5 sexual diseases


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5 sexual diseases

  1. 1. SEXUAL DISEASES Fidel Cisneros Rincón Alexandra Filimón Belén Mercader Sandra Moreno
  2. 2. What are sexual diseases? <ul><li>A sexually transmitted disease, also known as sexually transmitted infection or venereal disease, is an illness that has a significant probability of transmission between humans or animals by means of human sexual behavior, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. </li></ul>
  3. 3. AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  4. 4. What is it? <ul><li>The aids is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, and breast milk. </li></ul>
  5. 5. A few of history <ul><li>AIDS was first reported June 5, 1981, when the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recorded a cluster of  Pneumocystis carinii  pneumonia in five homosexual men in Los Angeles </li></ul>
  6. 6. Its effects <ul><li>The virus has cytopathic effects. It can remain inactive in these cells for long periods </li></ul><ul><li>The most prominent effect of HIV is its T-helper cell suppression and lysis. The cell is simply killed off or deranged to the point of being function-less. </li></ul><ul><li>Infection of the cells of the CNS cause acute aseptic meningitis, subacute encephalitis, vacuolar myelopathy and peripheral neuropathy. Later it leads to even AIDS dementia complex. </li></ul><ul><li>The CD4-gp120 interaction is also permissive to other viruses like Cytomegalovirus, Hepatitis virus, Herpes, etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prevention <ul><li>Sexual contact </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of HIV infections are acquired through unprotected sexual. condom use reduces the risk of heterosexual HIV transmission by approximately 80%. </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to infected body fluids </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent and thorough washing of the skin immediately after being contaminated with blood or other bodily fluids can reduce the chance of infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) </li></ul><ul><li>Current recommendations state that when replacement feeding is acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable and safe, HIV-infected mothers should avoid breast-feeding their infant. However. </li></ul><ul><li>Education, health literacy and cognitive ability </li></ul><ul><li>Several studies have shown the positive impact of education and health literacy on cautious sex behavior. Education itself does not work, only if it leads to higher health literacy and general cognitive ability. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Treatment <ul><li>The hiv NOW hasn’t got a total effective. </li></ul><ul><li>The three treatments more used are: </li></ul><ul><li>- Antiviral therapy </li></ul><ul><li>- Experimental and proposed treatments </li></ul><ul><li>- Alternative medicine </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is gonorrhea and how common is it? <ul><li>Gonorrhea  is a sexually transmitted disease . Gonorrhea is caused by a bacteria that can grow and multiply easily in warm, moist areas of the reproductive system . </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea is a very common infectious disease.  CDC estimates that more than 700,000 persons in the U.S.A get new gonorrheal infections each year. </li></ul>
  11. 11. SYMPTOMS <ul><li>The incubation period  is 2 to 30 days with most symptoms occurring between 4–6 days after being infected. A small number of people may be  asymptomatic (a disease is  asymptomatic  if a patient carries a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.)   </li></ul><ul><li>In men,symptoms and signs include a burning sensation when urinating, or a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles. </li></ul><ul><li>In women, the symptoms of gonorrhea are often mild, but most women who are infected have no symptoms. </li></ul>
  12. 12. How do people contract gonorrhea? <ul><li>Gonorrhea is spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus. </li></ul><ul><li>Ejaculation does not have to occur for gonorrhea to be transmitted or acquired. </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea can also be spread from mother to baby during delivery . </li></ul><ul><li>People who have had gonorrhea and received treatment may get infected again if they have sexual contact with a person infected with gonorrhea. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What are the complications? <ul><li>Untreated gonorrhea can cause serious and permanent health problems in both women and men. </li></ul><ul><li>In women, gonorrhea is a common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease. The symptoms may be quite mild or can be very severe and can include abdominal pain and fever.Pelvic inflammatory disease can damage the fallopian tubes enough to cause infertility or increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy . </li></ul><ul><li>In men, gonorrhea can cause epididymitis, a painful condition of the ducts attached to the testicles that may lead to infertility if left untreated. This condition can be life threatening. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, people with gonorrhea can more easily contract HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV-infected people with gonorrhea can transmit HIV more easily to someone else than if they did not have gonorrhea. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Treatment <ul><li>Several antibiotics can successfully cure gonorrhea in adolescents and adults. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to take all of the medication prescribed to cure gonorrhea.  Although medication will stop the infection, it will not repair any permanent damage done by the disease. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Crab lice
  16. 16. What are crabs? <ul><li>parasitic insects in human genitals. </li></ul><ul><li>These insects can also live on other areas with hair, including the eyelashes. </li></ul><ul><li>They only feed of blood. </li></ul>
  17. 17. symtomps <ul><li>When you have a crab bite you scrape a lot </li></ul><ul><li>Every 5 days the female put from 10 to 15 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>At the clothes you can see small red and brown spots produced by the blood of the bites </li></ul>
  18. 18. treatment <ul><li>One tratment is the use of special shampoos , body creams , and lotions that kill the crabs lice , nits and eggs. </li></ul><ul><li>Another treatment is rasure the affected area </li></ul><ul><li>Pubic lice on the eyelashes can be treated with a permethrin formulation by applying the solution to the infested hair with an applicator. </li></ul>
  19. 19. How to prevent ? <ul><li>Get sure that when you have sex the other person hasn’t got crabs lice </li></ul><ul><li>Preservatives aren’t useful to prevent them </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use the intimate clothes of other persons </li></ul>
  20. 20. Bibliography <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asymptomatic </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youngwomenshealth.org/spgonorrhea.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/SIDA </li></ul>