GMO´s fernando-argumentative texts-biodeluna2011


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Tips to write argumentative texts applied to Biology: GMOs.

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GMO´s fernando-argumentative texts-biodeluna2011

  1. 1. Argumentative texts applied to Biology. CLIL
  2. 2. <ul><li>GMOS </li></ul>
  3. 3.
  4. 4. We need ARGUMENTS
  5. 5. We need ARGUMENTS <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. We need ARGUMENTS <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Controversies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access and Intellectual Property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. We need ARGUMENTS <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced maturation time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased nutrients, yields, and stress tolerance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced taste and quality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improved resistance to disease, pests, and herbicides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New products and growing techniques </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased resistance, productivity, hardiness, and feed efficiency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better yields of meat, eggs, and milk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improved animal health and diagnostic methods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Friendly&quot; bioherbicides and bioinsecticides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation of soil, water, and energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bioprocessing for forestry products </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better natural waste management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More efficient processing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased food security for growing populations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Controversies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potential human health impacts, including allergens, transfer of antibiotic resistance markers, unknown effects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potential environmental impacts, including: unintended transfer of transgenes through cross-pollination, unknown effects on other organisms (e.g., soil microbes), and loss of flora and fauna biodiversity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access and Intellectual Property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Domination of world food production by a few companies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing dependence on industrialized nations by developing countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biopiracy, or foreign exploitation of natural resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Violation of natural organisms' intrinsic values </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tampering with nature by mixing genes among species </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objections to consuming animal genes in plants and vice versa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stress for animal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not mandatory in some countries (e.g., United States) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mixing GM crops with non-GM products confounds labeling attempts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New advances may be skewed to interests of rich countries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Text structure
  9. 9. Text structure <ul><li>Main thesis: your opinion </li></ul><ul><li>(you can make it up) </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting, giving arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Beware of other points of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion. </li></ul>
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Words
  12. 12. Words as bricks.
  13. 13. Techniques <ul><li>Positive opening </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical questions </li></ul><ul><li>Use of three. </li></ul><ul><li>GMOS are unfair, unsustainable and an ecologycal risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Exclamations </li></ul><ul><li>Emotive arguments. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal touching. </li></ul><ul><li>Anecdotes. </li></ul><ul><li>A clear conclusion. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Bricks need
  15. 15. mortar. /
  16. 16. Bricks are the words. <ul><li>Connectives </li></ul><ul><li>are the mortar. </li></ul> /
  17. 17. Connectives
  18. 18. Connectives <ul><li>then , </li></ul><ul><li>in contrast, </li></ul><ul><li>after, </li></ul>finally, therefore , so, similarly, in addition, indeed, however , although, later, thirdly, secondly , nevertheless , on the other hand, though , also , too , to begin with, next , in sum , as a result, consequently , alternatively
  19. 19. Connectives TIME CONNECTIVE: Shows the order of your points. first, then, after, later, secondly, thirdly, finally, to begin with, next, in sum, to conclude, in a nutshell OPPOSING CONNECTIVE: Introduces an opposite argument. however, although, nevertheless, on the other hand, in contrast, though, alternatively, anyway, yet, in fact, even so, whereas ADDING CONNECTIVE: Adds a further point. also, too, similarly, in addition, indeed, let alone, furthermore, moreover, likewise RESULT CONNECTIVE: Introduces a result or solution. therefore, consequently, as a result, so, then , because, since, as, for,
  20. 20. To be successful
  21. 21. To be successful <ul><li>Write in paragraphs: clear structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a range of connectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Include counter arguments. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>And of course: </li></ul>,1607,7-132-2943_4853-146295--,00.html
  23. 23. <ul><li>And of course: </li></ul>,1607,7-132-2943_4853-146295--,00.html
  24. 25. <ul><li> connectives .ppt </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>