Every reader of the gospel can decide based upon their own reading. Jesus spent 3 years with 12 men because He planned that His work should be carried on. Granted, that simple company lacked many of the laws, officials, ceremonies, and beliefs of later Christendom.
Pharisees=Their name means “separated ones” and they prided themselves on their strict observance of every detail of Jewish law and their extreme intolerance of people whom they considered ritually unclean. Leaders among the people.Sadducees=some Jews found Roman rule a distinct advantage. Among them were members of Jerusalem’s aristocracy. From this small group of wealthy, pedigreed families came the high priest and the lesser priests of the temple. At the time of Jesus, these men still controlled the high Jewish council, or Sanhedrin, but they had little influence among the common people.Zealots=were bent on armed resistance to all Romans in the fatherland. They looked back two centuries to the glorious days of the Maccabees when religious zeal combined with a ready sword to overthrow the pagan Greek overlords.Essenes=who had little or no interest in politics or in warfare. Instead, they withdrew to the Judean wilderness. There, in isolated monastic communities, they studied the Scriptures and prepared themselves for the Lord’s kingdom.
Away with the king church history 1 lesson 1
AWAY WITH THE KING THE JESUS MOVEMENT CHURCH HISTORY I
AWAY WITH THE KING• Christianity is the only major religion to have as it central event the humiliation of its God. To be crucified was worst form of death any human being could die. It was seen as a curse to all Jews and Romans alike.• Part of the victims torture was to be beaten, and then to carry the heavy cross beam to the place of his death.• When the criminal was raised on the cross over him was written his name and his crime. In the case of Jesus, His inscription read Jesus of Nazareth, The King of The Jews.
JESUS AND THE CHURCH• Jesus was a Jew, He came from a Jewish family, he studied Jewish law, and lived a Jewish lifestyle. Some have asked did Jesus ever intend to start what we know as the Church. Matthew 16:18• Albert Schweitzer and Rudolf Bultmann both agreed that Jesus never meant to start what we know today as the institution known as the church. Other Christian theologians believed Jesus wanted to start a society of brotherly love and forgiveness. It was supposed to be an invisible institution based on moral values, not rites and creeds of men
THE ANTI-INSTITUTIONAL VIEW OF CHRISTIANITY• Some believe we have the “visible church” and the “invisible church”, each and establishment of Jesus. The Greek word for “church” ecclesia which means the called out ones. This is not a religious term, but a governmental term. Showing us the establishment of the kingdom of God. Matthew 15:24; 16:18, 1Corinthians 12:13, Matthew 4:23; 9:35• With the establishment of the modern day church some believe we have strayed from the original design that Jesus had in mind. Because we have lost our kingdom mindset, and taken on the mind that Christ return may never take place. The church has become a place the members serve, rather than a place that serves the members. John 13:4-15
PALESTINE IN JESUS DAY• The population at the time of Jesus was about 2 million, and they were separated by race, religion, and politics. Jews were ruled by their roman overlords which they hated and despised for a number of reasons. The Romans solidified the Hellenistic culture the Syrians and introduced.• All of Palestine was awaiting the promised deliverer “The Messiah” which would establish His earthly Kingdom and destroy their oppressors. Daniel 7:13-22• Several factions rose out of the distaste of roman life. Jesus movement, Pharisees, Sadducees, Zealots, Essenes.
JESUS MINISTRY• Jesus begin His ministry by joining a new movement that had been started by His cousin John The Baptist at the ford of Jordan, just north of the Dead Sea. Many thought John was the messiah, but he denied that title. Luke 3:16, Matthew 3:3, Mark 1:15• Jesus begin His mission in Galilee. He traveled from village to village preaching in the synagogue and reading from the scripture. Jesus told them that the rule of God was present in His Person, and proved it by His miracles. Luke 11:20
JESUS MESSAGE• Jesus was challenged by the Pharisees as His popularity grew, which He welcomed because He wanted the people to see the difference between His message of grace and repentance. Verses the message of self righteousness taught by the Pharisees. Luke 18:11-12• Out of the hundreds of followers that Jesus had He chose twelve to be His close companions. The fully understood one aspect of Jesus message of the kingdom, but not how it would be fulfilled.
THE LAST WEEK• Jesus only identified Himself once publicly as “Messiah” as He entered into Jerusalem riding on donkey. The next day He led a procession through the streets to the temple where He beat the moneychangers, and dove sellers out of His Father’s House. Matthew 21:12-13• The fame of Jesus quickly spread through the city, and the Sadducees and Pharisees were united for the first time out of fear they would lose the political status with Rome, and the lose of the praise of the people. So they devised a plan to kill Jesus.
THE NEW COVENANT• Jesus calls all of His disciples together for one last meal. At sundown they came to a secret place and all reclined on couches around a table. After dinner Jesus grabs a piece of unleavened bread, gave thanks to God, broke it and said, “this is My Body which is given for you,”. After the He took a cup of wine, “this cup is the new covenant in My Blood,”. Luke 22:19, 1Corinthians 11:25• The background for sure was the exodus from Egypt and the establishment of the nation of Israel at Mt. Sinia. But the prophet Jeremiah had promised a day when the covenant written on tablets of stone, would one day be written on hearts of flesh. Jeremiah 31:33-34
THE TRIAL AND DEATH• Inside the appointed mansion the Sanhedrin assembled and quickly found two witnesses that would give false witness against Jesus which the Sadducees and Pharisees would use to condemn Jesus to death.• Early the next morning Jesus was led to the roman Antonia, a palace fortress that Pontius Pilate was staying during the Passover celebration. Acting strictly out of fear, Pilate issued the decree to crucify Jesus, and He was beaten and carried His cross to Golgotha.
CRUCIFIXION• To be crucified was a slow and painful death. After severe beating the victim carries their cross to a place of death. Hands and feet are nailed to the wooden tree, and all of the body weight rested on a small peg which was positioned between the legs. The idea was to prolong the agony and torture as long as possible. Once the muscles in the body seize, and cramps and weakness over take the victim they usually suffocate to death.