Csa promotion through partnership coraf

  • 157 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
157
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Strengthening partnership to promoteclimate-smart agriculture in West Africa Robert Zougmoré CCAFS West Africa Program Leader
  • 2. Length of growing season is likely to decline.. Length of growing period (%) This image cannot currently be display ed. >20% loss To 2090, taking 14 5-20% loss climate models No change 5-20% gain >20% gain Four degree riseThornton et al. (2010) ILRI/CCAFS
  • 3. What is Climate Smart Agriculture?Agriculture that sustainably:1. increases productivity2. resilience (adaptation)3. reduces GHG (mitigation)And enhances achievement ofnational food security anddevelopment goals (FAO, 2010)WWW.FAO.ORG/CLIMATECHANGE/CLIMATESMART/EN
  • 4. Food Ecological Security foot printAdaptation“Climate smart means landscape and policy smart”
  • 5. CSA is not business as usual?Multiple benefitsAttention to synergies and trade-offsNew partnershipsNew types of finance
  • 6. It’s a multitude of trade-offs…•Across sub-sectors (e.g. residues to soils orlivestock?)•Across spatial scales (e.g. more productiveagriculture can result in forest clearance)•Different kinds of households (e.g. some riskinsurance exclude female-headed households)•Short-term vs. long term benefits (e.g. livestockrisk insurance can promote land degradation)
  • 7. It’s all about scale• CSA can have different meanings depending upon the scale at which it is being applied:• At local scale: opportunities for higher production, e.g. through improved management• At national scale: e.g. providing frameworks that incentivize sustainable management practices• At global scale: e.g. setting rules for global trade• For smallholders: greater food security and resilience against shocks• For intensive agriculture: opportunities to reduce emissions Effective partnership to ensure that the different temporal and spatial scales work together properly
  • 8. Some climate-smart agricultural practicesCrop management Livestock Soil and water Agroforestry Integrated food management management energy systems• Intercropping • Improved feeding • Conservation • Boundary trees • Biogas with legumes strategies agriculture and hedgerows • Production of• Crop rotations • Rotational grazing • Contour planting • Nitrogen-fixing energy plants• New crop • Fodder crops • Terraces and trees on farms • Improved stoves varieties • Grassland bunds • Multipurpose• Improved storage restoration and • Planting pits trees and processing conservation • Water storage • Improved fallow techniques • Manure • Alternate wetting with fertilizer• Greater crop treatment and drying (rice) shrubs diversity • Improved • Dams, pits, ridges • Woodlots livestock health • Improved • Fruit orchards • Animal husbandry irrigation (drip) improvements All practices presented here improve food security and lead to higher productivity, but their ability to address adaptation and mitigation varies
  • 9. Total annual GHG emissions1,000 t CO2e, from land-use change, livestock, nitrogen fertilizer consumptionand fires in grazing lands (Brown et al 2011) Land-Use Nitrogen Grazing Area Region Country Livestock Total Change Fertilizer Burned from NC* East Africa Ethiopia 7,339 41,966 339 1,254 50,897 Kenya 1,812 11,988 323 232 14,356 Tanzania 1,833 13,935 42 1,736 17,546 Uganda 1,112 6,204 18 524 7,858 Subtotal 12,097 74,093 722 3,745 90,657 West Africa Burkina Faso 273 8,779 18 306 9,377 Ghana 1,664 1,865 55 491 4,076 Mali 440 9,270 64 241 10,015 Niger 31 10,405 14 9 10,460 Senegal 369 3,364 84 249 4,066 Subtotal 2,778 33,683 235 1,297 37,993 Grand Total 14,874 107,776 957 5,043 128,649
  • 10. We need mitigation options Cropland management Grazing land Land cover management change Management Manure- of organic GHG biosolid soils reduction management Restoration of degraded Bioenergy lands Livestock management
  • 11. Importance of trees in fields andfarming landscapes
  • 12. Are there opportunities to reduceemissions or increase sequestration?Management option Mitigation Potential Actions requiredLivestock High Technical options?Soil C sequestration Moderate Incentives? Monitoring?Reduced burning Moderate Technical options?Land rehabilitation Moderate InvestmentFertilizer Low Future efficiencies, sustainable intensification?
  • 13. Mitigation: Changes in agricultural and landscape management Agriculture Energy• Permanent plantings • Solar (trees, shrubs, grasses) • Biogas• Mixed farming systems- • Tillage grasslands systems • Transport• Conservation agriculture practices• Manure management• Ruminant nutrition
  • 14. Evergreen agriculture withFaidherbia albida
  • 15. Engaging multiple stakeholders tofacilitate enhanced climatic risk management
  • 16. Early action: building on proventechnologies, practices and approaches• Agroforestry systems-Conservation agriculture• Soil and nutrient management• Water harvesting and use• Pest and disease control• Resilient ecosystems• Genetic resources• Harvesting, processing and supply chains On-the-ground implementation (PAR)
  • 17. But not only coping strategiesRehabilitation, Prevention, sustainable intensification…
  • 18. Integrated soil fertility andwater management
  • 19. Naturally assisted tree regenerationin Niger This farm family has been food New AGF parklands in Zinder secure since they began (Faidherbia Albida, ≈ 1 M ha rehabilitation
  • 20. Increased resilience to inter-annual rainfallvariability in improved fallow systems in Malawi 2,5 2 Yield (t ha-1) 1,5 1 0,5 0 1001 1017 551 962 522 Seasonal rainfall (mm) Sole maize Maize + sesbania
  • 21. Institutional & policy options• Enabling policy environment• Information production and dissemination• Climate data and information gaps• Dissemination mechanisms• Preparing institutions at the grassroots• Institutions to support financing and insurance needs• Adaptation through awareness creation and empowerment• Education of future generations (curricula)
  • 22. The Political Dimension:African Union’s pre-Durban COP17 publication
  • 23. Way forwards?• Provide an enabling legal and political environment• Improve market accessibility• Involve all stakeholders in the project-planning process• Improve access to knowledge and capacity strengthening (short & long-terms)• Introduce more secure tenure• Overcome the barriers of high opportunity costs to land• Improve access to farm implements and capital• Communication efforts for widespread dissemination of information
  • 24. Regional and national learning platforms For information exchange, capacity strengthening, building consensus around issues and priorities National and regional Regional economic agencies community Research providers Advisory services NGOs & policy think tanks Farmer organisations
  • 25. CCAFS PARTICIPATORY PARTNERS ACTION RESEARCH FO/CBO Objective: Test, adapt NARES RECs and monitor strategic (CILSS, ARIs INSAH, innovations supporting UNIVs etc.) climate-smart CCAFS agriculture (CGIAR + ESSP) Approach: particular actions, NGOs PRIVATE interventions tested and implemented simultaneously with local communities, partners, CSO researchers & development workers, cooperating closelyPILOT SITES IN WEST AFRICA• Kaffrine (Senegal)• Kollo (Niger)• Ségou (Mali)• Lawra-Jirapa (Ghana)• Yatenga (Tougou)