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The doctrine of salvation
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The doctrine of salvation

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  • Temporary Faith: common grace enabled a man to do physical things. Effectual grace is that ministry of The Holy Spirit whereby the unregenerate are infallibly acted upon and inclined to believe and be saved. Ineffectual grace is due to the ministry of The Holy Spirit in imparting transitory faith or temporary faith. Scriptural basis Hebrews 6:4-5. The idea is that a person is only affected by the Holy Spirit for a short time. But the only way to know is if you persevere in the faith, but you will only know at the end of time.
  • The Nine premises:Feelings of bitterness of heart when we have offended God by sinStriving against the fleshDesiring God’s grace earnestlyConsidering that God’s grace is a most precious jewelLoving the ministers of God’s WordCalling upon God earnestly and with tearsDesiring Christ’s second comingAvoiding all occasions of sinPersevering in the effects to the last gasp of life
  • Three parts to faith:RepentanceFaith in ChristObservance of God’s commands.
  • Assurance of Salvation based on three things:The divine truth of the promises of salvationThe inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are madeThe testimony of the Spirit of Adoption that we are children of God

The doctrine of salvation The doctrine of salvation Presentation Transcript

  • THE DOCTRINE OF SALVATION 1
  • SALVATION• The supreme mission of The Master was the salvation of every lost soul. John 3:16• Christ did not come into the world to become a teacher, or a model for our obedience, or as a martyr willing to die for truths and principles, He believed. He came to save the lost. 1Tim. 1:15, Lk.19:10, Matt. 1:21.• The only remedy for sin is salvation, without this the sinner is both hopeless and helpless. Acts 4:12• All we could ever know about this subject is found in the Bible. 2Thess. 1:9, Hebrews 2:3. 2
  • THE GREATNESS OF SALVATION• Throughout the Bible the term salvation is associated with deliverance from physical diseases, as well as freedom from material wants. Luke 7:50• Salvation gathers into itself all the redemptive acts: justification, redemption, grace, propitiation, imputation, forgiveness, sanctification, and glorification. Ephesians 3:11, 2Timothy 1:9, Titus 1:2, Romans 5:8.• Creation was great but it only cost God His breath. Salvation cost Him His life. Acts 20:28 3
  • THE TENETS OF SALVATION• PRICE PAID TO PROCURE IT• ITS AGENCY• ITS UNIVERSALITY• BLESSING IT BESTOWS• IT IS ETERNAL IN ITS DURATION• IT IS INCOMPARABLE• IT CAME TO US PERSONIFIED 4
  • THE GRADES OF SALVATION• To often salvation is defined as what happens when a person receives Christ as Saviour. But the teaching of the New Testament is this: I am saved, I am being saved, I have yet to be saved. Hebrews 7:25.• Past Salvation: gift we receive once we accept Christ. Romans 1:16• Present Salvation: it happens “now” 2Corinthians 6:2• Personal Salvation: we appropriate the blood of Jesus. Romans 10:9.• Powerful Salvation: there is no case He cannot cope with. Luke 1:68-69 5
  • DOUBLE SALVATION• 1. BY HIS LIFE:• 2. BY HIS DEATH:• WE HAVE BEEN TOLD TO IMITATE CHRIST’S EARTHLY LIFE. BUT HIS LIFE DOES NOT SAVE ONLY HIS DEATH.• SALVATION DELIVERS ME FROM THE PENALTY OF SIN AND THE POWER OF SIN, AS WELL AS THE PRESENCE OF SIN. 1JOHN 3:1-2, ROMANS 8:23, 1CORINTHIANS 15:51-54. 6
  • USE OUTSIDE THE NEW TESTAMENT• THE GREEK VERB SOZO (TO SAVE). THE NOUN SOTERIA BODILY HEALTH OR WELL BEING (HAPPINESS, HEALTH AND PROSPERITY). ACTS 27:34. USED 106 TIMES SOZO, 46 TIMES SOTORIA• APOCRYPHA MEANING: SALVATION FROM THE AFFLICTIONS OF EARTHLY LIFE.• JOSEPHUS: SALVATION MEANS BLESSING• HEBREW WORD SALVATION (YASHA) TO MAKE WIDE OR SUFFICIENT. FREEDOM FROM RESTRAINT. EXODUS 14:30 7
  • THE GREAT ARCHITECTS OF SALVATION• Calvin (1509-1564) faith has its source from the intercessory prayer of Christ. We receive it because Christ prayed to the Father for us. Faith is thus located in the mind and is not an act of the will or an initiative which we take in order to become Christians; it is passively received. Calvin believed that faith is knowledge not obedience. So works are not required, nothing of ourselves can bring about the favor of God. Faith is the instrument for receiving righteousness, a kind of pipe that knowledge and justification flows. 8
  • THEODORE BEZA(1519-1605)• Beza started his doctrine of salvation based on limited atonement. He replaced Calvin at Geneva. Beza’s argument was if Christ died for all then all would be saved. He developed a system which became known as supralapsarianism. Which has an order of decrees: Roman 9:18 election preceded human creation and the fall.• 1. decree to elect some to be saved and to reprobate all other.• 2. decree to create men, both elect and non-. elect.• 3. decree to permit the fall.• 4. decree to provide salvation for the elect• 5. decree to apply salvation to the elect• Major Idea: we look within to see if Christ is at work self examination. We do not look at Christ who is our mirror 9
  • WILLIAM PERKINS (1558-1602)• Stem of salvation around developed his system of salvation around the idea which says we must prove our election to ourselves by means of good works. According to William before one can become a Christian, the heart must be made malleable by four hammers: the law, knowledge of sin, sense of God’s wrath, and a holy desperation. His doctrinal premise 2Peter 1:10 10
  • JACOBUS ARMINIUS (1559-1609)• Jacobus general belief was that the man in Romans 7:14-21 was regenerate. God predestines believers. If one believes, he is elected; if he does not believe, he is not elected. This was a view of faith which was active. Man chooses to believe thus, faith is an act of the will. Once God has seen that he chooses, then God moves on his heart. Faith follows repentance. He did not believe that faith was a gift. He also believed that a believer could lose their salvation, the only way a believer would not decline, was as long as they maintained their belief. Arminius connects faith to obedience. 11
  • THE WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY THEOLOGY• Westminster assembly were completely unified from the beginning on the doctrine of salvation. No representative of the viewpoint of Calvin was in attendance. The assembly was convened to answer the threat of antinomianism of John Eaton (1575-1641). Antinomianism-a person is free from the law by virtue of grace. Salvation is not only believing that God’s word is true, but it is yielding obedience to the commands, trembling at the threatening, and embracing the promises of God for this life, and that which is to come. The principal acts of accepting, receiving, and resting upon Christ alone. Faith is mans act not God’s 12
  • THE PROBLEMS• The old covenant promised salvation on the basis of a perfect and personal obedience. And the new is promised on the condition of faith. Yet when we define faith based upon yielding obedience to the commands we are left without clear understanding of the difference. So salvation in all of these theories is placed on the shoulders of men and women. So these ideas throw the church into constant introspection, self-analysis, and legalism. Did God give us Christ based on the condition of faith? 13
  • THE NEW IDEA OF SALVATION• Salvation is a free gift that Christ wants everyone to have. All that is needed is for us to believe in what Christ did on the cross, and choose to be obedient to His commands. Matthew 20:28, Romans 10:9, 3:26; 4:5-6. these five things happen once we are saved: 1. we are set free from the bonds of sin and reconciled to Him. 2. we are delivered from the penalty of death. 3. we are guaranteed an entrance into the millennial kingdom. 4. we are given the gift of a brand new spirit. 5. we are given His eternal life. So no one can lose their salvation they lose their reward in the millennial kingdom for not persevering in the things of God. Once you confess you are saved forever. Because our salvation does not depend on us but on Christ. Ephesians 1:4-11. But in order to receive your millennial reward you must maintain your faithfulness to the commands of Christ. 1Peter 1:9, James 1:21 14