders.
Enlightenment build societies based on freedom, equality, and constitutional government was a huge challenge
Independence for the United States, Canada, and Latin America was known by the mass migration and explosive economic growth, economic stagnation, and punctuated with civil war, ethnic violence, class conflict, and battles for racial and sexual equality.
After the American revolution Britain gave the US a big amount of land. US doubled in size </li></li></ul><li>The little Ice Age<br /> 14th-19th<br />Century<br /><ul><li>-2 -3 degrees lower than the average temp today
Unpredicted Climate shifts / Impacts were devastating
Mystery on causes of event, maybe a reoccurring event
In 1351 25 million people had died 1/3 of the population the survivors suffered. They then believed the following neighbors had done witch craft so they started punishing people/ killing </li></li></ul><li>Frontiers of the Americas<br /><ul><li>US doubled in size (Louisiana Purchase), a territory that would eventually become six states </li></ul>as well as portions of nine more, <br />the price, $15 million or about 4 cents an acre.<br />The people who were running the government did not want the Louisiana purchase. <br /><ul><li>Louisiana is a swampy land filled with savages and no significant commercial benefits it costs more to take care of it than the profits that they get from it,
France decides to give Louisiana to Spain to thank them for coming to aid France's aid in the war. </li></li></ul><li>Frontiers of the Americas<br /><ul><li>Spain's King Carlos III almost declines the offer, But then decides he could use it for silver mines in Mexico.
Americans could be a threat to the Spanish. They start to grow in population. They settle in the Louisiana Spain and use the Mississippi river
The Spanish fear the overtaking of Americans and want to secure the New Orleans port
1784, they close the lower Mississippi to foreigners.
July 14, 1789, </li></ul> the American revolution <br /><ul><li>January 21, 1793, Louis XVI is beheaded
Edmond Genets secret mission is to regain the glory France's monarchy squandered and reclaim Louisiana from Spain, his strategy to stir up the Americans out West
George Washington Finds out/ US asks French Government to replace him </li></ul>Spain notices its importance to get along with Americans so opens the Port to New Orleands<br /><ul><li>March 4, 1801, </li></ul>Jefferson becomes the 3rd president of the US<br />
Frontiers of the Americas<br /><ul><li>Napoleon was extremely impulsive. Bonaparte was a man of a very powerful personality. Great solider monster in many ways.
Napoleon's quest is to dominate, </li></ul>not just Europe, but the world <br /><ul><li>Spain grows weaker with KING, CARLOS IV.
Napoleon pressures Spain to exchange Louisiana for Italy, sigh a secret treaty giving Louisiana to Napoleon. </li></ul>(The TREATY OF SAN ILDEFONSO<br />Carlos is suppose to get Louisianan back but does nothing to obtain it (Napoleon makes many promise he doesn't honor) <br />Napoleon realizes he needs funds Decision is to offer the Americans <br />the port of New Orleans, all Louisiana territory, everything from new Orleans up the Mississippi <br />to present-day Canada and then over to the Rockies <br />
Crossroads of Freedom<br /><ul><li>Civil war or revolutions, the insurrectionary army must fight to gain control of land, and government.
American Civil War, 11 states of confederacy established functioning government at Richmond.
To win the war that began in with Confederate, the south needed to defend what was already possessed by the enemy invasion.
Lincoln wanted to achieve the war to preserve the United States a whole nation. His armies would have to invade the Confederacy, defeat its armies, conquer and occupy its territory, and destroy its government.