WHY DO WE NEED FOOD?
•To maintain optimum health
•To avoid disease and illness
•To aid recovery from illness
•To build and repair bone
•To build and repair muscle and other
•To maintain constant body temperature
•To maintain vital body functions
FUNCTIONS OF NUTRIENTS
Provide energy and insulation, often stored
under the skin
Needed for growth, the building and repair of
Help in the formation of bodily tissues (hair,
teeth, skin and nails) and are necessary for all
chemical reactions in the body
Essential for the uptake of vitamins, the
formation of bodily tissues and the carrying out
of chemical reactions
Sensible guidelines for sensible eating
Prevent yourself getting too hungry-we make bad choices when starving!
Variety- try to introduce new foods to your diet and vary them. Think colour!
Wholesomeness- Try to eat foods in their most natural unprocessed state.
Moderation- everything is ok if eaten in moderation.
Fad diets do not work long term and will often miss out key nutrients.
A balanced diet and sensible exercise together will enable you to be fit and
A BALANCED DIET
Meat, chicken, fish, pulses, cheese, eggs,
Bread, cereals, pulses, nuts, pasta, fruit and
Avocado, Cheese, Dark Chocolate, Nuts,
Fish-Salmon, vegetable spreads, Olive Oil,
Hummous, pumpkin and sesame seeds.
Eggs, dairy products, butter
Wholemeal bread, pasta, rice, pulses, all
kinds of vegetables and fruit
Iron (green vegetables, beef), vitamin C & A
(fruit & veg), vitamin D (milk), vitamin B12
and folate (green vegetables)
GETTING THE BALANCE RIGHT
Basing meals on high
Bread, pasta, rice, choose
brown versions for additional
health benefits, etc.
Having at least 5 portions
of fruit and vegetables a
This does include beans,
pulses and fruit juice but each
only counts once towards the
total daily amount
Eating moderate amounts
of meat, fish and chicken
Grilled rather than fried, oven
baked and unprocessed
(chicken breast rather than
Having 3 portions of dairy
foods a day
Try the reduced fat versions
such as skimmed or semiskimmed milk, yoghurt, etc.
Eating carbohydrates as naturally occurring
sugars found in fruit and many vegetables, means
that the body has to digest the food and so the
sugars are released into the blood stream in a more
constant manner to fuel the body. You will have
more energy for longer.
EFFECT OF EATING FRUIT VERSUS
SWEETS AND CHOCOLATES ON BLOOD
GLUCOSE AND ENERGY LEVELS
Common physiological problems
Fatigue, low energy and inability to
Not enough good carbohydrates to
sustain energy levels, inadequate
Dehydration, reaction to a sugar
Consistently sore muscles
Not enough protein to aid muscle
repair and growth
Dehydration, lack of calcium, lack of
Low vitamin and minerals intake
Joint pain/ inflammation
Low omega 3- eat fish and green
vegetables. Also poor technique!
Low mood, feeling overwhelmed,
Too much sugar or alcohol, which
destroy B vitamins and vitamin C.
Dehydration, too much sugar and
ENERGY FOR DANCE
Re-stock the energy stores after class or performance. Energy
stores should be replaced by eating low fat, high carbohydrate
snacks or a light meal.
The main meal should also include protein to maintain muscle
bulk and to stop the protein from being used as a fuel.
Meals and snacks should include a variety of components that
make up a balanced diet.
Try to eat 5/6 times daily, eating smaller, healthier meals and
snacks, which will help prevent a ‘high’ and ‘crash’ effect and
instead gradually burn energy throughout the day.
CALORIES - THE FACTS
All foods contain calories which the body turns into energy
Empty calories like fizzy drinks have high calories/sugars and no
There are good calories and bad calories!
Energy which is not used is stored as fat
The average recommended number of calories for an active female
aged14-18 is 2000-2400 for the equivalent male it is 2800- 3200
Key benefits for each food group
Essential for energy- broken into starches and sugars
and turned into glucose for the body to burn
Essential for muscle repair, build and body structure
Used for energy when carbohydrate intake is low
Aid absorption of Vitamins
Cushioning and insulation of vital organs
Used for energy when carbohydrate and protein intake
Maintain overall body health-immune system
Formation of red blood cells, hormones and nerve
Minerals-calcium, zinc- maintain healthy bones, teeth,
Formation of faeces and waste products
Regulating blood sugar levels
e.g. I will drink water everyday instead of
Measurable goals help you track your
You are much more likely to keep goals
which are achievable
Goals should be relevant to you
Set yourself a time scale for achieving your
Online Resources for healthy eating &
Food Standards Agency
British Dietetic Association