The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was actually an
above-ground series of escape routes for slaves
traveling from the South to the North trying to
gain their freedom.
Slaves traveled by foot, wagons, boats, and
Slave runaways would usually travel by the light
of night and hide during the day in places known
as stations. These were safe houses owned by
Abolition-The movement to end slavery
Slaves would hide in various places.
Abolitionist – a person who believed and
worked for the abolishment of slavery.
Henry Box Brown
Henry Brown convinced Samuel A. Smith
to pack him in a box and ship him to
Henry Box Brown’s trip to Philadelphia
was grueling, in tight quarters.
Brown was set free in Philadelphia and
eventually made his way to Boston, where
he helped fellow escapees on the
Would you take the risk???
the slaves were caught, they
were sold or beaten with a whip;
sometimes they were lynched.
Conductors were the
people who led the
runaways to freedom.
Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Maryland.
When she learned that her owner was going to sell her,
she decided to escape.
Tubman made 19 journeys from the South to the North
as a Conductor on the Underground Railroad.
$40,000 for the
capture of Harriet
also offered rewards
for the return of
was born a slave
in New York, and
she fled to live
Truth spoke for
William Lloyd Garrison
Station master of
passed through his
Mary Ann Shadd
children in free and
Fled to Canada
Spoke out against
slave children in
Lucretia and her husband
boycotted all goods
produced by slave labor.
Spoke at Quaker
meetings against slavery
Antislavery Convention in
London in 1840
Member of the
number of safe
Susan B. Anthony
Fought for women’s
suffrage in the 20th
She worked for
temperance and antislavery movements
“Quaker Poet” of
Jonathan Walker became
a national hero in 1844
when he was tried and
sentenced as a slave
stealer following an
attempt to assist seven
runaway slaves find
freedom. He was
branded on the right hand
with the letters SS
signifying "Slave Stealer".
Josiah Henson was
one of the first slaves
to write his memoirs
after escaping to
that Henson's writings
were the inspiration
for her 1852 novel,
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Spirituals like “Wade in the Water”, “The Gospel
Train” and “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” directly
refer to the Underground Railroad.
Spirituals gradually evolved to serve a variety of
purposes in the fight for freedom:
1) Singing as an expression of values
2) Singing as a source of inspiration or motivation
3) Singing as an expression of protest
4) Singing as a communication tool
During the time of the Underground
Railroad fugitive slaves would use quilts
as a means of communication.
Quilts were used by conductors to help
fugitive slaves flee the South and arrive
safely in the North.
Quilt Usage in the Underground