We Know What Time It Is By: George Lipsitz A Tale of Race, Class & Youth Cultures in the 90’s Focused on… Power Point By: Jonathan Burns
Overview <ul><li>George Lipsitz talks about youth cultures inner-cities in the nineties </li></ul><ul><li>He mentions unemployment among inner-city teenagers </li></ul><ul><li>He mentions why inner-city youths struggle to find work </li></ul><ul><li>He mentions the attitudes held towards women in the hip-hop culture </li></ul><ul><li>He uses statistics heavily to influence readers perceptions </li></ul><ul><li>He discusses the negative impact neoconservatives have had on our youth </li></ul><ul><li>He discusses how the youth are combating against the negativities they face </li></ul><ul><li>He discusses individuals who have had a impact on the hip hop movement </li></ul>
Statements <ul><li>“ [The public] uses categories borrowed from eras, without realizing how little relevance they hold for the new realities.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Acknowledge the new realities that confront [today’s youth]” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Reject analyses of youth that relies on outdated and obsolete concepts.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Even among performers who are clearly cultural and political radicals in some ways, sexism, homophobia and materialism still loom large.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Youth culture in general has diverted power away from mainstream culture toward a culture in touch with the present and eager to build a different future.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Demonized images of inner-city youths serve the strategic purposes of neoconservatives who have fashioned a countersubversive electoral coalition against affirmative action.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Middle-class young people increasingly face illegal searches, invasions of privacy, suppression of free speech and suspensions of civil liberties, all in the name of protecting them from bad influences.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Politics and class struggle certainly remain crucial to resolving the tensions exposed by contemporary youth cultures.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ One ugly aspect of the popularity enjoyed by hip hop among suburban youth has been its symbolic value to them as a franchise on an imaged male power created through the degradation of women.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ [Youth] divide communities that need to be united, and they replicate the ways of seeing the world that make class rule and racial oppression operate in the first place.” </li></ul>
Statements Cont. <ul><li>Lipsitz blames neoconservative economics and politics for the problems inner-city youths face </li></ul><ul><li>Adults need to learn and listen to the youth because they speak through their visual imagery; (dance, speech, dress) </li></ul><ul><li>The youth need to be protected from the adults; the adults are the people who have imposed a huge debt on our generation because of their greed </li></ul><ul><li>The way that adults talk, discuss and treat the youth cultures needs to change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adults need to embrace and acknowledge the new realities that confront the youth, and adults have to look at the youth with a new perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If adults do this, they can properly address the conditions facing young people today </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What the neoconservatives do to help the inner-city youth only prevents them or makes it harder for them to earn a honest living </li></ul><ul><li>He claims neoconservatives want to reestablish the “pre civil rights” way of life </li></ul><ul><li>Neoconservatives also manipulate youth hip hop culture to portray “gang members and unwed mothers” </li></ul>
Positives <ul><li>Had a lot of facts to support his claims </li></ul><ul><li>Gave good background information into the situations he explained </li></ul>
Negatives <ul><li>Difficult read </li></ul><ul><li>Confusing paragraph to paragraph transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Contained a lot of facts, but I saw no clear direction in his argument </li></ul><ul><li>Made no counter against his own argument; he only presented his side of the story </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of information, but I felt that it skimmed the surface of numerous problems without digging into one particular problem in depth </li></ul><ul><li>Felt at times that paragraphs had no relation to the article </li></ul>
His Resources <ul><li>Books, previously recorded interviews, periodicals </li></ul>
Last Notes <ul><li>I didn’t like his writing. I thought he went out of his way to make the reading unbearable. I never located a clear argument. I read and reread but still did not find a claim. Maybe he hide the claim and I over looked it. In the opening few paragraphs he gives a direction to his article; or so I thought. He mentions how the population relates 90’s youth culture to the youth cultures in the 60’s. He explains how times have changed and how the old mentality of dealing with youth culture will not work on today's generations. From then until the end I am lost. He jumps into “last April’s rebellion” and discusses youth poverty, mortality and unemployment. He mentions the problem we face with neoconservatives in positions of power and discusses the mistreatment of today’s youths. As I look it over again I do not see a clear connection between the points he makes. Maybe I am not accustomed to reading his style of argumentative writing. Maybe he isn’t trying to argue anything at all. Maybe the answers are clear and are obvious for other readers. His argument, at times, seemed like a conspiracy theory that tried to explain the horrible things neoconservatives do and want. As I reread the essay more information became clear. I asked more questions and wondered a little more. My final thought is, what will happen to today’s youth? We, the youth, are being left with a great deal of debt. This debt that an older generation will be dumping onto us because of their spending habits. Lipsitz mentions our society holds property as a higher value than human life; he explains that because of people’s greed the youth will be left to pay off a large amount of debt. Why now? Why has this greed suddenly affected so many people? </li></ul>
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