Fractures
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Fractures

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Fractures Fractures Presentation Transcript

  • FRACTURES Zlatko Zebic
  • FRACTURES
    • A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone.
    • Many fractures are the result of high force impact or stress .
    • Bone fracture can also occur as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such fracture is then termed pathological fracture.
  • FRACTURES
    • X-ray image of femoral fracture
  • Type of Fractures
    • Closed fracture
    • Colles’ fracture
    • Comminuted fracture
    • Compound fracture
    • Compression fracture
    • Greenstick fracture
    • Impact fracture
    • Oblique fracture
    • Pathologic fracture
    • Spiral fracture
    • Stress fracture
    • Transverse fracture
  • COLLES’ FRACTURE
    • Fracture of distal radius bone
    • The most common cause of this type of fracture is a fall on an outstretched hand
    • Caused by a fall from a significant height or a motor vehicle accident
  • COLLES’ FRACTURE
    • Diagnosis- may be evident clinically when the distal radius is deformed but should be confirmed by x-ray
    • Treatment - The type of treatment required depends on many factors, including displacement and stability of the fracture fragments
      • Splint or casting
      • Closed reduction
      • Surgery
  • PATHOLOGIC FRACTURE
    • Fractures caused by diseased or weakened bone
    • Conditions that are commonly responsible for pathological fractures:
      • osteoporosis , osteomalacia , paget's disease , osteitis, osteogenesis imperfecta , benign bone tumours and cysts , secondary malignant bone tumours and primary malignant bone tumours.
  • PATHOLOGIC FRACTURES
    • A pathologic fracture usually occurs with normal activities--patients may be doing very routine activities when their bone suddenly fractures.
    • The reason is that the underlying disease process weakens the bone to the point where the bone is unable to perform its normal function.
    • It can affect any bone in the body
  • STRESS FRACTURE
    • Type of incomplete fracture in bones.
    • It is caused by "unusual or repeated stress“ or low impact force like running.
    • It typically occurs in weight-bearing bones, such as the tibia (bone of the lower leg) and metatarsals (bones of the foot).
    • It is a common sports injury, and most cases are associated with athletics.
  • STRESS FRACTURE
    • Sometimes referred to as a
    • “hairline fracture”, very small
    • crack in the bone
  • STRESS FRACTURE
    • Diagnosis- best diagnosed after interview and examination by a physician. X-ray may not show stress fractures.
    • Treatment- rest is the only option for complete healing of a stress fracture. The amount of recovery time varies greatly depending upon the location, severity, and the strength of the body's healing response. Complete rest and a cast or walking boot are usually used for a period of four to eight weeks.