California part 2


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California part 2

  1. 1. California Part 2 Panama & Los Angeles Nadya Dooley 5/2/11
  2. 2. The Los Angeles Aquaduct Part 1: Why it was constructed <ul><li>Los Angeles had an extreme water shortage, no minerals and no resources </li></ul><ul><li>The population continued to expand, and the current water supply system was failing and drying up </li></ul><ul><li>LA found itself in a drought </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Los Angeles Aquaduct Part 2: Mr. William Mulholland <ul><li>Mulholland started out as a worker, but in 1886 ended up as the superintendent of the LA water system </li></ul><ul><li>He set out in 1905 to build the LA aquaduct, using his engineering background to help him </li></ul><ul><li>He’d never finished grade school, but received an honorary degree </li></ul><ul><li>He became the highest public employee in LA </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Los Angeles Aquaduct Part 3: The Finished thing <ul><li>The water was brought to Los Angeles from the Owens river (in the Owens valley) </li></ul><ul><li>In burning heat (110 degrees), one hundred thousand workers built it </li></ul><ul><li>It opened in 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>The Owens valley </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Los Angeles Aquaduct Part 4: Complications & Resolutions <ul><li>The population grew rapidly and everyone had tons of water </li></ul><ul><li>… Until Mulholland’s dam broke, and millions of gallons of water spilled out, flooding everything in its path </li></ul><ul><li>Mulholland retired, leaving the blueprints for his unbuilt ideas behind </li></ul><ul><li>Other people built his ideas, but now people started to realize that they were going to dry up all the lakes </li></ul><ul><li>LA began to conserve water on a scale like never before, leaving the lakes surviving </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Panama Canal Part 1: The Canal <ul><li>After the US purchased the rights to build the Panama Canal, the Chagres river was dammed and a man made lake was built </li></ul><ul><li>After ten years of digging and building locks as big as the Eiffel Tower, whilst trying to stop landslides, the canal was finished </li></ul><ul><li>It opened officially in August 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>The system was relatively simple: water raised the boats up to the level of the next lock, until they reached the lake </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Panama Canal Part 2: Theodore Roosevelt <ul><li>Theodore Roosevelt was the initiator of the construction of the Panama Canal </li></ul><ul><li>After McKinley was assasinated, he became the youngest president ever, at 42 </li></ul><ul><li>His trip to Panama made him the first president ever to the US whilst in office </li></ul><ul><li>He also ran a huge sanitary program, where roads were paved, water pipes were made and new houses were built </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Panama Canal Part 3: Ferdinand de Lesseps <ul><li>Ferdinand de Lesseps built the Suez Canal and tried to build the Panama Canal but failed </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of men died because of Yellow Fever and Malaria, which they believed came from the air, not from mosquitoes </li></ul><ul><li>France was funding Lesseps, but when he failed to construct the canal, it was the biggest financial loss in history up to then </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Panama Canal Part 4: John Stevens and George Goethals <ul><li>John Stevens was the first person that Theodore Roosevelt put in charge of building the Panama Canal </li></ul><ul><li>He ordered wired nets to keep his men away from the mosquitoes and tons of medicine </li></ul><ul><li>He was a great success until he mysteriously quit, at which point Roosevelt appointed George Goethals </li></ul><ul><li>George Goethals successfully completed the canal </li></ul>