Overview of the US Basic Education System Summary
Learning Objectives <ul><li>By the end of this session, you will be able to articulate the following fundamental elements ...
ACTION PLAN Part 1 <ul><li>“ A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.” </li></ul><ul><li>W...
ACTION PLAN Part 1, cont. <ul><li>What you  WANT TO LEARN : </li></ul><ul><li>How are special students’ needs met? </li></...
US System of Education: Lines of Authority & Structure
“ The powers not delegated to the United States by the   Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved fo...
Teacher Certification <ul><li>Who certifies teachers? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each state has its own way of certifying their...
Key Dates in Primary & Secondary Education in US <ul><li>1837: Common School Movement  Massachusetts, Horace Mann </li></u...
Fast Fact: <ul><li>The US Department of Education was only created in 1980. I is very different from most countries’ Minis...
US Department of Education <ul><li>The US Department of Education (ED) was created in 1980 by combining offices from sever...
Fast Fact <ul><li>The US has no national curriculum at any level, but… </li></ul>
Fast Fact <ul><li>US primary & secondary school is compulsory and free (public) </li></ul>
Statistics: Schools & School Populations <ul><li>Enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 50 million students are enrolled in p...
Statistics: Schools & School Populations <ul><li>Attainment </li></ul><ul><li>87% of all 25-29 year olds have a high schoo...
Challenges in Primary & Secondary System <ul><li>Drop Out Rates </li></ul><ul><li>Parental Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>S...
Trends/Debates <ul><li>Pre-primary enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Home schooling </li></ul><ul><li>Charter schools </li></ul...
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) <ul><li>Every child achieving reading and math proficiency according to state defined educatio...
NCLB Debate Points <ul><li>“ It’s raising standards” </li></ul><ul><li>“ How good are the tests?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ It’s...
ACTION PLAN Part 1, cont. <ul><li>I learned that: </li></ul><ul><li>The system is decentralized. </li></ul><ul><li>There a...
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Workshop Overview Of The Us Basic Education System

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Workshop Overview Of The Us Basic Education System

  1. 1. Overview of the US Basic Education System Summary
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>By the end of this session, you will be able to articulate the following fundamental elements of the US Basic Education System: </li></ul><ul><li>The US education system is decentralized; there is no national curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Education in the US confronts many of the same challenges that exist around the world (poverty, retention, access, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>In the US the door is always open to continuing your education </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary debates about education policies in the US and arguments on either side </li></ul>
  3. 3. ACTION PLAN Part 1 <ul><li>“ A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.” </li></ul><ul><li>What you KNOW : </li></ul><ul><li>There’s elementary, middle, and high school. </li></ul><ul><li>Students can choose many courses. </li></ul><ul><li>Methodologies vary </li></ul><ul><li>Students don’t have to use uniforms </li></ul><ul><li>Schools have many resources in some places </li></ul>
  4. 4. ACTION PLAN Part 1, cont. <ul><li>What you WANT TO LEARN : </li></ul><ul><li>How are special students’ needs met? </li></ul><ul><li>Are students able to get a job with only a high school degree? </li></ul><ul><li>How is curriculum designed? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the system work? </li></ul><ul><li>Who setablishes what students have to learn? </li></ul>
  5. 5. US System of Education: Lines of Authority & Structure
  6. 6. “ The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved for the States respectively, or to the people” <ul><li>Tenth Amendment of the US Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments to the constitution), was ratified on December 15, 1791. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Teacher Certification <ul><li>Who certifies teachers? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each state has its own way of certifying their teachers, it has to be given by the capital of the state and it varies from state to state. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Key Dates in Primary & Secondary Education in US <ul><li>1837: Common School Movement Massachusetts, Horace Mann </li></ul><ul><li>By 1918: Every State Compulsory Elementary Education </li></ul><ul><li>1938: Fair Labor Standards Act (now most states compulsory to 16 or 18) </li></ul><ul><li>1954: Brown vs. Board of Education of Kansas (segregated schools are unconstitutional) </li></ul><ul><li>1965: Elementary and Secondary School Education Act (ESEA) and Title I funding </li></ul><ul><li>1975:Education for All Handicapped Children Act (now: Individual with Disabilities Education Act) </li></ul><ul><li>2001: No Child Left Behind </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fast Fact: <ul><li>The US Department of Education was only created in 1980. I is very different from most countries’ Ministries of Education </li></ul>
  10. 10. US Department of Education <ul><li>The US Department of Education (ED) was created in 1980 by combining offices from several federal agencies. ED’s mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal acces. ED’s 4,500 employees and $71.5 billion budget are dedicated to: </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing policies on federal financial aid for education, and distributing as well as monitoring those funds. </li></ul><ul><li>Collecting data on America’s schools and disseminating research. </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing national attention on key educational issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibiting discrimination and ensuring equal access to education. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.ed.gov/about/landing.jhtml?src?=gu </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fast Fact <ul><li>The US has no national curriculum at any level, but… </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fast Fact <ul><li>US primary & secondary school is compulsory and free (public) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Statistics: Schools & School Populations <ul><li>Enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 50 million students are enrolled in primary and secondary schools (near universal enrollment) </li></ul><ul><li>88% of students attend public schools </li></ul><ul><li>11% of students attend private schools </li></ul><ul><li>11% are English Language Learners (ELL) </li></ul><ul><li>36% are in free or reduced price lunch program </li></ul>
  14. 14. Statistics: Schools & School Populations <ul><li>Attainment </li></ul><ul><li>87% of all 25-29 year olds have a high school diploma or equivalent (GED). </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007, 8.7% of US high school students dropped out. A significant percentage of the students that drop out tend to be minorities, specifically Hispanic and African American students </li></ul>
  15. 15. Challenges in Primary & Secondary System <ul><li>Drop Out Rates </li></ul><ul><li>Parental Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>School Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline (no corporal punishment) </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for teachers </li></ul>
  16. 16. Trends/Debates <ul><li>Pre-primary enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Home schooling </li></ul><ul><li>Charter schools </li></ul><ul><li>School vouchers </li></ul><ul><li>ESL (immersion) vs. Bilingual (transitional) education </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in secondary school vocational education </li></ul>
  17. 17. No Child Left Behind (NCLB) <ul><li>Every child achieving reading and math proficiency according to state defined educational standards by the end of 2013-14 school year. </li></ul><ul><li>Annual state tests – Adequate Yearly Progress (low performing school, disaggregated data) </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Qualified Teacher </li></ul>
  18. 18. NCLB Debate Points <ul><li>“ It’s raising standards” </li></ul><ul><li>“ How good are the tests?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ It’s lowering standards” </li></ul><ul><li>“ It’s reaching folks who are otherwise left out” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Everyone teaches to the test” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Funding is more flexible for local decision makers” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The parents are responsible” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The teachers are responsible” </li></ul>
  19. 19. ACTION PLAN Part 1, cont. <ul><li>I learned that: </li></ul><ul><li>The system is decentralized. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many options to go on studying after college. </li></ul><ul><li>There have been many policies attempting to improve education, especially to make it accessible to everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>Each state has its own way of regulating education. </li></ul>

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