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E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28
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E learn 2009 vancouver_oct28

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  • 1. Mobile Learning for Open and Distance Learning: Opportunities and Challenges Zoraini Wati Abas, Ed.D. Director Institute of Quality, Research & Innovation Open University Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia1 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 2. After a decade of mad human scrambling to attempt to understand e-learning and blended learning,we now are confronted with mobile or m-learning, and ubiquitous or u-learning. Curtis Bonk (2009)2 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 3. Mobile Possibilities Opportunities Learning for ODL & Challenges: A Case Study3 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 4. 4 http://newlearningplaybook.com/blog/wp- content/uploads/2008/08/text-message-cartoon.gifeLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas26-30 October 2009 SUITM
  • 5. 2000 - 1990s 1980s5 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 6. Mobile Scenario in Malaysia 26 million population in 28.9 million Malaysia mobile phone subscribers Source: Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission, 2009 http://www.skmm.gov.my/facts_figures/stats/index.asp6 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 7. Mobile Devices26-30 October 2009 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 7
  • 8. The drivingforces in today’sworld of mobile Mobilelearning devices Infrastructur e (Broadband & Wireless) New e-Learning 8 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 9. Generation Y Learners Net Gen Baby (Digital Natives/Source: http://www.slideshare.net/gskeesee/learning-theories-341414 Millennials) Boomers Generation X 1981-99 1946-64 1965-80 (10-28 yrs old)  TV generation • Video games • Web  Typewriters • PC • Cell phone • Email • IM  Telephone • CDs • MP3s  Memos • Individualist • Online  Family focus communities 9 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 10. Current Scenario Portability/Mobility Ubiquitous Smaller Broadband devices More Wireless powerful Increasingly affordable 10 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 11. http://lonewolflibrarian.files.wordpress.com/11 2009/06/digital_blooms.jpgeLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas26-30 October 2009
  • 12. http://winecircleconsulting.com/wp- content/uploads/2009/06/social-12 pyramid3.jpgeLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas26-30 October 2009
  • 13. http://i.zdnet.com/blogs/socialmediavaluep yramid_small.png13eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas26-30 October 2009
  • 14. http://www.eluma.com/site/Portals/0/Sub%14 20Pages/pyramid2.jpgeLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas26-30 October 2009
  • 15. eLearning 2.0From David Wiley’s keynote at eLearn 2008, “Openness and the eLearning Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or MobileDisaggregated Future of Education” Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consumption or Creating Closed or Open 15 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 16. Adapted from David Wiley’s keynote at eLearn 2008, “Openness and eLearning 2.0 eLearning E-learning 2.0 Analog or Digitalthe Disaggregated Future of Education” Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consumption or Creating Closed or Open 16 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 17. http://thefuturebuzz.com/pics/power%20users/p art2/social%20media%20starfish.jpg17eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas26-30 October 2009
  • 18. http://www.susanmernit.com/blog/2564571564_70181a48b0.jpg18eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas26-30 October 2009
  • 19. 19 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 20. http://www.apple.com/education/mobile-learning/iTunes U20 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 21. http://academicearth.org/ 21 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 22. http://academicearth.org/ 22 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 23. Samples of Podcasts from YalePsychologyPhysics23 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 24. http://academicearth.org/ 24 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 25. Different kind Peer2Peer University of http://www.p2pu.org/ $70,000 seed grant from the Hewlett universities Foundation to launch its first 10 pilot courses. (in the future) Opened for enrolment on 9-09-09 http://www.uopeople.org/ Computer and Business Programs Dr. Russell S. Winer “The University of the People is an idea whose time has come".25 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 26. 26 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 27. Transform Learning from Push to PullAdapted from:Morrison(2003). E-Learning strategies: Howto get implementation anddelivery right the first time.Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley 27 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 28. Put learning into the hands of learners Change the way we assess learning28 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 29. 29 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 30. 30 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 31. http://twitter.com/zoraini31 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 32. Mobile learning works best when we . . . need to push content to learners want learners to pull content need to manage the learning process wish to support interactive learning32 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 33. Push-Pull Model of Blended Learning F2F Push/Pull Learning Push/Pull Learners Print- New e- based Learning Learning Push/Pull Institution33 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 34. The advantages and benefits?http://corpu.com/weekly/article/mobile-learning/ If you have a team filled with the younger generation (Gen Y), m-learning is likely to be welcomed with open arms . . . . we are used to getting information via cell phones and iPods, and are accustomed to accessing what we need when we need it. With its real time format and flexibility, m-learning is just too good to be true for us! 34 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 35. Mobile learning at OUM35 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 36. Milestones October-December Jan 2009 May 2009 August 2008 2008 Sept 2009 (OUMH1103) (OUMH1103) • Mobile • Survey to • Podcastin • SMS • Three courses learning determine g • Facebook • Improve blend team set learner’s • mLearn • Twitter of m- up readiness portal learning/e- • mLearn for mobile learning, f2f portal learning tutorial & print • Learner module “buy-in” • Implementatio • SME “buy- nto start with in” tutor “buy-in”36 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 37. Analysis of Learner Readiness for Mobile Learning at OUM37 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 38. Gender38 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 39. Age group 44 percent 42.5 percent 30 25 20Percent 15 28.36 27.09 10 16.86 14.18 13.5139 5 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 40. Do you have a mobile phone?40 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 41. Can you imagine yourself as the learner in the above scenario?41 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 42. Are OUM learners ready for mobilelearning? N = 2,837 (end 2008) Yes No (82%) (18%) “Can you imagine yourself as the learner in the above scenario?”42 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 43. I would like to receive the following forms of learning content through my mobile device: 100 I would like to receive the following forms of 90 80 learning content through my mobile device: 70percent 60 54 48.7 50 41.1 39.7 39.3 40 37.3 37.6 30 20 15.5 10 0 43 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 44. What type of courses would you like to receive through m-learning? 60 What type of courses would you like to 52.9 50 receive through m-learning? 40percent 30 20 14.7 9.4 8.3 10 2.9 4.1 0 Science Technology Other Mathematics Social Science OUMH courses Information 44 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 45. OUM mobile learninghttp://mlearn.oum.edu.my/index_m.htm 45 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 46. Mobile Learning Content Creation Worskhop(SMS content) 25 April 200926-30 October 2009 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 46
  • 47.  Mobile learning – OUMH1103 (sms & podcasts)  Forum, content, Tips, Motivatio n, Course Management via SMS  SMSes received by OUMH1103 1863 learners & 74 tutors  SMSes planned for the May semester in advance were sent to tutors47 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 48.  Mobile learning – OUMH1103 (sms & podcasts)  2-3 SMS per week  Sent around 8pm on week days  Learners reminded (through tutors, & facebook) to update their mobile  Update their user profile in myLMS  Call IQRI  Email mlearn@oum.edu.my  Pass mobile number to tutors48 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 49. Latest Info  Mobile learning – OUMH1103 (sms & podcasts)  Podcasts avaliable at http://mlearn.oum.edu.my  Facebook community http://www.facebook.com/home. php?ref=home#/pages/Kuala- Lumpur-Malaysia/OUM-Mobile- Learning  http://twitter.com/oumh1103 for “archive” of SMS49 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 50. Categories of SMS and Examples Category Example Content There are 4 pairs of learning styles: Active/Reflective; 15 Sensing/Intuitive; Visual/Verbal; Sequential/Global. Which is yours? See Appendix 1.1 Course Hi there! Warm greetings from OUM Mobile Learning Managemen Team. For your info, you may view previous SMSes t online at http://twitter.com/oumh1103 6 Forum What are the strategies & advantages of OUM blended 4 learning modes? Discuss in myLMS forum. Tips Do you know you can change your password in 4 myLMS? Try or ask your tutor Motivation Motivation Quote: “The man who can drive himself 2 further once the effort gets painful is the man who will Total = 31 SMS win” by Roger Bannister 50 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 51. Formative Evaluation(mid May 2009 semester) 51 learners  Generally receptive 12 tutors  Feelings about SMS 6 learning centres  Actions upon receiving SMS  Timing and frequency  Usefulness of the SMSAbas, Lim & Woo (2009). Mobile learning initiative through SMS:A formative evaluation, ASEAN J. Open DistanceLearning, 1(1) 51 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 52. Formative Evaluation Source: Abas, Z.W., Lim, T. & Woo. T.K. (2009). Mobile learning initiative through (mid May 2009 semester) SMS: A formative evaluation, ASEAN J. Open Distance Learning, 1(1), 49-58. Actions Feelings upon Timing and Usefulnessabout SMS receiving Frequency of the SMS SMS Waktu malam memang tak sesuai . . When I receive it in the . Sebelum 10 mlm morning, it sort of helps Termenung sekejap Saya gembira terima okay me to plan for the SMS tapi tak boleh evening reply If it’s beneficial why not every day? I got a flood of students Kita rasa kita ni so coming into the forum . . special . It’s mechanical if frequency is set at If on forum, wait til got two times or three U rasa OUM beri time times a week. Should For me this systemperhatian, saya rasa have more frequent should be continued . . .dihargai, saya suka discussions nearer SMS is important for me terima SMS the exam 52 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 53. Comments in Facebook53 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 54. 54 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 55. 55 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 56. Source: Abas, Z.W., Lim, T., Harvinder Kaur, Wei, W.S. (2009). Design and implementation of mobi Summative Evaluation - 712 learners (end May 2009 semester)at Open University Malaysia. Paper submitted to the SEAAIR 2009 conference. 100 90 2.2 80 Avearage % Agreement 3.1 70 Disagree & Strongly Disagree 60 49.4 47.7 Agree 50 40 Srongly Agree 30 20 35.5 26.6 10 0 Uselfulness Motivation Learners’ Perception of Usefulness and Motivation 56 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 57. Source: Abas, Z.W., Lim, T., Harvinder Kaur, Wei, W.S. (2009). Design and implementation of mobi Summative Evaluation - 712 learners (end May 2009 semester)at Open University Malaysia. Paper submitted to the SEAAIR 2009 conference. 90 Average % Agreement 80 4.6 4.9 3.5 70 6.3 60 50 44.2 52.5 49.5 52.4 40 30 20 10 12.3 15.3 14.4 25.5 0 n t Disagree & Strongly ps t en en t io Ti m nt iva Disagree e Co ag ot Agree M an M se Strongly Agree ur Co Perceived Effectiveness of the Various SMS Categories 57 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 58. From a student’s email . . . You guys made a great difference byEmail received on 3 Aug 2009 alerting we distance learners with questions & statements, keeping up all along the ODL module & tutorials, encouraging our learning. Our “lecturer,” helped and encouraged us to respond to the messages you guys posted, by creating a specific section in the forum for discussions of SMS’s. I strongly believe that this mode of on the move, two-way communicative learning methodology will be very beneficial and help to complement, the self-learning, the face to face tutorial and on-line learning. 58 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 59. Mobile learning at OUM is like having a/an: alarm clock that tells the learner when to study coach who tells the learner what to study, motivate, engage and keep the learner on track personal assistant to remind the learner of important dates and things to do59 Tutor in the eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009 pocket
  • 60. The Future SMS 60 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 61. The When and What of M- Learning Productive use of time that would have otherwise been wasted while waiting, traveling, exercising, etc. Viewing, listening, interacting to a wide range of content and being reminded of important tasks and events via mobile/hand-held devices.61 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 62. Future Anytime/Anywhere Learning Learning on the go Push-Pull learning (the future) Current Tutor in the Pocket .. .teaches, manag es, guides, remi nds and motivates the learner Mobile Learning at OUM62 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009
  • 63. On the web: zoraini@oum.edu.my zoraini@gmail.com http://research- zwa.blogspot.com/ http://eyeonlearning.blo gspot.com/ http://twitter.com/zoraini http://www.facebook.co m/zoraini Thank You IM: zwabas@ymail.com http://www.slideshare.net/zoraini/ici9keynot e-zwa-aug13-200963 eLearn-Zoraini Wati Abas 26-30 October 2009

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