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Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident
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Introduction to Sociology UNISEL Research on Understanding of Motorcyclist Behaviour on the Road and Accident

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As a developing country, the population of Malaysia is increasing day by day. Until 26 October 2012, the population of Malaysia have been increase to the total of 29,509,774 according to the …

As a developing country, the population of Malaysia is increasing day by day. Until 26 October 2012, the population of Malaysia have been increase to the total of 29,509,774 according to the Department of Statistics Malaysia. Due to this matter, the number of vehicle is also increasing. According to the statistics released by the Ministry of Transport Malaysia, the total registered vehicle in Malaysia until 2011 is 21,401,269 including car, motorcycles, buses, lorry and others. The increasing numbers of the vehicle somehow contributing to the increasing number of accident involving road users. Nowadays, accidents that caused deaths on the road had become a national problem which is regularly reported every day either in television or newspaper. Statistics released by the Polis DiRaja Malaysia for the year 2002 until 2011 shown that 6,501,263 accidents reported and it still increasing. Throughout that year, accident that involving motorcycle is the highest in total of 1,069,449 cases reported. Various programs have been implemented by the government in an effort to reduce the rate of road accidents. Some of the method used by the government to ensure Malaysians are safe while on the road are Ops Pacak, Ops Sikap, Ops Statik as well as using helicopters to monitor the movement of vehicles, distribution of posters, awareness campaigns and also law enforcement have been done. Unfortunately, until this year, there are no sign that the number of accident will be decrease. Despite of the government effort to minimize road accidents, the reality is the road accidents keep increasing and road deaths has now become the number one threat and becoming critical issue in Malaysia especially with increasing number of vehicles each year. Moreover, voracious drivers have make the roads as a place to race, as well as taking advantage of the testing the capabilities of their vehicles speed or acceleration. All the rules of the road, as well as warning signs are guide for the road user to be safe in road and should not to be ignored.

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  • 1. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY [JMD1123] TITLE RESEARCH ON UNDERSTANDING OF MOTORCYCLIST BEHAVIOUR ON THE ROAD AND ACCIDENT PREPARED BY ZULFADLI BIN YUSMAR 3122000331 MUHAMMAD HAFIZ BIN ABDUL HADI 3122010011 DINI FADHLI BIN NAJIMUDDIN 3122000201 ZULKARNAEN BIN ZAINAL ABIDIN 3122005561 SHAHRUL ARIFFIN BIN SHAHRUL ZAMAN 3122005551 LECTURER MISS FAIZAH BINTI DIN SUBMISSION DATE 20 NOVEMBER 2012
  • 2. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and AccidentACKNOWLEDGEMENTFirst of all, we would like to say Alhamdulillah because after 1 month strugglingin doing our research, we successfully completed it before the submission date.We also would like to say thank you to our lecturer, Miss Faizah Binti Din forthe nonstop guidance and advice. She inspired us greatly to work in this project.Her willingness to motivate us contributed tremendously to our project. We alsowould like to thank her for showing us some example that related to the topic ofour project. Besides that, we would like to say thank you to the respondent on theinternet that gives us positive feedback and also useful advice. Finally, anhonourablethank you goes to our families and friends for theircontinuers’ supportson us in completing this project. Without helps of the particular that mentionedabove, we would face many difficulties while completing this research work.
  • 3. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident TABLE OF CONTENT 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1 2.0 PROBLEM STATEMENT 2 3.0 OBJECTIVE 3 4.0 METHODOLOGY 4 4.1 Collecting Data 4.2 Processing Data 5.0 FINDING 5.1 Demography of the Respondent 5.1.1 Age 5 5.1.2 Racial 5 5.1.3 Sex 6 5.1.4 Frequency of the Respondents Riding 6 Motorcycle in a Day 5.1.5 Respondents and Road Accident 7 5.2 Psychographic Section 5.2.1 The Respondent Behaviour While Riding 8 - 10 Motorcycles in Road 5.2.2 The Motorcyclist Understanding about the 11 - 12 Road Rules and Regulation 5.2.3The Respondent Perception about the 13 - 14 Condition of Their Motorcycle 5.2.4The Respondent Awareness about the Road 15 – 16 Safety Campaign 5.2.5 The Motorcyclist Perceptions toward Road 17 - 18 Accident 6.0 SUMMARY 19 - 21
  • 4. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident 7.0 APPENDIX 22 7.1 Respondents Survey Data Collection 8.0 REFERENCE 23
  • 5. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and AccidentTOPIC: A Study of Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident1.0 INTRODUCTIONAs a developing country, the population of Malaysia is increasing day by day.Until 26 October 2012, the population of Malaysia have been increase to the totalof 29,509,774 according to the Department of Statistics Malaysia. Due to thismatter, the number of vehicle is also increasing.According to the statisticsreleased by the Ministry of Transport Malaysia, the total registered vehicle inMalaysia until 2011 is 21,401,269 including car, motorcycles, buses, lorryandothers. The increasing numbers of the vehicle somehow contributing to theincreasing number of accident involving road users.Nowadays,accidents thatcaused deaths on the road had become a national problem which isregularlyreported every day either in television or newspaper. Statistics released by thePolis DiRaja Malaysia for the year 2002 until 2011 shown that 6,501,263accidents reported and it still increasing. Throughout that year, accident thatinvolving motorcycle is the highest in total of1,069,449 cases reported. Various programs have been implemented by the government in an effortto reduce the rate of road accidents. Some of the method used by the governmentto ensure Malaysians are safe while on the road are Ops Pacak, Ops Sikap, OpsStatik as well as using helicopters to monitor the movement of vehicles,distribution of posters, awareness campaigns and alsolaw enforcement have beendone.Unfortunately, until this year, there are no sign that the number of accidentwill be decrease.Despite of the government effort to minimize road accidents, the reality is theroad accidents keep increasing and road deaths has now become the number onethreat and becoming critical issue in Malaysia especially with increasing numberof vehicles each year. Moreover, voracious drivers have make the roads as a placeto race, as well as taking advantage of the testing the capabilities of their vehiclesspeed or acceleration.All the rules of the road, as well as warning signs are guidefor the road user to be safe in road and should not to be ignored. Page 1 of 23
  • 6. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident2.0 PROBLEM STATEMENT Analyses in some previously Ops Sikapthat was held over the few yearsduring festive season discovered that the attitude of drivers who do not obey theroad laws and ignored the other vehicle is the main cause of the accident. In otherwords, drivers generally only follow the rules when they see the police. Articles inThe Star on Tuesday date 8 March 2011 reported that The Road TransportDepartment (JPJ) estimated that at any one time, there may be over 1.4 millionhabitual traffic offenders on the road. JPJ director-general DatukSolah Mat Hassan was also reported said thatthe involvement of these offenders in accidents was evident from frequentfindings that showed those involved in major accidents had been booked multipletimes.He said there was a need for concern as there was a growing number ofMalaysians misbehaving on roads and committing offences that directlycontributed to accidents, even fatalities. From the statistics released by the Ministry of Transport Malaysia, we canconclude that motorcyclist has the more risk when they are using road. Hence, themain purpose of this research is to understand more about the motorcyclistbehaviour and to find out whether is it has something to do with accident or not. Page 2 of 23
  • 7. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident3.0 OBJECTIVEFor the first step of our research, we have identified our research objectives tomake sure that our research success and run smoothly. As we are going to studythe behaviour of the motorcyclist, we need to understand the definition ofbehaviour. Oxford Dictionaries define that behaviour is the way in which one actsor conducts oneself, especially towards others. In other word, we would like tostudy the way motorcyclist conduct their action while they are using the road. Ourresearch objective is to know: 2.1 What motorcyclists usually do while riding their motorcycle? 2.2 Did they always follow the road rules and regulation when they are using road? 2.3 What is the motorcyclist perception about their vehicle condition before using it on road? 2.4 What is their perception about getting in accident every time they ride the motorcycle on road? 2.5 Do they know or aware about the road safety campaign? 2.6 What do they think about the road safety campaign? 2.7 Whether did the road safety campaign influence their behaviour? Page 3 of 23
  • 8. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident4.0 METHODOLOGY4.1 Collecting DataIn order to achieve our research objective, we decided to use survey as a methodof our research. However, instead of using the old method of survey that needs usto distribute the questionnaire to the respondents, we are agreed to collect the databy using the online survey that is hosted by Google Doc. One of the reasons weusing online survey method is to get more respondent without limit of time, placeand weather. Our respondents also will be able to forward the survey to theirfriends and we will keep receiving more responds from the internet user. The respondents are chosen randomly in Malaysia via social networkingsuch as Facebook and Twitter and also via weblog. By using internet, we alsobelieve that our respondents knew that their identity is anonymous andfurthermore they won’t be bias on answering our question.4.2 Processing DataWe begin to distributing our questionnaire via internet starting on 10 November2012. After 2 days, we decided to end our online questionnaire on 12 November2012 because we received than 120 respondents. However, we need to filter thedata that we have received because some of the respondent that filled out thequestionnaire is not a teenager.To overcome this problem, we have decided toonly select the data coming from the respondent aged 16 years old until 22 yearold.The total number of respondent after we filteredis 80 people. With the help from Google Doc and Microsoft Excel we processed thedata that already filtered and the results will be presented in percentage andillustrated by charts following the summary. Page 4 of 23
  • 9. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident5.0FINDING5.1 Demography of the RespondentBelow is the information of our respondent demography.5.1.1 AGE Age Total (%) AGE 16 – 18 32 40% 16 - 18 19 - 22 19 – 22 48 60% 40% 60%From the above graph, 60% of our respondents come from age range of 19 yearsold until 22 years old while 40% of them are from the age of 16 years old until 18years old.5.1.2 RACIAL Race Total (%) RACIAL Malay 67 84% Indian Others Chinese 2% 4% Chinese 8 10% 10% Indian 2 3% Malay 84% Others 3 4%Most of our respondents is a Malay (84%) followed by Chinese (10%) then otherraces (4%) and lastly Indian (4%). We believe that we managed to get multiracialrespondent because we are using online questionnaires method that help us toreach the multiracial respondent. Page 5 of 23
  • 10. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident5.1.3 SEX . Sex Total (%) SEX Male 32 96% 4% Female 48 4% 96% Male FemaleAs shown in the chart and table above, the majority of our respondent is a male(96%). The female only consist of 4% of 80 respondents.5.1.4 FREQUENCY OF THE RESPONDENTS RIDING MOTORCYCLEIN A DAY Frequency Total (%) FREQUENCY OF THE RESPONDENTS RIDING MOTORCYCLE 1 – 2 times 33 41% IN A DAY 35 33 3 – 4 times 23 29% 30 25 23 5 – 6 times 14 18% 20 14 15 10 7 times and above 10 13% 10 5 0 1 - 2 times 3 - 4 times 5 - 6 times 7 times and aboveReferring to the graph, only 13% of our respondent used motorcycle in road formore than 7 times in a day. We find out that 41% of our respondent ridingmotorcycle only 1 or 2 times in day and 29% ride the motorcycle for 3 or 4 timesin a day followed by 18% who ride the motorcycle for 5 or 6 times in a day. Page 6 of 23
  • 11. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident5.1.5 RESPONDENTS AND ROAD ACCIDENT RESPONDENTS AND ROAD Total (%) ACCIDENT Have Experience 44 43 37 46% 42 With Accident 40 No Experience 38 37 43 54% With Accident 36 34 Have Experience No Experience With With Accident AccidentAccording the graph above, we can conclude that most of our respondent (54%)doesn’t have experience involving in accident while the rest have an experienceinvolving in accident. Page 7 of 23
  • 12. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident5.2 PSYCHOGRAPHIC SECTION5.2.1 The Respondent Behaviour While Riding Motorcycles In Road 70 60 50 40 30 Never Rarely 20 Sometime Always 10 0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Never 29 10 22 11 60 28 19 Rarely 27 15 27 34 12 32 30 Sometime 17 30 18 23 3 16 18 Always 7 25 13 12 5 4 13Graph and table above is plotted based on the answer given by our respondent inour online questionnaires. These answers are based on question as below: Q1.1 Did they use mobile phone while riding motorcycle on the road? Q1.2 Did rider usually talking with the pillion passengers while they are riding motorcycle? Q1.3Did they ride motorcycle in tandem with their friends when they are using motorcycle on road? Q1.4 Did they usually looking around the roadside until causing themlose their focus while riding motorcycle? Q1.5 Did they perform dangerous stunts while riding motorcycle on the road? Q1.6 Did they ever ride a motorcycle even they know that their physical condition is in not good condition? Page 8 of 23
  • 13. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident Q1.7 Did they ever ride a motorcycle even though the weather is not in good condition?For the question Q1.1, out of the 80 respondent only 7 (9%) of them admit thatthey always using mobile phone while riding motorcycle. Furthermore, the other29 (36%) of our respondent admit that they never using mobile phone while ridingmotorcycle. Another 17 (21%) of them said that they sometimes using mobilephone while riding motorcycle compare than 27 (34%) of them that rarely usemobile phone. From the result that we get, we can conclude that the behaviour ofusing mobile phone while riding motorcycle is a new trend practiced by themotorcyclist nowadays. Moving to the question Q1.2, 30 (38%) of our respondent sometimes didtalk with the pillion passengers while they riding motorcycle on the road. On theother hand, 25 (31%) of our respondent always talking with the pillion passengerswhile riding motorcycle compare than only 10 (13%) who didn’t practised it. Theother 15 (19%) of them rarely talking with the pillion passengers. As aconclusion, we can assume that majority of the teenagers who ride the motorcycledid talk with the pillion passengers. When rider talking with the pillion passengerswhile riding motorcycle, it isbelievedthat the rider will lose their focus. In Q1.3, we asked our respondent did they ride motorcycle in tandem withtheir friends while riding motorcycle on road. The reasons we asked this questionis some of the accident reported is caused by the motorcyclist that ride in tandemhave been crashed by car from behind. The result we get is 27 (34%) of themrarely riding motorcycle in tandem while 13 (16%) of them always riding intandem with their friend in road. The balance 22 (28%) of them never ride intandem and 18 (23%) of our respondent sometimes did ride in tandem. Next, the result that we get from our respondent for question Q1.4 is 12(15%) of our respondent said that they look around the road without focussing onthe way they ride the motorcycle on road while another 11 (14%) of ourrespondent never look around the road while riding motorcycle. Majority of ourrespondent about 34 (43%) admit that they rarely lose their focus while ridingmotorcycle by looking around. The rest of our respondent 23 (29%) claimed thatthey only look around the road sometimes. For the question Q1.5, we asked our respondent did them ever dodangerous stunt while riding motorcycle on the road. Most of our respondentabout 60 (75%) of them never do a dangerous stunt while they are ridingmotorcycle on the road. From 80 respondent, only 5 (6%) of them admit that theyalways do the dangerous stunt on the road while some of our respondent 12 (15%)rarely did the dangerous stunt on the road. Only 3 (4%) sometimes did it on theroad. Page 9 of 23
  • 14. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident On the question Q1.6, 32 (40%) of our respondent claimed that they rarelyriding their motorcycle when their physical condition is in not good conditionsuch as fever, dizzy and others. Only 4 (5%) said that they always ride themotorcycle even though they know that their condition is in poor condition.Another 28 (35%) said that they never ride the motorcycle when they are nothealthy enough while only 16 (20%) said sometime they did ride the motorcycleon the road while they are sick. For the last question which is question Q1.7, we asked our respondent didthey ever ride a motorcycle even though the weather is not in good condition. As aresult, 30 (38%) of our respondent admitted that they rarely ride motorcycle inbad weather while the other 13 (16%) admitted that they always ride motorcycleeven in bad weather such as lighting or windy day. Furthermore, only 18 (23%)said that they sometimes did ride the motorcycle in bad weather conditioncompare than 19 (24%) of them who doesn’t. As a conclusion, from the answered we received from our respondent, outof the 7 causes of motorcyclist accident, the highest is the behaviour practiced bythe motorcyclist today is the rider always talking with the pillion passengersbehind them. Accordingto the New Zealand (NZ) Transport Agency, one of thecauses that make rider to lose their focus is when they are talking to the pillionpassengers. Most of the motorcycle accident reported these days is believedhappened because of the riders’ distraction. While riding motorcycle also, motorcyclists need to be educated thatlosing their focus only for a while on the road can cause a permanent injuries oreven death. They are many reasons causing rider distraction such as using mobilephone while riding motorcycle, riding in tandem with others motorcyclist, lookingat things on the roadside and many more. As being reported by the NZ TransportAgency, motorcyclist need to make sure their physical and also mental conditionare in perfect condition. Not only that, before starting their journey, it is also agood practices to see the weather that day so can you can be prepared on road. Page 10 of 23
  • 15. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident5.2.2 The Motorcyclist Understanding about the Road Rules and Regulation 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Never 28 21 28 30 41 Rarely 28 26 28 19 19 Sometime 18 13 14 13 12 Always 6 20 10 18 8Graph and table above is plotted based on the question that we asked to ourrespondent about did they obey the road rules and regulation when they are ridingmotorcycle on the road. Q2.1Did they ever continue their journey despite the traffic light showing red or orange light while riding motorcycle? Q2.2 Did they ever ride motorcycles exceeding the speed limit in some road area? Q2.3 Did they ever to veer with whim without giving signal lights before they veer? Q2.4Did they wear their helmet if their destination is within a short distance? Q2.5Did they ever to ride a motorcycle on the road without using the side mirror?Based on the question Q2.1, from 80 respondent, 28 (35%) of them claimed thatthey will stop at the traffic light if the light are showing red or orang colourcompare than 6 (8%) who still continue riding their motorcycle despite the trafficlight is in red or orange colour. Other than that, another 28 (35%) of ourrespondent claimed that they rarely disobey the traffic light and the other 18 Page 11 of 23
  • 16. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident(23%) of them said they sometimes stopped at the traffic light if it showing red ororange light. For the question Q2.2, we asked our respondent did they ever ridemotorcycles exceeding the speed limit in some road area and 21 (26%) of themsaid that they never riding motorcycle exceeding the speed limit while another 20(25%) said they always did it. Majority of our respondent about 26 (33%) claimedthat they rarely ride over the speed limit when riding motorcycle on the road.About 13 (16%) of our respondent admitted that sometimes they did ride over thespeed limit in some road area. Next, for the question Q2.3, only 10 (13%) of our respondent saidthatwhen they are riding motorcycle on the road, they always veer with whim withoutgiving signal lights before they veer. Mostly of our respondent about 28 (35%)claimed that they never veer without giving a signal lights. Same goes with theother 28 (35%) of our respondent who claimed that they rarely veer withoutgiving a signal. Another 14 (18%) said that they sometimes did veer with whimwithout giving signal lights before they veer. Move on the question Q2.4,the result that we get from our respondent ismajority of them about 30 (38%) claimed that they never wear their helmet if theirdestination is within a short distance while the other 13 (16%) of them saidsometimes they did wear helmet. Furthermore, about 19 (24%) and 18 (23%)admitted that they rarely and always wear helmet during riding motorcycle on theroad if their distance is in short distance respectively. Finally, on the question Q2.5, we asked our respondent about did theyever ride a motorcycle on the road without using the side mirror. Most of ourrespondent about 41 (51%) said they never ride motorcycle on the road withoutusing side mirror. Only 8 (10%) they always neglect the uses of the side mirrorwhile riding motorcycle on the road. Another 19 (24%) of our respondent saidthey rarely used it plus the other 12 (15%) claimed that they sometimes never useside mirror while riding on the road. For conclusion, the highest road rules and regulation that always done bythe motorcyclist on the road is they never wear helmets if they ride for a shortdistance. Motorcyclist need to understand that helmets save motorcycle riderslives. Universal helmet laws require that every motorcycle rider and passenger towear a helmet whenever they ride, can increase helmet use and save money,According to a new by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention studies,helmets are estimated to prevent 37% of crash deaths among motorcycle ridersand 41% of crashdeaths for motorcycle passengers. Page 12 of 23
  • 17. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident Other than wearing helmet, motorcyclists also need to know theimportance of using side mirror while riding motorcycle on the road, theimportance of obeying the traffic light and also giving a signal light before veer.5.2.3 The Respondent Perception about the Condition of Their Motorcycle 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Never 24 37 22 17 22 Rarely 24 26 36 24 39 Sometime 24 9 15 21 11 Always 8 8 7 18 8The graph and table above is plotted based on the answer given by our respondentperception about the condition of their motorcycle. Q3.1 Will they ever ride their motorcycle even though they know that their signal lights are not working properly? Q3.2Will they ride their motorcycle even though they know that their break wasn’t working? Q3.3 If their motorcycle tires is deflate and wasnt in the best of condition, will they still ride it? Q3.4 Before beginning their journey, do they check the condition of their motorcycle? Q3.5 Would they continue their journey knowingly that suddenly their motorcycle broke down on the road?Based on question Q3.1, we learned that 24 (30%) respondent never ride theirmotorcycle without the signal light working. But, 24 (30%) other respondentrarely ride their motorcycles with their signal lights not working properly. Notonly have that, a total of 24 (30%) other respondent occasionally ride theirmotorcycles with or without their signal lights working. With those three Page 13 of 23
  • 18. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accidentcategories tied with 24 (30%) respondents each, it will leave us with 8 (10%)respondents whom always ride their motorcycles with their signal lights notworking properly. In question Q3.2, we asked the respondent,will they ride their motorcycleeven though they know that their break wasn’t working properly? 37 (46%)respondents say they never ride a motorcycle without their break working.However, the other 26 (33%) respondent says they rarely ride the motorcyclewithout their break working while 9 (11%) respondents stated that sometimes theyride the motorcycle without the breaks working. The concerning part is that theremaining 8 (10) respondent would actually ride their motorcycle with theirbreaks not working. For question Q3.3we asked our respondent, if their motorcycle tires isdeflate and wasnt in the best of condition, will they still ride it? 22 (28%)respondents agree that they will never ride the motorcycle in that sort of conditionwhile 7 (9%) of the respondent said that they will ride the motorcycle in that sortof condition. Other than that, 36 (45%) other respondent rarely ride theirmotorcycle in that condition and 15 (19%) more respondent claimed thatsometimes they did ride their motorcycle even though they know that the tyre is innot good condition. Next, based on the result we gather from our respondent for questionQ3.4, 18 (23%) of our respondent do check the condition of their motorcyclesbefore they begin their journey. 17 (21%) of other respondent do not check thecondition of their motorcycle before they begin their journey. The majority of ourrespondent was about 24 (30%) claimed that they rarely check the condition oftheir motorcycle before they begin their journey. While the other 21 (26%)remaining respondent said that sometimes they did check the condition of theirmotorcycle before the start their journey using motorcycle. Lastly, for the question Q3.5, we asked all of our respondent whether willthey continue their journey after realizing something is going wrong happened themotorcycle while they are riding it? Majority of our respondent which is a total of39 (49%) stated that they rarely continue their journey on the road if theirmotorcycle broke down. While the other 22 (28%) respondent said that they willnever continue their journey and 11 (14%) of our respondent said that sometimethey continue their journey knowingly that their motorcycle broke down. Theremaining 8 (10%) respondent always continuing their journey despite theirmotorcycle broke down while on the road. As a conclusion, based on the result we gather from our respondent, webelieved that the respondent needs to change their perception about the conditionof their motorcycle. For example, based on our research, we learned that thehighest behaviours practiced by the motorcyclist is that they will still continue Page 14 of 23
  • 19. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accidenttheir journey despite their motorcycle being broke down on the road followed bythe riders who are ignoring the uses of motorcycle brake. Motorcycle brake is notonly will save our lives but it can also prevent us from getting involved in anaccident.5.2.4 The Respondent Awareness about the Road Safety Campaign 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Strongly Disagree 5 7 11 10 32 Disagree 11 22 17 26 32 Agree 33 35 30 26 10 Strongly Agree 31 16 22 18 6Graph and table above is plotted based on the answer given by our respondent inour online questionnaires which is about their consent with the road safetycampaign. There are five questions below: Q4.1 Did they know the objective of the road safety campaign to the motorcyclist? Q4.2 Did they follow the advice from the campaigns that have been organized? Q4.3 Did the campaigns make them more aware about the safety on the road while they are riding motorcycle? Q4.4 Did they follow all the campaign’s content for a short period and then forget about it? Q4.5 Did they take for granted with all the campaigns that have been held?As we can see from the question Q4.1 that have been given to the respondent,most of the respondent are given attention on what are the contents all about fromthe campaign. This is because more than half of the 80 respondent positivelyanswer agree and strongly agree which is 33 (41%) for agree and 31 (39%) forstrongly agree. The rest of the respondent negatively answer that they don’t know Page 15 of 23
  • 20. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accidentwhat is the campaign’s content which is 11 (14%) for disagree and 5 (6%) forstrongly disagree. For the next questions, there are a lot of agree for the question Q 4.2 whichis 35 (44%) that admit they follow the advice from the campaign that have beenorganized. Other than that, there are 16 (20%) strongly agreed for the question andthis shows that the campaign can give influence to them. Unfortunately, there arealso got respondent that disagree to follow the advice, the result show that 22(28%) for disagree and 7 (9%) for the strongly disagree. The third question Q 4.3 is about do the campaigns make them awareabout the safety on the road and the result show that 30 (38%) of them agree and22 (28%) strongly agree. As usual, there are still have respondent that disagreealthough the amount is less than agree. There are 17 (21%) for disagree and 11(14%) strongly disagree that the campaigns make them aware about the safety onthe road. Moving to the next question Q 4.4, we are asking them about do theyfollow the campaign’s advice for a short period and then forget about it. Theanswer given by the respondent quite surprise because many of them admit thatthey only follow the advice for a short period and then forget about it. The resultshow that the respondent that agree and disagree is balance which is 26 (33%) forboth. For the other result, it is 18 (23%) for strongly agree and 10 (13%) forstrongly disagree. For the last question about the respondent awareness towards thecampaign, we had asked them about their consent with the campaign whether theyjust ignore about the campaign or not. From the answer given shows that they donot ignore the message because both of strongly disagree and disagree have thesame rate which is 32 (40%). The rest of them is 10 (13%) for agree and 6 (8%)for strongly agree which is only a little amount of them. Last but not least, the result that we gain from the research shows that allthe respondent aware with the campaigns. Although the result positively showsthat they aware with the campaign, the worried things is how long they practiceand follow the advices given because the result from question Q 4.4 show thatthey just follow for a short term and then forget about it. Thus, if this behaviorbeing practice by the entire motorcyclist, the increasing of accident towardsmotorcyclist can’t be solve. In order to solve this problem, all the motorcyclist need to change theirbehaviours and attitude. They must aware with the campaign that related withsafety on the road because all in all that we can see is the campaign’s contents andprograms can influence them to be more alert and beware while ride theirmotorcycle on the road. Thus, it must be intensified to make sure that themotorcyclist can be more competencies on the road. Page 16 of 23
  • 21. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident5.2.5The Motorcyclist Perceptions toward Road Accident 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Strongly Disagree 6 3 3 3 4 Disagree 7 12 8 6 8 Agree 23 22 17 26 32 Strongly Agree 44 43 52 45 36Graph and table above is plotted based on the answer given by our respondent inour online questionnaires which is about their perceptions toward road accident.There are five questions below:Q 5.1 Did they realize their chances of involve in accident during they ride theirmotorcycle?Q 5.2 Did they realize that they may involve with other vehicle’s accident?Q 5.3 Did they realize that motorcyclist is the highest risk on the road?Q 5.4 Did they realize that accident may happen when vehicle can’t operateproperly?Q 5.5 Did they ensure they ride carefully to avoid the accident?Based on the questions Q 5.1 given, we can see that all the respondent realizetheir chances getting in accident during they ride their motorcycle on the road.The total of strongly agree with the question is about 44 (55%) respondentfollowed by 23 (29%) of respondent that agree. The rest of them still don’t realizethe possibility of getting accident on the road but in a minimum amount which isonly 7 (9%) for disagree and 6 (8%) for strongly disagree. Other than that, we also asked them whether they realized that they mayinvolve with other vehicle’s accident on the road in questions Q 5.2. There are 43(54%) of the respondent strongly agree with the question and 22 (28%) of themjust agree. Other respondent believe that its impossible to involve with other Page 17 of 23
  • 22. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accidentvehicle’s accident as the result shows only 12 (15%) for disagree and 3 (4%) forstrongly disagree of them. For the third questions Q 5.3, there are 52 (65%) of respondent thatanswer strongly agrees with the statement that motorcyclist is the highest risk onthe road rather than other vehicle. Besides that, there are 17 (21%) of therespondent just agree followed by 8 (10%) disagree and 3 (4%) strongly disagreewith the statement. Thus, its show that there are a large number of motorcyclistsknows that they are in a high risk situation when they are on the road. Next question Q 5.4 is about either they realize or not that they also mayinvolve in accident when their motorcycle can’t operate properly such as their tirelack of wind. 45 (56%) of them are strongly agree with this matters while 26(33%) of them just agree with the question. The other respondent doesn’t carewith their vehicle’s condition and believe that there is no problem if theirmotorcycle can’t operate well on the road but in a small amount which is 6 (8%)for disagree and 3 (4%) for strongly disagree. Lastly, we asked them about their way of riding their motorcycle on theroad either carefully or not to avoid from accident. The result show that most ofthe respondent answer positively which is 36 (45%) of them strongly agree and 32(40%) of them just agree that they ride carefully on the road to ensure that theynot involved in accident. For disagree with the question there are only 8 (10%)followed by 4 (5%) for strongly disagree. As a conclusion, we can see that all the motorcyclists that we had askedrealize that their risks on the road are too high. Although most of them realizewith the risk, there are still increasing number of motorcyclist that involved inaccident every day. Might be the causes of this problem is not only come from themotorcyclists itself, but also from the other vehicle that downplayed with themotorcyclist on the road. Page 18 of 23
  • 23. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident6.0 SUMMARYAs we can see on the objectives of this research, there are five objectives that maylead to the accidents happen if the motorcyclists underestimate this problem. Forthe first objectives, we decided to know with their behaviour during ridingmotorcycle on the road and evidently that most of the respondent admit that theyalways talking with the pillion passengers during riding on the road. Thus, thishabit makes them lack of focus and failed to control their vehicle properly on theroad. Followed by the second objectives, we would like to know whether theyknow about the rule and regulation that had been set up by the government anddid they obey with the rules or not. Based on the question given to them, most ofthe respondents answer rarely to disobey the rules and regulations. Unfortunately,there is some of the respondent that confesses that they always exceeding theirspeed limit while riding motorcycle in some road area and also most surprisinglymost of the motorcyclist is not wearing helmet for short distance journey Other than that, the condition of the motorcycles also is the importantthings that need to take care by the motorcyclists. It is because, the non-propercondition of the vehicles also can cause an accident such as the signal lightdoesn’t work properly, deflated tire, and brake doesn’t work. From the result ofthe research we can conclude that there are still having motorcyclists that ignoreto well maintain their motorcycles properly. Besides that, the objectives of this research conducted are to see whetherthey aware with the road safety campaigns around them or not either in thetelevision, radio or any others program that related with the safety on the road.From the answer given shows that they really understand with the contents andobjectives of the campaigns but most of them admit that the campaign influencedthem for a short term only and then they will forget about it. Might be to solve thisproblem we need to enhancing the contents and way of presented the message. We are also wanted to know the perceptions toward road accidents amongthe motorcyclists. From this objective, we had asked them do they realize theirrisk as a motorcyclist on the road is more highest then other vehicles. From all theanswer we had received, there are majority of the respondent agree that theyrealize their risk on the road are highest then other vehicle. Thus, from this answergiven, there should not have any cases reported which involved motorcycle on theroad because they will be more alert and careful on the road. Statistic released by Polis DiRaja Malaysia (PDRM) show that about 80%of the reported accidents throughout the country is involving the young peopleaged 16 to 25 years. This does not include the accident which is not reportedbecause some of them are afraid to report it as they do not want to be penalizedunder act of law for operating vehicle without a license.They are many reasons on Page 19 of 23
  • 24. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accidentwhy teenagers get more risk when it comes to riding motorcycle compare to theadult rider such as the behaviour of the rider itself. According to the research done by the other government agency, thehighest accident ratewas involving young people stems from the attitude, skillsand low self-maturity to respond positively to ensure the safety of themselveswhen theyre on the road while riding motorcycle. Teenager’s is known for theirattitudes that to always be aggressive and have a brief thought. They are willing todo the unknown cause harm as long as self-satisfaction. Self-esteem of theteenagers is largely driven by competition among them. Some of the teenagers’ obsessive acts that contribute to road accidents arethe wish to show their capability to handle their vehicles. They always want to dosomething which has not been able to do by other motorcyclist or consideredsuperior than others. Attitudes of the young people who do not install side mirrorin their motorcycle is very dangerous to their self and also others road user.Motorcyclists nowadays need to learn that accident can happen anytime andanywhere. If they don’t start taking this more seriously, they may get involved inan accident anytime. Motorcyclists should be aware that their safety is always in peril in theevent of any accidents. Motorcyclists actually have 17 times more risk of deathcompared to car drivers and passengers. From our research, we can conclude thatmajority of the road user nowadays will not wear helmet if their destination is inshort distance. They should know that if event of an accident, motorcyclists andpillion riders are not covered by any equipment when not wearing a helmet andthey will continue to crash into other vehicles or the road. Much worse, when theirbodies are hit by vehicles until their limbs shattered and lastly people will losetheir lives. Normally, motorcyclists become more matured when their age past 25years. They will become more care about their personal safety when on the road.Furthermore, most individuals in the age are married and have children, thusmaking them more matured. The usual practice when they are teenagers will beleft by them. This is because they feel that has responsibilities and begin to lovetheir self, wife, husband, children and family. Responsibility to protect the safetyis even higher if they ride a motorcycle or drive with someone they loved. Other than that, related agency need to promote road safety campaignmore efficiently. The mass media can help in terms of displaying or advertisingcampaign through broadcast television regularly. These displays or advertisementwill indirectly be able to expose the public to the campaign to reduce accidents onthe road. The mass media can also displaying the campaign in newspapers.Society in our country who regularly read newspapers will also get to know aboutthe campaign. Page 20 of 23
  • 25. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident Inculcate prudent culture among teenagers’ motorcyclists is important toplant since they are young to ensure that road conditions in our country moresecure and safe. This needs to be done since the beginning of the childs age so wecan educate more effectively in longer time before they become a motorcyclist ora road user. This is because we do not want to suffer huge losses when the youngenergy that is expected to lead the country in the future die or suffer permanentdisability that will prevent them to compete in the world of work Page 21 of 23
  • 26. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident7.0 APPENDIX7.1RESPONDENTS SURVEY DATA COLLECTION- KajiSelidik UNISEL 2012 (DCM). Google Doc. [Online] Google,( http://goo.gl/X61Rx) Page 22 of 23
  • 27. Research on Understanding Motorcyclist Behaviour on Road and Accident8.0 REFERENCE1. Singh, Dharmender. Over 1.4 Million Habitual Road Offender. 2011.2. Transport Statistics Malaysia. Malaysia, Ministry of Transport. 2011.3. New Zealand Transport Agency. [Online] http://www.nzta.govt.nz/resources/safer-journeys-motorcyclists/docs/safer-journeys-motorcyclists.pdf.4. Ministry of Transport Malaysia. [Online]http://www.mot.gov.my/my/Publication/Pages/Official.aspx.5. Blog Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan (JPJ) Malaysia. [Online]http://www.jpj.gov.my/web/guest/blog.6. Transport Statistics Malaysia. Malaysia, Ministry of Transport. 2010. Page 23 of 23

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