Transcript of "Security assessment for financial institutions"
Security Assessment for Financial Institutions
Group-IB history Group-IB is Acquisition International Creation of Dedicated Certified founded by Leta Group Expansion CERT-GIB Professionals 60+ employees 2012 2003 2010 2011 2011 Stages of Company DevelopmentLeader on the Russian Various service packages Skolkovo resident First 24/7 CERT inmarket Pre-incident consulting; The CyberCop project, an Eastern EuropeThe first and only company Response; integrated system for CERT-GIB is the first privatein the CIS providing Forensics; counteracting cybercrime. Computer Emergencycomprehensive services in Investigation; Response Team in Russia.investigation of the security Legal support;incidents. Post-incident consulting.
Our key Customers* completed project samples are available per customer request
Banking & E-Commerce vulnerabilities specifics As a result of PCI DSS / PA DSS is rarely facing a "classical" WEB- application vulnerabilities (SQL Injection, XSS, Local File Inclusion) WAF (WEB-Application Firewall) is widely used, however it is rarely set up and maintained properly; Complicated applications, large dynamic changes, the use of third- party and borrowed applications and plugins; Various attacks on the client, initially located in the untrusted environment (ActiveX-objects vulnerabilities at the client-side, client-side vulnerabilities, inefficient Information protection measures)
Penetration testingTraditional approaches «Black box» model «Grey box» mode «White box» modelInformal testing options and qualification- Developing exploits for vulnerabilities in online-banking software- Using of «zero-day» vulnerabilities in client-side / server-side- Own software security lab with more then 20 public advisories in bugtracks- Use of social engineering and individual tactical approaches- We provide detailed report and free of charge consulting services
«PCI Compliance does not equal security» HDFC Bank / Blind SQL-Injection; (CVSS Base Score - 9.0) http://www.hdfcbank.com
XSS exotics – RBS customer is under attackHTML5 Canvas capabilities / JQuery and XSS vectors vulnerabilities(taking a screenshot + keystrokes interception in the context of the session)
Analysis of the protection measures A trusted environment - may also contain a vulnerability( ZTIC detachable devices - Zone Trusted Information Channel)Checkpoint Abra Multiple Vulnerabilitieshttp://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/19716/ - Group-IB’s AdvisorySample built-in ACL-list (F:PWCdatasandbox-persistence.ref ):<Execute OriginalName="calc.exe" PathName="calc.exe" AppName="MicrosoftCalculator" UIDescription="Microsoft Calculator" id="134"/>«Dirty» security trick (after shutting of the Windows File Protection ):takeown /f <file_name>icacls <file_name> /grant %username%:Ficacls <file_name> /grant *S-1-1-0:(F)
«Zero-day» vulnerabilities applicable to Banks
Network architecture misconfiguration errors Gathering information from the internal infrastructure of the bank Line format: <STX><message><ETX><checksum_character> Tixi HSM-HNG Modem for Mitsubishi FX Remote Access
Information security integration services Security Information and Event Management solutions (SEM, SIM and SIEM) Implementation of Intrusion Detection and Prevention systems (IDS/IPS) Implementation of Data Leakage Prevention systems (DLP) and their legal support SOC’s & Managed security services (MSS)
Computer ForensicsForensic examination: Restores the chronology of security events Reveals signs of internal employees involvement Disclose details of the committed theft in online banking
InvestigationsTypical cases: Theft involving employees of the affected organizations Theft with the use of malicious software (Trojans) Theft involving the substitution of the transaction details sent by e-mail
InvestigationsSteps of the RBS incident investigation: Search for signs of involvement (gathering evidence) of internal staff (based on the results of forensic investigations) Identify bot network control panels and search for links to other information security incidents Identification of individuals providing additional services to the attacker Getting detailed information about the structure of the control panel bot network and to obtain evidence of its use in a particular fraud in online bankingDefining a person controlling the bot-network, and its actual location Gathering data in the form of a set of documents to be sent to law enforcement and legal authorities
InvestigationsResources used and sources of information gathering: Distributed network of HoneyNet traps Forensic investigation cases database Malicious software research database All time theft cases database, collected by Group-IB staff Details on phishing sources Previous investigation outcomes Operational information & OSINT Links to organizations involved in investigations in 48 countries
DDoS attacks investigationsAs part of the investigation you get a detailed report on progress, aswell as all necessary information and documentation: Get the exact location of the botnet’s control center; Malicious code sample reversing; Details on individuals involved in a DDoS attack; A set of documents to hand the case over the law enforcement.
Successful cases and projects«Grum botnet shutdown, kills 20 percent of worldwide spam»http://blog.fireeye.com/research/2012/07/grum-botnet-no-longer-safe-havens.html
Successful cases and projects Joint operation with Microsoft on arrest of Leo Kuvaev http://krebsonsecurity.com/tag/group-ib/
Successful cases and projects«Russian Authorities Arrest 6 More Members of the Carberp Gang» http://www.sbrf.ru/en/presscenter/all/index.php?id114=11018427
Security Incident response & MSS The response to an information security incident is carried out by highly qualified professionals who are confronted daily with a variety of incidents, such as attacks on a website, online banking system, or another information asset. Each incident is unique and requiresan individualized approach, that’s why we have a dedicated forensic team of professionals and a certified CERT to meet the most exacting customer requirements.Our 24/7 CERT-GIB Team respond to all sort of threats:• Denial of services attacks (DoS, DDoS);• Unauthorized use of data processing and storage systems;• Data compromise;• Asset compromise;• Internal/external unauthorized access;• Creation and distribution of malicious software;• Breach of information security policies;• Phishing and unlawful brand use online;• Online banking fraud and electronic payment systems.
CERT-GIB Europe - North America - Asia CERT-GIB CERT-GIB Vladivostok: Moscow: GMT+10 CERT-GIB GMT+4 New York: GMT-5 CERT-GIB Singapore: GMT+7First 24/7 CERT in Expanding global presence Immediate response to all .RU, .РФ, .SU: uniqueEastern Europe Europe North America Asia types of security threats: capabilitiesCERT-GIB is the first Eastern – for smooth and comprehensive Phishing, Spam, Scam, DDoS Official ccTLD.ru-assignedEuropean 24/7 Computer incident handling attacks, malware, etc. expert organization to fightEmergency Response Team, phishing, malware, andand the first private CERT in botnets, authorized to takeRussia actions against suspicious activities in RU, РФ and SU domain zones.