A Difficult Past


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A Difficult Past

  1. 1. A Difficult Past- How the Americas Change By Nadya Dooley 2/22/11
  2. 2. The Americas in the 19th Century <ul><li>Gold mining was part of what contributed to the transformation of the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of emigrants from Asia and Europe increased the ethic diversity of American populations </li></ul><ul><li>The age of independence for the US, Canada and the Latin Americas was an era of migration and large economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>The histories of these first lands winning independence later influenced other people seeking freedom but also served as warnings of the difficulties newly freed states faced </li></ul>Part 1: The Americas in the 19th Century
  3. 3. The Americas in the 19th Century <ul><li>After winning independence, the US began to rapidly expand. However, it had an unstable society that sparked civil wars </li></ul><ul><li>Westward expansion caused conflicts with the indigenous peoples of North America, who tried to resist getting pushed out of their ancestral grounds </li></ul><ul><li>The expansion also caused conflicts between the US and Mexico as well as religious issues </li></ul><ul><li>In 1860, the election of Abraham Lincoln caused war between the states </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln was against slavery and the victory of the northern states ended slavery in the US </li></ul><ul><li>This caused the US to become a stronger place </li></ul>Part 2: Building American States: The United States
  4. 4. The Little Ice Age <ul><li>The Little Ice Age was a relatively brief time of cooling that occurred after the medieval warm period </li></ul><ul><li>There are several theories on why it started: (1) volcanoes erupting, causing a cloud of debris to allow less sunlight onto the earth, (2) changes in the ocean circulation causing less warm water to go around, (3) and less radiation from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Although the Little Ice Age caused bad things like the Irish Potato Famine, it may have been the cause of the Stradivarius violin sounding so good, through it’s effect on the trees </li></ul><ul><li>It also caused more people to drink beer rather than wine, creating today's drinking habits </li></ul><ul><li>This is an example that </li></ul><ul><li>one relatively small event can change </li></ul><ul><li>history </li></ul>
  5. 5. Frontiers of the Americas <ul><li>The Louisiana Purchase occurred in 1803 and cost the USA 15 million dollars </li></ul><ul><li>It wasn’t entirely meant to happen, but a series of events lead up to it. Like the Haitian Revolution: This effected Napoleons actions, which was one of the causes of the purchase </li></ul><ul><li>At the time, Thomas Jefferson was president and this was an important moment in his president career </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson didn’t like warfare, which made things difficult because Napoleon loved war. The purchase worked out well for Jefferson because it avoided war </li></ul>Part 1: The Louisiana purchase
  6. 6. Frontiers of the Americas <ul><li>In 1832, Prince Maximilian zu Wied went to the American West </li></ul><ul><li>He stayed there 2 years, studying the native Indians. With him went a painter called Karl Bodmer, who drew the Indians for him </li></ul><ul><li>Back then the Indians were mostly thought of as savages, but Maximilian despite that studied and befriended them </li></ul><ul><li>Maximilian preserved a culture that would soon vanish, and without his studies and Bodmers paintings, we would’ve lost a big part of our history </li></ul>Part 2: The North American Frontier
  7. 7. Crossroads of Freedom Antietam Part 1: Violence <ul><li>Antietam was one of the most violent wars in history </li></ul><ul><li>More than twice the number of people died then in the attack on the world trade center </li></ul><ul><li>More people died there than in all the other wars fought in the country in the 19th century combined! </li></ul><ul><li>Even months after the battle, soldiers walking through the battlefield could see the rotting corpses of thousands of men </li></ul><ul><li>The people could not see what had been accomplished by all the desolation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Crossroads of Freedom Antietam Part 2: Battle Photos <ul><li>During this time, photos of battles were newly available </li></ul><ul><li>Photographers (Like Alexander Gardner) would photograph a few days after the battle to show the desolation it caused </li></ul><ul><li>The bloodshed and violence of what war is really like was revealed to the public </li></ul><ul><li>This only helped to portray the massive destruction of the battle of Antietam </li></ul>
  9. 9. Crossroads of Freedom Antietam Part 3: George B. McClellan <ul><li>McClellan was called “The young Napoleon” </li></ul><ul><li>He was put in command of the army when he was 34 and won many battles </li></ul><ul><li>He was cautious, afraid of defeat and played things carefully, sometimes doubling the amount of enemies when planning </li></ul><ul><li>McClellans loyalty to the Union was questioned </li></ul><ul><li>He openly disliked Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>He was overshadowed and doubted by some other officers </li></ul>
  10. 10. Crossroads of Freedom Antietam Part 4: Ulysses S. Grant <ul><li>Ulysses S. Grant was a stark contrast with McClellan because he always took risks </li></ul><ul><li>Hardly pausing between attacks, he would charge in speedily </li></ul><ul><li>Despite this, he lead the Union troops to their victory! </li></ul>