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American urbanization & nyc


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American urbanization & nyc

  1. 1. American Urbanization & New York City By Nadya Dooley 4/23/11
  2. 2. The Country and the City Part 1: Creation and rising <ul><li>New Amsterdam was made because a man called Henry Hudson accidentally found the land </li></ul><ul><li>In the beginning it was disorderly and chaotic </li></ul><ul><li>Soon the it was such a racial diversity that the Dutch were a minority in their own colony </li></ul><ul><li>It started to boom. Slaves were imported and trade peaked. It became New York. In 1740 it became the 3rd largest port in the british empire </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Country and the City Part 2: Issues and resolution <ul><li>Like all cities, it had problems. Riots broke out and negroes were hanged and burned. 1763 was hard times </li></ul><ul><li>In 1775 the American Revolution started </li></ul><ul><li>There were lots of other bumps along the road, but in the end, it became what it is today: A huge, racially diverse city of masses of people getting along together. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Country and the City Part 3: What was most interesting <ul><li>What I found most interesting was the fact that once the Dutch had created New Amsterdam, everyone wanted the land </li></ul><ul><li>So even back then, people were still greedy; were the good ol’ days really the good ol’ days? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sunshine and Shadow Part 1: The Brooklyn Bridge <ul><li>In 1867 the East river froze solid & the people decided to build a bridge across it from Manhattan to Brooklyn </li></ul><ul><li>The task was given to John Augustus Roebling </li></ul><ul><li>He died from tetanus and the job of completing the bridge was given to his son, Washington </li></ul><ul><li>The bridge was finally completed 13 years later </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sushine and Shadow Part 2: William Tweed <ul><li>In the 19th century, New York was a jumble of poor and rich people. The most powerful of them all was a man called William Tweed </li></ul><ul><li>He yanked the prices for things </li></ul><ul><li>up, like making the price of 4 </li></ul><ul><li>thermometers 35,000 dollars </li></ul><ul><li>He was subject to many political </li></ul><ul><li>comics (Like the one to the right) </li></ul><ul><li>He was discovered, and died from </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia in a jail he built </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sunshine and Shadow Part 3: The Big Picture <ul><li>New York was a huge, overpopulated city full of poverty and at the same time, riches </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants poured in by the thousands. It was so crowded that the poor and the rich were living side by side </li></ul><ul><li>It was constantly changing, so the New York you lived in as a child would be a totally different world then the New york you lived in 30 years later </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody minded! </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Merger That Put New York On Top <ul><li>In the early 19th century, New York’s rivals for becoming the nations commercial center were mainly Boston and Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>New York’s advantages were its location and its growing markets </li></ul><ul><li>The Erie Canal allowed NY to have control over the US to Europe exports </li></ul><ul><li>The AOL Timewarner merging could also prevent the west from taking the global economy away from NY </li></ul>
  9. 9. America Compared: The Great Transatlantic Migration <ul><li>During the late 19th century and the early 20th century, millions of people immigrated to the U.S </li></ul><ul><li>Some people also immigrated to places like Canada, Brazil, Argentina, other places in Latin America, and a few other locations, but it was only a small percent to each </li></ul><ul><li>About 25% of the European immigrants returned home with their gathered wealth </li></ul>
  10. 10. America Compared: The Great Transatlantic Migration <ul><li>The flow of European immigrants accelerated even more when steamships replaced sailboats </li></ul><ul><li>They continued to improve the ships with better engines and propellers and sometimes the ships had as many as 1,500 people packed into them </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900 most immigrants had several options for embarking, passenger lines, prices and accommodations and destinations </li></ul>
  11. 11. America Compared: The Great Transatlantic Migration <ul><li>The US didn’t look fondly on return or temporary migrants because they thought it was a paradise for Europe's oppressed and the idea that the immigrants would only come for money clashed with their beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Americans also believed the immigrants might bring conspiracies against them or completely take them over </li></ul><ul><li>This caused laws on immigration to be made </li></ul><ul><li>The transatlantic mass migration didn’t continue after 1914 </li></ul>