California part 1


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California part 1

  1. 1. California Part 1 Nadya Dooley 4/30/11
  2. 2. Queen Calafia’s Island Part 1: The Story <ul><li>California was originally the name of a mystical island in a story </li></ul><ul><li>In the story, it was inhabited by black Amazons called Californians </li></ul><ul><li>Their queen was called Calafia </li></ul><ul><li>Their island was covered in riches and they went on many adventures </li></ul>
  3. 3. Queen Calafia’s Island Part 2: The Landscape <ul><li>When Hernán Cortés discovered California, he thought it was an island and gave it its name </li></ul><ul><li>California resulted from the grinding of the North American and Pacific plates </li></ul><ul><li>This caused it to be an almost abstract region in its arrangements of mountains, valleys, canyons, coastlines, plains and deserts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Queen Calafia’s Island Part 3: The First Californians <ul><li>California had a teeming amount of plant and animal life </li></ul><ul><li>This made it easy for the natives to live off the land </li></ul><ul><li>There were many different tribes and there were around 135 separate languages they spoke </li></ul><ul><li>They thought of the bear as the most powerful of all the animals </li></ul>
  5. 5. Striking It Rich Part 1: The Treaty of Guadalupe <ul><li>The Treaty of Guadalupe hidalgo was signed in 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>It gave the US all Mexican territories north of the Río Grand in return for $15 million in cash and a $3.25 payment of claims </li></ul><ul><li>Because of a disagreement between the North and South, the federal government </li></ul><ul><li>watched over California </li></ul><ul><li>They used an alcalde system of </li></ul><ul><li>governance </li></ul>
  6. 6. Striking It Rich Part 2: James Wilson Marshall <ul><li>James Wilson Marshall lived from 1810 to 1885 </li></ul><ul><li>He was hired by Sutter to build a water based sawmill </li></ul><ul><li>He was astonished when he found gold nuggets in a gravel bed </li></ul><ul><li>This led to the gold rush </li></ul>
  7. 7. Striking It Rich Part 3: The Gold Rush <ul><li>Within 3 years, California’s population had soared to 255,000 </li></ul><ul><li>It was a huge migration of mainly younger men </li></ul><ul><li>They were mostly from China and Australia </li></ul><ul><li>The total amount of gold found was worth $594 million dollars, which in 2001 was worth $10 billion </li></ul>
  8. 8. War and Peace Part 1: Yellow Peril Movement <ul><li>It started after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>The California legislature segregated Japanese children in public schools and put a ban on Japanese owning land </li></ul><ul><li>This led to the white California movement, as well as 110,000 Japanese being put into camps like concentration camps in California </li></ul>
  9. 9. War and Peace Part 2: Leutenant General John L. DeWitt <ul><li>Head of the Western Defense Command </li></ul><ul><li>He thought that all Japanese were threats to the US </li></ul><ul><li>In March, 1942, DeWitt issued Proclamation #1, designating the western half of California, Oregon and Washington, and the southern half of Arizona as military zones </li></ul><ul><li>All Japanese were to be removed from these zones </li></ul>
  10. 10. War and Peace Part 3: Disneyland <ul><li>Disneyland opened in July 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>It showed that urban environments could be deliberately created </li></ul><ul><li>Walt Disney wanted Disneyland to be the happiest place on earth </li></ul><ul><li>It helped areas of Orange County grow </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions like Disneyland were utopian statements </li></ul>