Community Managed Disaster Risk
Reduction (CMDRR) as an approach to build
resilient Pastoralist Community in Dire
District...
WORKING FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE IN AFRICA

Building a Pan African Social Movement
 Building

Resilient Pastoralist Community
project- funded by EC/Trocaire/Cordaid
◦ Implemented by a consortium of five p...
 To

build resilient, resistant and safe
community
◦ High level of survivability & readiness of
community to drought & co...
 The

two projects through which the CMDRR
methodologies have been implemented in 8
Pas of Dire district including one cr...
 Community

Managed Disaster Risk Reduction
(CMDRR) is a development approach of
mobilizing & bringing together of people...
1.Site entry and rapport building –the development
worker established a constructive relationship with
the people
2. Commu...
2.3 Community Capacity Assessment- to identify the
resources present in individuals, households and
the community to cope ...
9
 conduct

participatory
disaster
risk
assessment (PDRA) which addresses hazard,
vulnerability & capacity assessments and
...
 Drought
 Conflict

 Animal

disease

11




On top of the recurrent drought happening
every two years, the expansion of thorny
bushes across the well known sava...
1.
2.

Rangeland revitalization in
Did Jarsa PA
Common natural resource
utlization dialogues between
Megado (Ethiopia) & F...










Inputs from ACORD/community
tools for bush clearing
training on CMDRR for CMDRR committee
training on rang...
Did Jarsa is the model PAs engaged in rangeland
reclamation and effective utilization of the
reclaimed land.
 140 hectare...
 418HHs

have benefited from the
reserved pasture
 a total of 1800 breading animals have
supported for about one month o...
 This

best practice has been replicated in
two neighbouring PAs like Semero &
Megado in which the community harvest
and ...




A good evidence for this is in Dire district Hodhodh
Semero PAs through DRR3 project the planned
activities through ...
19
Inputs from ACORD
 Financial

& logistic support for forum
participants
 Discussion with Dire Woreda security office
who...
Conflict between Borena ethnic group around
boarder woredas and Gebra Ethnic group from
north Kenya around Forolle was con...
 Conflict

was identified as the 2nd hazard
during PDRA
 DRR measures were developed by CMDRR
committee with the validat...
On average 200 people from both sides
participated on the dialogue.
 The participants from Kenya were Chalbi district,
Fo...
Regular natural resource utilization dialogue held
between Borena and Gebra tribes living across the
Ethio-Kenya border re...
Peace committee was selected to further manage
their resource commonly.
 The committees are responsible to decide the way...
 Such

risk reduction approach is indeed what
the target communities wish and want to
share their experience for the othe...
27
28
29
30
31
THANK YOU!
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Cmdrr best practise of acord trocaire

  1. 1. Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) as an approach to build resilient Pastoralist Community in Dire District of Borena Zone European Union
  2. 2. WORKING FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE IN AFRICA Building a Pan African Social Movement
  3. 3.  Building Resilient Pastoralist Community project- funded by EC/Trocaire/Cordaid ◦ Implemented by a consortium of five partner ACORD, SOS, AFD, GPDI & CIFA Ethiopia  Disaster Risk Reduction funded by ECHO/Cordaid (DRR) project- ◦ Implemented by ACORD, AFD & SOS Ethiopia 3
  4. 4.  To build resilient, resistant and safe community ◦ High level of survivability & readiness of community to drought & conflict hazards ◦ Cohesive community organization (CMDRR Cos) became functional to manage hazard events and reduced the impact of hazards 4
  5. 5.  The two projects through which the CMDRR methodologies have been implemented in 8 Pas of Dire district including one cross border PA  Using the CMDRR approach 27,530 (13,720 F) people of Dire Woreda people planned to be benefited from the rangeland reclamations & cross border natural resource utilization dialogues. 5
  6. 6.  Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) is a development approach of mobilizing & bringing together of people within the same community to enable them to collectively address a common disaster risk and collectively pursue disaster risk reduction measures  In CMDRR approach community is primary agent of change where as implementing agencies & other stakeholders like GO line offices are the facilitators towards ensuring resilience of the most at risk. 6
  7. 7. 1.Site entry and rapport building –the development worker established a constructive relationship with the people 2. Community Risk Assessment 2.1 Community Hazard Assessment –understands the nature and behaviour of particular hazards cause of hazards, warning & forewarning signs & signals 2.2 Community Vulnerability Assessment – to understand the extent to which different categories of people, their assets and basic service providing facilities are exposed to a hazard. 7
  8. 8. 2.3 Community Capacity Assessment- to identify the resources present in individuals, households and the community to cope with, mitigate or recover from a disaster 2.4 Risk analysis-to identify capacity gaps 3. Identification of high risk groups 4. . Identification of natural leaders of high risk groups (CMDRR Committee) 5. Validation of results of community disaster risk analysis-with the wider community 6. Planning of the risk reduction measures- all done with community 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10.  conduct participatory disaster risk assessment (PDRA) which addresses hazard, vulnerability & capacity assessments and risk analysis,  develop DRR measures (development and contingency plans),  implement DRR measures  monitor and evaluate the outcome of the development projects. 10
  11. 11.  Drought  Conflict  Animal disease 11
  12. 12.   On top of the recurrent drought happening every two years, the expansion of thorny bushes across the well known savannah grass lands of Borena weakened the resilience of the pastoralist community Despite the ideal boundary between the cross border communities, they share resources like water and pasture which sometimes resulted in conflict that damaged the lives and livelihood of the Borena (Ethiopia) & Gebra (Kenya) communities for years 12
  13. 13. 1. 2. Rangeland revitalization in Did Jarsa PA Common natural resource utlization dialogues between Megado (Ethiopia) & Forolle (Kenya) communities 13
  14. 14.       Inputs from ACORD/community tools for bush clearing training on CMDRR for CMDRR committee training on rangeland management and resource utilization Community mobilization by CMDRR committee Labour from community with 30% free contribution 14
  15. 15. Did Jarsa is the model PAs engaged in rangeland reclamation and effective utilization of the reclaimed land.  140 hectares of reserve pasture had served the community to cope with the drought caused as a result of 2011 ganna rain failure.  The management was through cut and cry system and a total of 2,926 bail/105,336 kg of hay has harvested.  If it was bought from sululta the estimated values were 790,020 Birr  15
  16. 16.  418HHs have benefited from the reserved pasture  a total of 1800 breading animals have supported for about one month of severe drought time  500 cattle have got survival feed during the critical drought period. 16
  17. 17.  This best practice has been replicated in two neighbouring PAs like Semero & Megado in which the community harvest and conserve to use during the drought period  Above all it was an attitudinal change that was built in which the community perceive selective bush clearing as a difficult task before. 17
  18. 18.   A good evidence for this is in Dire district Hodhodh Semero PAs through DRR3 project the planned activities through cash for work was to reclaim 400ha rangeland But assuming that they are the primary agent for their own development, the CMDRR committee mobilized the community & reclaimed an additional area of 659 ha freely with out any cash This is about 165% of the planned activities and the CMDRR committee is active in ensuring its sustainability even after phasing out of the project 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. Inputs from ACORD  Financial & logistic support for forum participants  Discussion with Dire Woreda security office who coordinate the forum  Awareness creation for the CMDRR committee on resolving the dispute on natural resource utilization 20
  21. 21. Conflict between Borena ethnic group around boarder woredas and Gebra Ethnic group from north Kenya around Forolle was considered as one of the major challenge for both side pastoral communities.  The front line target community of the hazard is the Magado community of Ethiopia and Forolle Community of Kenya.  Natural resource utilization, especially pasture and water is thought to be the major cause of the conflict between the two communities.  Megado is relatively good in water resource and Forolle is better in pasture  21
  22. 22.  Conflict was identified as the 2nd hazard during PDRA  DRR measures were developed by CMDRR committee with the validation of the target communities  Cross border natural resource dialogue forum was planned as one of the DRR measures  Establishment of peace committees that comprises the CMDRR committee members was also set as a priority 22
  23. 23. On average 200 people from both sides participated on the dialogue.  The participants from Kenya were Chalbi district, Forolle, Torbi and Badda Hurii divisions  From Ethiopia Dire, Miyo, Dilo woredas attended the dialogue.  Government representatives from Forolle of Kenya Dire, Dilo, Miyo woredas and from Borena Zone were among the participants of the dialogue.  Representatives from the Geda leaders had also participated in the dialogue.  23
  24. 24. Regular natural resource utilization dialogue held between Borena and Gebra tribes living across the Ethio-Kenya border resulted in socio-economic benefits to both communities.  It increased economical relationships among the two groups by creating a livestock marketing chain in both sides through the livestock marketing cooperative found at Megado PAs of Dire Woreda.  As a result of the peace established between the two community livestock move freely across the border for water and pasture  24
  25. 25. Peace committee was selected to further manage their resource commonly.  The committees are responsible to decide the way they use and manage resources commonly  The peace committee has monthly meeting to discuss on the overall peace issues between the two communities  Since three years no conflict reported between the two cross border community  25
  26. 26.  Such risk reduction approach is indeed what the target communities wish and want to share their experience for the other cross border community 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. THANK YOU!
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