Imprint : Casual Infovis for sustainability data - CSCW 2008
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Imprint : Casual Infovis for sustainability data - CSCW 2008

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  • 1. Imprint, a community visualization of printer data: designing for open-ended engagement on sustainability Zachary Pousman Hafez Rouzati John Stasko Information Interfaces Laboratory GVU Center / GT School of Interactive Computing Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 2. A confession... Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 3. Imprint Visualization of workgroup print activity • Augment the existing social space & practices • Collect data from an an apparently mundane source • Touch-screen display for casual exploration • A community artifact to support reflection and conversation
  • 4. Visualizing data for persuasion Data for self-improvement Nike+ (see www.nikeplus.com) Ubifit Consolvo et al. Persuasive Mirror de Valle and (CHI 2007, Ubicomp 2008) Opalach (Persuasive 2006) Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 5. Visualizing printing & consumption Stump (1999) by Jeremijenko SmartCover Grasso and Munier (CSCW 2002) 7000 Oaks and Counting Holmes (C&C 2007) Visualization of carbon footprint of a building Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 6. Design Goals Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 7. NOT Surveillance Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 8. NOT Surveillance Surveillance literally means “watching from above” Sousveillance, coined by Mann et al. (2003) means “watching from below” Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 9. Open to Interpretation Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 10. Open to Interpretation Environmental degradation Highest energy inputs Powersave: 100w @ 22hours = $0.50 / day Active: 600w @ 2hours = $0.25 / day Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 11. Open to Interpretation Environmental degradation Highest energy inputs Powersave: 100w @ 22hours = $0.50 / day Active: 600w @ 2hours = $0.25 / day Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 12. Open to Interpretation Environmental degradation Highest energy inputs Powersave: 100w @ 22hours = $0.50 / day Active: 600w @ 2hours = $0.25 / day ? Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 13. Meta-design Participatory change through the design/use cycle Fischer and Scharff (2000) Fischer and Giaccardi (2006) ‘Design time’ ‘Use time’ (design during use) ‘Design time’ iteration Seeding Evolutionary growth Re-seeding Participatory Design (Scandinavian Tradition, 1960s) Meta-Design (Design for design)
  • 14. Imprint Visualizations Remember these are the “seeds” Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 15. Tag Cloud Tagcloud Frequently printed words are bigger. Orange words are recent. abowd chi conclusion chi2008 computing cscw hci paper design grand hypothesis hyper- hypertext explanation introduction next rule learn learning system interaction science template work would ubiquitous Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 16. Tag Cloud Print More Info Tagcloud Frequently printed words are bigger. Orange words are recent. abowd chi conclusion chi2008 computing cscw hci paper design grand hypothesis hyper- hypertext explanation introduction Back next rule learn learning Next system interaction science template work would ubiquitous 5/8/2008 TODAY Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 17. Neighborhood What’s Ur Neighborhood? Clustering users in document space: who’s your neighbor? B. Frank User19 C. Paulson T. Pescovitz B. Franklin T. Pescovitz K. Bohn User21 User99 Y. Liu Back H. Stockton Next R. MacDonald R. Grijalva H. Jenson 5/8/2008 TODAY Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 18. Printing Costs (Active vs Idle) What are the printers doing? How much do printers cost to operate? (Totals of all printers) Back Next 5/8/2008 TODAY Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 19. Imprint’s Footprint Imprint’s Footprint How much energy does Imprint use? How much does it cost? WORK vs PLAY Total cost (all time) Back $83.15 Next LCD Screen + Touch Client (G4 Powerbook) Server (Dual G4) $42.07 $2.90 $38.18 5/8/2008 TODAY Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 20. Popularity (‘Hot or Not’) Popularity (Hot or not) How many times are you mentioned in the Imprint data? 100 80 Not part of Imprint yet? 60 No problem. Sign up by emailing: xxxxxxxxx@xxxxx.edu. 40 Then you can see how you stack up (and see Back other fun stuff, too). Next 20 0 Z. Pousman F. Jones T. Greene User19 User46 R. Redmond P. Grijalva 5/8/2008 TODAY
  • 21. Some other social data • ‘Work’ vs ‘Play’ • ‘Designer’ vs ‘Engineer’ (vs ‘Scientist’) Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 22. User Suggested Vis Back 5/8/2008 ? TODAY Next Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 23. Next step - Evaluation Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 24. Thanks! Questions? Acknowledgements: GVU Center, GT’s UROC program, Randy Carpenter and Tim Robichaud, Dr. Amip Shah at HP Labs, my colleagues at II Lab and RPI Decolab for comments on early versions of the talk. Demo tonight at 7:30 PM. zach@cc.gatech.edu Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 25. People print. A lot. 3.2 billion reams (2004). Office paper used by businesses. NADEP Environmental Program Office Report 2005. http://www.flickr.com/photos/alexsegre/ Presented at CSCW 2008 San Diego CA, November 10-12, 2008. All slides are Creative Commons Licensed “non-commercial share-alike.” zach@cc.gatech.edu
  • 26. Paperless office? Shyeah, right. How do you turn 100 GB of printer data into a resource for reflection on the social lives of workers and on their sustainability choices? Imprint. Tagcloud Frequently printed words are bigger. Orange words are recent. abowd chi conclusion chi2008 computing cscw hci paper Popularity (Hot or not) design grand What’s Ur Neighborhood? Clustering users in document space: who’s your neighbor? hypothesis hyper- hypertext How many times are you mentioned in the Imprint data? 100 C. Paulson B. Frank User19 explanation introduction 80 Not part of Imprin T. Pescovitz next B. Franklin 60 learning No problem. Sign T. Pescovitz K. Bohn up by emailing: User21 User99 rule learn xxxxxxxxx@xxxxx.e system Total cost (all time) 40 Then you can see Y. Liu you stack up (and $83.15 H. Stockton work other fun stuff, to R. MacDonald interaction science 20 R. Grijalva template H. Jenson would ubiquitous 0 Z. Pousman F. Jones T. Greene User19 User46 R. Redmond P. Grijalva Coming soon to a printer room near you!