2. The coming of the
The trade routes
Early voyages to
The division of the
The first baptism
The Battle of
The Importance of
Passed by :
3. The Villalobos
The Legazpi Expedition
The Discoveries of a
First settlement in
The settlement in
The first Spanish
Voyage to Manila
The Founding of Manila
Expeditions to other Parts
4. “Orient”- the European’s term for Asia or the East.
Oriental spices, silk, fruits, attar of roses, Persian
rugs, perfumes and precious stones were easily sold in
European market at big profit.
The Venetians or citizens of venice which later
became a city of italy.
The Portuguese, the Spaniards, and other peoples of
Europe began to trade with oriental countries. As a
result, rivalry develop among the European countries.
5. The Europeans were developing their trades with Asia their
three trade routes connecting Asia to Europe.
1453 – the TURKS captured the city of Constantinople
through which two routes passed.
The Venetian monopoly compelled Portugal and Spain to look
for another route to Asia so they could continue their lucrative
trade with the Asian countries.
6. Portugal – was the first to send expeditions to the east.
Prince Henry – famous Portuguese navigator, who was
called “The Navigator” . He sent an expedition to the
Azores near the coast of Africa in 1421.
INSTRUMENTS IN NAVIGATION
The windrose compass
Caravel(kind of ship)
Bartholomew Diaz- discovered the “Cape of good hope”.
Christopher Columbus- a native Genoa, discovered North
America in 1492.
7. Amerigo Vespucci- also an italian, was sent by the Spanish
king and queen to explore what columbus had found.
Vicente Pinzon- discover what is now Brazil in 1500.
Nuñez de Balboa- crossed what is now Panama and
discover the pacific ocean in 1513.
8. Portugal- was the first country to sail to the East and
Pope Alexander VI- a Spaniard, issued a bull in 1493
dividing the world into two.
Two avoid any conflict between the two nations, they
concluded the TREATY OF TORDESILLAS on June
9. Ferdinand Magellan- was a Portuguese who went to
Spain to offer his services to the Spanish king.
Magellan was able to see King Charles I of Spain. The
meeting between the two was held in 1518.
Mollucas- known as the Spice Islands.
The expedition consisted of five ships:
T he flagship Trinidad
The San antonio
10. September 20, 1590- the expedition left port and sailed
Southward across the Atlantic.
Strait of Magellan- a strait to the Pacific Ocean whose
named after him.
Islas De Landrones(Islands of Thieves)
March 17, 1521- magellan sighted the mountains of Samar.
Magellan proceeded to the islet of Limasawa ruled by Rajah
Father Pedro De Valderrama- who accompanied the
expedition celebrated the mass near the seashore.
Pigafetta said “After the cross was erected in position, each
of us repeated Pater Noster and an Ave Maria, and adored
the cross; and the kings did the same.
11. Magellan ordered his captains to sail for what is now Cebu
guide by Rajah Kulambu the ships entered the Cebu in April
Rajah Humabon- the Cebu chieftain, welcomed the
Spaniards and soon a blood compact ensued between him
April 15, 1521- mass was celebrated in Cebu. Some 800
natives became christians that day.
Infant Jesus- was now the patron of Cebu.
12. Magellan and around sixty of his men, all well-armed , sailed
for Mactan early in the morning of April 28.
Si Lapulapu- refused to listen to Magellan’s demand that he
pay tribute to Spain.
In the Battle, Magellan was wounded in the leg. Seeing
this, the brave people of Mactan rushed at him and killed him
with their spears.
13. The Victoria and the Trinidad was the two ships remained
with the remaining Spaniards who decided to leave Cebu.
The Trinidad was captured by the Portuguese while the
Victoria commanded by Sebastian Del Cano succeeded in
Magellan’s voyage proved conclusively that the earth was
14. King Charles sent other expeditions which however, failed.
The Loaysa expedition of 1525-1526 commanded by Father
Juan Garcia Jofre De Loaysa
The Cabot expedition of 1526-1530 commanded by
The Sayavedra expedition of 1527-1528 commanded by
Alvaro De Sayavedra
Spain and Portugal quarreled over the possesion of the
April 22, 1529- Spain and Portugal signed the TREATY OF
15. Ruy Lopez De Villalobos- commanded the expeditions with
six ships to the East.
Villalobos named the Islands of Samar and Leyte
FELIPINAS in honored of Prince Philip of Spain.
Villalobos tried to sail for Mexico but died in Amboina in
16. In 1556, an expedition to the East was sent by King Philip
Father Andres De Urdaneta- who was a member of the
Loaysa expedition as pilot of the new mission.
Miguel Lopez De Legazpi- was appointed head of the
expedition with four ships and about 380 men.
November 21, 1564- legazpi sailed from the Mexican port
The expedition reached Cebu in February 1565.
Bankaw- datu of Limasawa conclude a blood compact
Datu si Katuna and Si Gala- had a blood compact with
Legazpi in Bohol.
17. Legazpi ordered the return of the ship San Pedro to Mexico.
It was to be piloted by Father Urdaneta and accompanied by
Legazpi’s grandson Felipe De Salcedo. Sailing from the
port of Cebu on June 1, 1565.
Father Urdaneta discovered a new route which the Manila
galleons would follow in later years.
18. Legazpi and his men entered Cebu harbor on April 27.
Policy of Attraction- applied by Legazpi, this was a form of a
triangle one side of which faced the land and the other sides faced
A fort was constructed and the Spaniards called it FORT SAN
The Spanish settlement was called SAN MIGUEL. Legazpi
renamed the settlement “City of the most holy name of Jesus”.
19. Mateo Del Saz- the captain of the boat and Master of
Gonzalo De Pereira- the Portuguese captain, harrassed
Legazpi by blockading Cebu in order to starve the
He and his men sailed for Panay in 1569.
Legazpi founded the second Spanish settlement in the
20. Masbate, Burias, and Ticao were claimed in the name of
King of Spain.
Captain Enriquez De Guzman- sailed for southern Luzon
and reached Albay.
Juan De Salcedo- Legazpi’s younger grandson,led a small
expedition to the north.
Manila- was a prosperous Muslim Kingdom.
Legazpi decided to send an expedition in manila which left
Panay for mindoro on May 8, 1570.
Martin De Goiti- who succeeded Mateo del Saz as Master
21. Manila or Maynila was a thriving Muslim Kingdom ruled by
Rajah Sulayman or Soliman.
Lantaka- answered shots from the native cannons.
The Founding of
Manila was the First governor-general of the Philippines.
Father Diego de Herrera- an Augustinian
friar, suggested that they settle in Luzon instead,
Rajah Sulayman gatherd a force of fierce warriors from
the Barangays of Pampanga and Bulacan, and fought the
enemy in the Battle of Bangkusay in tondo.
Legazpi took over Manila in 1571.
June 24, 1571- Legazpi made Manila the capital of the
King Philip II- called Manila “Distinguished and Ever
22. Legazpi thought of sending expeditions to other parts of
Luzon with Sulayman defeated and Sulayman’s uncle
Lakandula , cooperating with the Spaniards.
Taytay , Cainta and other towns of Rizal Provinceconquered by Salcedo.
Salcedo founded the town of Villa Fernandina in honor of
Prince Fernando .
Prince Fernando- the first born son of King Philip II.
Salcedo greeted him by the tragedy in manila, for he was
informed that his grandfather had died.
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi died on August 20, 1572.