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Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2
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Ici9keynote Zwa Aug13 2009 Final2

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  • 1. Zoraini Wati Abas Institute of Quality, Research & Innovation/ Faculty of Education and Languages Open University Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Fostering Learning in a Mobile World
  • 2. http://newlearningplaybook.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/text-message-cartoon.gif SUITM 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 3. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas 1980s 1990s 2000 -
  • 4. Mobile Devices 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 5. Source: Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission, 2009 http://www.skmm.gov.my/facts_figures/stats/index.asp Mobile Scenario in Malaysia 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 6. The driving forces in today’s world of mobile learning 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 7. Generation Y Learners <ul><li>Video games </li></ul><ul><li>PC </li></ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>CDs </li></ul><ul><li>Individualist </li></ul>Generation X 1965-80 <ul><li>Web </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phone </li></ul><ul><li>IM </li></ul><ul><li>MP3s </li></ul><ul><li>Online communities </li></ul>Net Gen (Digital Natives/ Millennials) 1981-99 (10-28 yrs old) Baby Boomers 1946-64 <ul><li>TV generation </li></ul><ul><li>Typewriters </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul><ul><li>Memos </li></ul><ul><li>Family focus </li></ul>Source: http://www.slideshare.net/gskeesee/learning-theories-341414 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 8. Current Technology-based Scenario <ul><li>New e-Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OERs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Portability/Mobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasingly affordable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broadband </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless </li></ul>13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas ubiquitous
  • 9. Prediction 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas The architects of education 2.0 predict that traditional universities that cling to the string-quartet model will find themselves on the wrong side of history, alongside newspaper chains and record stores. &quot;If universities can't find the will to innovate and adapt to changes in the world around them, universities will be irrelevant by 2020.” David Wiley, Brigham Young University Founder of the Open High School of Utah http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/138/who-needs-harvard.html
  • 10. From David Wiley’s keynote at eLearn 2008, “Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Education” 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consumption or Creating Closed or Open
  • 11. Adapted from David Wiley’s keynote at eLearn 2008, “Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Education” 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas E-learning 2.0 Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consumption or Creating Closed or Open
  • 12. http://thefuturebuzz.com/pics/power%20users/part2/social%20media%20starfish.jpg 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 13. http://www.susanmernit.com/blog/2564571564_70181a48b0.jpg 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 14. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 15. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas After a decade of mad human scrambling to attempt to understand e-learning and blended learning, we now are confronted with mobile or m-learning , and ubiquitous or u-learning . Curtis Bonk (2009)
  • 16. http://www.apple.com/education/mobile-learning/ iTunes U 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 17. http://academicearth.org/ 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 18. http://academicearth.org/ 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 19. Samples of Podcasts from Yale <ul><li>Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Physics </li></ul>13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 20. http://academicearth.org/ 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 21. Different kind of universities 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas Peer2Peer University http://www.p2pu.org/ $70,000 seed grant from the Hewlett Foundation to launch its first 10 pilot courses. Opened for enrolment on 9-09-09 http://www.uopeople.org/ Dr. Russell S. Winer Computer and Business Programs   “ The University of the People is an idea whose time has come&quot;.
  • 22. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 23. Transform Learning from Push to Pull 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas Adapted from: Morrison(2003). E-Learning strategies: How to get implementation and delivery right the first time. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley
  • 24. Put learning into the hands of learners Change the way we assess learning 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 25. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 26. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 27. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas http://twitter.com/zoraini
  • 28. Mobile learning works best when we . . . 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 29. Push-Pull Model of Blended Learning Learners 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas Institution
  • 30. The advantages and benefits? If you have a team filled with the younger generation ( Gen Y ), m-learning is likely to be welcomed with open arms . . . . we are used to getting information via cell phones and iPods , and are accustomed to accessing what we need when we need it . With its real time format and flexibility , m-learning is just too good to be true for us! http://corpu.com/weekly/article/mobile-learning/ 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 31. Mobile learning at OUM 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 32. Milestones 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 33. Analysis of Learner Readiness for Mobile Learning at OUM 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 34. Gender 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 35. Age group 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas 44 percent 42.5 percent
  • 36. Do you have a mobile phone? 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 37. Can you imagine yourself as the learner in the above scenario? 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 38. Are OUM learners ready for mobile learning? N = 2,837 (end 2008) “ Can you imagine yourself as the learner in the above scenario?” 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 39. I would like to receive the following forms of learning content through my mobile device: 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 40. What type of courses would you like to receive through m-learning? 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 41. OUM mobile learning http://mlearn.oum.edu.my/index_m.htm 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 42. Mobile Learning Content Creation Worskhop (SMS content) 25 April 2009 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 43. <ul><li>Mobile learning – OUMH1103 (sms & podcasts) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forum, content, Tips, Motivation, Course Management via SMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMSes received by OUMH1103 1863 learners & 74 tutors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMSes planned for the May semester in advance were sent to tutors </li></ul></ul>13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 44. <ul><li>Mobile learning – OUMH1103 (sms & podcasts) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2-3 SMS per week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent around 8pm on week days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners reminded (through tutors, & facebook) to update their mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Update their user profile in myLMS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call IQRI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Email mlearn@oum.edu.my </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pass mobile number to tutors </li></ul></ul></ul>13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 45. Latest Info <ul><li>Mobile learning – OUMH1103 (sms & podcasts) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasts avaliable at http://mlearn.oum.edu.my </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook community http://www.facebook.com/home.php?ref=home#/pages/Kuala-Lumpur-Malaysia/OUM-Mobile-Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://twitter.com/oumh1103 for “archive” of SMS </li></ul></ul>13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 46. Categories of SMS and Examples 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas Total = 31 SMS
  • 47. Formative Evaluation (mid May 2009 semester) <ul><li>51 learners </li></ul><ul><li>12 tutors </li></ul><ul><li>6 learning centres </li></ul><ul><li>Generally receptive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings about SMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actions upon receiving SMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timing and frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usefulness of the SMS </li></ul></ul>Abas, Lim & Woo (2009). Mobile learning initiative through SMS: A formative evaluation, ASEAN J. Open Distance Learning , 1(1) 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 48. Formative Evaluation (mid May 2009 semester) Source: Abas, Z.W., Lim, T. & Woo. T.K. (2009). Mobile learning initiative through SMS: A formative evaluation, ASEAN J. Open Distance Learning , 1(1), 49-58. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 49. Comments in Facebook 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 50. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 51. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 52. Summative Evaluation - 712 learners (end May 2009 semester) 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas Learners’ Perception of Usefulness and Motivation Source: Abas, Z.W., Lim, T., Harvinder Kaur, Wei, W.S. (2009). Design and implementation of mobile learning at Open University Malaysia. Paper submitted to the SEAAIR 2009 conference.
  • 53. Summative Evaluation - 712 learners (end May 2009 semester) 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas Perceived Effectiveness of the Various SMS Categories Source: Abas, Z.W., Lim, T., Harvinder Kaur, Wei, W.S. (2009). Design and implementation of mobile learning at Open University Malaysia. Paper submitted to the SEAAIR 2009 conference.
  • 54. From a student’s email . . . 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas You guys made a great difference by alerting we distance learners with questions & statements, keeping up  all along the ODL module & tutorials, encouraging our learning. Our “lecturer,” helped and encouraged us to respond to the messages you guys posted, by creating a specific section in the forum for discussions of SMS’s.   I strongly believe that this mode of on the move, two-way communicative learning methodology will be very beneficial and help to complement, the self-learning, the face to face tutorial and on-line learning.    Email received on 3 Aug 2009
  • 55. Mobile learning at OUM is like having a/an: <ul><li>alarm clock that tells the learner when to study </li></ul><ul><li>coach who tells the learner what to study, motivate, engage and keep the learner on track </li></ul><ul><li>personal assistant to remind the learner of important dates and things to do </li></ul><ul><li>Tutor in the pocket </li></ul>13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 56. 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas SMS
  • 57. <ul><li>Mobile Learning at OUM </li></ul>13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas
  • 58. Thank You On the web : [email_address] [email_address] http://research-zwa.blogspot.com/ http://eyeonlearning.blogspot.com/ http://twitter.com/zoraini http://www.facebook.com/zoraini IM: [email_address] 13Aug2009 ICI9-Zoraini Wati Abas

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