E li13 zoraini_feb2013
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Eli '13 invited paper on student engagement of an online postgraduate course

Eli '13 invited paper on student engagement of an online postgraduate course

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E li13 zoraini_feb2013 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Engaging Learners in an Online Course: Success Factors Zoraini Wati Abas, EdDDirector, Center for Learning, Teaching and Curriculum Development Putera Sampoerna Foundation University Project Jakarta, INDONESIA zoraini@sampoernafoundation.org zoraini@gmail.com
  • 2. Student EngagementHow do we know whether studentsare engaged in their course? 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 3. Student EngagementIs it important? 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 4. Student Engagement Course Completion (Good Grades) Program Completion (Good Results)4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 5. ZWAbas-eLI2013-RiyadhStudent Engagement 4-7 Feb 2013Literature Review
  • 6.  Appleton, Christenson and Furlong (2008) explains that engagement has two or three components such as positive conduct, effort and participation.  Chen, Gonyea and Kuh (2008)Student Engagement defines engagement as theWhat does it mean? degree to which learners are involved with their educational activities and that engagement is positively linked to desired outcomes, high grades, student satisfaction, and perseverance. 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 7.  Providing a learning- centered approach (Hunt & Chalmers, 2012)  The facilitator needs to provide effective facilitation of learningStudent Engagement through new or innovativeWhat does it mean? ways.  Social constructivist approach works best – collaboration between learners in a learning environment. Use of Web 2.0 tools 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 8.  Beer, Clark & Jones (2010). Student engagement is linked to undergraduate academic achievement, student attribution, student retention, studentStudent Engagement motivation andWhy is it important? institutional success.  Trowler (2010), “when learners are engaged…they are shaping and leading their own learning and education.” 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 9.  Kuh (2003). “Student engagement holds the magic wand making it possible for students to succeed and develop their potential.”Student Engagement  Duffy, Korkmas, Dennis, etWhy is it important? al (2005), “students who are more engaged learn more” 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 10.  Ruey (2010), “when learners feel involved and engaged in the course, they perform well and the desired learning objectives are achieved.Student Engagement  Coates (2005), “studentWhy is it important? engagement is directly or indirectly related to improvement in student learning.” 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 11. 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 12. Benefits  Greater sense of ownership over their learning  Increased motivation  Improved self-esteem  Greater achievement  Improved relationship with peers and educators  Increased self-efficacy4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 13. Trends Welcome to higher education circa 2012, where on many campuses, the stale, passive lecture model is being replaced by a more dynamic way of teaching and learning—one in which students and instructors collaborate in a give-and- take fashion to “make meaning together,” - Tony O’Driscoll, a professor of business administration at Duke. Source: http://www.ecampusnews.com/top-news/how- collaborative-learning-is-transforming-higher-education/4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 14. ZWAbas-eLI2013-RiyadhStudent Engagement 4-7 Feb 2013Course DesignStudent Feedback (Impact)Framework
  • 15. Methodology Case Study of a 100 pct Online Postgraduate Course  Course Design  Environment to support social constructivist learning  Activities to support student engagement  Impact on student engagement  Student feedback  What it means to be engaged  Indicators of student engagement4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 16. How do we engage students ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh 4-7 Feb 2013in an online course?
  • 17. HMID 6303  http://hmid6303.ning.com HMEF 5083  http://hmef5083.ning.comNing as a CollaborativeLearning Platform 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 18. Student Engagement using Web 2.0 Tools (Social Media)4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 19. 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 20. 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 21. 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 22. Creation of a learner-friendly environment Application of Provision of COL model relevant and • Teacher Presence meaningful • Cognitive Presence learning • Social Presence opportunities Social Constructivist Learning Framework for Student Engagement Relationship between Success Factors4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 23. Community of Inquiry (COI) Model of Engagement Garrison, Anderson & Archer (2000)4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 24. ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh4-7 Feb 2013 Findings and Discussions Views of being engaged in learning Indicators of student engagement
  • 25. Questions to obtain students’ feedback  What does “to be engaged in learning” mean?  What are three factors that will encourage or show evidence that the learners are engaged?4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 26.  “To be engaged in learning means to be self motivated to learn.”  “Learning engagement refers to a situation where the instructor encourages learners to take an active role in their own learning by giving them practical tasks that will promote information processing and understanding of concepts.”Views of being  “I think that this means for the learner“engaged in learning” to be actively involved in all learning activities through interacting with instructor, peers, web, learning material.”  “It also means that the tasks must be able to maintain the students interests and so must include tasks designed to challenge the student’s problem solving abilities, reasoning, evaluation skills and other cognitive abilities.”  “Learning engagement involves learners in authentic tasks to involve problems solving.” 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 27.  self-motivation  encouragement from the instructor  active role/involvement in learningEmerging themes –  practical tasks, helping students to learn,student engagement  involvement with instructor, peers, Web and learning materials, authentic and meaningful tasks to maintain student interest where student’s problem solving abilities, reasoning, evaluation skills and other cognitive abilities are suitable challenging. 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 28.  The learner interacts with the content and discovers concepts and principles to apply  The learner takes responsibility for learning and collaborates with other learners  Actively participating and enthusiastic in the lesson discussions, and posts, that is students respond in a timely mannerIndicators (evidence) of  Completing the assignmentsStudent Engagement  Submitting assignments on time  Completing the course online  Obtaining good grades for the course  Motivating others in class  Getting involved in class discussions  Doing self-learning where needed in order to understand the subject matter even more 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 29. Creation of a learner-friendly environment Application of Provision of COL model relevant and • Teacher Presence meaningful • Cognitive Presence learning • Social Presence opportunities Social Constructivist Learning Factors to foster student engagement4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 30. Supporting Social Constructivist Learning Description Steps Taken Evidence Design of learning within a social Creation of: Learners are connected context where social -Forums & with each other as they interactions in forums and other -Online group discussed and interacted online activities are predominant activities with each other online learning events4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 31. Engaging Students in Forums (Applying the COI Model for Student Engagement) Description Steps Taken Evidence Ensuring teaching Facilitator visited and posted There were eight (8) presence (interaction with comments, issues for discussion, discussion forums with course facilitator) encouraging remarks, reminders, active interaction. instructions or provided motivation to students. The facilitator provided learning guidance, for example, in the forum on assignments. Generally, forums provided issues for discussion (20 percent of the course marks)4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 32. Description Steps Taken Evidence Ensuring cognitive Careful selection of resources Students were seen to presence to be viewed or read combine their new learning individually and then with previous knowledge discussed. and experience. Discussions were made relevant and meaningful Students were allowed freedom of expression during online discussions.4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 33. Description Steps Taken Evidence Ensuring social presence Creation of a pleasant, safe, Everyone was courteous secure and respectful and respectful to each environment where ideas other. were shared and differing opinions were shared and discussed. The facilitator ensured a positive atmosphere to support online interactions.4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 34. Creating a learner-friendly environment Description Steps Taken Evidence Selecting a platform with a Selection of a social web site, Learners were seen to learner-friendly interface and Ning, popular because of its be online more often supportive of online group friendly interface and easy compared to when interactions. navigability that supports learning via group interactions and using other platforms. collaborative activities. Ning supports: forum discussions, chats, RSS feeds, embedding of videos, and the like. Learners were encouraged to upload their photos to increase the human element4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 35. Providing relevant & meaningful learning opportunities Description Steps Taken Evidence Designing (a) relevant and Students were required to read/view, Students were actively posting meaningful learning tasks, analyze, give feedback and opinions in based on their reading of the and (b) provision of learning relation to his/her personal or work textbook, The World is Open, activities using meaningful experience. other readings and selected learning resources. videos. Learners were assessed based on two assignments and forum participation: Students reported that the a report on current trends and issues, book was not only informative based on readings and discussions to but also interesting to read. demonstrate understanding of the trends and issues in instructional technology a paper based on learning technologies in the open world with the development of a demonstrator application of the selected learning technology(ies) Forum discussions were also evaluated and comprised 20 percent4-7 Feb 2013 of the course marks. ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 36. Gaining of Knowledge, Teaching of Content Understanding, Skill and Experience4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 37. Gaining Engaging Students in Using Knowledge, Content in Problem Understanding, Solving/Challenging Situations Skill and Experience • Personalizing Learning • Meaningful Learning4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 38. Authentic Learning Problem-based Learning Project-Based Learning Collaborative Learning Borderless Learning Bring Your Own Device (BYOD)4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 39. Summary & Conclusion4-7 Feb 2013ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 40.  Despite very few learners, they were actively engaged during course, the online discussions with the facilitator and peers, as well as involved with the learning tasks and the course assignments.What can we  All learners submitted their assignments and completedconclude? the course successfully.Design of an online learning  Factors supporting studentenvironment via a Web 2.0 platform engagementthat supports social constructivist  COI engagement model for online discussions,learning which in turn provides a  Learner-friendly onlinelearning-centered approach environment  Relevant and meaningful learning materials and activities 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 41. http://www.learningtheoriesprofile.com/images/diagram.gif4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 42. 4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 43. Skype: zoraini Slideshare: zoraini Twitter: zorainiwatiabas http://www.facebook.com/zoraini Pinterest: http://pinterest.com/zoraini Email: zoraini@gmail.com4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh
  • 44. Thank you for your attention4-7 Feb 2013 ZWAbas-eLI2013-Riyadh