Introduction to linguistics ppt

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Introduction to linguistics ppt

  1. 1. Introduction to Linguistics<br />King Saud University<br />Spring semester 2011<br />Dr ZouhirGabsi<br />Email. zgabsi@ksu.edu.au<br />
  2. 2. What is language?<br />
  3. 3. Definition<br />It is a Communication of thoughts and feelings through a system of arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds, gestures, or written symbols.<br />
  4. 4. More definitions<br />Let’s have a look what the experts have to say..<br />1. Sapir (1921) gave a more plausible definition about human language by stating that:<br /> Language is a purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions, and desires by means of a system of voluntarily produced symbols.<br />
  5. 5. 2. David Crystal (1989):<br /> The discussion may be summarized by referring to language as human vocal noise (or graphic representation of this noise in writing) used systematically and conventionally by a community for purposes of communication.<br />
  6. 6. R.H Hobbins(1990):<br /> Language is a form of communication by means of a system of symbols principally transmitted by vocal sounds.<br />
  7. 7. Human vs Animal language<br />Infinite vs finite repertoire of communication<br />(i.e unlimited for humans)<br />* Human language has what we call grammar, it allows more creation of sentence patterns and <br />
  8. 8. Characteristics of human language<br />Charles F. Hockett(1958) enumerates a number of features which , he argues, constitute human language:<br />Interchangeability: transmitting and receiving information<br />Productivity: the ability to vary a message to reflect differences in circumstances concerned.<br />Cultural transmission: the ability to learn from others.<br />
  9. 9. Exercice<br />Write what you consider to be a good definition of the term language. Justify the choice of the elements that you have incorporated in your definition.<br />What do you consider to be the principal benefits of language to the human race?<br />How well, in your opinion, does the word communication represent the function of human language?<br />
  10. 10. What is linguistics?<br /> Linguistics is the scientific study of language.<br />There are many branches in Linguistics, for example:<br />Applied Linguistics<br />Historical Linguistics<br />Psycholinguistics<br />Computational Linguistics<br />Sociolinguistics<br />
  11. 11. What do we study in linguistics?<br />We will study the following areas in Linguistics:<br />1.Phonetics is the study of sound production (physical production, that is how the sounds are produced in the mouth)<br />2. Phonology: the study of sound patterns<br />2. Morphology: the study of word structure<br />3. Syntax: the study of sentence patterns.<br />

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