Theme 5 part 2


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Theme 5 part 2

  1. 1. Theme 5: Part 2 Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest By Cruz Major
  2. 2. Chapter 1: A Handful of Adventurers <ul><li>The discovery of the Americas is regarded as one of the most significant and important events in the history of mankind </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most exceptional things regarding Columbus and his discovery of the Americas is the fact that his achievements by chance and were the result of historical accident </li></ul><ul><li>Cortes, Colombus, and Pizarro, were regarded as heroes of their time for their accomplishements </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 3: Invisible Warriors <ul><li>Invisible Warriors refers to the enslaved Africans who accompanied the Spanish conquistadors on their campaign and invasion of the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish took advantage of the natives and used different tribes to help rid other tribes in their conquest </li></ul><ul><li>Africans and natives who helped the Spanish conquest are looked over and not credited with their achievements in aiding in the exploration of the Americas </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 4: Under the Lordship of the King <ul><li>Restall calls “The Myth of Completion” the belief that all of the Americas was under Spanish control within a few years after the initial contact </li></ul><ul><li>Pockets of indigenous peoples lived without having been conquered existed for several centuries after the conquest </li></ul><ul><li>Tayasal, the last independent city of the Maya, did not fall under Spanish sway until 1697 </li></ul><ul><li>In some areas of Latin America, Spanish control was never complete and rebellions were continuous </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 5: The Lost Words of La Malinche <ul><li>Restall calls “The Myth of (Mis)Communication” the belief that the Spaniards and natives had perfect communication and that each group understood the other's words and intentions unhindered, or alternatively that many of the crucial events of the conquest were a result of the two groups misunderstanding each others' intentions </li></ul><ul><li>Communication between the Spaniards and natives were very difficult at first </li></ul><ul><li>Natives cannot be said to have crucially misunderstood or misinterpreted the Spaniards' intentions, but rather that they had a good understanding of how the Spanish worked at a very early stage in the conquest </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 7: Apes and Men <ul><li>At the time of the Spanish conquest, Europeans believed that the success of the Spanish conquest was due to either the supposed technological superiority of the Spaniards or a kind of inherent cultural superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Factors behind the success of the conquistadors were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the devastating effect of European diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disunity between indigenous groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the technological advantage of the steel sword </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>native battle practices that were not upheld by the Spaniards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the fact that the Indians were fighting on their own ground with their families and fields to care for, which made them quicker to compromise </li></ul></ul>