Ch9

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Ch9

  1. 1. Chapter 9<br />Blue Azar, 4th Ed.<br />
  2. 2. 9-1: Basic Modal Introduction<br />What do the following modals show?<br />Would you open the door?<br />You may open the door, Steve.<br />You’d better do your homework.<br />Go to pg. 204<br />-polite request<br />-permission given<br />-urgent advice<br />
  3. 3. 9-2: Polite Requests w/ “I”<br />Polite requests allow the speaker to show respect for the listener. <br />Give me your pencil.<br />vs.<br />Can I borrow your pencil?<br />Which one is more polite?<br />
  4. 4. 9-2: Polite Requests w/ “I”(use may, could, can)<br />MayI borrow your dictionary?<br />Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />CouldI borrow your dictionary?<br />Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />CanI borrow your dictionary?<br />Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />Uh-huh.<br />FORMAL<br />INFORMAL<br />Use PLEASE in these TWO places:<br /><ul><li>MayI pleaseborrow your dictionary?
  5. 5. MayI borrow your dictionary, please?</li></li></ul><li>9-3: Polite Requests w/ “You”(use would, will, could, can)<br />Would you pick me up tonight?<br />Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />Willyou pick me up tonight?<br />Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />Could you pick me up tonight?<br />Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />Can you pick me up tonight?<br />Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />FORMAL<br />FORMAL<br />FORMAL<br />INFORMAL<br />Use PLEASE in these TWO places:<br /><ul><li>Would youpleasepick me up tonight?
  6. 6. Would you pick me up tonight, please?</li></li></ul><li>TWO different ways to use “Would you mind…”<br />When YOU ask permission:<br />Would you mind if I+ verb + -ed<br />Q: Would you mind ifI borrowed your car?<br />A: Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />9-4: Polite Requests “Would you mind.."<br />Yes, actually I need it this week.<br />Not at all. Have fun with my car!<br />
  7. 7. TWO different ways to use “Would you mind…”<br />When YOU ask someone to do something for you:<br />Would you mind + verb + -ing<br />Q: Would you mindpicking me up tonight?<br />A: Sure. / Of course. / Certainly.<br />9-4: Polite Requests “Would you mind.."<br />Not at all. / No problem. / I’d be glad to.<br />I’m sorry, but I can’t.<br />When would you use “Would you mind…”?<br />
  8. 8. Polite Requests REVIEW<br />You forgot your electronic dictionary, and you want to borrow your classmates’. How many ways can you politely ask her if you can borrow it?<br />4<br />May I borrow your electronic dictionary?<br />CouldI borrow your electronic dictionary?<br />CanI borrow your electronic dictionary?<br />Wouldyoumind if I borrowed your electronic dictionary?<br />**Notice that “I” is the subject.<br />**Notice the SIMPLE PAST in “would you mind”<br />When would you use “Would you mind”?<br />
  9. 9. Polite Requests REVIEW<br />You forgot to lock your apartment door, so you ask your roommate if she can lock it for you. How many ways can you politely ask her to lock it?<br />5<br />Would you lock the door for me?<br />Willyou lock the door for me?<br />Couldyou lock the door for me?<br />Canyou lock the door for me?<br />Wouldyou mind locking the door for me?<br />**Notice that “you” is the subject.<br />**Notice the ING in “would you mind”<br />When would you use “Would you mind”?<br />
  10. 10. You want to do something, so you ask your classmate for permission:<br />Would you mind if I+ verb + -ed<br />You want your classmate to do something for you:<br />Would you mind + verb + -ing<br />Polite Requests REVIEW<br />
  11. 11. 9-5: Expressing Necessity(use must, have to, have got to)<br />Necessity  when something is required or needed<br />Americans mustpay taxes.<br />Americans have to pay taxes.<br />I have to talk to my advisor.<br />I musttalk to my advisor.<br />I have got totalk to my advisor. (I’ve gotta talk to my advisor.)<br />Which sentences (A, B or C, D) have the same meaning? Why?<br />Which is stronger, A or B?<br />Which is more commonly used, C or D? What is the difference in meaning?<br />When do you use E?<br />
  12. 12. 9-5: Expressing PAST Necessity(use had to)<br />PAST necessity  when something WAS required or needed in the past<br />Change “I have totalk to my advisor.” to past necessity.<br />I hadtotalk to my advisor.<br />I’m so sorry. I couldn’t have lunch with you because I hadtotalk to my advisor.<br />
  13. 13. 9-6: Lack of Necessity(use do not have to)<br />lack of necessity  when something is NOT required or needed<br />We don’t have toregister for our classes at school. We can register online.<br />You think it’s a requirement, but it’s not.<br />We must not register for our classes at school. We can register online.<br />Does A and B have the same meaning?<br />--NO. When you use “must not” it means…<br />
  14. 14. 9-6: Prohibition(use must not)<br />prohibition  “Don’t do this!”<br />You must nottouch the electrical wires.<br />You must nottell anyone my secret.<br />You must notcheat on tests.<br />Let’s look at the difference in meaning:<br />You must notcheat on tests.<br />You don’t have tocheat on tests.<br />
  15. 15. REVIEW: 9-5, 9-6(have to, must, don’t have to, must not)<br />Plants ___ have water in order to live.<br />A lot of people ___ leave their homes to go to work. They can work from their home offices.<br />To stay alive, people ___ breathe oxygen.<br />People who have diabetes will have serious health problems if they eat foods with a lot of sugar. They ___ eat foods with a lot of sugar.<br />A salesperson ___ motivate people to buy his/her product.<br />My room is a mess, but I ___ clean it before I go out tonight. I can do it in the morning.<br />I ___ get some help with my writing course. If I don’t, I won’t pass it.<br />
  16. 16. 9-7: Giving advice(use should, ought to, had better)<br />You shouldgo to the doctor.<br />You ought togo to the doctor.<br />You awtta go to the doctor.<br />You had bettergo to the doctor.<br />You better go to the doctor.<br />STRONG<br />STRONGER<br />STRONGEST<br />Negative Form:<br /><ul><li>Youshouldn’t watch so much TV.
  17. 17. You’d better nottellanyone.</li></li></ul><li>9-8: Past form of should<br />should have + past participle<br />past form of should expresses REGRET/made a mistake<br />I shouldhave listenedto my parents.<br />I shouldn’thave listened to my friend.<br />
  18. 18. 9-9: Expectations(use be supposed to)<br />My friend is supposed topick me up at 5 P.M.<br />Police officers are supposed toprotect people.<br />I am supposed toget a 550 on the TOEFL.<br />My friend was supposed topick me up at 5 P.M.<br />Which sentence(s) expresses a situation where someone expects something to happen?<br />Which sentence(s) expresses an expectations about a behavior?<br />Which sentence(s) expresses an unfulfilled expectation?<br />
  19. 19. 9-10: Unfulfilled Intentions(use was going to / were going to)<br />My friend is going topick me up at 5 P.M.<br />I am going togo to the library afterschool.<br />My friend was going to pick me up at 5 P.M., but he got stuck in traffic. He’ll be here at 6 P.M.<br />Jo and Mary were going to go to the library afterschool, but they decided to go to a party instead.<br />Which sentence(s) expresses a future activity?<br />Which sentence(s) expresses a past intention?<br />In #3, what did his friend PLAN to do? Did he do it?<br />In #4, what did they PLAN to do? Did they do it?<br />
  20. 20. 9-10: Unfulfilled Intentions(use plan, hope, intend, think about)<br />My friend was planning to pick me up at 5 P.M., but he got stuck in traffic. He’ll be here at 6 P.M.<br />John and Sarah werehopingto have a baby girl, but she gave birth to a boy.<br />I was intending to go to Stanford, but I’m going to Harvard instead.<br />Jo and Mary were thinking about going to the library afterschool, but they decided to go to a party instead.<br />
  21. 21. 9-11/9-12: Making Suggestions(use Let’s, Why don’t, Shall I/we, could, should)<br />Bob: What do you want to do tonight?<br />Jo: Let’swatch TV.<br />Ann: We always do that. Why don’twego to Mike’s house?<br />Bob: I don’t really like Mike. We couldplay tennis at the park. We should play tennis at the park.<br />Jo: I don’t have a tennis racket. I should’ve bought one when it was on sale.<br />Ann: Shallwe just stay home and watch TV?<br />Jo: Good idea.<br />

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