TEK is “a cumulative body of knowledge and beliefs, handed down through generations by cultural transmission, about the relationship of living beings (including human beings) with another and with their environment” (Berkes, 1993).
TK is information that people in given community, based on experience and adaptation to a local culture and environment, have developed over time, and continue to develop .
IK is knowledge that is unique to a given culture or society (Manyatsi, 2011).
This knowledge is used to sustain the community and its culture and to maintain the genetic resources necessary for the continued survival of the community.
“ The most formidable challenge lies in finding ways to utilize local knowledge alongside natural science for management development. While most scientists acknowledge and are sympathetic regarding the utilization of local understanding, they are at most considerable doubt regarding its utility and legitimacy . As a result, the most common forms of accommodation have involved utilizing the knowledge in ways that assist scientific inquiry rather than providing some degree of alternative to it ” (Larry Felt, 2008)
Case study 1: How TEK is used in fisheries management in East Africa?
“ On a continuum of property rights, exclusive possession (freehold) is at one end. At the other is no property, as in fisheries or the atmosphere. In between lies common property, where the rights to exploit a resource are held by people in conjunction with each other ” (Robert Wade, 1987)
Case study 2: An Interdisciplinary Assessment of the Impact of Agricultural Research
An Interdisciplinary Assessment of Impact of Agricultural Research (Meinzen-Dick et al., 2004)
(Meinzen-Dick et al., 2004) Factors Affecting Technology Adoption