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  1. 1. Chapter 11<br />Blue Azar, 4th Edition<br />
  2. 2. ACTIVE:<br />Someonestolethe computer.<br />PASSIVE:<br />The computer was stolenbysomeone.<br />11-1: Active vs. Passive<br />
  3. 3. BE verb + past participle<br />The computer isstolen by someone.<br />The computer wasstolen by someone.<br />The computer willbestolen by someone.<br />11-1: Passive Tense<br />
  4. 4. You can only make a passive sentence with verbs that can be followed by an object (transitive verbs).<br />You CAN’T make a passive sentence with intransitive verbs.<br />happen, sleep, come, seem, agree<br />He slept.  He was slept.<br />11-1: Transitive verbs<br />
  5. 5. ACTIVE<br />She writes the paper.<br />She is writing the paper.<br />She has written the paper.<br />PASSIVE<br />The paper iswritten by her.<br />The paper isbeingwritten by her.<br />The paper has been written by her.<br />11-2: Tense Forms of the PassiveBE verb + past participle<br />
  6. 6. ACTIVE<br />She wrote the paper.<br />She was writing the paper.<br />She had written the paper.<br />PASSIVE<br />The paper waswritten by her.<br />The paper was beingwritten by her.<br />The paper had been written by her.<br />11-2: Tense Forms of the PassiveBE verb + past participle<br />
  7. 7. ACTIVE<br />She will write the paper.<br />She is going to write the paper.<br />She will have written the paper.<br />PASSIVE<br />The paperwillbe written by her.<br />The paper is going tobewritten by her.<br />The paper will have been written by her.<br />11-2: Tense Forms of the PassiveBE verb + past participle<br />
  8. 8. Pineapples are grown in Hawaii.<br />My grandparents’ house was built in 1930.<br />This t-shirt was made in China.<br />My grandmother-in-law made this scarf.<br />This scarf was made by my grandmother-in-law.<br />What are the passive tenses in each sentence?<br />Why is passive tense used?<br />11-3: When to use the PASSIVE<br />
  9. 9. The new highway willbecompletedsometime next month.<br />The World Cup soccer games arebeingtelevised all over the world this year.<br />Some 300 civilians havebeenkilled in Benghazi.<br />Hollywood isvisited by many people.<br />Barack Obama waselected president in 2008.<br />11-3: PracticeWhy is the passive used?<br />
  10. 10. Barack Obama waselected president in 2008.<br />Was Barack Obama elected president in 2008?<br />Whenwas Barack Obama elected?<br />Some 300 civilians havebeenkilled in Benghazi.<br />Have 300 civilians beenkilled in Benghazi?<br />Wherehave 300 civilians beenkilled?<br />Making Passive Questions<br />
  11. 11. 11-4: Modal Passive<br />Parents must be held responsible for their children’s crimes.<br />Parents can be ordered to pay up.<br />Why should the parents be punished?<br />TV violence has to be limited.<br />Do the parents have to be blamed?<br />What are the three parts of the modal passive?<br />modal + BE verb + past participle<br />
  12. 12. modal + BE verb + past participle<br />make / pancakes<br />possibility<br />Pancakes can be made on a stove.<br />do / penguin<br />advisability<br />Something should be done about global warming or else some types of penguins will perish from the earth. <br />
  13. 13. 11-4: Modal Past-Passive<br />Sarah should have been told about tomorrow’s test.<br />This room must have been cleaned last night.<br />Our last test couldn’t have been scheduled for Monday.<br />My boss ought to have been given a raise.<br />What are the three parts of the modal past-passive?<br />modal + HAVE BEEN + past participle<br />
  14. 14. modal + HAVE BEEN + past participle<br />past possibility<br />They could have been made in the oven, but they wouldn't have turned out so good. <br />past advisability<br />Something should have been done many years ago but wasn't. <br />
  15. 15. I opened the door. (ACTIVE)<br />The door was opened by me. (PASSIVE)<br />Describes the action<br />REGULAR PASSIVE<br />The door is opened.<br />Describes an existing state. <br />NON-PROGRESSIVE PASSIVE<br />11-5: Non-Progressive Passive<br />
  16. 16. ACTIVE<br />Khaledtore the paper.<br />REGULAR PASSIVE<br />The paper was torn by Khaled.<br />Describes action<br />NON-PROGRESSIVE PASSIVE<br />The paper is torn.<br />Describes state<br />11-5: Non-Progressive Passive<br />
  17. 17. Sarah is married to Joe.<br />Fraud was committed in the government.<br />Disneyland is crowded with young kids.<br />The kids were lost for about an hour.<br />The new stadium was built last year.<br />Spectrum is located in Irvine.<br />My appointment is scheduled for 3 P.M.<br />The letters were sent back.<br />11-5: PracticeO = Regular X = Non-progressive<br />
  18. 18. 11-6<br />Non-Progressive Passive Verbs + Prepositions<br />Mike is marriedtoSusan.<br />Sarah is boredwithschool.<br />Bob was addictedtostudying for the TOEFL.<br />My parents are dedicatedtohelping the poor.<br />
  19. 19. 11-7 The Passive with GET<br />GET  similar to “become”<br />We are getting excitedabout the upcoming holiday.<br />Most students will get acceptedintoUCI.<br />Create one sentence using one of the common past participles with get on p. 233.<br />
  20. 20. The clown was entertaining.<br />The family was entertained.<br />Who is causing the feeling?<br />--the clown<br />--Use [-ing] <br />Who is receiving the feeling?<br />--the family<br />--Use [-ed]<br />the feeling: entertain<br />
  21. 21. Examples<br />Which sentence means Michael is making other people bored?<br />Michael is boring.<br />Michael is bored.<br />Which sentence means you feel happy?<br />I am exciting.<br />I am excited.<br />