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The doctrine of substitution
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The doctrine of substitution



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  • Death and the curse were in our cup, but He drained it for us.


  • 2. SUBSTITUTION• The word substitute simply means a person or thing put in place of another, or to exchange. Substitution also means to take the place of another, and answering for him. Giving his life to fight and die in the other man’s stead.• C.H. Spurgeons said, my theology can be summarized in these for words, “He died for me”. It answers the question of God being just, and the justifier of those who believe in Him. Romans 3:26 2
  • 3. ANCIENT TYPES OF SUBSTITUTES• The creatures that were acceptable for sacrifice were the bullock, the sheep, the goat, and the turtle dove. It shall be acceptable for him in his stead, to make atonement for him. Leviticus 1:4• The offerer had to identify himself with his offering. He had to transfer his guilt to the lamb, and the virtues of the lamb was transferred to the offerer. Christ has done the same thing for every believer. 3
  • 4. PROPITIATION• Day of Atonement, one goat was killed and its blood carried within the veil and sprinkled once upon the mercy seat, and seven time before it. The other goat was presented alive and the sins of the people was confessed over it by the High Priest.• Propitiation and substitution are inseparable. Propitiation answers to the blessed work done within the veil and before the eyes of God. Substitution refers to the transference of sins to the head of the scapegoat and its dismissal to a land not inhabited. Leviticus 16 4
  • 5. ATTESTED TRUTH OF SUBSTITUTION• What should have happened to us, was taken on by Christ as our substitute. Having no debt of His own to pay, He voluntarily paid our debts. God had many claims against us, Christ offered to make His own. Now we are free, and justified from all that was against us. Acts 13:38-39• The simple word “for” used so often in connection with Christ and ourselves means in behalf of. The handwriting against us has been blotted out, and now with Christ we are free. 5
  • 6. WE WERE SINNERS• Irrespective of who or what we were , the Scripture concluded us all under sin. Galatians 3:22.• The glory of the gospel is that He died for us, that He might bring us back to God. 1Peter 3:18.• He was made sin not a sinner for us. 1Corinthians 5:21• He suffered God’s full displeasure against us, He paid the wages of sin. Hebrews 9:25 6
  • 7. WHAT WE WERE UNDER• We were under the sentence of death: sin’s wages is death, spiritual, physical, and eternal. Romans 5:6-8; 6:23• We were under the curse of sin: Christ became the curse for us. Offending in one point of the law made us guilty of all the law. Galatians 3:13• We were under wrath: sin occasioned the righteous wrath of God, and all sinners were under that wrath. In the sight of God we have been punished, because His son was punished for us. Romans 1:18, Ephesians 2:3, 1Thessalonians 1:10, Exodus 12:3-14, Galatians 2:20 7
  • 8. APOSTOLIC TEACHING OF SUBSTITUTION• Peter’s message was vibrant with the truth that Christ “bare our sins in His own body on the tree.” 1Peter 2:24• John, “God sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sin.” Christ died as the saviour of the world. 1John 4:10, John 3:16• Paul taught, “ Christ died for us”, He was made sin for (instead of) us. “Christ died for the ungodly.” 1Corinthians 15:3, 2Corinthians 5:21, Romans 5:6 8
  • 9. DID CHRIST DIE FOR THE WORLD?• Universal bearing of sins by Christ necessarily involves the monstrous thought of universal salvation by Christ.• Universalism-that all human beings will eventually be saved. Denies the justice of God, Christ is the substitute of the believer, and becomes the sinners substitute once He is received as saviour. 9
  • 10. WHO DIED• We use the phrase “we died in the person of Christ,” actually we did not die in Christ. Else we must have shared in God’s judgment of Christ on the cross. Because we are in Christ we share in the benefits from such a union. Thus we are dead with Him to sin and to the law. Romans 6:7, Colossians 3:1.• So we preach propitiation to the sinner, and substitution to the believer. 10