Aplikasi teori.model konsepsual kep di yankes

740
-1

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
740
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Bagaimana saya bisa mempelajirinya ontologi : > pada diri kita kedalam cth who I am /siapa saya=bisa bermanfaat (nilai-nilai) ada alasan philosofis..
  • Aplikasi teori.model konsepsual kep di yankes

    1. 1. Aplikasi Teori/Model Konsepsual Keperawatan dalam Pelayanan Kesehatan Achir Yani S. Hamid, D.N.Sc
    2. 2. Kerjakan dalam 10 menit  Ambil selembar kertas  Tulis pengalaman pribadi anda yang paling berkesan yang telah meningkatkan pengetahuan anda tentang keperawatan  Bisa pengalaman ketika praktik di tempat kerja, mendidik atau meneliti  Apa makna dari pengalaman tersebut bagi kehidupan personal dan professional anda
    3. 3. Epistemology  Epistemology: the study of what human beings know; how they come to know what they think they know and what the criteria are for evaluating knowledge claims  Nursing epistemology: the study of knowledge shared among the members of the discipline, the patterns of knowing and knowledge that developed from them an the criteria for accepting knowledge claims
    4. 4. Types of knowledge specific to nursing as a discipline  Clinical knowledge  Conceptual knowledge  Empirical knowledge
    5. 5. Pattern s of Knowing  Empirics, the science of nursing  Aesthetics, the art of nursing  The component of a personal knowledge in nursing  Ethics, the component of moral knowledge in nursing
    6. 6. Ontology of nursing  Its locus in person as caring in community with others and with universe
    7. 7. Epistemological and ontological questions related to patterns of knowing and ways of being Concept Epistemology Ontology Empirical Esthetic How do I come to know the knowable? How do I come to know the artistry? How do I find meaning in what I know? What does my perceptual sensibility to art reveal to me? Personal knowledge Ethical How do I come to know who I am? How do I come to know what I morally ought to do? Who I am? Who ought I to be morally?
    8. 8. Pattern of Knowing Pattern Description Mode of Inquiry Examples of Evodence Empirics Publicly verifiable, factual descriptions, explanations, or predictions based on subjective or objective group data; the science of nursing Empirical research Scientific data Ethics Descriptions of moral obligations, moral and nonmoral values, and desired ends; the ethics of nursing Identification, analysis, and clarification of beliefs and values; dialogue about and justification of beliefs and values Standards of practice, codes of ethics, philosophies of nurisng Personal Expression of the quality and authenticity of the interpersonal process between each nurse and each patient; the interpersonal relationships of nursing Opening, centering, thinking, listening and reflecting Autobiographical stories Aesthetics Expressions of the nurse’s perception of what is significant in an individual patient’s behavior; the art and act of nursing Envisioning possibilities, rehearsing nursing art and acts Aesthetic criticism and works of art
    9. 9. Pengakuan terhadap esensi sbg keyakinan :  Pandangan utuh tentang manusia  Komitmen terhadap caring sbg suatu ungkapan rasa kemanusian  Perspektfi tentang pendidikan yg mengakui kesatuan antara mind-body- spirit dan pengakuan
    10. 10. Keperawatan  Disiplin Ilmiah  Disiplin Ilmiah merupakan body of knowledge terdiri lebihd dari satu paradigma untuk menuntun pencaritahuan ilmiah guna memahami fenomena  Paradigma adalah cara pandang dunia tentang suatu fenomena yang menjadi fokus (concern) dari suatu disiplin  Pengembangan paradigma diperlukan untuk memperkokoh suatu disiplin, dan tiap paradigma akan menhasilkan beberapa teori
    11. 11. Sains Keperawatan  Science = to know  The theoretical explanation of the subject of inquiry and the methodological process of attaining knowledge in a discipline, thus science is both product and process
    12. 12. Research  Research is how we create science  The formal process of seeking knowledge and understanding through use of rigorous methodologies  A systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalize knowledge
    13. 13.  Falsafah Ilmu  Falsafah keperawatan dan perannya dalam pengembangan ilmu keperawatan  Keperawatan sebagai profesi/disiplin FALSAFAH KEPERAWATAN
    14. 14. Teori:  Serangkaian hubungan antar konsep yang menguraikan & meramalkan fenomena disiplin, mencakup:  Asumsi: pernyataan mengenai fenomena sentral suatu disiplin yang mewakili keyakinan pakar teori.  Konsep: ide abstrak tertulis pada tingkat teoritis yang merupakan fondasi bangunan suatu teori.  Prinsip: pernyataan yang menghubungkan >2 konsep tertulis pada tingkat teoritis.  Proposisi: pernyataan yang menghubungkan > 2 konsep dari prinsip, sehingga dapat menjadi pedoman untuk riset dan praktik
    15. 15. Ilmu:  Kumpulan pengetahuan yang padat & proses mengetahui melalui penyelidikan sistematis & terkendali: metode ilmiah.  Proses perbaikan diri berkesinambungan yang melibatkan perkembangan teori & uji empiris  Bertujuan: mengamati, mengklarifikasi & menyelidiki hubungan yang memberikan pengertian tentang fenomena
    16. 16. Falsafah Pengetahuan Proses pikir abstrak Introspekesi Intuisi Pembenaran (reasoning) Uji Realitas (Penelitian) Dunia Empiris Praktik Keperawatan Abstrak Konkrit Ilmu Teori
    17. 17. Model Konseptual Pemberian Asuhan Keperawatan  Dikembangkan atas pandangan/ pengetahuan teoritik para pakar keperawatan tentang keperawatan yang bertolak dari paradigma keperawatan •Praktik •Pendidikan •Riset
    18. 18. Beberapa Model Konseptual:  Complementary-supplementary Model (Henderson)  Self Care Model (Orem)  Interpersonal Process Model (Peplau)  Health Care System Model (Neuman)  Adaptation Model (Roy)
    19. 19. Paradigma Keperawatan Henderson PeplauB.Neuman Orem •Konsep sentral •Tujuh elemen utama •Proses keperawatan •Konsep sentral •Tujuh elemen utama •Proses keperawatan •Konsep sentral •Tujuh elemen utama •Proses keperawatan Model Konseptual
    20. 20. Model Konseptual dan Praktik Keperawatan Fokus pada hubungan Ners Klien •Deskripsi konsep sentral •Tujuh elemen utama •Proses keperawatan
    21. 21. Model Konseptual dan Praktik Keperawatan Paradigma Kep Hubungan dg konsep utama atau deskripsi konsep sentral/paradigma keperawatan Intervensi Kep 7 elemen utama Asuhan kep.: Tujuan askep, klien, peran ners, masalah kep, fokus intervensi, cara intervensi, konsekuensi tindakan Proses Kep. Hubungan dg penerapan metode/proses Kep sbg metode ilmiah menyelesai kan masalah kep, yg dihadapi kien
    22. 22. Model Konseptual & Praktik Keperawatan  Deskripsi konsep sentral: manusia, masyarakat/lingkungan, sehat dan keperawatan  Tujuh elemen utama: tujuan askep, klien, peran ners, masalah keperawatan, fokus intervensi, cara /metode intervensi, konsekuensi intervensi  Proses keperawatan: pengkajian, diagnosis keperawatan, perencanaan tindakan, melaksanakan intervernsi kep, dan evaluasi hasil tindakan.
    23. 23. Model Pemberian Askep (Nursing Delivery Models) fungsional tim kasus/total care primer
    24. 24.  When a new discovery is reported to the scientific world, they say first, “it is probably not true.” When the truth of the proposition has been demonstrated beyond question, they say, “it may be true, but it is not important. “when sufficient time has elapsed to fully evidence its importance they say, “Surely it is important, but it is no longer new.” (Montaigne in Parse, 1987)

    ×