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The Underground Railroad - UTSA Lecture


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US History 1 - Lecture at UTSA by Adjunct Instructor Sara Emami

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The Underground Railroad - UTSA Lecture

  1. 1. The Underground Railroad
  2. 2. The Underground Railroad    The Underground Railroad was actually an above-ground series of escape routes for slaves traveling from the South to the North trying to gain their freedom. Slaves traveled by foot, wagons, boats, and trains. Slave runaways would usually travel by the light of night and hide during the day in places known as stations. These were safe houses owned by abolitionists.
  3. 3. Abolitionist    Abolition-The movement to end slavery Slaves would hide in various places. Abolitionist – a person who believed and worked for the abolishment of slavery.
  4. 4. Henry Box Brown
  5. 5. Henry Box Brown    Henry Brown convinced Samuel A. Smith to pack him in a box and ship him to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Henry Box Brown’s trip to Philadelphia was grueling, in tight quarters. Brown was set free in Philadelphia and eventually made his way to Boston, where he helped fellow escapees on the Underground Railroad.
  6. 6. Would you take the risk???  If the slaves were caught, they were sold or beaten with a whip; sometimes they were lynched.
  7. 7. Conductors  Conductors were the people who led the runaways to freedom.
  8. 8. Harriett Tubman
  9. 9.    Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Maryland. When she learned that her owner was going to sell her, she decided to escape. Tubman made 19 journeys from the South to the North as a Conductor on the Underground Railroad.
  10. 10. Harriet Tubman   Southern Plantation owners offered $40,000 for the capture of Harriet Tubman. Plantation Owners also offered rewards for the return of runaway slaves.
  11. 11. Sojourner Truth Sojourner Truth was born a slave in New York, and she fled to live with Quakers.  Truth spoke for abolition and women’s rights. 
  12. 12. William Lloyd Garrison   Abolitionist Published an antislavery newspaper The Liberator
  13. 13. Jermain Loguen    Abolitionist and Religious Leader Station master of Underground Railroad Estimated 1500 Fugitive slaves passed through his home
  14. 14. Mary Ann Shadd     Educated black children in free and slave states Fled to Canada Spoke out against Slavery Educated fugitive slave children in Canada
  15. 15. Lucretia Mott      Lucretia and her husband boycotted all goods produced by slave labor. Abolitionist Women’s Rights Spoke at Quaker meetings against slavery Attended World Antislavery Convention in London in 1840
  16. 16. Fredrick Douglass  Abolitionist Speaker  Published an autobiography
  17. 17. William Still Member of the Pennsylvania Antislavery Society  Established a number of safe houses 
  18. 18. Susan B. Anthony   Fought for women’s suffrage in the 20th Century She worked for temperance and antislavery movements
  19. 19. John Whittier American Abolitionist Poet  “Quaker Poet” of freedom 
  20. 20. Jonathan Walker  Jonathan Walker became a national hero in 1844 when he was tried and sentenced as a slave stealer following an attempt to assist seven runaway slaves find freedom.  He was branded on the right hand with the letters SS signifying "Slave Stealer".
  21. 21. Josiah Henson   Josiah Henson was one of the first slaves to write his memoirs after escaping to freedom. Harriet Beecher Stowe acknowledged that Henson's writings were the inspiration for her 1852 novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin
  22. 22. Routes to Freedom
  25. 25. Spirituals
  26. 26. Spirituals   Spirituals like “Wade in the Water”, “The Gospel Train” and “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” directly refer to the Underground Railroad. Spirituals gradually evolved to serve a variety of purposes in the fight for freedom: 1) Singing as an expression of values 2) Singing as a source of inspiration or motivation 3) Singing as an expression of protest 4) Singing as a communication tool
  27. 27. Quilts   During the time of the Underground Railroad fugitive slaves would use quilts as a means of communication. Quilts were used by conductors to help fugitive slaves flee the South and arrive safely in the North.
  28. 28. Quilt Usage in the Underground Railroad  This Quilt represented the NORTH STAR
  29. 29. Quilts  This quilt was the symbol for the wagon wheel
  30. 30. Quilts  This Quilt symbolize d a log cabin
  31. 31. Quilts  This quilt symbolize d a crossroads
  32. 32. The Underground Railroad