Proper Citation and Referencing for Newspapers and Magazines


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Proper Citation and Referencing for Newspapers and Magazines

  1. 1. CITATION AND REFERENCING NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES ARTICLES Department Of Architecture Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
  2. 2. PRESENTERS  U1OAT1036  U10AT1037  U10AT1038  U10AT1039  U10AT1040  U10AT1041  U10AT1042  U10AT1043  U10AT1044  U10AT1048  U10AT1049
  3. 3. DEFINITIONS  CITATION: These should be included within the body of the document. The citation contains only enough information for the reader to find the source in the reference list. Usually, this is the name of the source's author and the year the source was published. For example:  REFERENCING: is the method used to ensure that research influences are recognised in your assignments, and to show your readers where this information came from. For example: When testing the usability of a website, it is necessary to gather demographic information about the users (Lazar, 2006). Durie, M. (2003). Ngā kāhui pou: Launching Māori futures. Wellington, New Zealand: Huia Publishers
  4. 4. DEFINITIONS  CITATION : a citation occurs when you use a specific source in your work and then follow up with the proper bibliographic information  REFERENCE: is the bibliographic information that guides readers to your source
  5. 5. PROPER CITATIONS Citations are done generally regardless of being a newspaper or magazine. citation are done in different manner depending on the nature of the article to be cited. There are about 5 methods of citing generally, viz: Works by a single author  The last name of the author and the year of publication are inserted in the text at the appropriate point. Example: from design of urban houses (Maina, 2013)  If the name of the author or the date appear as part of the narrative, cite only missing information in parentheses. Example: Maina (2013) stated that
  6. 6. PROPER CITATIONS Works by multiple authors  When a work has two authors, always cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text. In parenthetical material join the names with an ampersand (&). as has been shown (Usman & Jibo, 2012)  In the narrative text, join the names with the word "and." as Usman and Jibo (2012) demonstrated  When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs. Umar, Sambo, and Michael (1991) found  In all subsequent citations per paragraph, include only the surname of the first author followed by "et al." (Latin for "and others") and the year of publication. Umar et al. (1991) found
  7. 7. PROPER CITATIONS Works by associations, corporations, government agencies, etc.  The names of groups that serve as authors (corporate authors) are usually written out each time they appear in a text reference. (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2007)  When appropriate, the names of some corporate authors are spelled out in the first reference and abbreviated in all subsequent citations. The general rule for abbreviating in this manner is to supply enough information in the text citation for a reader to locate its source in the Reference List without difficulty. (NIMH, 2007)
  8. 8. PROPER CITATIONS Works with no author  When a work has no author, use the first two or three words of the work's title (omitting any initial articles) as your text reference, capitalizing each word. Place the title in quotation marks if it refers to an article, chapter of a book, or Web page. Italicize the title if it refers to a book, periodical, brochure, or report. on climate change ("Climate and Weather," 1997) Guide to Agricultural Meteorological Practices (1981)  Anonymous authors should be listed as such followed by a comma and the date. on climate change (Anonymous, 2008)
  9. 9. PROPER CITATIONS Specific parts of a source  To cite a specific part of a source (always necessary for quotations), include the page, chapter, etc. (with appropriate abbreviations) in the in- text citation. (Stigter & Das, 1981, p. 96) De Waal (1996) overstated the case when he asserted that "we seem to be reaching ... from the hands of philosophers" (p. 218).  If page numbers are not included in electronic sources (such as Web- based journals), provide the paragraph number preceded by the abbreviation "para." or the heading and following paragraph. (Mönnich & Spiering, 2008, para. 9)
  10. 10. REFERENCE LIST  References cited in the text of a research paper must appear in a Reference List or bibliography. This list provides the information necessary to identify and retrieve each source. Things to note on the list are:  Order: Entries should be arranged in alphabetical order by authors' last names. Sources without authors are arranged alphabetically by title within the same list.  Authors: Write out the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work. Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work. e.g. Smith, J. D., & Jones, M.  Titles: Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle, and any proper names that are part of a title.  Pagination: Use the abbreviation p. or pp. to designate page numbers of articles from periodicals that do not use volume numbers, especially newspapers. These abbreviations are also used to designate pages in encyclopedia articles and chapters from edited books.  Indentation: The first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines are indented (5 to 7 spaces) to form a "hanging indent".  Underlining vs. Italics: It is appropriate to use italics instead of underlining for titles of books and journals.
  11. 11. REFERENCE LIST  Two additional pieces of information should be included for works accessed online.  Internet Address**: A stable Internet address should be included and should direct the reader as close as possible to the actual work, use a stable URL. If the URL is not stable, as is often the case with online newspapers and some subscription-based databases, use the home page of the site you retrieved the work from.  Date: If the work is a finalized version published and dated, as in the case of a journal article, the date within the main body of the citation is enough. However, if the work is not dated and/or is subject to change, as in the case of an online encyclopedia article, include the date that you retrieved the information.
  12. 12. REFERENCE LIST  How to reference a Newspaper in Print in APA FORMAT: Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Newspaper Title, pp. Page(s) EXAMPLE:(Single Author) Adibe, J. (2014, Thursday 17). A nation at war with itself. Daily Trust, p.72
  13. 13. MULTIPLE AUTHORS Idris, H., Ibrahim, Y., Sawab, I., Wakili, I., Sule, I. K., Mutum, R., Azu, J. C., & Agha, E. (2014, April 17). FG under pressure to find missing girls. Daily Trust, pp. 1, 5.
  14. 14. NO AUTHOR GM to seek court protection against ignition suits. (2014, April 17). Daily Trust,p. 27.
  15. 15. REFERENCE  How to reference a Newspaper Online in APA Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Newspaper Title, pp. Page(s). Retrieved from URL. Kramer, A. E. (2014, April 18). Separatist Leader Vows to Ignore Deal Reached on Ukraine. The New York Times. Retreived from russia.html?hp&_r=0
  16. 16. REFERENCE  How to reference a Magazine in Print in APA Last, F. M. (Year, Month Published). Article title. Magazine Title, volume(issue), pp. Page(s). Rothbart, D. (2008, October). How I caught up with dad. Men's Health, 108-113.
  17. 17. REFERENCE  How to reference a Magazine online in APA Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Magazine Title, Page(s). Retrieved from URL Folger, T. Higgs: What causes the weight of the world." Discover Magazine”. Retrieved from
  18. 18. HOW TO REFERENCE A MAGAZINE IN PRINT IN APA (SINGLE PAGE) Kabiru, s.(2012, September). Examination Malpractice:The deadly parasite in education system. Al-Bia’h, 8.
  20. 20. .
  21. 21. HOW TO REFERENCE A MAGAZINE ONLINE IN APA  FORMAT: Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Magazine Title, Page(s). Retrieved from URL  EXAMPLE: Newman, J. (2013, January). The New Windows Ecosystem. PC World Magazine, 13. Retrieved from