Current Border Security Issues
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Current Border Security Issues

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Current Border Security Issues Presentation Transcript

  • 1. CURRENT BORDER SECURITY ISSUES
  • 2. INDONESIA
  • 3. INDONESIA
  • 4. Seas: Ten (10) neighbouring / bordering countries (Australia, the Phillipines, Singapore, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodge, Thailand, Myanmar . Land: Four neighbouring / bordering countries (Timor Leste, Malaysia, Brunei Darrusalam, Papua New Guinea) INDONESIA
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. INDONESIAN ARCHIPELAGO CHALLENGES
    • Geographics
    • Natural Resources
    • Socio-economic
    • Politics
    • Population
    • Cultural
    • Prosperity Levels / Relative Poverty
    • Basic Social Structures
    • Lack of Infrastructures
    • Education, Science and Technology
  • 11.
    • Area : ocean = 5.8 million km 2
    • land = 1.9 million km 2
    • 81.000 km coastline and the world’s largest archipelago
    • 17.504 islands
    • 85.700 km 2 of coral reef area
    • 24.300 km 2 of mangrove area
    • 20% of the Indonesian’s GDP is derived from marine and fishery industries
    • 60% of Indonesian population live within 50 km of the coast
    Indonesian Marine and Coastal Condition
  • 12. Issues
    • Marine affairs, coastal regions and small islands contribution to the economic growth
    • Sustainability threatened due to:
      • High dependency on coastal and marine resources
      • Over-exploitation
      • Habitat change and degradation
      • Pollution
      • Spatial planning and conflict of interests
      • Poverty
  • 13. Background of Long-Term Development Plan for Marine Affairs and Coasts
    • DJOEANDA DECLARATION OF DECEMBER 13, 1957
    • UNCLOS 1982  The acceptance of the concept of the Archipelagic Nation  the ratification : UU No. 17/1985
    Indonesia as an Archipelagic Nation The Indonesian constitution/1945 constitution (amandment) article 25A, Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia adalah sebuah negara yang berciri nusantara dengan wilayah yang batas-batas ditetapkan dengan undang-undang
    • The functions of oceans:
    • To integrate the Indonesian areas.
    • As media of transportation.
    • Contain large deposit of marine resources
    • To provide defense and security.
    • To provide services and research, and environmental conservation.
  • 14. Challenges
    • To optimize coastal, marine, and small island resources for transportation, fishery, tourism, mining, maritime industry, marine building, and other marine services.
    • To enhance human capacity, research, science and technology in marine affairs
    • To manage the boundary areas as the outer limit of the territorial seas, including small islands at the borders
    • To develop surveillance system for marine resources
    • To improve the political support and all stakeholders ’ support.
  • 15.
    • Integrity of the Archipelago
    • Management of territorial waters and lands which relates to the integrity of Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia
    • Absence of institutions and infrastructures that monitor, control and manage all aspects of the territory and borders, at both the national or regional levels
    NATIONAL SECURITY
  • 16. BORDER CONTROL
    • Integrity of Indonesia as a nation and state
    • Absence of strong, or no institutions, national or regional, able to control, manage, protect and defend the inner and outer boundaries of the archipelagic islands (17,000 islands, 80,000 km shore line, 5,000,000 sqkm area, 70% water
    • Institutions include defense (navy, air force and land forces), law and order (police, immigration, customs, search-and-rescue), port & harbour authorities, shipping operators, satellite imaging and electronic monitoring
  • 17. ISSUES
    • Problems of stipulating border lines with neighbouring countries either at continent or sea
    • Inaccuracy of marine charts
    • Illegal fishing
    • Illegal logging
    • Illegal traditional or non-traditional border crossing
    • Illicit drugs
    • Human Trafficking
    • Smuggling
    • Arms smuggling
    • Armed robbery against ships
  • 18.  
  • 19. Integrating Marine, Coastal and Small Island Issues State Ministry of Planning/National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)
  • 20.
    • Area : ocean = 5.8 million km 2
    • land = 1.9 million km 2
    • 81.000 km coastline and the world’s largest archipelago
    • 17.504 islands
    • 85.700 km 2 of coral reef area
    • 24.300 km 2 of mangrove area
    • 20% of the Indonesian’s GDP is derived from marine and fishery industries
    • 60% of Indonesian population live within 50 km of the coast
    Indonesian Marine and Coastal Condition
  • 21. Issues
    • Marine affairs, coasts and small islands contribute to the economic growth
    • Their sustainability is threatened due to:
      • High dependency on coastal and marine resources
      • Over-exploitation
      • Habitat change and degradation
      • Pollution
      • Spatial planning and conflict of interests
      • Poverty
  • 22. Assets, Vision, and Mission VISION Maritime Nation
    • MISSION
    • To exist as a nation based on the philosophy of Pancasila
    • To create nation with competitiveness
    • To create democratic, law based community
    • To create Indonesia which is secure, peaceful and united
    • To create equity and fairness in development
    • To create Indonesia that is beautiful and sustainable
    • To create Indonesia to become an archipelagic nation which Is independent, strong, and based on national strategic importance
    • To create the important role of Indonesia in the international society
    • ASSETS
    • Indonesian territory (as archipelagic states)
    • Rich natural resources including biodiversity
    • Human resources with diverse cultures
    • Democratization of politics, economy, and decentralization
  • 23. Assets, Vision, and Mission VISION Maritime Nation ASSETS Archipelagic State Natural Resources Human Resources VISION A resilient nation, secure, peaceful and united MISSION The development of a sustained strategic capability in partnership with other nations in a globalized world
  • 24. Challenges
    • To utilize marine resources optimally in territorial seas, EEZ and open sea.
    • To optimize coastal, marine, and small island resources for transportation, fishery, tourism, mining, maritime industry, marine building, and other marine services.
    • To enhance human capacity, research, science and technology in maritime affairs
    • To manage the boundary areas as the outer limit of the territorial seas, including small islands at the borders
    • To develop surveillance system for marine resources
    • To improve and secure the political support and all stakeholders’ support.
  • 25. Mission
    • The core missions :
    • Generating the marine culture through education and awareness
    • Increasing and strengthening the role of human resources in marine affairs
    • Securing the Indonesian marine boundary and assets
    • Protecting Indonesian jurisdiction and assets
    • Developing the synergetic, optimum and sustainable maritime industry and business
    • Reducing the impacts of coastal disasters and marine pollution
    • Increasing the welfare of the coastal people
    ” To create Indonesia to become an archipelagic nation which is independent, strong, and based on national importance”
  • 26. Main Programs for Marine Affairs and Coasts
    • Development and Management of Marine Resources
    • Protection and Conservation of Natural Resources
    • Rehabilitation and Restoration of
    • Natural Resource Reserves
    • Environmental Pollution and Degradation Control