Arachis pintoi as a possible hyperaccumulator plant of heavy metals. Zuleika Velázquez Ortiz University of Puerto Rico at Cayey Rise Program 2012Summary plant and the ground by atomic absorption to complete within thirty days. Through the following investigationit intends to analyze the plant Arachis pintoi Introductionto determine if it could be suitable to absorb Hyperaccumulator plants have theheavy metals in contaminated sites. Carrying ability to develop biological mechanismsout the proposal with a perspective to know that allow it them to survive in soils rich inif could get a new hyperaccumulator plant metals. Some of these plants are being usedpossessing in its genome the to carry out phytoremediation. Process usedMetallothionein protein, a protein-coding for as a treatment in contaminated environmentsthe absorption of metals with which could through which plants absorb pollutants. Fordevelop the phytoremediation, these plants to carry out thedecontamination process of places with the phytoremediation of heavy metals, theyuse of plants. It questioned as follows; Does must possess in their genome the genethe plant Arachis pintoi have the ability to encoding Metallothionein protein. This is aabsorb heavy metals? Subsequent to the protein that binds mineral ions in organicquestion was made the possible answer; if nature with a high content of cysteine, whichthe Arachis pintoi have the ability of absorb allows the absorption of heavy metals foundmetals, it will be able to carry out in contaminated soil, water and airphytorremediation. It set four positive contamination. Thus the purpose of thisgroups with four different metals; research is to determine if the plant ArachisAluminum, Copper, Lead and Mercury, and pintoi, which is able to develop quicklyone negative group owner of any change. (creeping) and adapt to drought being aThese groups will be areas of land with a plant of wet places, has Metallothioneinmeasure of 4’x4’, all with the Arachis pintoi protein and therefore the ability to absorbplant. It will make a weekly analysis of the metals.
Methodology negative results to the experiment, be evaluated and amended one the proposal to Develop a sample of the plant and reach an acceptance to the hypothesis.soil before exposure to metals by atomicabsorption to analyze whether the soil Conclusioncontains a metal which will be studied and Based on the results obtained, italso the plant. The plant will be inserted in could make studies for phytoremediationfive different soils, garden plot measuring of and development of methods for4x 4 ; to four of them will be added a metal decontamination of places on the planet.specified as follows: Group A withAluminum, Group B with Copper, Group C Referenceswith Lead and Group D with Mercury. A 1. Núñez Figueroa D, Meléndez Ortegafifth group was named Group Negative; it MM, Negrón Berrios JA. 2010.does not possess any metal which will be Potencial Gen para lastudied. The study is going on for thirty days Biorremediación en la Plantawith weekly analysis of the plant and soil by Bryophyllum pinnatum. Estudiantesatomic absorption. Once the plant absorbs Investigadores. Vol. 1. p. 5-11enough metals, it will be discarded by 2. Melendez Ortega MM, Núñezcombustion to remove the organic material Figueroa D, Negrón Berrios JA.and purifying ashes by electrolysis to obtain 2010. Análisis de Plomo y Estudiothe metals. Genético – Molecular sobre laResults Acumulación del Metal Pesado en Bryophyllum pinnatum in vitro. When carryout the experiment it is Estudiantes Investigadores. Vol.1 p.expect results with an acceptance of the 12-23.absorption of metals by the plant, accepting 3. Torres López RI Ph.D.the hypothesis. From such results be subject Fitorremediacion de Suelos y Aguas.the plant to certain additional metals for UPR RUM. p. 1-44.define their ability and prepare the plant for academic.uprm.edu/dpesante/AEA/fitthe purpose of carryout the orremediacion.pdfphytoremediation. To get unexpected or