Ch. 14 & 19 Notes<br />“Classification and Intro. To Kingdoms”<br />
A.  Taxonomy-the science of naming and classifying organisms.<br />B.  Our system of classification was developed by Swedi...
2. Rules for writing the scientific name:<br />A.  Capitalize the genus name.<br />B.  Underline or italicize both names<b...
D.  Linnaeus grouped organisms into 7 categories based on similarities.  Over time, these categories have been expanded to...
E.  Classifying organisms can help determine the phylogeny, or evolutionary history of an organism.<br />
A.  All living things are placed into one of 3 domains.<br />1. domain Bacteria-prokaryotes, thought to be the oldest.<br ...
2.  domain Archaea-prokaryotes, contain may extreme bacteria<br />
3. domain Eukarya-contains all four of the eukaryotic kingdoms.<br />
B.  All living things are placed into one of 6 kingdoms.<br />1. Archaebacteria (domain Archaea) many live in extreme envi...
2. Eubacteria (domain Bacteria) all are prokaryotes.<br />
3. Protista (domain Eukaryo) all are eukaryotes, <br />Eukaryotes that are not plants, animals, or fungi     ex: amoeba, e...
4. Fungi (domain Eukaryo) all are eukaryotes and heterotrophic.  Ex: yeasts, mushrooms, puffballs.<br />
5. Plant (domain Eukarya) all are eukaryotes and autotrophic. Ex: trees, grasses, ferns<br />
6. Animalia (domain Eukaryo) all are eukaryotes and heterotrophic. Ex: birds, fish insects<br />
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Ch. 14 & 19 notes

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Ch. 14 & 19 notes

  1. 1. Ch. 14 & 19 Notes<br />“Classification and Intro. To Kingdoms”<br />
  2. 2. A. Taxonomy-the science of naming and classifying organisms.<br />B. Our system of classification was developed by Swedish biologist named Carl Linnaeus.<br />C. He gave organism a specific name using binomial nomenclature-system of naming organisms using a 2 word name.<br />1. The scientific name of an organism is made up of its genus and species name.<br />Ex: humans-Homo sapiens<br />Honeybee-Apismellifera<br />I. Classification<br />
  3. 3. 2. Rules for writing the scientific name:<br />A. Capitalize the genus name.<br />B. Underline or italicize both names<br />C. Must be in Latin<br />
  4. 4. D. Linnaeus grouped organisms into 7 categories based on similarities. Over time, these categories have been expanded to 8 categories:<br />Domain<br />Kingdom<br />Phylum<br />Class<br />Order<br />Family<br />Genus<br />Species<br />Dear King Phillip Came Over For Good Spaghetti<br />
  5. 5. E. Classifying organisms can help determine the phylogeny, or evolutionary history of an organism.<br />
  6. 6. A. All living things are placed into one of 3 domains.<br />1. domain Bacteria-prokaryotes, thought to be the oldest.<br />SpirilliaBacilliaCocci<br />II. Introduction of the Kingdoms<br />
  7. 7. 2. domain Archaea-prokaryotes, contain may extreme bacteria<br />
  8. 8. 3. domain Eukarya-contains all four of the eukaryotic kingdoms.<br />
  9. 9. B. All living things are placed into one of 6 kingdoms.<br />1. Archaebacteria (domain Archaea) many live in extreme environments such as hot springs, salty lakes, volcanoes; all are prokaryotes.<br />
  10. 10. 2. Eubacteria (domain Bacteria) all are prokaryotes.<br />
  11. 11. 3. Protista (domain Eukaryo) all are eukaryotes, <br />Eukaryotes that are not plants, animals, or fungi ex: amoeba, euglena, algae.<br />
  12. 12. 4. Fungi (domain Eukaryo) all are eukaryotes and heterotrophic. Ex: yeasts, mushrooms, puffballs.<br />
  13. 13. 5. Plant (domain Eukarya) all are eukaryotes and autotrophic. Ex: trees, grasses, ferns<br />
  14. 14. 6. Animalia (domain Eukaryo) all are eukaryotes and heterotrophic. Ex: birds, fish insects<br />

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