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Nation report (ning 5) part 3


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Nation report (ning 5) part 3

  1. 1. Brazil: Contemporary Issues By: Jessica Bakken
  2. 2. Contemporary Political Issues <ul><li>Politics of Brazil takes place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Brazil is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the National Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Political Parties in Brazil: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alliance for National Renovation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brazilian Democratic Movement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liberal Front Party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Progresses Party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Democracy Party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brazil Labor Party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic Labor Party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worker’s Party </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Major Economic Themes <ul><li>Brazil's economic history has been influenced remarkably by foreign trade trends and policies. Successive cycles of export booms in such commodities as sugar, gold and diamonds, rubber, and coffee played major roles in Brazilian development before World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Government intervention in foreign trade has a long history in Brazil, reaching back to the colonial period when Portugal forbade Brazilian trade with other nations </li></ul><ul><li>Following independence in 1822, Brazil opened its ports and expanded its trade with other nations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Major Economic Themes (cont.) <ul><li>Other forms of intervention in trade included the 1906 coffee price support plan, which was a sophisticated attempt to exploit Brazil's monopolistic position in the world coffee market </li></ul><ul><li>In the early 1950s, Brazil began to use trade policy in a more deliberate way to promote industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>The forced reduction in Brazilian imports after 1929 had resulted in the first major industrial growth in Brazil, centered in São Paulo </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1953 and 1957, Brazil attempted to use multiple exchange rates to encourage some trade transactions and discourage others </li></ul><ul><li>The new system created not only a new tariff structure but also the administrative machinery to impose or revise tariffs in accord with national development objectives and requests by domestic producers for protection </li></ul><ul><li>Following the imposition of military rule in 1964, Brazil once again modified its trade policies. The new government moved quickly to eliminate some of the restrictions on Brazilian exports, and it provided special incentives for exports of manufactures </li></ul><ul><li>The overall trend in Brazilian trade policy is clear, by the mid-1990s, Brazil had become a much more open economy than it had been a decade earlier </li></ul>
  5. 5. Diplomatic Relations with other States <ul><li>&quot;Brazil always thought it should be a global diplomatic player and that has been the case in trade and climate talks,&quot; Ricupero said. &quot;In the case of Iran, I think it is the first concrete example in which that same desire to be a global player has manifested itself politically.“ </li></ul><ul><li>As the two largest countries in the hemisphere, democracies with multi-cultural, multi-ethnic societies, both Brazil and the U.S. are deepening our engagement and working together to address some of the toughest challenges of the 21st Century countries and peoples together </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>