An overview of the development of the world wide web


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  • An overview of the development of the world wide web

    2. 2. The Internet Its not the same thing as the World Wide Web
    3. 3. The Internet The Difference between the internet and the World Wide Web: • The Internet is a global interconnection of computer networks • The World Wide Web is a way to navigate this massive network. In sailing terms, it's like comparing an ocean to a ship. • As Arpanet grew so did its benefits. Academics, officials, technicians and scientists could communicate with each other quite easily and were readily able to share information. It increasingly attracted the attention of organizations outside the US and as other countries joined the network they helped it grow even faster. This internationalization of the Internet helped give its name – an International Network; hence Internet. • Of course, with improved technology and supporting infrastructure, the Internet eventually became available to smaller computer networks and to individual users. From being an unfriendly, command-driven environment, the Internet was friendly to use. The advantages of having huge amounts of information available at your finger tips and accessible in a userfriendly way, helped in attracting the large numbers of users that we see on the Internet today, already numbering in excess of 670 million.
    4. 4. The ARPANET MAP
    5. 5. The World Wide Web is Created • In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee developed a system designed to simplify navigation on the Internet. In time, this system became known as the World Wide Web.
    6. 6. CERN-the worlds first website
    7. 7. But you needed a software to display these webpages
    8. 8. The First Web Browsers • The first web browser was invented in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee. It was called Worldwide Web and was later renamed Nexus. The first commonly available web browser with a graphical user interface was Erwise. The development of Erwise was initiated by Robert Cailliau. • In 1993, browser software was further innovated by Marc Andreessen with the release of Mosaic (later Netscape), "the world's first popular browser",[4] which made the World Wide Web system easy to use and more accessible to the average person.
    9. 9. The World Wide Web has begun
    10. 10. Web 1.0 – the first generation WEB 1.0 • When the world wide web began the users could only gain access to a limited number of websites which were owned by business companies and news networks. • Hence there was less data and content available and hence there was a lack of sources for many subjects on the internet as only 10,000 website developers and publishers existed for 500,000,000 users. • Most websites were static webpages
    12. 12. The shortcomings of this new technology STAKE HOLDERS: • The people who began websites only began websites so that they could earn money through advertisements and forgot that their website must be attractive for people to visit them and see the website • Most of the web developers were taking loans from venture capitalists to make websites promising good returns • The venture capitalists were at a big loss if the website did not take off MAJOR PROBLEM !!! “The web developers and companies saw the web as publishing ,not participation -Read Write Web ,not Read Only Web” SOCIETY: • Most Websites were read only • Most business companies were just providing an online version of their catalogue in the form of webpages on their website • Most of the search engines were not very good • Webpages had to be reloaded each time if the user made a change in the widget available on the website • The internet was also very slow during this time ,hence loading heavy websites with lots of data took lots of time to load and sometimes even failed after some time • The web had begun but was not organized properly
    13. 13. The DOT com crash • People had misunderstood the internet market leading to failures and losses. The websites were not attractive deigned around the wrong philosophy and soon customers were disinterested and many websites began to shut down. • Apart from the major companies and websites only a few remained. • Google and Amazon were the only few newly launched websites which remained.
    14. 14. The Dot Com evolution So then what did they do to improve?
    15. 15. So what was the new idea? Information The idea-collaboration-get the users involved • The idea was to allow users as well to generate data onto the internet as this would lead to a rapid increase of content and sources available • The user could upload his data on a blog or on a website which allowed you to upload information and share it or make it public
    16. 16. How did they implement their idea? • Implementation of dynamic websites which allowed users to interact with the website and share ideas through posts and comments • To create these new type of websites new languages like PHP ,Java Script were adopted by many websites • Even if a user did not own or have a personal website he could yet have his own webpage thanks to the idea of social networking which allowed users to sign and build up information on their website as well have webpages of their own upon which they could upload data.
    17. 17. HOW DID THIS BENEFIT THE WEBSITE OWNERS? • Now users were generating their content and data by reviews and documents. • These sites were now designed around the user and allowed the user to share information in a faster manner • In 1999 this idea was implemented to help improve the economy of this industry • By 2000 NASDAQ reported that the value of this industry had doubled by the implementation of this idea. It got better as more and more people used it
    18. 18. NEW FEATURES OF WEB 2.0 • Dynamic Webpages • Refined search • Better search engines available • User Website Interaction • Web Apps improved • Newer protocols and technologies allowed webpages to load faster. Also as the webpages were now well organized due to content management systems it was faster to send data. • Social Networking sites
    19. 19. Types of Websites in Web 2.0 • Blogs • Social Networking Sites • E-commerce sites • Forums • Media Sharing Websites
    20. 20. Examples of Websites which adopted the Web 2.0 strategy
    21. 21. Examples of Websites which adopted the Web 2.0 strategy • WIKIPEDIA • Wikipedia is a website which allows users to create pages on various topics an upload them. The range of the topics is very wide and pages on various topics can be found with a vast amount of information on them. • There fore it is even referred to as the worlds largest encyclopedia. • And the best part about this website is that the data is organized well and that users can
    22. 22. Viewing the Internet as a Market Place(ecommerce) With the introduction of a redefined search engine and search technique organizations decided to sell goods online as this would reduce their overheads as they would not need to have so much floor space and shelves to display items and lesser salesmen would be required. Hence their profits would increase as well and also people could now access their store form anywhere in the world without visiting it. Also now it was easier to sell items which could not be found easily as people could now view them from the internet. Also some items could be found cheaper and due to the development of new faster web apps the user could bid for an item being auctioned through the site.
    23. 23. Social Media Marketing on Social Networks • SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING is one of the biggest and most significant results of Web 2.0. Websites like Facebook, Orkut, LinkedIn, Twitter, Myspace, You Tube, etc. are the top visited websites. • It is because networking is one of the most essential needs in today’s world.. • Thus, two-thirds of the total number of internet users visit social media websites daily. It has become an addiction to many. • Companies market themselves on these websites via advertisements which pop up on the side of the webpage or before the webpage is loaded
    24. 24. THE CONS AND PROBLEMS • Users upload the information but no one was gets paid for providing this information • This makes them very unhappy as people are getting valuable information for free • Information overload. Too much information is daily posted by many people with different thought. This creates confusion for the readers and the quality of the content is not reliable. • Freedom to post views and comments provides good opportunities for competitors and rivals to post negative comments about other companies.
    25. 25. The Future The future of of the the world wide World web Wide Web
    26. 26. Semantic Web
    27. 27. The semantic web is all about data integration. It is an infrastructure technology and organized approach towards meta data. Existed Data is reconnected and Improved for a better and faster user experience
    28. 28. The Semantic Web-3.0 (Search results redefined) • The main purpose of the Semantic Web is driving the evolution of the current Web by enabling users to find, share, and combine information more easily. • The idea is to make the internet as smart or as intelligent such that it can perform search tasks over websites to find a certain piece of data in a shorter period of time than what the average human would take. • This function would help users find what they are looking for faster as well as will have the capability to filter websites which are useless to the user • The user can search for the cheapest air fares or best recipe or find the information he is looking for on the first webpage he sees • It is said that the semantic web may also have the capability to find and list all relevant information for the user on one page itself
    29. 29. Advanced technologies Web 4.0 "the ultraintelligent electronic agent."
    30. 30. Web 4.0-The Personal Assistant Although Web 4.0 still is in developing mode and the true shape is still forming, first signals are in that Web 4.0 will be about a linked web which communicates with us like we communicate with each other (like a personal assistant). Web 4.0 is called “symbiotic” web
    31. 31. According to the futurist and business strategist and Big Think blogger Daniel Burrus The Web 4.0 will be: • "the ultra-intelligent electronic agent.“ • the screen-less smartphone which may be a piece of jewelry
    32. 32. THANK YOU