Chapter 1 Building Medical Terms
Building Medical Terms <ul><li>Four different word parts can be used to make medical terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word root...
Word Root <ul><li>Provides the general meaning of the word </li></ul><ul><li>Indicates the body system or the part of the ...
Prefixes <ul><li>Beginning of the word </li></ul><ul><li>Gives information about the location, the number, or the time </l...
Suffixes <ul><li>Attached to the end of the word  </li></ul><ul><li>Indicate condition, disease, or procedure </li></ul><u...
Suffixes <ul><li>Adjective suffixes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convert word root into an adjective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surgi...
Combining Vowel <ul><li>Used to pronounce long medical terms with ease and to combine word parts </li></ul><ul><li>Most of...
Word Building <ul><li>Example: dermat o logy meaning study of the skin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dermat/ -word root , o -combi...
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Chapter 1 Presentation

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Building Medical Terms
  2. 2. Building Medical Terms <ul><li>Four different word parts can be used to make medical terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word root- foundation of the word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefix- beginning of the word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffix- end of the word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combining vowel- vowel that links the word root to another word root or a suffix </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Word Root <ul><li>Provides the general meaning of the word </li></ul><ul><li>Indicates the body system or the part of the body (example: hemat for blood) </li></ul><ul><li>Also, word root may be an action (example: cis for to cut) </li></ul><ul><li>Some terms may have more than one word root </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prefixes <ul><li>Beginning of the word </li></ul><ul><li>Gives information about the location, the number, or the time </li></ul><ul><li>Many have similar spelling but different meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example: anti- means against, ante- means before </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Suffixes <ul><li>Attached to the end of the word </li></ul><ul><li>Indicate condition, disease, or procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Every medical term must have a suffix </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, suffix is add to word root but sometimes suffix is added directly to a prefix </li></ul>
  6. 6. Suffixes <ul><li>Adjective suffixes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convert word root into an adjective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surgical suffixes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicate surgical procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For example: - centesis means puncture to withdraw fluid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Procedural suffixes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicate procedural processes or instrument </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For example: - gram means record or picture </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Combining Vowel <ul><li>Used to pronounce long medical terms with ease and to combine word parts </li></ul><ul><li>Most often the vowel o </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used between a word root and suffix or between two word roots </li></ul>
  8. 8. Word Building <ul><li>Example: dermat o logy meaning study of the skin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dermat/ -word root , o -combining vowel, -logy –suffix </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: epigastric means over the stomach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>epi- prefix, gastr/ -word root, -ic –adjective suffix </li></ul></ul>
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